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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 6, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Editorial Page A 4 5t 6 "574 'Nf T-' W11K.X SKXATK investigators wrapped up probe of the Russian wheat-sale Iningle recently, who should appear in the Kissinger, ll was Henry's way back in .lamiar, and February of that inhered tin- mistake-ridden transaction, according to the investigations subcommittee's repnrt. Kissinger, then the President's nalional security unite: "The department of agriculture, in cooperation with oilier interested agencies- should take the lead in developing for the President's consideration a posi- tion and scenario for handling the issue of grain sales to USSR Now that obeisance lo Kissinger has slacked off a bit, there may be a temptation to lump the secretary among agriculture department officials who blun- dered into the fiasco. Columnist Paul Scott swung the tar-brush perilously close last week with this observation: "Senate probers' final report should be must reading for members of the senate foreign relations committee prob- ing the activities of Secretary of State Kissinger." To hear Scott tell of it. one would think the wheat sale to Russia was fraught with bungling from the beginning. But at the stage that Kissinger studied the proposal and commended it to the department of agriculture, the general idea was a winner: firm- ing up amicable trade relations with an ideological foe. The foolishly large volume of grain shipped, the tiUTly geneniu.s line of credit and all oilier errors have been traced to two officials in ihe agriculture department's export Blaming Kissinger for the disastrous miu-tniie is like cen- Minng Indian affairs ;uh iscrs for I.I. Col. 1'icorge A. ('lister's solo campaign against (he Cheyenne and Sioux a century ago. Significantly. Kissinger did not appear as a principal in 'the (ireat American grain robbery" when the able (lenera! Accnuntmg Office completed its investigation months ago. His newly-alleged involvement and Ihe magnifica- tion of same suggest lhal revisionist history is being written earlier than ever. Negotiable? riTH impeachment by the house now regarded a sure thing, the Washington rumor mill is recycling the Xixon-may-resign scenario. One stumbling block on thai path out, naturally, is the possibility of criminal prosecution once Mr. Nixon's status changes from sitting President to sitting duck. Presumably the President could make a deal to avoid such em- barrassment, but one wonders to whom he would turn for negotia- tions. Probably not the attorney general. Definitely not Judge Sirica. Perhaps the historic task would fall to a special plea bar- gainer, appointed by you-know- who. Certainty is what counts DID YOU KNOW that in England your chances of go- ing to prison, if convicted of a crime, are 10 times greater than in the United Slates'? That fact interested Columnist Sydney Harris to the point that he deter- mined to find out why. What he discovered should attract the at- tention of every lawmaker, prosecutor and judge in the Unit- ed States. First, he learned that when a person is sentenced to a prison term for a serious crime in the U.S., it is for a longer period of time than in England, even though his chances of being sent to prison are 10 times less. "It is not the degree of punish- ment that is Harris concluded, "but the cer- tainty of punishment It is swiftness and sureness of punish- ment that deters criminality, nol length or harshness." That is the logical reason People's forum Price blur Tn the Editor: By this time almost everyone has come across the newest computer wrinkle those little stripes of widths on packages and other items on the super- market shelves. They are to be used in computer-- charging us for our groceries, wilii the actual price being listed only on Ihe shelf The store will feed into Ihe computer the price lha! tile various stripes represent, and Ihe compuier will tabulate the total at the checkout counter beaulmil. exi ep! hmv does a consumer know he is being cliar'Jed correctly'.' What is lo prevent a store from pulling one price on the shell and feeding another into the computer, either by mistake or even intentionall.'. For we have checked our super- market tapes against our purchases afler we got home. Once in a while we have found mistakes. However vvnh this new gimmick. Ihe only way we will be able to check our lotal will be to run Ihe carl back through Ihe store and confirm cadi price. How ridiculous I wish lo lake Ibis means notifying any store considering installing such a system in Ibis area that I intend lo figiil llus lalesl "machine lovers" fantasy. I England's crime rate also is lower than that of the United States. The deterrence of knowing that you'll get a long sentence in the U.S.. when weighed against the possibility that you may not even have to go to jail, is far less than the deterrence of knowing, as the Englishman must, that it's vir- tually certain you'll go to jail if caught and convicted. "There is little respect for law in the U.S.." Harris reasons, "because the law itself does nol line up lo its commitments: its end is not justice but convenience, accommodation, a good-looking record for the district attorney, and a bargaining-away of rights that makes it easier to commit more wrongs." In other words, we're barking up the wrong tree when we call for harsher amd stiffer penalties. What we should be calling for is certainty of punishment, which the English have proved reduces the amount of crime. also urge anyone else who feels he has ihe right to know what be is paying for his groceries to contact any consumer group he knows and also to write his stale legislator urging adoption nf a bill requiring Ihe price lo be shown on every item in arable nimierals. not compuier stripes Perhaps this nnl-ton-bnulil idea can he sqnelt lied before li even siarteii Otherwise, we can all resign ourselves to just trusting the store, wilh no wa> ol checkiiiL' out our n purchase- 'Dictatorship' To the Editor Americans are faced v. the mosi critical decision in the nation's hisior-. All have taken I'nr lhal each nt the three branches nf L'IH eminent c-- lalillshed by the (institution the abililv and strength lo maintain its posi- tion All have fell that a liemocralic congress and a Republican would balance each other's streiiL'lhs None have ever suspected lhal one try lo destroy the other However, now our nation is faced uith a Demoivalie congress uhich has been inl'Jllraled by persons whose ultimate goal is very dangerous to our lorm and who are determined lo deslro.v our cnnslitiiluional govcinmonl by working within Ihe system. They have Surest inflation cure may be the whip By Tom Tiede -II 1. once s.nd that ioreverv human problem -c, end nr third cchic hew ever resembles l-liciu- in -i and sji.iu: Perhaps at tins time .H'.a.iih. even circle runners dn some in Ilie disea-e nf intla lion Hill Mansfield's proposal is itself ihbbcrdyflnp Kasically. ihe idea is economic defeat- ism ha! II viould iln. I! accepted, would have people cower before inflation thus nisiiniii: the lallcr's continued sllprem.u V ll everybody lucre are some Mil million in the nation's work loive cuiild by law keep up w ith infla- tion, there would be Inlle incentive for aiivnoe In Mgh! aitaiusl it Prices and salaries vvnuld merrily rise in cnntnnclinn until eggs began costing s.'i apiece. TV sets would go nil sale for sM.HIi'i and families earning under SMIII.IIIIll a year vvnuld he ellL'lble for food stamiis outright impossible as Mansheld'- proposal now. with only limited numbers of nans n.-d 'n automatic eost-of liv increases, 'he I' S l.u paver Is awesnmclv nidi-bled Ihe I'l lure Admilledly. Ihe opposite In Mansfield's idea is alsn punishing. presiiinably. based nn history, nol I'nr so The opposite idea ri'sts in the theory thai iiil'lalion should hurl, lhal consuiners shnnld feel pain. Unit shopping should lie a trip through Ihe lash line. Thai way the would lie directed a! the political Inni. ideally, the chastised hnsiness and and hnsiness policies which bring inl'la- political communities would be more turn about. likely to practice fiseal restraint and iiil'lalion. la-la, would once again he Thus Hie worker who loses (i percent in conquered by sacrifice and justice, real annual earnings (as the average man did last year) is less likely lo buy a new ear at unreasonable prices or allow- Well, perhaps Ihe opposite idea is wishful thinking. But at least it's not so s "'.M.....'H "II ei I'll'imlos riimlllinee I1'''! I he M'M.iInl liability proposal is mwisc Sa'.s ,iiir "There are two ways to stop mtLc linn Increase Mlpplles m' decrea-c demand Mansfield's bill dm-Mi'l address llscll' In dlller His idea Is In lodp the uorkmgmaii, but you ean'l dn n b> de- stroy Ilie value nf inoiie> doubi. irulli know n, Maiistu-ld tins And in fact his wage ad instmenl act nf is nut. as he says, "uffered as a panacea, liul only as a b.ise from whieh some oilier iliinking ran develop and. perhaps snine cures for inflation fniind In other words, in a nation where Ihe prime interest rale has risen ;I7 percent since March and the Mock market falls Hill points in a month, some any movement, miisl he started Inward heller limes. In this respect all ideas are gnod ideas in ilia! they focus attention on solutions rather than excuses. Mansfield's bill may be second-rate, his natural wisdom affected in this case, but his design for these times emergency action is desperately necessary. In the land of the blind, even the one-eyed man sees Clash of loyalties forces silence Ford on a unspoiled' By James Restart WASHINGTON' Almost everybody talks these days about the problems of the N'ixons. but just for a change, consider the problems of the Fords the vice-president and his family. Kurd is spending most of his time Iravcling. praying and listening, lie's traveling to keep out n( the impeachment politics here and hold his party together out in the country. He's praying either to some large inevitable script beyond Ins and the role he assigns lo that man. The night ami day. and watches over his kids guess here is that it will be either Nelson on dates. Rockefeller or Elliot Richardson, but accustomed to party talk, and this leads him into some confusion from time to lime between his loyalty to his President and his loyally to his new role as President-m-waiting. Bnl as President Nixon's troubles have deepened and Ford's responsibilities have increased, the vice-president lias lhal this may be a little awkward, the government has now Here again he is getting widely diver- Pr'ividert Kurd with a new official gent advice. In a time of political residence have inven no facts snpportim: 'rune ni' inisilemeannrs by Mr Man1, siatesiiicri. tmlli iicmniratic and Kepublicaii. have Inld the pnliln thai 'here i- tin cv idonce or prnv MIL- i or misdemeanors on ihe part of the Here we are on Aug. 1 only a short time convict him. afler the plant began operations and Another w.w President on circumstantial evidence. I hey will have destroyed the executive branch of government: they will have made a Demncralie diclalnrship possi- ble Our Constitution i" in leopardy. 1 sug'jesl lhal both the people and the poll! icbns alike back up and broader view of ihe problem 1 suggest consideration ol the results of such a pnlilical impeachment hacked by an encouraging press [in think au'aiii Do wan! to impeach Iheir President'.' Do Americans vvanl a dictatorship Ilildrcd Meyer suppose I shouldn't complain all. indictment. Il was typed not by secre- Ihe Iowa K.leclric spokesman said "it lanes but by high-ranking officials on Ihe probably won I happen again We'll need more than IK public rela- tion-. comforting us if a natural disaster occurs such as a tornado uilh Ihe nuclear cnergv center in Us path. But don't mind me I'm ins) another one of those hvperaotive "eiu ironnienlalists." Frank Parnno 111.! Second avenue SK Badgered I think lhal H's just too bad because ADC mothers cannot be left alone by others, unless they ask others for help. I'm speaking for others also. I'm on An AiiL1. I news luoadcast told ol the -u'v navl' 'Comforting' Tn Ihe Kditor prosecution force, -laworski. who has cused himself Iroin ihe case because old Texas association with Connally was not imormed that the indictment was coming Kven afler the indictment was announced. .lavvorski's aides n lused to discuss Ihe i asf II may be too laic K.dward IVum ll Williams, lami'd defense lawyer i nm, ail', nilcndi to ai-.'lle tiiat his client were damaged by the oi publicity preceding Connally mdo iiiinii lor bribery and penury l.r.i. vei lei'ai d Mi il publicity as dlsL'i.ioelul. bill they were not at fault 'Ihe leaks probably came I rum atloi neys for erstwhile Coiinallv associate .lake .lacobscn In fact, the special prosecution Force has privalely scolded .laenbscn's lawyers for unethical conduct I'm thankful lo be on ADC. because of these other people who bother me. make "Now let's lake a look nf today s situation... incident" id the Diiane Arnold Knergv an'n'l on ADC or supporting themselves ''enter near Palo. A systems failure ;lsk and I'm always caused over gallons ol Cooling water lr.vln" llavl' "ibcrs leave me alone. lo spill into Ihe Cedar river I was par- ticularly amused (in a tragic sort of way) when lelnrn lor damaging lostimniiy arainsl Counally m elb'ol, plea v la for others. I've even had to put media ll did nol succeed Mihoiigh -.urns on my door .laeobsen's le-.iim.niy acaiusi Connally is expecled lo be critical In- was indicted Mrs. I'ai Davis Central City care of myself and get a I also hope Nolliing lo win tv abonl how com- lorling IK quickly put down opposilinn lo iiuch ar power before licensing of Hie
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