Cedar Rapids Gazette, August 10, 1974, Page 8

Cedar Rapids Gazette

August 10, 1974

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Issue date: Saturday, August 10, 1974

Pages available: 32

Previous edition: Friday, August 9, 1974

Next edition: Sunday, August 11, 1974

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 10, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 4 The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sat., Auk IO. 1074 *.    '' c S W-r    *SR- rf' Gazette Photo bv John Mcivor Herbert Hoover Final Visit to Cedar Rapids in I 962 Centennial Chautauqua First For National Park Area By Mary Wallbaum WEST    BRANCH—This week’s threo*<iay Chautauqua program held at (he West Branch boyhood home of Herbert Hoover in honor of his 100th birthday was the first such event ever held at the historical site and the first presented in a national park service area. Sponsors and developers of the cultural show have termed it a “tremendous success” and hope to continue the program each year as an event unique to the Herbert Hoover National Historic Site. George Davidson, historian for the site, said the National Park Service has been very pleased with the event and indicated it would like to provide partial funding for future Chautauquas. Application for these funds has been made. Although a commemorative program has been held on Hoover’s birthday each year since BHH at the 31st President’s gravesite, this year’s activities went far beyond anything ever considered before. 100th Birthday Impetus for the expanded program developed because this year marked the KHith birthday of the former President, said Lauretta Mintz-myer, superintendent of the Hoover historical site. When consideration began on how to make the program special this year, Davidson came up with the idea of recreating a tent Chautauqua “We decided to shoot for the moon and try to recreate something Mr. Hoover would have known in his life,” he said “It is known that Hoover did attend and participate in Chautauqua programs ” Lauretta Mintzmyer The “culture under canvas” phenomenon does mesh very well with Hoover’s history. The first C'hautauqua was held in 1874. the year of Hoover’s birth. And another Iowan. Keith Vawter, of Cedar Rapids, developed the first Circuit type' of Chautauqua under canvass which flourished for 25 years during Hoover’s younger years when the then-to-be President is Known to have attended them. The cultural programs have a special meaning for Iowans because they were expecially strong in the Midwest as a “broadening experience” for persons isolated from big cities who might never otherwise have been exposed to the art forms blossoming in the country. Somber Occasion In addition to the significance Chautauquas trave for Iowans and Hoover, developers of this year’s West Branch event considered the program a way to shift the focus of traditional Hoover commemorative activities. “Wreath laying ceremonies are a somber occasion, but a birthday is a celebration; honoring that someone was born and lived and worked," Davidson said. George Davidson “We tried to find something to represent the more popular type of celebration that people could enjoy.” Mrs Mintzmyer added. “It was a perfect avenue for something that would be for people. "I’m very pleased with the effect of the program on peo-ple; they are laughing and THESE WERE THE SCENES this week as visitors participated in events leading up to today’s I OOth anniversary of the birth of Herbert Hoover. In photo at right, Colin Fox, 18-month-old son of the William Price Foxes, Iowa City, tokes a snack break between Chautauqua performances. In photo below right, Jennifer Keen, I 7, Auklond, New Zealand, left, and Alicia Kopsa, 17, Tipton, try out the old pump on the Hoover birthplace grounds. Below left, Ranger Jim Cutler of Maryland, and his horse, Basha, enjoy the attention of three West Branch girls, from left, Kim Wiley, Tami McQuillen and Heidi Christensen, all I 3. Series of Seminars Probes Herbert Hoover’s Presidency IOWA CITY - President Herbert Hoover’s court nomination and appointment policies were remarkably nonpolitically motivated, according to former Iowa congressman John R. Schnnd-hauser. One of the professors from 14 colleges who participated in August seminars on "The Presidency of Herbert Hoover”, the current University of Southern California professor discussed Hoover’s appointment record during a Thursday afternoon session. Substantiating his claims with data, Schmidhauser said that of the 54 nominations made by Hoover, appointment of members of his own party was about Kl percent below the level of partisan selection set by the three preceding Presidents. In addition, Hoover almost bent over backwards to make non-partisan selections, said the political science professor. "His chief adviser concerning judicial nominations and appointments, Attorney General William Mitchell, was chosen because he was nonpartisan.” Although Hoover received criticism for many of his nominations, “his outstanding selections of generally highly jualified inferior court judges md supreme court nominees if the calibre of Benjamin ardozo and Charles Evans Hughes assure Herbert Hoover of a record of distinction, he said. Many felt the 31st President's appointments were politically unsophisticated, but Schmidhauser argued that Hoover and his chief counsel in these matters gave considerable attention to prior judicial or prosecutorial experience. Hoover s position in the economic crisis of that tune compounded some of the attacks he received from members of the congress, he said. The Depression’s occurrence while Hoover was at the helm of the country had far reaching consequences for his political dealings with congress. Another speaker at the Hoover seminars. Economist Arthur Kemp, argued that a partial cause of the banking crisis was Franklin Roosevelt's "non-cooperation with Hoover before EDR took office Kemp, who opened the three-day seminar sponsored by the Hoover Presidential Library Assn , said it is not generally known that Roosevelt refused to cooperate with Hoover. The research assistant for Hoover from 1943 to 1953 while Hoover was compiling material for his memoirs argued that Roosevelt eventually adopted almost every one of Hoover’s recommendations. "But only after the disastrous Bank Holidays and the unnecessary closing of many major banks Kemp enumerated the events leading up to the bank crisis, noting that FDR’s "non-cooperation for jmlitical reasons” was only one factor in the banking crisis It is nevertheless a fact that President Hoover tried time and time again to establish lines of communication with the incoming President so that emergency steps could Im' taken "It soon became obvious that Roosevelt would have none of it.” Kemp lauded Hoover’s judgment and said Hoover had considered issuing insurance for all bank deposits and had pushed hard for a world economic conference, which he said was "torpedoed” by Roosevelt. Kemp described Hoover as a man who inherited the Depression and the bank crisis rather than the person who helped bring these crises about. The seminars, which ended Thursday, were held at the Highlander Inn and were open to the public. They were held in conjunction with the other Hoover    commemorative programs also sponsored by the National Park Service Hoover Library: Atom Archive By Doral!)} Williams WASHINGTON - Historians writing of the early days of nuclear energy and. especially of the evolution of our policy to put the atom to work for the well-being of mankind, twill find possibly their richest source material at the Herbert Hoover presidential library The reason lies in the fact | that the library is the repository for the papers of two men who played key roles in shaping our emphasis on peaceful uses of the atom — the late I S Senator Bourke B Hick-en looper of biwa arni the late Admiral la*wis L. Strauss, pioneer member and second chairman of the atomic energy commission. It is fitting for both of these men had an almost reverential regard for Mr Hoover Old Acquaintances Aides of the late senator and former Iowa governor retail that Hickenlooper became acquainted with Mr Hoover in the late 30s. Hickenlooper was then lieutenant governor and Mr Hoover was living in relative obscurity following his depression days defeat by the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt. To Hickenlooper, Mr Hoo ver was always "the chief ”, and the younger man sought and treasured counsel from the one-time standard-bearer of his party. First Meeting As for Strauss, he met Mr Hoover when in 1917 he walked into the Washington, I). C\, office of the director of our foreign KmkI relief effort and volunteered his services. Mr Hoover accepted the offer of the young man from Richmond, Va., and made him his secretary Together they worked in the relief program that is credited with saving thousands of European lives in the wake of World war I From this developed a lifetime of friendship between the two and an extraordinary devotion to Mr. Hoover by his younger employes. World war ll enveloped the globe bringing with it the Atomic Age. With the end of the conflict, came the awesome problem of legislating a way to harness the atom and to make it the servant rather than the destroyer of mankind In the U. S. senate, ll lek -enlooper was named to a special committee which joined the house military affairs committee to write the atomic energy act of 1948, setting 'forth our government’s policy and control of nuclear |w»wer Under the act a joint committee of the senate and house was established to deal with atomic energy matters. Throughout Career Hickenlooper was elected to membership on this panel and later served for a time as its chairman. His work on atomic energy legislation    continued throughout his senate career The atomic energy commission created by the 1948 atomic energy act, began to function in 1947. The late President Truman named David E Lilienthal as the commission's first chairman and Strauss as a member. Irater Strauss returned to head the commission during the presidency of the late Dwight I) Eisenhower Friendship Grew Through these years, a friendship grew between Hickenlooper and Strauss which lasted until a recent death It was Strauss’ donation of his papers to the Hoover library that determined for Hickenlooper that the institution honoring the Iowa-born President was the one to receive the senator’s papers Cataloging and other work on the papers of both these mon is going forward at this time happy. Also it is stimulating an interest in Hoover, and consequently people an* coming from the program to visit his cottage and the (Hoover) library ” Mrs. Mintzmyer and Davidson, the staff of the site and library, as well as West Branch citizens and the Hoover Presidential Library Assn , began developing the program last January. Original Event Their goal was to recreate the type of Chautauqua Hoover would have remembered; not to develop a new Chautauqua I which would lose sight of the flavor and purpose of the original events. “The Chautauqua didn’t simply cater to what was immediately popular and accepted, but included those cultural events which were not. It was a broadening experience,’ Davidson said. In planning the Hoover Chautauqua program we also mixed known and appreciated art forms with those which were not so popular Although the two planners worked to maintain a cultural-educational value to this year’s visitors, they also wanted to recreate the type of entertainment seen under canvas in the 1920s. So Davidson began to seek out local talent that offered the kind of programming early Chautauqua-goers would have seen and experienced. All the talent for the three sets of afternoon and evening programs came from the Eastern Iowa area and performers donated their services to the centennial. “We were suprised with the wealth of talent here in the area that offered just what we wanted.” Mrs. Mintzmyer said. Performers were sought out and invited to participate in the program. “Heterogemty was the yardstick,” Davidson said. “The criteria was good talent which also could have existed in the period and what many would have seen then.” Varied Talent This year’s program was indeed a wide variety of some of the best local talent ranging from singing groups to concert pianists, balloon ascensions and plays to interpretive readings, bell ringers to Shakespeare dialogues Not all performances could have been seen in the 1920’s, and one example is the Davenport Junior Theater's rock-opera version of Aesop’s fables. In this sense, the program contained "a little bit of nostalgia”, or a fond remembering of the spirit of Chautauqua But most of the entertainment was very consistent with the typo and scope of an early Chautauqua fare, Davidson said Even the tent and trappings are recreations of the original. I he 200 by HO foot open-air tent which could house approximately 1,200 seated persons was chosen with the original in mind. Other exhibits on the grounds were housed in small-er tents through which Chautauqua-g(M*rs could stroll at leisure. All staging conspicuously lacked modernistic trappings, and retained a farm-community type of simplicity which easily could be packed up and moved to a new location Belgian King’s Remarks On Hoover Contribution WEST BRANCH—Following is the message sent dy Beige n King Baudom commemorating the centennial of Herbert Hoover's birth The message was delivered in West Branch Saturday by Duane Arnold, Cedar Rapids, president of the Hoover Presidential Library Assn Sixty years ago, Belgium was invaded in violation of the treaties whereby its neutrality was guaranteed W.thin three months, ten million people in occupied Belgium and northern France were starving It was thanks to American compassion and effort that famine was avoided and that our population was able to survive At that moment, a great American, Herbert Hoover, took it upon him to organize relief For four years, he beodec the Commission for the Relief ir Belgium in the most difficult circumstances, but always sup ported by the generous re sponse of the American nation, The remarkable courage and enterprise of Mr Hoover. of which he gave evidence already in accepting his assign ment, carried him through four years of turmoil. Toward the end of the war, King Albert of the Bel yiums and his government expressed their gratitude by conferring upon Herbert Moo vet the title of Friend of th« Belgium Nation’. He was, in fact, a friend oI mankind May we ever re member him, may his name stand out as an everlasting in spirohon and example. " ;

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