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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 5, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 'Scat! An indictment is not a conviction, and I don't know anything about any Editorial Page Monday, August 5. I 974 Nixon's confessed mistakes WHAT IS THE MOOD of President Xixon in reacuns; to the stress and strain of mount- ins; Watergate Seeking an answer to that question. tin- Christian Science Monitor sen! its able Godfrey Sperling to find one. Summing up impressions drawn from a number of inter- views with close friends and staff aides of the President, as well as with recent visitors, Sperling concluded that Mr. has "climbed out" of the deep depression that enveloped him last summer but remains "a very troubled man." Perhaps the most incisive paragraph in Sperling's article was this one: "Also most recently the President confided to a visitor that he now feels he has made two major mistakes in his of Watergate: He thinks he should have never given up any of the tapes. And he is convinced that he should never have let H. R. Hal- deman and John Ehrlichman leave his side." "In other Sperling con- tinued, "Mr. Nixon was confiding that he wished he had 'stone- walled' even more than he ac- tually has on Watergate." That admission, if true, reemphasizes that the President has repeatedly failed to anticipate the true public reaction to Water- gate decisions. It also manifests again his acceptance of advice from aides who, apparently, are equally insensitive to how the public will react. Instead of building a substan- tial, sympathy-creating case on his1 assertion that as Chief tive he holds complete respon- sibility for acts performed by in his mini'.', now he says if he had to do it over he would take steps which might have got him in still deeper trouble with the public. Refusal to release the tapes, once it became known they were available, and failure to fire Haldeman and Ehrlichman, could have led to even worse disasters than the course he chose. But the real pity is that, even on reflection as on early impulse, the nation's leader has not seen fit to express publicly any moral indig- nation or regret over Watergate1 and the events that led to it. His indignation, if any, seems to be channeled more in the direction that Watergate and subsequent events were discovered than that they happened in the first place. How sad. in a nation deeply needing Moral leadership. How distressingly sad. On fhe buffon IOWA university's new basket- ball coach, Lute Olson, gets ''about 94 percent of maximum potential" out of his players 100 percent of the time, reports Al Schallau, transplanted lowan who touts Olson from a West Coast vantage point. About 94 percent, eh? Such precision reminds of one of those TV sports interviews we'd all like to see. Newshound: "Coach, now that Wrobleski's hamstring is on the mend, you say he's running at about 90 Coach: "No, Charlie, we figure it's about 87.394 percent." Hoover centennial npms PROMISES TO BE A J. momentous week in neigh- boring West Branch, where the public has been invited to join in observing the 100th birthday an- niversary of Herbert Hoover, only lowan ever elected President of the United States. The week will build to a climax on Saturday Mr. Hoover was born Aug. 10, 1884, in the tiny cottage occupying its original location at the Herbert Hoover National Historic Site with the possible appearance of President Nixon. Events leading to the big day include an old-fashioned three-day Chautauqua starting Tuesday and free to the public. It will recall the day when Hoover was active in government and Chautauqua brought whatever culture there was to the small communities of the Midwest in the early 1900s. Starting Wednesday, at the Highlander in Iowa City, will be three days of seminars by scholars who have devoted much of their study to the Hoover era. Those interested, in improving their knowledge about the late President should find the topics most interesting. They deal with Hoover and the banking crisis, his farm policy, his foreign policy, the Quaker influence on his presidency, his court nomina- tions, his progressive concept of the presidency, his feelings about the World Court and League of Nations, and "Hoover and Roosevelt and Historical Con- Mr. Hoover's work with boys will be recognized with the presence of some Boy Scouts, as well as members of Boys clubs. Girl Scout and Camp Fire Girl groups also will be there for this historic occasion. It's a once-in-a-lifetime obser- vance that offers something of interest to everyone People's forum Profit-glut To the Fditor: A feu nights ago on TV, President Nixon gave his version of beating infla- tion and getting a balanced economy. Namely, "increase production the public must save its money and not buy open tin' door to foreign imports lay oil government people decrease government spendini' What happens In all the goods with "increased production" raiiMng a surplus if the public does not buy bin "saves its money" instead espc toward resolving the impeachment fair, or congress has somewhat improved for peace m the world standing with the American Twenty-nine percent of the public gives congress high marks on its sure formance, up from 21 percent the Watergate However, 64 percent, more Positive twice as many, say that the job is doing this year is no better than sure or the U.S. militarily As congress confronts the President the issue of impeachment, il is Not sure noting that the 29 percent positive impeachment ing accorded congress is precisely against same as that given lo President Xixon Nixon the same survey. By any absolute Negative dard, both the President and sure an- presently held in low esteem by Ihe energy American Between July 17 and L'l. a sure cross-section of adulls was confidence government would rote the job congress is this year excellent, pretty good, only fair, sure relations Nixon f-yr July, 1974 29 64 sure the economy January 21 69 February, J973 38 45 1970 26 63 1969 34 54 Not surf 1968 46 46 1967 38 55 1966 49 42 Positive 1965 64 26 1964 59 33 sure 1963 33 60 inflation Only iwice before, las! .January and sure-Keeping down Iht; rost has congress received lower living than presently from the public. Bui al lime since HHiK has anything even lo a majority of (lie people sure congress a high job "Now let me ask you some specifics about the job congress is doing. How would you rate congress on (read list) excellent, pretty good. 35 56 9 34 60 6 33 56 27 65 19 75 6 IB 75 7 16 77 7 n 82 6 8 85 7 88 19 72 1 1 71 18 10 82 8 10 82 I 1 79 10 13 80 7 6 88 6 impeachment proceedings, there are some distinct signs that action by congress has boosted public confidence. The chances are thai a decisive vote on impeachment will help congress' stand- ing with the people. Indecision despite mountains of testimony is a condition which Ihe public feels is intolerable. On the economy, congress is receiving as much public criticism as the Nixon administration. There is a powerful mandate for congress to control federal spending, which a large majority feels is the single greatest contributor toward continuing inflationary price rises. On energy, some of the previous criticism of congress has slightly abated. All in all. the picture of congress as seen through the eyes of the potential voters this fall is not one to cheer in- cumbents. Vet, the trend is upward from the low point of last January, and. if congress can act decisively in the his- toric impeachment process, it is just possible thai the American people will give (he house and senate reasonable marks by election lime. Kvidence for Ihis is suggested by Ihe. lad Dial the house judiciary committee, while not held in very high regard with a raling of :ili percent positive, nonetheless oulscores congress as a whole when people are asked what kind of job it has been doing. People were asked lo assess congress' performance in II key areas. The cross section was asked I )n iiul a single of I lie above issues does congress emerge with anything close lo majorily approval from Ihe public At the same lime, on Ihe issue of and Detroit busing Landmark endures By James J. Kilpatrick WASHINGTON Till' supreme court (iiuk a nmstructiu' step last miiiith Inward a huh1 common sense llic Imiiitir realms of school (lese.yreL'a- licin. In llie process, !h" court ininnl from !he nicism that had beyim iu ihis field nf Ihe law The court's 5--! decision III the school ease described ;is :i lieu landmark in ciuislitutioiiiil luu new ciinstlliltional principles uerr I'iishioncil. The i-oiirt (iiii (urn hack upon Ihe principles enunciated IOIIL; au'u in lirmvn v. Board uf Kdncatint] Those principles stand. Uhat Ihe court held in the Delroil case, and all that it held, is that remedies for unconstitutional school segregation must applied within the school districts in uhicli the constitutional violations occur There is very remarkable in this II is patently unfair to punish Ihe children of suburban school districts In compelling them to be bused dis- tances. like so many head of cattie. merely to promote desegregation somewhere else. Numbers game The majority opinion, written by Chief .Justice Burner, applies on its face only to "inter-iiistrict" proposals. The opinion also serves to squelch some of [lie dizzier theories of "racial balance" that were gaining ground in the lower courts. In Detroit, the district court had un- dertaken to assure that "no school. James J. Kilpatrick grade, or classroom" would have a disproportionate number of black or white pupils. But the Constitution, said Burger, docs not require any such proportions. The numbers game is no longer to be played. It is high time, in my own view, that the court made this clear. In recent years a tendency has developed for courts to treat children solely in terms of their race. From the most tender ages, children are assigned, bused, reas- signed, shifted, paired, clustered, zoned and classified for one reason only. John is white; Mary is black. An awareness of race is thus bound to permeate the child's consciousness from kindergarten. The most pernicious prac- tices of South African apartheid could not promote a more pervasive racism than U. S. district judges have promoted through their desegregation decrees. Remarkably, even the four dissenters in the Detroit case seemed to agree that "racial balance" remedies have gone too far. Justice Byron White wrote a dis- senting opinion in which Justices Douglas, Brennan and Marshall joined. White made the point that courts must not lose sight of the central educational function of the schools. ''Vic-wed in this he said, "remedies calling for school zoning, pairing, and pupil assignments become more and more suspect as they require that school children spend more and more time in buses going to and from school and that more and more educa- tional dollars be diverted to transporta- tion systems." Another bizarre notion, accompanying the "racial balance" concept, has been gaining ground in lower court decisions. It is the notion that "white fliirht" is somehow unconstitutional. Mobility The majority's opinion in the Detroit case may dispose of that nonsense. If while families choose to move from the inner city to the suburbs, their action may be uncharitable: it may be unchris- tian; it may be morally reprehensible and educationally regrettable. But it is not unconstitutional. So long as govern- ments take no deliberale acts to foster racial segregation, families must lie free to live where they wish. In a bitter dissenl. Justice Thnrgood Marshall saw the majority opinion as a "giant step backwards." On the con- trary, the opinion may prme In be a modest step forward. If one result of the Detroit decision is to move the nation away from court-ordered racism, in which children are Ireated like black and white mice in judicial laboratories, perhaps we can begin In think in terms simply of schools and no! in terms of racially balanced schools That was the meaning of Ihe llrown case years ago. It is good In have that meaning reaffirmed. Cultivation The young sow wild oats The old grow sage.
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