Cedar Rapids Gazette, July 31, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

July 31, 1974

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Issue date: Wednesday, July 31, 1974

Pages available: 104

Previous edition: Tuesday, July 30, 1974

Next edition: Thursday, August 1, 1974

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Publication name: Cedar Rapids Gazette

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 31, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Chance of ruin tonight ;ind Thursday. I-on to- night, low 60s. Highs Thursday, mid to upper 70s. VOUMK 92- M'MBKIi EHRLICHHA CKIJAK liAPJDS. IOWA. 31, 1971 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS ASSOCIATED PRESS. UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Subpoena Article Voted 21-17; Two Others Lose WASHINGTON (Af) have nothing to fear of the articles had re- view-president Ford's elevationlmoved that danger. to the presidency. Break-Down Others lialk In urging adoption of Article claiming that President Nixon "warrants impeachment and trial and removal from the house judiciary committee i has ended its historic inquiry The final day of the commit- III, McClory said Nixon's rc- with a three-part resolution to tee's deliberations saw a break- fusal to comply with eight com- be sent to the house. Idown in the bipartisan coalition imittee subpoenas for 147 taped In it the committee reeom- 'that adopted the first two arti- conversations was an act of mends Nixon's impeachment by votes of 27 to II and 211 "stonewalling'' that threatened for obstructing justice, misuse of his powers and failing to obey committee subpoena? for evidence. The committee decided by 2li- 12 votes at its closing session Tuesday night against recom- mending impeachment, on two other proposed grounds the secret bombing of Cambodia, and underpayment of income taxes by Rep. M e 7. v i n s k y (D-Iowa) voted in favor of all five articles considered by the 'committee. Rep. Maync (R-lowa) voted against all five. to 10. The committee has 211 the impeachment process itself. Democrats and 17 Republicans, all lawyers. And Hogan saiii ii raised the most important issue in the in- Debate in the house will be- gin in about two weeks. Subpoena Article The three articles approved would redefine and limit the power of the executive. The third impeachment arti- cle, relating to the subpoenas, was approved Tuesday by a narrow 21-17 vote. The three articles of impeach- ment charge Nixon with "high crimes and misdemeanors" by: Obstructing justice in cover- ing up the Watergate affair, the breakin at Democratic national headquarters June once described by a While House spokesman as just a 'third-rate burglary." Abusing his powers through misuse of federal agents and agencies to violate constitution- al rights of citizens by wiretap- ping, income tax audits and oth- er activities. Refusing to comply with com- mittee subpoenas for 147 tape- recorded conversations and oth- er material sought as evidence by the inquiry. The committee's recommen- Although the second-ranking quirv. -.lf wc do not pass thjs Republican, Rep. McCiory (R- offered the article dealing with subpoenas, it won the sup- port of only one other Republi- can, Hogan. Rep. Railsback a leader in the bipartisan effort to pass the first two articles, ac- cused the majority of engaging in "political overkill" in trying for more articles. When the Cambodian bomb- ing tax fraud articles were call- ed up, Railsback said the Dem- ocrats were 'endangering Re- publican support on the floor for any articles. He said laler the dations must first face the for- mality of passing through the house rules committee before making their way to the house floor. The committee report is sup- posed to be ready by next Wed- nesday, at which time Rodino probably 'will request a meet- ing of the rules committee to set the terms for house debate. Committee Report A majority vote is needed in the house to impeach the Presi- dent. The senate then would conduct a trial, in which a two- thirds majority would be needed lo convict and remove Nixon from office. Tlic j u d i c iary committee's proceedings ended with a rap from the gavel of Chairman Ro- dino and his ruling that "This concludes the work of the com- mittee." As he filed out of the commit- Nixon Mulling Vote Without House Debate WASHINGTON (UPI) With odds growing that the house will impeach him, President Nixon is considering asking for a vote without debate in order to get a prompt 'trial in the senate, a White House official said Wednesday. Patrick Buchanan, the Pres- ident's main speech writer, said that such a move is "under ac- tive consideration" and lias not been ruled out. Buchanan said that the reason- ing behind such a move would be to "get it over with quickly" in the house and. if impeached, to give him a chance to prove his innocence in the senate. "Difficult Position" "None of us want to see the house Republicans put in a very difficult position, especially if the likelihood is not great that we will prevail" in keeping the house from impeaching Nixon, he said. Buchanan said there has been "serious slippage" in the last four weeks but that so far Nixon and his aides have developed no strategy to stem the tide against impeachment. Two Republican congressmen, Sam Steiger of Arizona and Charles Gubser of California, have been floating the proposal for a quick vote in the house. House Republican Leader John Rhodes of Arizona, however, dismissed the proposal Tuesday as a "gimmick." "Not Embraced'1 At a breakfast meeting with article the whole impeachment process becomes he said. But other Republicans, al- though they had supported the issuing of the subpoenas, said Nixon's failure to comply with them was not a serious enough offense to warrant impeachment by itself. Rep. Cohen (R-Mainc) said lie would support a move on the house floor to add Nixon's fail- ure lo comply to either the ob- struction of justice or the abuse of power articles, both of which he had supported. Rep. Butler (R-Va.1, another j backer of the first two articles. said Article III offended his sense of fair play. "The adoption of Articles I and II will have placed the issue of whether the President should be removed before the he said. "We don't need any more articles." Effort at Halt Some Democrats agreed, no- tably Reps. Flowers (D-Ala.) and Mann who voted 'Sentence Is Bomb Ihreat To 5 Years WASHINGTON (UPI) John HL'.NTSVILLK, Texas (UPI) An excited Fred Gomez Car-i rascri threatened to explode a bomb attached to one of his 13 hostages Wednesday unless pris-; on administrators surrender President Nixon's his demands for six top domestic affairs ad- jviser, was given a prison scn- "We believe he has the'tencc of 20 months to five years said prison for conspiracy in Rnn Tiivlnr Jthe Ellsberg breakin. Ehrlichman continued to pro- Ron Taylor. Carrasco said he would wait! until 8 a.m. CDT for the vests, two each for him and his two confederates. But the deadline j passed with no apparent action. The prison scene was tense but quiet as the deadline passed. Latest Ultimatum Prison officials have previous- ly refused to meet such de- mands, and said nothing to change their position after the latest ultimatum. If the vests were not passed into his fortress inside the pris- on library where Carrasco has held the hostages for a week he said he would kill one of his women captives, Taylor report- ed, adding, "He was very excit- ed." He said administrators be- S1X LONG DAYS Rep. Robert Kastenmeier (D-Wis.) leans on his fist as the house judiciary committee nears the end of its six-day debate on articles of impeachment. (More photos on picture page.) against Article III. After the vote Rodino held a caucus of Democratic members lo see if an agreement could be reached to call a halt. It could not. Since the inquiry began last winter different members have staked out different areas of in- terest, and the secret bombing (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) "very vague." derides was no! available for comment, but ini- tial reaction among the Greek Cypriots in Nicosia was suspi- "on all forces, including irregu- lar forces, to desist from all of- fensive or hostile activities." And the pact, left open the WASHINGTON (-API Harold Nelson, former head of the nation's largest pro- ducers cooperative, pled guilty Wednesday of conspiring to bride John B. Connally, former treasury secretary, for helping get government milk price sup- ports increased in 1971. Nelson admitted authorizing a payment to Connally by Associaied Milk Producers, Inc., in 1971. Nelson, former general man- ager of the co-op, also pled guilty of conspiring lo donate more than ?300.000 illegally from milk producer funds dur- ing the elections of 1968, 1970 ATHENS (AP) Greece be- gan demobilizing thousands of reserves Wednesday following the agreement with Turkey to cease hostilities in Cyprus and map out a new constitutional j setup for the Mediterranean is-j 'ancl- iwill not extend their territory [force could remain on the trou- The military mobilization was! beyond Ihe limits held island for the time being. It declared July 20 when Turkey invaded Cyprus following Presi- dent Makarios' overthrow bv! lieve Carrasco has three bombs, one for a female hostage sitting at the door of the library, one for the rest of the hostages anc one for anybody who might try j to rush the door. "We believe he has made the bombs, but we have no idea what they've been made Taylor said. The desperados wanted one vest to shield the front of their bodies and one to cover their backs. The agreement provided that: question of troop withdrawals, The opposing military forces j meaning the Turkish invasion night when the agreement was also made no mention of Arch- signed; I bishop Makarios, the deposed the Cyprus national guard ledJN. forces will be established by army officers from Greece, j around the enclave of approxi- A security zone manned by U. iCypriot president. In Nicosia, a U. N. spokesman About reservists had been called up during the mobil- ization to bolster the mately 200 square miles seized by the Turkish invasion force on said the peace-keeping forces on the island would need immedi- ate reinforcements to supervise man army. Most of Ihc army port of Kyrcnia; the north coast, including [rucp now have had massed on the Turkish fron- i tier in event of war. troops and we will need to All Greek and Greek Cypriot make the cease-fire he forces in Turkish enclaves will said. The Cyprus agreement pro-i be evacuated immediately, and: vidcs for the indefinite partition of the island, the indefinite pres- ence of the Turkish invasion force and a U.K. buffer zone j around the territory occupied by the Turks. U. N. forces will protect enclaves: U. N. forces will protect allj other Turkish enclaves as well as villages containing both gy NEW YORK (UPI) City and 1972. The funds included to j Cyprus. President Nixon's fund-raiser. Greek and Turkish Cypriots. i investigators have located all The agreement sijmed by the The agreement also provided! but of the million in foreign ministers of for the release or exchange as! securities which an independ- Grcccc and Turkey on Tuesday soon as possible of all "military lent audit said were missing after six days of negotiations also put no brake on the landing of foreign troops or supplies on ties." personnel and civilians detained from the comptroller's vault, as a result of the recent hostili- Manhattan District Attorney claim his innocence before scn- :ence was imposed by Judge jerhard Gesell. Removing his glasses as he stood before the judge, Ehrlichman said, "I be- lieve I am the only one who re- John Ehrlichman ally knows whether I am guilty and, your honor, I am innocent of each and every charge." A bureau of prisons official said Ehrlichman would not be eligible for parole considera- tion until he had served the minimum 20-month sentence if his appeals are rejected. Gescll also sentenced G. Gor- don Liddy to one to three years to run concurrently with his sentence as a Watergate con- spirator but gave suspended sentences to participants, other Watergate Bernard Barker More Ammunition H o w Carrasco made the bombs was not known, Taylor said, but they probably were like a pipe bomb. The spokes- man also conceded Carrasco might actually have more am- munition than authorities origi- nally believed. Taylor said certain chemicals, glue and other products used for making bombs could be found in the library building. Earlier in the day Carrasco said he was willing to release the hostages in exchange for five high prison officials but ad- ministrators emphatically re- jected his offer. Carrasco, who last Wednesday grabbed 15 hostages at gunpoint and threatened to kill them unless he was provided with ar- mored protection, guns, ammu- nition and his freedom, relayed his demand for the exchange through Kathy Pollard, the 34- year-old daughter of one of the hostages. room. Rep. Wiggins (R-j reporters. Buchanan said he Nixon's leading defend- er during the six days of de- bate and voting on the impeach- ment articles, said: "At the mo- learned the proposal was under consideration from one of Nix- on's closest aides but not from the President himself. He said it "has not been ruled but he added "it certainlv U.S. In. ment, I would have to say the odds are that the house would'out pass them." i Rep. Hogan of Maryland pealed Wednesday to his 186 Republican colleagues in the house to "welcome and de- mand" Nixon's impeachment. Hogan, the only Republican on the committee to vote for all J' three adopted articles of im- peachment, said in a four-page: PITTSBURGH letter to other Republicans thalisiecl Corp. reports its second- 'quarter net income, bolstered by 13.5 percent in price in- creases, surpassed a 15-year record. The nalion'.s largest steel- maker said Tuesday thai il earned a record million, or per share, on sales of billion. learnings were up 21} 92 percent from million, or per common share, on sales of billion in the sec- ond quarter of 1973. Income Kccord They also broke Ihe quarlcrly income record of about million in 1959. For Ihe first half. Herbert Kalmbach; to Sou. Edmund Muskie's 1970 sen- ale race, lo the 1970 sen- ate campaign of Democrat Phi- lip Hoff and various amounts lo three successive campaigns by Sen. Hubert Humphrey. Nelson faces a possible max- imum of five years and a fine. Reports More Turks Touchy Question j Richard Kuh and Investigations j i Commissioner Nicholas Scop-l No mention was made of sakl Wednesday. Turks b ments A spokesman for the U. N. touchy question of the reinforce- "We were able to resolve Ihe peacekeeping force reported the i ment and rcsupply of troops, discrepancies quickly and rel- uncovering original ciocu- high-ranking Western diplomat'held Tuesday nighl. and it calls ments." Ihe officials said. in Nicosia estimated the Turkish force at 40.000 men and tanks. British Bombings LONDON (AP) -Three iden- Itical small bombs went off car- and Eugenio Martinez, saying they had been punished enough. JThey were put on probation for three years each. "Shameful Episode" Gesell told Ehrlichman, "You are a lawyer, you held the posi- tion of highest public trust" among defendants in this "shameful episode" of Ameri- can history. "The Constitution was ig- nored, the rights of citizens were abused and falsehoods and concealments were the judge told Ehrlicriman just before passing sentence. He could have given Ehrlich- man up to 20 years in prison and fined him Ehrlichman told an im- promptu news conference out- side of the courthouse that "justice will be found and done and that I will ultimately be exonerated and vindicat- ed." Ehrlichman repeated the de- fenses he attempted to raise at the trial and again charged that Gesell had erred in not allowing him to present them all to the jury. "All people who are in gov- ernment are constantly required irought in more reinforce- What the accord forbids is mill- ativcly simply by on T u e s d a v. and a itarv expansion bcvond the linesjand examining on ly today in streets in Oxford, and four fire bombs were set off at movie houses in Birming- ham. There were no casualties and damage was slight. LAS VEGAS (AP) Billion- in prison The three govern m p n t s agreed to begin further lalks in jGeneva on Aug. 8 to restore Hugncs ami thrccjhat handed down the original include Huehes jronsliludonal government havi, bcon with charges. mcmac Hughes, j Cyprus. I hey said to balance the interests of an in- dividual against the larger in- terest of the country as a the former White House official said. "There was a balance of that kind involved in this Ehr- lichman said and contended that Gesell should have allowed him to plead national security inter- was the lop department officials not involvcd jn ers operation. Indict Howard Hughes, 3 Others i lalivpsof the Greek and Turkish j Cypriol communities would. loin f'aud hj i conspiracy, stock mampu a ion Indicted with HiHips on mllclulvln '''cs Heaton said summonses would: f fcdcial ,r day wt-ro Robert Mahcu. former; be prepaid for Hughes, rcporl- b Comics ...35 Daily Kccord 3 Deaths 3 I'Mitoriiil Ci Karni 21} I'luandal 3li Marlon 39 Movies 18, 19 12-11 .Sports 23-28 Stulp Television 31 Want Ads 10-13 earned S249.lt million nr S4.0I per share, on sales of billion. In the first six months of 1973, the company reported in- come of million, or per share, on sales of billion. Bethlehem Steel Corp.. the nation's No. 2 steel producer, reported Wednesday that its net were up 20 percent for Ihp second quarter. The com- pany said earnings for Ihc first half of Ihp year rose 14.5 pcr- ccnl. "Allhough shipments and rev- enues for Hie first six months of 1971 established new records for the six-month period, the rclnrn on revenues for the period de- Clcridcs not bv ousted financial control tional. a Los Angeles movie pro-.respond to Ihc summons. Hea U. S. Steel (Conlinued: Page II, Col. -md Crpnl- "f Hughes' Nevada gaming; Bahamas "L "'hers. It was Found Guilty Ehrlichman, Liddy, Barker and Martinez were all found sler Georce "'c four empire: Chester Davis, chief I311" "le others. It was 12 of conspiring to M-ivros .sYid the'tii-ppk ('vitriols'mrn of trying to force'counsel for Hughes' Summa'known lho-v would r'--1 violate the rights of Dr. Lewis Ihc value of Air West Corp.; and David Chariiayjtluired ln aPPcar in courl- j Fielding. Daniel Ellsbcrg's psy- would be represented by their] to make it easier for'chairman of Kour Star Interna-1 Asked if he fell Hughes would'chialrist. Liddy, Barker and idenl Makarios. regional airline: firm. ton said he was "always willing Vice-pro.'.idcnt liauf Hughes Airwcst, it was1 Hank Greenspun. publisher Rive everyone named in the unchallenged loader of over by him Dec. 31. the Las Vegas Sun, and indictment the benefit of the Turkish Cypriols. will represent The charges are lined version of a stream- Crockett, a Las Vegas business'doubt Until he proves dif- indiclmcnt wcrc named ;is unindietcdifcrcntly, I have no reason to "Starling Point" Although Turkey gave returned last Dec. 27 ,thrown out. by a federal judge. Reported in Bahamas feel he won't show up." He said "Pjlle termed it "Ih nothing, Greek Premier Con- n.iillinal slantinp Carainanlis said he was) satisfied with Hie agreement be- lies" and "can mark the start- that, if Hughes failed to appear, IP case of warrant for his arrest would sought. represented a change in juslicel The stock m a n i R u 1 a t i o n department planning and sctliedicharge carries a maximum pen- ia dispute between the of two years in prison and !ment and Nevada U. S. Attor-'a fine. The conspiracy Samp One c h a r K P s ing point of a f.'iir scltli'inpiil of jtlirown oul ,lan. 3D, Ihe jury wasjiipy V. DeVoe llealoii overcharge, carries a maximum of Archbishop Makarirs com- plained that the provision con- cprnini; Turkish withdrawal was !given six months time ajwhdlipr Hughes was lo be in-five years and fine. Each limiticludnl in Ihe new indictment.lot Ihe two wire fraud counts sources said. They said Healon had been under pressure from carries a maximum of five years and Martinez were among the par- ticipants in the breakin. Ehrlichman, who already has appealed his conviction on grounds that Gesell's gestures a n d facial expressions in- fluenced the trial jury, was re- (Continued: Page 3, Col. C.) Chuchle llo'.v can a society that exists on instant mashed pota- toes, packaged cake mixes, dinners .uid instant cameras teach patience to the Copyright ;