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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Chance ut rain lo- nighl and Friday. Lows tonight, mid 60s. Highs Friday, inid 70s. VOLUME 92 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CBIMR RAPIDS, IOWA. THURSDAY, AUGUST 13. 137-1 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NKW YORK TIMES GREECE: NO WAR TURKS Attempt oni Park Fails; Wife Killed! Gazette Leased Wires SEOUL A gunman Thurs- day shot and killed the wife of, South Korean President Chung Hee Park and a tcenagcd' schoolgirl in an unsuccessful at- tempt to assassinate Park as he delivered a nationally televised speech in a crowded theater. The would-be presidential as- sassin, a suspected member oft an anti-government youth group, was wounded by security guards and taken into custody. Mrs. Park, 49, admired by many Korean women as a mod- el of -true national beauty, was struck in the head by a bullet intended for her husband. The gunman ran screaming clown the aisle in the crowded (Photos on Picture Page) theater where Park was deliver- ing a speech commemorating Korea's liberation from Japar in World war II. Before the eyes of the persons in the audience, and un- told thousands watching on tele- vision, the gunman opened fire at the podium. Ducked Park ducked behind Hie lec- tern and moments later his wife slumped to the floor, mor- tally wounded. Another bullet struck a 17- year-old high school girl seated in the third row. Mrs. Park died in Seoul Na- tional University hospital six hours after unsuccesful surgery to save her life. The school girl, Chang Dong Hwa, was killed in- stantly. After Mrs. Park and the girl were carried bleeding from the auditorium and the wounded gunman was removed, Park said: "I will resume my state- ment." He talked for five min- utes, then the girls' choir sang for a few minutes. The presi- dent received a standing ova- tion as he left the theater for the university hospital to be with his wife. Park and the couple's three, children were at Mrs. Park's bedside when she died, a govern- ment spokesman said. Her body was then taken to the Blue House, the presidential mansion, one hour later. From Japan Korean presidential spokes- man Sang Jim Kim said the as- sassin carried a Japanese pass- port, but in Tokyo Foreign Minister Toshio Kimura said the assailant was a Korean residing in Japan. Japanese police identified the suspect as Mun Se Kwang, 22, of Osaka, Japan, and said he was a member of an anti-Park (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Premier Deals Blow Greek Cypriot Hopes _ ATHENS (APi Prcmicr.ncntly based on Cyprus, was :Constantino Caramanlis of the main targets of the out the possibility of militarilyjassault, and fighting raged at Turkey on Cyprus in1 midday. !remarks prepared for a nation-j The camp, known as the! 'wide speech Thursday night. is on the main western Caramanlis in IHD radio to Morphou. It lies two -television address said outside the capital, about, -armed confrontaticn was mjle from the perimeter e s 'd c n was sub- possible due to distance as well-Cyprus airport, still in GrcekiPocnaed Thursday to appear as i as the known ja witness for John Ehrlichman ifact." 0 i i i- i'n lne Watergate cover-up trial i The nearest point to Cyprus: Heached month. from Greece is about 300 miles.i The invading Turks reached! The subpoeira was filed in U. Subpoena Oazcltc Leased Wires WASHINGTON Former [Turkey i? 45 miles away from the eastern Mediterranean lasd. Dashed Hopes.. Caramanlis' statement all but dashed the hopes of Greck- Cypriots for help in their fight- ing on Cyprus against over- whelming Turkish forces. Caramanlis, 67, stressed how- ever that Greece's "defensive capability is absolute. Greece ii Migratory Waterfowl Stamp This painting by James Landenberger, Cedar Rapids Gazette advertising artist, is the illustration for Iowa's 1974 migratory waterfowl stamp. A print of the painting was presented to Gov. Robert Ray Thursday by Landenberger during a ceremony in Ray's office at Des Moines. The duck stamps, featuring a pair of gadwalls, are on sale at county recorder's offices throughout Iowa at I each. Revenue from the sale of Iowa waterfowl stamps is used for various waterfowl conservation programs in the state. Water- fowl hunters in Iowa are required to purchase a state stamp as well .as the federal duck stamp. 'Movement' on Trade Bill WASHINGTON (AP) Three senators who' have op- posed passage of a trade bill to insist on free emigration for So- viet Jews said Thursday after meeting with President Ford that there are indications the problem can be solved and the sill passed. "We're moving in the direc- tion of an agreement and there rias been significant Soviet said Sen. Jackson ''We're getting off dead said Sen. Ribicoff, (D- "Can Be Passed" Senator Javits (R-N.Y.) said they agreed the role of the Pres- ident was a decisive one in the situation and predicted the ne- gotiations now underway will be successful and a trade bill "can be passed." The three senators emerged from an hour-long scrambled reform bill, may now be re- solved. Discretionary Jackson said there is movement to give President Ford discretionary, authority in the trade bill, presumably to grant the Soviets most-favored- nation treatment and tariff im- provements in return for some assurances ot freer Jewish em- igration and an end to what he described as harassment of So- viet Jews and the limitation of the numbers permitted to leave their homeland. These provisions will be in- cluded in the bill, Jackson said. Jackson said Soviet Ambas- sador Anatoly Dobrynin, who returned from his country for a of New York, followed closely by Republican National Chair- man George Bush, a former Texas congressman and ex-am- bassador to the United Nations. A White House spokesman said Wednesday that Fore might delay the selection for a few days because of preoccupa tion with the Cyprus crisis. As Ford headed out the door of his Alexandria, Va., home this morning to drive to work a the White House, a reporter asked when he would make the announcement. "No earlier than the he replied. meeting Wednesday the eggs breakfast meeting withjment.' Ford and Secretary of State Kis-l singer to tell reporters thatl Ford's "direct participation and intervention" in the matter; had given them new hope that the Jewish emigration issue, which has stalemated the trade White House with Presiden Ford, "has addressed himself tc this specific problem." Jackson emphasized that (hi meeting with Dobrynin and Ford's "direct intervention in this matter has given it new momentum and new move Vice-President Ford indicated Thursday plans to announce his choice o a vice-president some time in the coming weekend. Speculation centered on former Gov. Nelson Rockefeller House Committee Approves Task Force on Cost of Living WASHINGTON (AP) house banking committee voted 27 to 7 Thursday to give Pres- ident Ford the Cost of Living task force he requested to moni- tor wage and price actions. The proposal still faces action by the full house and by the senate. about the effectiveness of this task force approach but let's give the President's suggestion a he said. Rep. Rces (D-Calif.) said "this bill really docs nothing. The President can do this with an executive order right now. I This is only a vehicle to appro- The bill will go to the milljon floor on Monday under a parlia- mentary procedure which re- quires a two-thirds vote for ap- proval. Hoped To Win Senator Sparkman iD-Ala. chairman of the banking com mittee, said he hoped to win ap- proval by the full senate Thurs- day. "If the task force docs not work I hope and believe the President is honest enough to come back lo the congress and ask for a more comprehen- sive said Itcp. Pat- man, chairman of the house banking committee. "Many of us have doubts "Frankly, I would utilize my honeymoon in a belter fashion if I were Recssaid. The endorsed the proposal Thursday, with some reservations. "Don't Pretend" makeup should include repre- sentatives of labor and manage- ment as well as government. The Ford task force plan would include only representatives of the executive branch. Biemillcr said labor would have no part of another wage- price control system, such as that under President Nixon. The net result of that system, Bie- millcr said, was a decrease in workers' buying power. Kenneth Rush, economic coun- selor lo the President, said the Ford administration considers the task force as "one part of "In the name of honesty and our over-all anti-inflationary ar- senal, whose major weapons fair dealing with the American public, don't pretend this task force is an answer to the eco- nomic problems of Andrew Hicmiller, chief lobbyist for the labor federation, told ihc senate committee. Biemillcr said the AFL-CIO will go along with the (ask force, but added it fell Ihc continue to be responsible fiscal and monetary policy." Senator Javits (R-N.Y.) told the committee he felt the agency should be given authori- ty lo "delay the implementation of any unreasonable price or wage increase lor a period not in excess of 60 days." Ford Opposes Zero Growth Ecology Pitch SPOKANE, Wash. (AP) President Ford said Thursday that "zero growth" environ- mental policies fly in the face of human nature and must be re- jected in favor of reasonable compromises. The President said last winter's energy crisis demon- strated that the nation must mine and use more coal, drill for more oil on the ocean's con- tinental shelf, develop oil shale resources and speed construc- tion of nuclear power plants. "There are some well-mean- ing people who see the environ- mental issue as an 'either, or' Ford said in a statement read at the Expo 74 ivorld fair by Interior Secretary Morton. "They would make the envir- onment the overriding consider- ation in all our activities, regard- less of the consequences, re- ;ardless of the sound, middle- ;round alternatives that might DC worked out." Ford said although environ- m e n t a I i s t s argue for zero growth as the only course for vorld resource salvation, their ;oal was impossible because 'man isn't built to vegetate or stagnate we like to progress, ve have ideas, we have hopes ind dreams of a better world. (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) Today's Chuckle Newspaper headlines can be misleading. "Man Hit by Train Critical." You really can't blame him. COPVflfllll President Urges Compliance with Truce WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- ident Ford made a personal statement on the Cyprus crisis Thursday saying he "strongly urges immediate compliance with the relevant U. N. cease- fire resolution." Presidential spokesman Jer- ald 'terHorst said the President also wanted to call attention to a statement issued by the state department Wednesday that the U. S. disapproves of the Turkish military action in Cyprus. Ford's comment T h u r s day was directed to the Turkish and world community, terHorst said, and represented both the per- sonal view of the 'President and the U. S. position. The President c o n t i n ued, meanwhile, to confer with Sec- retary of State Kissinger, who terHorst said was continuing Ms role in diplomatic efforts to get )0th sides to agree to a cease- 'ire "that will slick." The Washington Special Ac- tion Group, consisting of Kis- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) (Photos on Picture Page) and remain unassailable against any foreign invasion." He blamed the nation's present position on Cyprus to the military regime that ruled prior to handing over power to civilians on July 24. Earlier, Turkish Cypriot radio said Turkish forces captured the eastern Cypriot port of Fama- gusta Thursday and :lhe Greek Cypriot naval base in the Bogh- az area 10 miles to the north. It also said a Turkish assault on Lefka began on the western part of Cyprus, and. Turkish forces launched attacks on the eastern and western approaches BE v To Bisect The moves against Famagus- ta, Nicosia and Lefka seemed to be further confirmation that Turkish invasion forces were trying to bisect Cyprus along an cast-west line that would slice off the northern third of the island to create a Turkish autonomous region. "We are in a desperate situa- tion, ready to clutch at any straw to save ourselves or pre- serve as much as we a se- nior Cyprus' government official said. The sound of explosions shook Nicosia intermittently, mingling ivith the noise of machine gun and small arms fire from the ireen Line the no-man's land Famagusta, 35 miles east of JS. district court by Ehrlichman's Nicosia, earlier in the day. But the Greek Cypriots claimed they halted the other arm of the Turkish drive to cut off the northern third of Cyprus a force moving toward Lefka on the northwest coast 20 miles from the capital. Famagusta was under heavy Turkish and artillery attack. But U. N. soldiers, discounted claim by the Turkish Cypriot radio that armored units had broken through to the Turkish Cypriots in the old walled medi- eval sector of Famagusta, the second largest city on Cyprus and the island's most important Cyprus President Glafco: port. Clerides called a conference of Greek Cypriot leaders to probe their reactions on concessions the Turks are expected to de- mand because of their over- whelming military presence or Cyprus. A senior Cyprus government official who declined to be iden- tified said: powers and the U. N. Security Council appear unwilling to take any, practical step to defend the very existence, let alone the ter- ritorial integrity of an indepen- dent Cyprus." Marathon negotiating went on in private throughout Wednes- day and late into the night. Weary delegates from the 15 nations making up the counci! postponed an urgently sched- uled session Wednesday night when they failed to reach a con- sensus on what steps might bring success. The British government said there was virtually no chance of a diplomatic breakthrough to resolve the Cyprus crisis until Turkish troops stopped advanc- ing on the island. The Soviet Communist party newspaper Pravda warned the Cyprus crisis could spread, dividing the embattled Greek "creating a threat to tne eon> and Turkish sectors of the city. jmon ,PeTfe (of The renewed fighting, which started at dawn, shattered a cease-fire agreed to by both ;ides Wednesday night. The lull :asted only through the hours of darkness. The camp of the 950-strong I Greek army contingent, perma-j pies." It put the blame for the crisis on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and re- newed a call for withdrawal of all foreign troops from the is- land. Meanwhile. Greek Foreign j lawyer, Andrew Hall. Its-aid: "You are commanded to ap- pear in U. S. district court for the District of Columbia on the 9th day of September, 1974, at a.m. to testify on behalf of John Ehrlichman and to remain until called." To San Clcmente The subpoena was addressed to Nixon at the "presidential compound, San Clemente, Calif." where the former Pres- ident moved after resigning his office last Friday. Ehrlichman, formerly domes- tic counsel to Nixon, had been one of the former President's closest advisers. There was no indication in the filing at district court that the subpoena actually had been served. Any party in a lawsuit may issue subpoenas for witnesses without prior court approval. However the recipient may ask be iden- the court to dismiss a subpoe- the big na later. One of Six Ehrlichman is one of six de- pendants- scheduled go trial Sept. 9 on charges of ob- structing justice by attempting to thwart the investigation of the Watergate breakin at the Democratic party's national headquarters in 1972. Nixon was named an unindicted co- conspirator in the case. The other defendants are former White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman; former Attorney General Mitchell; former Haldeman aide Gordon Strachan, former Nixon re-elec- tion committee aide and one- time Assistant Attorney General Robert Mardian; and Kenneth Wells Parkinson, a re-election committee lawyer. Earlier Subpoena Ehrlichman had attempted to subpoena Nixon while he was still President. That was in connection with -alifornia state charges against ihrlichman, most of which have since been dismissed, growing out of the breakin at the office of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist, I Dr. of Beverly (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.1 AP Wireplioto Kidnaped by Mistake Eneeta Afatasi, 3, is safe in the arms of her mother, Mrs. Seitota Afatasi, after being accidentally kidneped in San Francisco Tuesday. She was in the back seat of the family ca r when it was stolen but was found unharmed in the abandoned car Wednesday. Police said she apparently spent the night in the car and was coloring with crayons when she was found. i Hills. _! A California judge issued a subpoena in that case but before the Washington, D. C., superior court could act on it, the issue was made moot by dismissal of the charges. Ehrlichman was convicted July 12 in U. S. district court on one count of conspiring to vio- late Fielding's civil rights and two counts of lying to a Water- gate grand jury. He was sen- tenced to serve 20 months to 5 years in prison, but is free while appealing the sentence. Ehrlichman's action Thursday 'was the first legal step taken against Nixon since he resigned lasl week. The subpoena came as special Watergate prosecutor Leon Ja- worski was reported to be studying the possibility of tak- legal action against the j former President. Today's Index Comics .-31 Crossword 31 Daily Record ................3 Deaths .......3 Editorial Features...........li Farm ......................29 Financial Marlon Movies Society Sports Slate Television ...........32 28 ...........3d ........16-19 ........21-25 ...........30 Want Ads ................34-39
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