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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 28, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 10A Cedar Rapids Gazette: Wed.. Aas 28, 1J74 Geothermal Energy Old Stuff in Oregon AP Wireohoto For William Levesque of North Adams, Mass., the illusion is all he needs. He fashioned a paper block of ice to sit under on hot August days. Paper ice doesn't drip. Pounds of Free Textbooks for Pakistan HAYWARD, Calif. (UPI) Thanks to Earl Dawes' persis- tence and a lot of help from fellow Ro'tarians, pounds of textbooks worth 52 million are on their way to needy countries for use in schools. And the whole project didn't cost a cent except perhaps a lot of dimes for phone calls. "I kind of thought it would bs impossible because of the weight and volume of the Dawes said, hut with the help of fellow members of the Rotary dub, the impossible was accomplished. Out of Date The story began last spring when Dawes served as host for a group of Pakistanis, includ- ing businessman Kasim Dada. As part of Dada's visit, he toured the local plant of book publisher Harper and Row and learned that thousands of text- hooks going to be shred- ded and recycled because they were out of date. When Dada told him of Pakistan's need for books. Dawes went to work. He called Rutarian Jerry Boyle, who manages the publishing plant. Boyle said the books could be given away if Harper and How had as- surance they would be taken out of the country and not sold. Next, another Rotanan. Jerry Nicholson, Oakland, arranged to get the books to London through an airline. "Fell Of! Chair" But at this point, the big project multiplied. Instead of pounds of books, Boyle reported, he had pounds available 176 tons, or enough for 16 truck and trailer loads. "When I called Nicholson back, he fell off his Dawes said. But nonetheless the arrangements were made by the next day. Then, more phone calls. Ro- larian Ben Nutter of the Port of Oakland contributed ware- house space, and three other Rotary club members in the transportation business found trucks to get the hooks to the warehouse. Finally, to get the books on to needy countries after they reached London. Rotary Dis- trict Governor Mike Kutsuris called notary's international headquarters and they made arrangements for distribution by the British Ranfurly Library Service, which regularly ships 10.0011 books a week In 70 countries, Dawes Khrep Menu !l is estimated that the av- erage American consumes 12 sheep during his lifetime. To Report Drug Violation Telephone Michael Dooley 377-8081 Allec Narheinan KI.AMATH KAILS. Or" Klamath Basin, a high-rolling prairie in tin- shadow of the Cascade moun- tains in southern Oregon, is (he focus of a new American land rush. It lias iinfhitig tit tin u farming or precious minerals, but with hot water Geologists believe this region sits atop one of the earth's richest stores of geothermal energy. Vast, sub- terranean reservoirs of high- pressure steam anil hot water i ipable of spinning turbine generators, producing elec- tricity, powering industry and t ising the burden on dwindling fossil fuel supplies. Kquals All Oil 'More heal energy lies within one mile of the surface in southeastern Oregon than in all of America's oil slid llick Bowen. economic geologist with the Oregon department of geology and mineral industries. "Of course, we can't recover all of that. But even if we could lap 1-lllUIHh of it, it would be sig- nificant something on tin- order of the North Slope of Aliska." Early this year, after prod- ding from scientists, industry leaders and politicians, the I S. Bureau of Land Management began accepting ipplications for leases to explore for geothermal energy on the vast tracts of federal land in its domain. The bureau was deluged. In the first four months of 1974, bureau regional offices in the western states received giothennal lease applications, covering acres. Nothing New Applications came from many of the large oil com- panies Mobil, Gulf, Chevron, Phillips, Sun and dozens of smaller, lesser-known ones. They include firms whose names suggest they were formed solely to apply for geothermal leases, and they include hundreds of in- dividuals, many with the same family names and mailing addresses. Geothermal energy is nothing new in these parts. A hundred years ago the Klamath Indians were using hot surface springs to cook their food and soothe arthritic- limbs. In the early 1920s, crude wells were dug and subsurface hot water was tapped for home heating TiKlav. getithennal wells it> this town of provide clean, and almost cost-free heat for some 500 homes, schools and businesses along ix called Springs Belt an area of several square miles lhat outlines a hot-water reservoir ;iOO to 400 feet down. This is helieu-d to be (In- most extensiu1 use of geother- ma! home heating anywhere. Saunas The economic savings of geothermal energy, even at the fundamental level of direct hot water heating, can be con- siderable: Oregon Institute of Tech- nology, a four-year, state- owned college on the outskirts of Klamath Falls, was spend- ing a year for heating oil. Today, on a new, larger campus heated by geothermal wells, the annual heating bill is about 000, most of which goes for maintenance and electricity for the well pumps. Klamath Falls heats 6 of its 10 public schools with hot- water wells. The annual bill in a conventionally heated school is compared to for the same-sized school with a hot water well. Three Cents a Day School Supt. Earl Ferguson heats his own home with a hot-water well and says it costs him about 3 cents a day. "I'm the type of person who tends to pinch pennies, to keep the thermostats turned down and be careful with the hot he said. "But since I moved into this house I just don't worry about it. I use all the heat and hot water I want." Ferguson's geothermal sys- tem takes no hot water out of the ground. A city ordinance bans it to prevent depletion of supplies. Instead, in what is called a down-hole exchanger, cold water is piped into the well, heated to near boiling within the pipe by the hot ground water, then piped back up and into the house. The exchange water, which never leaves a closed pipe sys- tem, goes through a heat transfer device similar to a car radiator, through which air is forced by a fan. The heated air is channeled through the house by ducts. When the circuit is complete, the spent exchange water is piped back down the well to be Destroy odors up to 24 hours One concentrated drop kills odors in the aver- age room up to 24 hours. No cover-up destroys the odor itself. Choose from long-last- ing 240-drop bottle or 840-spray aerosol with "one-drop" Meter- Miser valve. freo Delivery Froo forking In Rear Phona 363-3595 31 1 3rd Ave. SE Downtown Cedar Rapidb '3 veneered Each year, Lane offers for a limited time, a group of special Love Chests that are a real value. They ore not pro- duction short-cut spe- cials. They are full size chests that compare with other Lane styles priced at 10% to 20% less. See these super values now. We cannot reorder. 3T2766-50, 48" walnut chest Your Headquarters For Lane Cedar Chests Biggest Selection Ever Open Thurs. 'Til 9 48" weathered f.niih crio-.f. tulipwcnd Phone 366-2436 Easy Payment Terms 215 First Avenue, S.E. FURNITURE reheated ami (he eyde itself The nater also heats Iht home's tap water in a pipe arrangement that eliminates the need fur a tmivt'iitinnal water heater College System Orf.mm Tech's system is es- sentially the same, lint its wells take hut water nut uf the uniunii. pump it direetly through heat transfers, then iliimp it intn a nearby lake The school is outside city limits. Tinvnspenple grumble that the college is sapping the heat out of I ho grnthennal reservoir beneath the eity. Rut Bowen says their fears are runted in a inisronception of where genthermal energy dimes from. He says a new body uf geophysical theory points to two sources, both virtually inexhaustible: Natural decay of radioactive material in the earth's crust, and friction from migrating crustal plates. The crust is not the static, lifeless shell it was once thought to lie, but a dynamic system of endlessly shifting plates, he says. The Pacific ocean floor, for example, is shifting eastward and by about an inch per year is colliding with and wedging itself under the continental shelf of the West Coast. Conducted Upward The friction created by this movement produces incredible amounts of heat, capable of melting the surrounding bedrock to bubbling liquid that expands and seeps upward through faults and fissures. This heat, combined with that from radioactive decay, is conducted upward through layers of rock. It heats reser- voirs of ground water in its path to many times the surface boiling point. But the water, under tons of geologic pres- sure, doesn't boil. It remains liquid. A well lapped into such a pressurized chamber of superheated water brings il- liquid rocketing the surface like an oil gusher On contact with atmospheric pressure, it flashes or turns instantly to steam. Occasionally, the sub- terranean water gets so hot it boils thousands of feet down and surfaces as dry steam, packing more pressure and generating more power than wet steam produced by flashing The dry steam con- verts more readih to elec- tricity Klertrieity In either form, natural high- pressure steam is a valuable resource because it can produce electricity with vir- tually no intermediate processing. This is what the geotherma! energy boom is all about. Commercial generation of electricity with natural steam is not an innovation. A geothermal plant in Lar- darello, Italy, was doing it over years ago. Rut it was not taken seriously. Today, geothermal generat- ing plants are operating in California, New Zealand, Rus- sia. .Japan, Mexico and Iceland. Technological ad- vances spurred by the recent energy crisis suggest, however, few if any of these plants is operating near poten- tial and all of them combined are tapping only a minute fraction of the geothermal energy available. Gulf Drilling Rowen, says about million has been spent in Oregon on preliminary exploration, of which Gulf Oil Co. spent million. "We're a profit-oriented company and we hope to make some money for says Phil Scott, Gulf's Denver- based geothermal operations coordinator. "Generation of electricity is the big geolher- mal money maker We want li> takr iiii fuels oil and gas out of the gem-rating plants and use them for transportation." he said "The demand for elec- tricity is doubling every H to r> years Last Gulf completed a test hole in Lake county. 70 miles east of here. The well was capped, the drilling crew moved on and the results are a big secret. Gulf won't say what they found. Oregon law requires drillers to ,'ili- a detailed log on every hole they sink. Because of competition, which is fierce, the state promises to hold such reports in confidence for two years. Kncouraged Scott said Gulf was suf- ficiently encouraged by ils test that it is holding onto all its leases. He says these are con- siderable, but won't be specific. Also actively searching for steam in Oregon is Magma Power, partner in the Geysers Geothermal Generating Plant near San Francisco. Joe Aidlin, a Magma spokesman in Los Angeles, says the company drilled some test wells in Lake county in the mid-1960s "hut we were looking for pure steam then and all we found was hot water. We still hold our lease there, and we intend to do some deeper drilling. "There seems to be one big hot belt stretching across east- ern Oregon and western Aidlin said. "The impression now is that it will be rather substantial. We're very enthusiastic." In areas of California, New Mexico. Arizona, Nevada, Washington and Wyoming geothermal energy is so abun- dant drilling rigs don't have to go very deep for superhot steam. If you have a "made in Austria" it may have a safety problem. Please check your JCPenney bike immediately. II it has 3 decal that says "made in Austria" and the front tork is not chrome plated, there is a potential problem. It you have such a bike, we urge you to bring it in as soon as possible. We will replace the front fork at no cost to you. As carefully as JCPenney checks the quality ol the merchandise it oilers, a problem has developed which might make these bicycles unsafe in use. We started selling these bikes in the Fall of 1972. II you have one, bring it in to the nearest JCPenney store selling bicycles or to the in-store catalog sales center where it was purchased. And if you're at all uncertain whether or not your JCPenney bike requires a new fork, please contact us. We first made this announcement on May 16. While we've gotten back a number of bikes, we want to make certain we gel yours, if it requires replacement. We're sorry to inconvenience you. But our reputation for quality has been hard earned over many years. And we intend to keep it. JC Penney Patio Shop Corner 2nd Ave, 5th St. S.E.
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