Cedar Rapids Gazette, August 10, 1974, Page 7

Cedar Rapids Gazette

August 10, 1974

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Issue date: Saturday, August 10, 1974

Pages available: 32

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 10, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 4 Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sat., Aug. 16, 1974 Chautauqua i First For Nationa Park Area Gazette Photo bv John AAclvor Herbert Hoover Final Visit to Cedar Rapids in 1 962 By Mary Wallbanm VtKST WIAXCH-This week's three-day Chautauqua I program held al the West i Branch boyhood luime of 1 Herbert Hoover in honor of his HMth birthday was the first j such event ever held at the historieal site and the first presented in a national park service area Sponsors and developers of i he cultural show have termed il a "tremendous suctess and hope to continue the program each year as an event unique to the Herbert Hoover National Historic1 Site George Davidson, historian for the site, said the National Park Service has been very pleased with the event and indicated it would like to provide partial funding for future ChautatKiims. Application for these funds has been made. Although a commemorative program has been held on Hoover's birthday each year since 191H at the 31st Presi- dent's gravesite, this year's activities went far beyond any- thing ever considered before. IDOlh Birthday Impetus for the expanded program developed because (his year marked the HHItli birthday of the former Pres- ident, said Lauretta Mintz- myer, superintendent of the Hoover historical site. When consideration began on how to make the program special this year, Davidson came up with the idea of recreating a tent C'hau- tauqua. "We decided to shoot for the moon and try to recreate something Mr. Hoover would have known in his he said. "It is known that Hoover did attend and participate in Chautauqua programs." Lauretta Mintzmyer The "culture under can- vas" phenomenon does mesh very well with Hoover's histo- ry. The first Chautauqua was held in 1874, the year of Hoo- ver's birth. And another lo- wan, Keith Vawler. of Cedar Rapids, developed the first circuit type of t'haiitauqua under canvass which flour- ished for 25 years during Hoo- ver's younger years when the (hen-to-be President is Known to have attended (hem. The cultural programs have a special meaning for lowans because they were especially strong in the Midwest as a "broadening experience" lur persons isolated (rum big cit- ies who might never otherwise have been exposed to the art (onus blossoming in Ihe country. Somber Occasion In addition to the signific- ance Chautauquas tfeve for lowans and Hoover, develo- pers of this year's West Branch event considered I he program a way to shift the focus of traditional Hoover commemorative activities. "Wreath laying ceremonies are a somber occasion, but a birthday is a celebration; honoring that someone was born and lived and Davidson said. George Davidson "We tried to find something In represent the more popular type of celebration lhat people could enjoy." Mrs. Mintzmyer added. "II was a perfect avenue for something lhal would be for people. "I'm very pleased with Ihe effect of ihe program on peo- ple; they are laughing and THESE WERE THE SCENES this week as visi- tors participated in events leading up to today's 100th anniversary of the birth of Herbert Hoover. In photo at right, Colin Fox, 1 8-month-old son of the William Price Foxes, Iowa City, takes a snack break between Chau- tauqua performances. In photo below right, Jen- nifer Keen, 17, Auklond, New Zealand, left, and Alicia Kopsa, 17, Tipton, try out the old pump on the Hoover birthplace grounds. Below left. Rang- er Jim Cutler of Maryland, and his horse, Basha, enjoy the attention of three West Branch girls, from left, Kim Wiley, Tami McQuillen and Heidi Christensen, all 13. Series of Seminars Probes Herbert Hoover's Presidency IOWA CITY President Herbert Hoover's court nom- ination and appointment pol- icies were remarkably non- politically motivated, accord- ing to former Iowa con- gressman John K. Schmid- hauser. One of the professors from 14 colleges who participated in August seminars on "The Presidency of Herbert Hoo- the current Universily of Southern California pro- fessor discussed Hoover's appointment record during a Thursday afternoon session. Substantiating his claims with data, Schmidhauscr said that of the 54 nominations made by Hoover, appointment of members of his own parly was about 10 percent below the level of partisan selection set by the three preceding Presidents. In addilion, Hoover almost bent over backwards to make non-partisan selections, said the political science professor. "His chief concern- ing judicial nominations and appointments, Attorney Gen- eral William Mitchell, was chosen because he was non- partisan." Although Hoover received criticism for many of his nominations, "his outstanding selections of generally highly qualified inferior court judges and supreme court nominees of the calibre of Benjamin Cardozn and Charles Evans Hughes assure Herbert Hoover of a record of distinction." lie said. Many felt the 31sl Presi- dent's appointments were pol- itically unsophisticated, but Schmidhauscr argued lhat Hoover and his chief counsel in these matters gave consi- derable attention to prior judi- cial or prusecutorial experi- ence. Hoover's position in the eco- nomic crisis of that time compounded some of the at- tacks he received from members nf the congress, he- said. The Depression's occurrence while Hoover was at the helm of the country had far reaching consequences for his political dealings with congress. Another speaker al the Hoo- ver seminars. Economist Arthur Kemp, argued that a partial cause of the banking crisis was Franklin Roose- velt's "non-cooperation" with Hoover before FDR took off- ice. Kemp, who opened the three-day seminar sponsored by the Hoover Presidential Library Assn.. said it is not generally known thai Roose- velt refused to cooperate with Hoover. The research assistant for Hoover from 1943 to 1953 while Hoover was compiling materi- al for liis memoirs argued that Roosevelt eventually adopted almost every one of Hoover's recommendations. "But only after the disas- trous Bank Holidays and the unnecessary closing of many major banks." Kemp enumerated the events leading up to the bank crisis, noting that FDR's "non-cooperation for political reasons" was only one factor in the banking crisis. "It is nevertheless a fact thai President Hoover tried time and time again to estab- lish lines {if communication with the incoming President so that emergency steps could be taken. "It soon became obvious lhat Roosevelt would have none of it." Kemp lauded Hoover's judgment and said Hoover had considered issuing insur- ance for all bank deposits and had pushed hard for a world economic conference, which he said was "torpedoed" by Roosevelt. Kemp described Hoover as a man who inherited the Depression and the bank cri- sis rather than the person who helped bring these crises about. The seminars, which ended Thursday, were held al the Highlander Inn and were open to the public. They were held in conjunction with the other Hoover commemorative programs also sponsored by the National Park Service. Hoover Library: Atom Archive By Dorothy Williams WASHINGTON Histori- ans writing of the early days of nuclear energy and, espe- cially of the evolution of our policy to put the atom to work for the well-being of mankind, will find possibly their richest source material at the Herbert Hoover presidential library. The reason lies in the fact that the library is the reposi- tory for the papers of two men who played key roles in shap- ing our emphasis on peaceful uses of the alum the late S. Senator Bourke li. llick- enlooper of Iowa and the late Admiral Lewis L. Strauss, pioneer member and second chairman of the atomic ener- gy commission. It is fitting for both of these men had an almost reverential regard for Mr. Hoover. Old Acquaintances Aides of the late senator and (oriner Iowa governor recall that Hickenlooper became acquainted with Mr. Hoover in the laic Illls. Hickenlooper was then lieutenant governor and Mr. Hoover was living in relative obscurity following his depres- sion (lays defeat by the late President Franklin Roos- evelt. To Hickenlooper. Mr. Hoo- ver was always "the and the younger man sought and treasured counsel from the one-time standard-bearer of his party. First Meeting As for Strauss, he met Mr. Hoover when in 1917 he walked into the Washington. C., office of the director of our foreign food relief effort and volunteered his services. Mr. Hoover accepted the offer of the young man from Richmond. Va.. and made him his secretary. Together they worked in Ihe relief program lhat is credited with saving thousands of ropean lives in the wake of World war I. From this developed a life- time of friendship between the two and an extraordinary devotion to Mr. Hoover by his younger employes. World war II enveloped the globe bringing wilh it the At- omic Age. With Ihe end of Ihe conflict, came the awesome problem of legislating a way (o harness the aloin and In make il Ihe servant rather than the destroyer of man- kind. In the I'. S. senate, Hick- enlooper was named to a spe- cial committee which joined (he house mililary affairs committee to write the atomic energy act of 1946. setting forth our government's policy and control of nuclear power. Under the act a joint committee of the senate and house was established to deal with atomic energy matters. Throughout Career Hickenlooper was elected to membership on this panel and later served for a lime as its chairman. His work on atomic energy legislation continued throughout his senate career. The atomic energy commis- sion created by the 1946 atom- ic energy act, began to func- tion in 194f The late President Truman named David E. Lilienthal as the commission's first chairman and Strauss as a member. Later Strauss returned lo head the commission during the presidency of the late Dwight Kisenhower. Friendship (irew Through Ihese years, a friendship grew between Ilickenlooper and Strauss which lasted unlil a recent death. II was Strauss' donation of his papers to ihe Hoover li- brary ih.-il deli'rniined for Hickenlooper thai the institu- tion honoring the Iowa-born President was the one to re- ceive the senator's papers. Cataloging and other work on Ihe papers of both these men is going forward at this time. happy. Also it is stimulating an interest in Hoover, and consequently people are coin- ing from Ihe program 'M visit his cottage and Ihe (Hoover) library." Mrs. Mintzmycr and David- son, the slafl of Ihe site and library, as well as West Branch citizens and Ihe I loo Presidential Library Assn began developing the program last January. Original Evf nt Their goal was to recreate the of Chautauqua Hoover would have remembered; nol to develop a new Chautauqua which would lose sight of the flavor and purpose of the orig- inal events. "The Chautauqua didn't simply cater to what was im- mediately popular and accept- ed, but included those cultural events which were not. It was a broadening Davidson said. In planning the Hoover Chautauqua program "we also mixed known and ap- preciated art forms with those which were not so popular." Although the two planners worked to maintain a cultural- educational value to this year's visitors, they also want- ed to recreate the type of en- tertainment seen under canvas in the 1920s. So Davidson began to seek out local talent that offered the kind of programming ear- ly Chautauqua-goers would have seen and experienced. All the talent for the three sets of afternoon and evening programs came from the Eastern Iowa area and per- formers donated their services to the centennial. "We were suprised with the wealth of talent here in the area that offered just what we Mrs. Mintzmyer said. Performers were sought out and invited to participate in the program. "Heterogenity was the Davidson said. "The criteria was good tal- ent which also could have ex- isted in the period and what many would have seen then." Varied Talent This year's program was indeed a wide variety of some of the best local talent ranging from singing groups to con- cert pianists, balloon ascen- sions and plays to interpretive readings, bell ringers to Shakespeare dialogues. Not all performances could have been seen in the 1920's, and one example h the Daven- port Junior Theater's rock- opera version of Aesop's fa- bles. In this sense, the program contained "a little bit of nos- or a fond remember- ing of the spirit of Chautau- qua. But most of the enter- tainment was very consistent with the type and scope of an early Chautauqua fare, David- son said. Even the tent and trappings are recreations of the original The 200 by 80 foot open-air tent which could house ap- proximately seated per- sons was chosen with the orig- inal in mind. Other exhibits on the grounds were housed in small- er tents through which Chautauqua-goers could stroll at leisure. All staging con- spicuously lacked modernistic trappings, and retained a farm-community type of sim- plicity which easily could be packed up and moved to a new location. Belgian King's Remarks On Hoover Contribution WEST is the message sent dy Beige n King Baudoin commemorating Ihe centennial of Herbert Hoo- ver's birth. The message was delivered in West Branch Sat- urday by Duone Arnold, Cedar Rapids, president of Ihe Hoover Presidential library Assn.: "Sixty years ago, Belgium was invaded in violation of the treaties whereby its neutrality was guaranteed. Within three monfhs, ten million people in occupied Belgium and northern France were starving. was thanks lo American compassion and effort that famine was avoided and lhat our population was able lo survive. "At that moment, a great American, Herbert Hoover, look it upon him lo organize relief. "For four years, he headed Ihe Commission for the Relief in Belgium in the most difficult circumstances, but always sup- ported by the generous re- sponse of the American nation. "The remarkable courage and enterprise of Mr. Hoover, of which he gave evidence al- ready in accepting his assign- ment, carried him through lour years of turmoil. "Toward Ihe end of the war, King Albert of the Bel- and his government expressed Iheir gratitude by conferring upon Herbert Hoo- ver the title of 'Friend of Ihe Belgium Nation'. "He was, in fact, a friend of mankind. May we ever re- member him, may his name stand out as an everlasting in- spiration and ;