Saturday, August 10, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Page: 10

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Text Content of Page 10 of Cedar Rapids Gazette on Saturday, August 10, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 10, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Photos on this page were collected from The Gazette s file on former President Herbert Hoover. They depict the Iowa native as a youth, as a friend of youth, as President of the U.S. and as statesman. He is seen at one point with his arm around the shoulder of Eagle Scout John Voss, 15, Davenport, in a I 954 photo. He is shown, in another photo, circa I 928, as the President in a visit to Cedar Rapids, accompanied in the open car by Secretary of War J.W. Good and simply, “the Horners ’. Still another photo shows the President as a child, and others illustrate his fondness for children. Recollections of Iowa: 'Mr*#-*' * # Tbr Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sat., Alg. IO, 1974    5 Through Eyes of 10-Year-Old Bv Mary Wallbaurn I prefer to think of Iowa as I saw it through the eyes of a I 0-year-old boy—and the eyes of all IO year-olds are or should be filled with the wonders of Iowa s streams and woods, of the mystery of growing crops... Someone may say that these recollections of Iowa are only the illusions of 40 years later, but I know better—for I have been back and checked it t t up. Herbert Hoover, who spoke these words before the Iowa Society in Washington while he was Secretary of Commerce under President Harding, was born in West Branch on Auk lh. 1874, and carried a love of Iowa with him—after he left Hie state at the age of lh—all during his years ol public lite He returned to his birthplace four times in later years to Ik* honored by the state and West Branch, and durinK these occasions, he always had the warmest words for tin* strength eninK influence the community had upon birn Phis week. the state and West Branch awarn are honoririK th(> man who became the 31st President of the United States with six days of ceremonies celebrating the KHlth year of his birth In a continuation of the above speech, Hoover had much more to say about Iowa culture Not All Adventure “And in the matter of eating, my recollections of Iowa food are of the most distinguished order. You may say this is the appetite of youth, but I have also checked this up. ' But Iowa through the eyes of a 10-yearold boy is not all adventure and high living. Iowa in those years, as in these years, was filled with days of school—and who does not remember with a glow that sweetfaced lady who with infinite patience and kindness drilled into us those foundations of all we know today? “And they were days of chores and labor. I am no supporter of factory labor for children, but I have never joined with those who clamored against proper work of children on farms outside school hours. And I speak from the common experience of most Iowa children in my day in planting corn, hoeing garde*-learning to milk, sawing wood, and other and proper, normal occupations for boys... " “All this may not have been recreation, but it was strong training in patience. And that reminds me that I have a brand of Iowa upon me, for one of my earliest recollections of that great state was stepping barefooted on a red hot iron chip at my father s blacksmith shop, the scar that I still carry “But there are few scars that people carry from the state of Iowa. The good Lord originally made it the richest cletch of agricultural land that ever blessed any one sovereign government. Adventurous, Courageous It was populated by the more adventurous and the more courageous, who fought their way along the ever-extending frontier. They built here in so short a period as 75 years a people who today enjoy ihe highest standard of living, the highest overage intelligence, and the highest degree of education that ever blessed a single commonwealth. There is no man or woman born in Iowa who is not proud of his native state.’ Herbert Hoover left his native state at the age of lh as an orphan after both parents died of typhoid fever. He lived in Oregon with an uncle and later attended Stanford university where he majored in engineering. After working for two mining firms and with the outbreak of World war ll, he headed the American relief committee in london which aided Americans stranded in Europe. Belgian Relief London Naval Treaty Retired in 1955 After serving as chairman of the second commission under President Dwight I) Eisenhower for eight years, he permanently retired in 1995. When he died in IHM, he was buried on a hillside overlooking his birthplace in West Branch On his Hoth birthday. Hoover returned to Im* honored one last time in West Branch before his death At that time he said these words Eighty years is a long time for a man to live. As the shadows lengthen over my years, my confidence my hopes and dreams for my countrymen are undimmed “This confidence is that with advancing knowledge, toil will grow less exacting; that fear, hatred, pain, and tears may subside, that the regenerating sun of creative ability and religious devotion will refresh each morning the strength and progress of my country.'' ***** Later he headed the commission for the relief of Belgium In 1917 he was appointed food administrator of the United States to provide food for the Affies in the war and to control domestic production and distribution In 1918 he was appointed director-general of the relief and reconstruction of Europe. Subsequently, Hoover organized the volunteer American relief administration, which continued relief until July 1923. President Warren G. Harding appointed Hoover secretary’ of commerce in 1921, a post he held for more than seven years under two Presidents. When President ( alvin Coolidge refused to seek renomination in 1927. Hoover became the Republican party’s leading candidate and was elected President by the largest populi and electoral volt* that any President had received up to that time Hoover on Corrosions of Power    Carried    the    Blame Hoover’s administration had many accomplishments, including the signing of the London naval treaty, the inauguration of the nonintervention policy in Latin America, reforms of the criminal procedure for federal courts. Other legislation included bankruptcy legislation, creation of the federal power commission, new banking laws, regulation of stock speculation and securities promotion, expansion of the improvement of waterways, and the conservation of oil and other natural resources. The reconstruction finance corporation was created as were home loan banks and a new agricultural credit system to help farmers. Hoover was influential in the convening of a world economic conference to reduce trade barriers and stabilize world currency. (in Oct 29, 1929, the stock market crashed, triggering an economic depression that did not fully end until World war II “. . Some of the corrosions of our division of power ore the aftermaths of wars Some of the corrosions come from the discovery that it is easy for the federal government to light the magic power of federal credit The remedy is to restore the checks and balances of power, to reinvigorate state and local governments and to deflate the bureaucratic empires . — Herbert Hoover. From a peak of popularity in 1929, Hoover went out of office in 1933 bearing the blame for the economic collapse. Opinions have changed on this matter, and his actions during these years, if viewed as too little, too late, at least paves! the way for more drastic legislation needed to cope with almost complete economic collapse Hoover then retired to California, but was drafted by President Hairy Truman to study food supplies and make recommendations for averting post-World war II famine In 1947. Hoover was appointed head of a commission to investigate and make recommendations for improving the organization of the executive branch of the federal government