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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 10, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sat., August 10, 1974 Orthodox Leader Sees Church-Culture Struggle f 2th Century Book Caroline Blunt, curator of the rare boot section of the Michigan State university library, examines a recent gift to the university, called an antiphonary and dating back to the 12th Century. An antiphonary is a book used in Italian churches and is quite large, because it had to be placed where many people could read it. The wood bound book has pages of parchment made from sheepskins and features hand printing in Latin. Outlines History Of Women Priests Church Briefs By Aldcn Whitman New York Times Service NEW YORK Women, in most Judeo-CIiristian religions, may be leaders of their people, they may be prophets and evan- gelists and they may attain sainthood, but with still rare ex- ceptions the sacerdotal, or priestly, function is reserved for men. In the theologically t r a d i- tional groups, the bar against woman has been absolute. The current argument in the Epis- copal Church over the recent or- dination of 11 women attests to the power of that injunction. The explanation is cultural and theological. The society from which Judaism evolved was strongly patriarchal and its organization and mores were based on virtually total male su premacy. When the ancient Jews eschewed polytheism, they conceived their single God as masculine. As Jewish thought came to be elaborated in the Old Testament and in numerous commentaries on divine law, !of opinion that excluded women I as priests. Before Fall Augustine, Origen and Jerome went back before the fall, and, of course, to Eve's creation from Adam's rib, to demonstrate male superiority. They also de- veloped the theological proposi- tion that, since Christ's humani- ty was male, the instrument of His' grace, the priest, corre- sponding to the instrumentality of His flesh, must be male. The fathers, nonetheless, often spoke of the spirituality of women, and beginning in the early Middle Ages, this was in- corporated into doctrine through Mariology, the veneration of the Virgin, who derived her spiritu- ality from the fact that she was the mother of Christ. The dualism has remained. Historically, only one small ex- ception was made, by Thomas Aquinas in' the 13th Century. Aquinas said that in extreme conditions, when no men were about, a woman could baptize validly. He derived this sacra- mental power from Galatians dened customary patriarchy. The priesthood was inexorably male. Luther's Revolt Singular Women Patristic and Tnomjst doc- Singular women, Ruth and trines of the male priesthood Family VBS at Galilee Baptist Begins Monday Galilee Baptist church, 1947 Washington avenue SE, will sponsor a family vacation Bible school. Monday through Friday :rom 7 to 8 p.m. There will be r o g r a m s for kindergarten :hrough sixth graders, teen- agers and adults. A nursery will >e provided. Tom Jennings of Oelwein, who has served with Youth With a Mission in Europe dur- ing the last year, will show slides of his travels and expe- riences Sunday at at Olivet United Presbyterian church, Tenth street at B ave- nue NW. Good Shepherd Lutheran church, 2900 Forty-second streel NE, has scheduled its annua vacation Bible school Mondaj through Friday from 9 to a.m. Classes are open for chil- dren ages 3 to 12. The theme ol this year's program is "Good News Is Allen Koepke, concert choir director at Jefferson high school, will direct the Alleluia Chorus in a 45-minute concert Sunday at 8 p.m. at the First Covenant church, 701 Twenty- fifth street NE. liv George Cornell AP ftcllvion Writer Tfn1 nation's Kastern Orthodox leader says thai Christianity, once comfortably in harmony wilh American cul- ture, now laces a strimule against it. "There's been a breach.' says Archbishop lakovos, Ihe tall, courtly head of the Greek Orthodox Church in the Ameri- cas He says the civic atmo- sphere, which in the past was conducive lo faith, has become fouled and now challenges reli- gious life. The church can no longer play second fiddle to the state on moral he said in an interview at Greek Orthodoxy's stately headquarters on Man- hattan's East 79th street. "Religion must be the one to enlighten people, to illuminate life, to influence the nation. In- stead of following, it must pro-' [vide guidance. That responsi- bility has been placed on us and we must come up to it." Dream Faded Archbishop lakovos, whose 115th anniversary as head of l American Greek Orthodoxy is I being observed this year, said a secularized nation seems gener- ally to have abandoned its 'ounding conviction that all wman rights and dignity are derived from a divine Creator. "The covenant and the dream seem to have he said, adding that the results show up in deteriorated ethical stan- dards, corrupted politics, blight- ed ideals and dismay. "It is up to men and women of will and vision not simply to a recent Greek Orthodox Congress in Ch.i'M launched a broad .ii! program for spiritual in this country, declar- Mnral Testing times of ii.'il testing, when the will i.-. blatantly set aside for .'.'.'.I of man the church dutiful responsibility to iii'- -.vay more than ever whose origins go the founding of the in 1054 A. D. with Catholicism, MI '.'.iiii'h Protestants later There are about 250 i 1 i i) n Orthodox believers, Mi'.'-'ly in the eastern part of Ihe Thev number about 6 million in ihis country in a dozen branches based on national ori- gins, the largest of which is the 2-million-member Greek Ortho- dox Church. Ethnic Distinctions Archbishop lakovos, 62, not only heads the Greek Church but also is chairman of a stand- ing all-Orthodox conference to maintain liaison among the dif- ferent branches. He also holds positions in national and world ecumenical bodies. "Our people have matured, come of age, and can think free- ly in church affairs not just as an institution, but as a spiritual- moral he said. "Thank God, we have overcome our ally has shunned criticism of; moral issue is to become frail of provincialism." civic affairs and state mind and weak of soul. We have Noting the current emphasis But in the modern atmosphere, la duty to speak out on moral 'his country on racial and Archbishop lakovos said jGtnnic distinctions, he said he need is to free religion from! For that purpose, the church! regarded it as a "temporary Archbishop lakovos Marsha Peeler wiU speak at the a.m. service Sunday and Mrs. F. W. Strickland of Des Moines at the 4 p.m. service highlighting women's day at Mt. Zion Baptist the direction but also to chart a new course for themselves, or American Christianity and the American he said. 1 Historically, Orthodoxy patter De-Civilizing 1 "It's a matter ing" he s church to bow to domination by the prevailin a social-co I at applyin; 'in nationa if 'de-civiliz-t similar agencies in Roman Ca- ud. "For and Protestantism, the state oni At Archbishop lakovos' urg- for the first time is establishing a social-concerns office to work !at applying Christian principles national affairs, paralleling measure dictated mainly by po- litical considerations. I don't see it as a permanent social phe- nomenon. "If it's not exploited, it can lead to a healthier natural unity." Esther, might be community leaders. But no woman could be a member of the religious com- munity, the sign of which was circumcision. This sex-deter- mined exclusion was extended to keep women from temple rites, save as auditors. Only in the last year or two have women been accepted as rabbis, and only in Reform Ju- daism, which has long been doc- trinally radical in comparison with the Orthodox and Conser- vative branches. Some years ago, the then tiny Jesus cult introduced some modifications into Jewish theol- ogy, but without altering Ju- daism's basic notion of a mas- culine Godhead, and by corol- lary, a male priesthood. Not and the subordination and sub- mission of women have become codified in canon law, a large part of which was adopted by the Church of England in its 16th Century breakaway from. Rome and by its later offshoot, the Episcopal Church in this country. Luther, in his revolt against the Papacy, raised the status of women by declaring that the state of marriage w.as the noblest way of life for both the clergy and the laity. he said, "placed the creation of all men in women." Most important, the Reforma- tion established, though not by intention, the free market in God. In the absence of infalli- bility, every person might ap- prehend God after his own read- ing of .Scripture. The working out of the implications of this concept eventually brought women into the priesthood, al- though in sparing numbers and chiefly in the United States. Divine The earliest of these was Anne "for you are Hutchinson, the New England all one in Christ Jesus." Jantinomian. who preached with-1 out ordination. Until lately most Deaconesses of ,hc wflmcn jn orders Women also served as dca-jhavc been off the mainstream conesses, the lowest of church functionaries, into patristic only with did Jesus treat women respect, but early post- crucifixion Christians also ad- mitted them to the possibility of salvation. "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female." Paul wrote 'Mini-Retreat For Marriage1 Set Sunday Gene Jakubek The Rev. Gene Jakubek, as- sistant director of the Jesuit Seminary Guild of Milwaukee, will conduct a "Mini-retreat for Marriage" on Sunday from 7 to 10 p.m. at LaSalle high school. The retreat is open to all mar- ried couples, the widowed and the separated. Father Jakubek entered the Society of Jesus in 1941 and was ordained in 1954 at St. Mary's College in Kansas. He has been associated with the Jesuit Semi- nary Guild since 1958. Among Father Jakubek's ac- tivities are a television pro- gram, "The Answer Is seen in Iowa at a.m. on Sundays and ediling of Ihe "Je- suit I Worship Services in Cedar Rapids Churches ASSEMBLY OF GOD Central 3030 F ave. NW Ramon Booth. S.S. Serv Eve. Wed. First 2531 42nd st. NE Gary A Jenkins. S.S. Serv. Eve. 7. Wed. 7. BAPTIST Berean 5037 Center Point rd. NE. Glen V. High. S.S. Serv. Eve. 7. 1203 3rd ave. SW. Harry R. Egner, Wayne Peterson. S.S. 9. Serv. Eve. 7. Edeewood (BGC) E ave. and Edgewood rd. NW. Roger T. Goodson. S.S. Serv. 11. Eve. 7. Wed. 1200 2nd ave. SE. Dr. Wayne A. Shireman. S.S. 9. Serv. 10. 1947 Wash- ington ave. SE. Larry R. Engle. S.S. Serv. Eve. 7. Immanuel (S.B.C.) 1900 F ave. NW. William R. Riley. S.S. 9. Sen'. Eve. Wed. eve. 7. Mt. 824 8th st. SE. 'LeRoy White. S.S. Serv. Mrs. Marsha Peel- er. Afternoon, 4 p.m. Mrs. F. W. Strickland. New Testament B a p t i s (BBF) 749 Old Marion rd. NE. John Hulse, jr. S.S. Serv. Eve. 7. Wed. 7. Noelridge 1147 lifton ave. NE. Bruce W. Young. Mike Hastings, Dale Katcher. S.S. 9. Eve. "Paul's Trial at Wed. eve. Redemption Missionary Bap- list 1014 10th ave. SE. Har- mon Webb. S.S. Serv. 11. Eve. 8. Tues. Twin Pines 3300 42nd st. NE. Werner Lemke. S.S. 10. Serv. 11. Eve. 7. Wed. Vallcj- View 5555 Mt. Vcrnon rd. SE. Carroll Van Anda, .Dave Pastor. S.S. Serv. "The Anguish of Iho Evo. 7. "Why People Are Nol To Be Wed. eve. 7 p.m. CATHOLIC All Saints Dalewood, 29th SE. Edmund J. Becker, James L. Blocklinger, Paul Otting. Masses, Sat. 5 p.m.; Sun. 6, 9, noon. Immaculate 3rd ave. SE. Wm. P. Leonard, John Casey, [Richard J. Hess. Masses, Sat. Sun. 6, 8, 10, noon, St. Edgewood rd NW. John M. Gregory, Richard Ament, John Tilp. Masses, Sat. Sun. 8, 11. St. 21st ave. SW. Robert W. Cizefc, Paul C. McManus. Masses, Sat Sun. 8, 11, St. ave., 24th A. A. Sodawasser, Arthur Cleve, T. J. Kisting. Masses, Sat. p.m.; Sun. 8, 11, St. Patrick's 500 1st ave. NW. Martin Laughlin, Carl A. Hies, Joseph Schneider. Mas- ses, Sat. p.m.; Sun. 8, 11, St. Plus st., Col- ins rd. NE. Bernard G. Collins, fohn Friederick. Masses. Sat. p.m.; Sun. 7, 9, noon, 5. St. 5th st. IE. Clarence Frana. Masses, Sat. 7 p.m.; Sun. CHRISTIAN Cedar 526 3rd ave. SW. Neville G. Clayton. S.S. 9. Serv. "Three Crosses First 840 3rd ave. SE. Dr. Vayne Hensley. Serv. Answer to Npeiridge 727 Collins rd. NE. Philip Ewoldsen. Serv. EPISCOPAL A Ave. NE. Paul lYaeumer. Masses, 8, 10. Chil- dren's chapel and S.S. 10. Eve. 7. St. John's 355 19th st. SE. D. A. Loferski. (Communion 8.) S.S., serv. Choral Eu- charist, first Sun. St. Michael's 220 40th st. son ave. NW. Paul A. Scheldt. I Word of Deaf (Mo.) Christ, the Solid First (LCA) 1000 3rd ave. SE. George W. Carlson, Alvon Nelson. S.S. Sen'. 11. Gloria 153 Cher- ry Hill rd. NW. Charles G. Schultz. Serv. Commun-i S.S. Sen'. 8, JO.-30. "On 1 1363 1st ave. SW. Allan C. Page. Second and fourth Sun. of month, serv. Zion (Mo.) Highway 150, Hiawatha. Larry Brelje. S.S. Serv. METHODIST NE. Thomas C. Aycock, jr. ion, first Sun. of month. Asbury (United) 351 26th Choral serv. and S.S. 10. Eu- Good Shepherd SW. Charles R. Mehaffey. charist, 8 a.m., 6 p.m. JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES Cedar Valley-South Congre- gation _- 1221 Center Point rd. c c NE. Public talk, Watch- S'S' 10'30' tower, lSat 5'30 p'm' McCloud Sprinsrs-North Con- gregation Ii21 Center Point S900 42nd st. NE. Gary Kirsch- ke. Serv. !1. "Christ, the Christ- ian's Holy 720 Edgewood rd. NW. Cedric J. Serv. rd. NE. Public talk, Watchtower, Pioneer Avenue tion 3103 Pioneer ave. SE. Public talk, Watchtower, !cv I LCA1 273C Bowling st. SW. Michael A. Last. Com- munion 1st Sun. of month. Sat. eve. serv. 6 p.m. Sen'. 10. Our 3634 1st ave. NE. F. William Hilker. Marvin L. Ehnen. Serv. 9. Wed. LATTER DAT SAINTS Trailridge rd. SE. Bishop Paul L. Garvin. Priesthood, S.S. 10. Sacra- St. Andrew (LCA) 4420 Center Point rd. NE. James M. Lecher. S.S. Serv. 9. Mon. eve. Serv. 8. St. (LCA) 2100 1st ave. NE. David Frans Larson, Gordon Lundbcrg. S.S. ment, Wed. eve. 19th st. NE. !sen, s-30 Elder James O. Loy. S.S. si.' .Stephen's fALC) Mea- Serv. dowbrook. 31st st. gE. Landis i J. Olson. S.S, serv. 0. LUTHERAN 13C3 1st ave. Bethany Forest' SW. Richard A. Osing, Richard dr. SE. A. C. Hornbostel. S.S. i L. Thompson. S.S. Serv. Serv. "The Agenda for Your Concordia John-I Sat. eve. serv. 6 p.m. S.S., serv. 9, 11. Bertram (United) L. Neil Townsend. S.S. Serv. 512 6th st. SE. George Moore. S.S. 8. Serv. Buffalo (United) Blairs Ferry rd. NE. Wilbert R. Tru- sheim. S.S. Serv. 9. Faith (United) 1000 30th st. NE. Wilbert R. Trusheim. Serv. G ave. NW. Wayne Ryan. S.S. Serv. Eve. 7. Wed. eve. Hillside Weslcyan Church 2600 1st ave. NW. Richard Ernst. S.S. Serv. "On Being a (Continued: Page 11, Col. 4.) The' Alleluia Chorus First Baptist Church of The Brethren-1 Oa.m. First Covenant pm Allen Director 6HILFI BAPTIST CHURCH 1947 Washington S.E. AM Sundoy School AM Morning Service Evening Service Wed. Service PM The tord Jeiui Christ offen inner peace to oil who will receive it from Him. "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you; not ai the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid." John BIBLES CHRISTIAN BOOKS MUSIC RECORDS SUNDAY SCHOOL SUPPLIES af the New CEDAR BOOK STORE 3519 1st. Ave. SI Cedar Rapids 366-7189 VACATION BIBLE SCHOOL August 12-16 a.m. Ages 3-12 Good Shepherd Lutheran Church (Wisconsin Synod) 2900 42nd N.E. 393-5736 J times. However, as Christianity spread in the polytheistic world, of Protestantism, as was Aimcc Semple MacPherson, the evan- gelist, and Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of Christian it was adopted by some c i e. n c e Recently, however, who had lived in a world ofjwomen in other groups, includ- priostesscs, such as Astarle Baptist, Methodist and Con- Phoenicia and Isis in Egypt, jgregationalist, have been or-i "There is clear evidence that injdained as priests. this non-Catholic Christian1 Despite a willingness of con- world there were priestesses." gregants to accept women, according to Dr. Cyril Richard- son, professor of church history at Union Theological seminary. Richardson cited the Gnostics and the Monlanisls of the First century, whose religion was syncretic because it fused op- posiles, in Ihis case male and female, and thai women had manlic. or soothsay- ing, powers. But Ihe church fa- thers, wrilers of Ihe early church whose works on the Scriptures and Christian doc- trine are .slill considered of weight, condemned llu'se groups as heretical and built up a body is as yet no accepted redefinition of the Godhead, though many theologians are working lo that end. Paul Tillich and his followers, for example, sought to integrate female and male polarities in the Godhead. And Karl Barlh wrote of God as Ihe Divine I (implicilly sex- less) thai, confronts mankind as Ihou. Others nolo pragmati- cally if is mankind that cre- ates God in its image, and thai as mankind changes ils ethos, God the male undergoes fresh perceptions and could well he- come God I be male-female. The Bible is filled with inspiration and guidance vivid examples ot protection and comfort through understanding God. You can find answers lo your needs with the special help of weekly Bible Lessons in Ihe Chrlillan Science Quarterly. Buy your own copy of Ihe Quarterly, or study the Bible Lesson, in nnr public Reading Room. (irnund Floor IK Tower Suite 101 on 2nd Avenue Flrsl Church of Chrlsl, Selenllst-1212 2nd Ave.. SK Oriar Itaplds AN INVITATION TO WORSHIP PRAY! This past week has been an historic one for our country. Be in your own church tomorrow for prayer. If you have no church home, join us at First Lutheran Church 1000 3rd Avenue SE or a.m. Dr. Carlson's sermon: "Lord, teach us fo Pastor Terry Cragiie Meeting in the YWCA 318 5th St. S.E. Services Sunday School Church Evening Service JorFree Transportation Call 365-3334
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