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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 10, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa of Iowa: The Cfdar Rapids Gazette: Sat., 10. 1J74 5 Through Eyes of 10-Year-Old By Mary Wallbauni prefer to think of Iowa as I saw if through the of a 10-year-old the eyes of all 10- are or be filled with the wonders of Iowa's streams and woods, of fhe mystery of grow- ing crops. 'Someone may say that these recollections of Iowa ore fhe of 40 yean later, but I know have been back and checked it up. Hoover, who spoke thr-so words bdurc the Iowa Sicicly in Washington while he was vrn-tary ol Ciimmerce under President Harding, was hum in West Branch on Aug Hi 1X74. ami earned a love nf Iowa with he loft i Ill-ill iliiiin Ins it-sol public inc. He returned tn his birthplace four limes in later years In I honored by the state and U'esl Branch, and during these ii isinns hi ilw ivs Ind (hi w mm si woids for the strength- ening nirinence the emmiiiinity had iipmi linn IhlsWHk tin stiti ,nd Uisl I, igam are hnnorin" the man who became the lilsl President of the Tinted Stales with six dus of cimniiiiKs ulibntiiu thi Illllth vear of Ins hirih. In a continuation of the abnve sp.....-h. lluover had much inure tn say about Iowa culture Not AH Adventure 'And in fhe matter of eating, my of Iowa food are of the most distinguished order. You Photos on this page were collected from The Gazette's file on former President Herbert Hoover They deptct the Iowa native as a youth, as a friend of youth, as President of the U.S ond as states- man. He PS seen at one point with his arm around the shoulder of Eagle Scout John Voss 15 Daven- port in a 1 954 photo. He is shown, in another photo, circa 1 928, as the President in a visit to Cedar Rapids, accompanied in the open car by Secretary of War J.W. Good and simply, "the Homers" Still another photo shows the President as a child, and others illustrate his fondness for children Hoover on Corrosions of Power .Some of the corrosions of our division of power ore the aftermaths of wars. Same of the corrosions come from the discovery that it is easy for (he federal government to light the magic power of federal credit. The remedy is to restore fhe checks and balances of power, to reinvigorate state and local governments and to deflate the bureaucratic empires. Herbert Hoover. may say this is fhe appetite of youfh, but have checked this up "But Iowa through the eyes of a JO-yearold boy is not all adventure and high living. Iowa in those years, as in these years, was filled with days of school ana' who does not remember with a glow that sweeffaced lady who with infinite patience and kindness drilled into us those foundations of all we know today? "And they were days of chores and labor. I am no supporter of factory labor for children, but I have never joined with those who clamored against proper work of children on farms outside school hours. And I speak from the common experience of most Iowa children in my day in planting corn, hoeing garden, to milk, sawing wood, and other and proper, normal occupations for boys..." All this may not have been recreation, but it was strong training in patience. And that reminds me that I have a brand of Iowa upon me, for one of my earliest recollections of that great state was stepping barefooted on a red hot iron chip at my father's blacksmith shop, the scar fhaf I still carry. "But there are few scars that people carry from the state of Iowa. The good lord originally made it the richest of agricultural land that ever blessed any one sovereign government. Adventurous, Courageous "It was populated by the more adventurous and the more courageous, who fought their way along the ever-extending frontier. They built here in so short a period as 75 years a people who today enjoy the highest standard of living, fhe highest overage and the highest degree of ed- ucation that ever blessed a single commonwealfh. There is no man or woman born in (owa who is not proud of his 'native state." Herbert Hoover left his native state at the age of 10 as an orphan after both parents died of typhoid fever. He lived in Oregon with an uncle and later attended Stanford university where he majored in engineering. After working for two mining firms and with the out- break of World war II, he headed the American relief com- mittee in London which aided Americans stranded in Europe. Belgian Relief n fw the relief of Bel- Hnrf WHS administrator of the bmed State, to provide food for the Allies in the war and to control domestic production and distribution In 1918 he was appointed director-general of the relief and reconstruction of Europe. Subsequently, Hoover organ wed the volunteer American relief administration which continued relief until July 1923. President Warren G. Harding appointed Hoover secretary of commerce in 1921, a post he held for more than "even years under two Presidents. When President Calvin Coolidge refused to seek renom- ma.ion in 1927, Hoover became the Republican party- S- ng candidate and was elected President by the largest pop that Hme Pr6Sident had u" London Naval Treaty ,h administratlon had "wiy accomplishments. the signing of the London naval treaty, the inaugu- ration of the non-intervention policy in Latin America re- forms of the criminal procedure for federal courts Other legislation included bankruptcy legislation, crea- tion of the federal power commission, new banking laws reg- of stock speculation and securities promotion, expan- sion of the improvement of waterways, and the conservation of oil and other natural resources. The reconstruction finance corporation was created as were home loan banks and a new agricultural credit systen- to help farmers. Hoover was influential in the convening of a world economic conference to reduce trade barriers and sta- bilize world currency. On Oct. 29, 1929', the stock market crashed, triggering an economic depression that did noi fully end until World war II Carried fhe Blame From a peak of popularity in 1929. Hoover went out of off- ice in 1933 bearing the blame for the economic collapse Opinions have changed on this matter, and his actions during these years, if viewed as too little, too late, at least paved the way for more drastic legislation needed tn cope with almost complete economic collapse. Hoover then retired to California, but was drafted by I resident Harry Truman to study food supplies and make recommendations for averting post-World war II famine. In 19-17. Hoover was appointed head of a commission to investigate and make recommendations for improving the organisation of the executive branch of the federal govern- ment. Refired in 955 Afler serving as chairman of the second commission under President Dwight Kisenhower for eight vears permanently retired in 1955. When he died in he was buried on a hillside over- looking his birthplace in West Branch. On his SOIh birthday. Hoover returned u. be honored one hist lime in W'esl Branch before his death At thai time he said these words: "Eighty years is a long time for a man to live. As the shadows lengthen over my years, my confidence my hopes and dreams for my countrymen are on- dimmed. "This confidence is fhaf with advancing knowledge, foil will grow less fhaf fear, hatred, pain, and fears may that the regenerating sun of creative ability and religioos devofion will refresh each morning the strengfh and progress of my country."
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