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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 28, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa K ttsfat Who will vitalize the dormant greatness? Editorial Page Sgndoy, Jtly 28. 1974 through C.R.? WITH ALL the precision nf a prince seeking the nymphot whose foot fits the glass slipper, a yet-unnamed consultant for the Iowa department of transportation is to determine which of four transcontinental train routes in Iowa is most adaptable to Amtrak use. If the state legislature votes to pay two-thirds of the passenger service's operating loss, it ap- pears Iowa will get a second line to complement the Burlington Amtrak route, which crosses the state's southern counties. Rail lines under scrutiny will he the Rock Island (running from Davenport through Iowa City, Des Moines and Atlantic to the North Western (Clinton, Cedar Rapids, Marshalltown, Boone, the Milwaukee (Sabula, Marion, Madrid, and the Illinois Central (Dubuque. Waterloo, Fort Dodge to Sioux If population pockets and traf- fic counts on nearby roadways were the only requisites for at- tracting suitors, the Davenport- Iowa City-Des Moines run doubtless would outshine the others. The capital city after all is, reportedly, the largest in the country without passenger rail service; Iowa City has many po- tential train riders in its huge student population; and interstate 80 runs parallel to the tracks. But in the most critical area of all, condition of the roadbed, the Rock Island line through Des Moines emerges the homeliest of stepsisters. In fact, Maurice Van Nostrand, state commerce com- mission chairman, says the Rock Island route has the worst trackage of all the five transcon- tinental lines. Significantly, the Burlington line a loser in proximity to ridership generators Patriotic pork-barret IF VENERABLE U.S. Rep. Wright Patman (D-Texas) has his way, congress soon will reconsider legislation allowing some of the profits from the sale of Eisenhower silver dollars to be given to Eisenhower college in Seneca Falls, N.Y. As proposed last year, when the house rejected it, 230-183, the measure would require that SI for every proof Eisenhower silver dollar that was minted and issued be granted to the college. (Some million was earned from such sales for each Eisenhower dollar in 1971 and 72.) In addi- tion, 10 cents of each dollar given to Eisenhower college would be distributed to the Samuel Rayburn college in Bonham. Texas (as part of an agreement between the two The library is located in Rep. Pat- man's district. This time around, Patman reportedly plans to tack the measure onto a Bureau of the Mint bill giving the treasury secretary the power to change the alloy of the one-cent coin. On its face the proposal seems worthy of bipartisan enthusiasm. After all, what two leaders of the recent past evoke more poignant thoughts around Capitol Hill than President Eisenhower and House Speaker Rayburn'.' Patriotic appeal aside, though, the proposal to funnel the public's Eisenhower dollar profits to the small private school in New York clearly discriminates against all other financially-strapped non- public institutions. Moreover, Rep. Patman's proposal to rechannel a portion of the Ike- dollar profits into his own district amounts to a double helping of pork-barrel politics: The Rayburn library's beneficiary status is a surefire guarantor of Democratic support, and Patman is up for re- election this year. Clearly, the congress should have none of it. By James Reston N F.W YOHK In the crisis at the beginning of Ihe last world became an Amtrak route because its tracks were the best in the state at the time Which rostes, if any, are able to accommodate passenger trains rolling at 70 miles per hour? Van Nostrand, whose knowledge of Iowa roadbeds is encyclopedic, says the North Western (through Cedar Rapids and Ames) is up to Amtrak standards. Numerous improvements have been made the last four years. The attribute should prove helpful next month when a Cedar Rapids delegation visits the U.S. department of transportation to petition for a Milwaukee line Am- trak nniting. If the study now aborning at Iowa DOT shows what everyone expects it to that the Rock Island route would be derailment prone residents of Iowa City and greater Des Moines needn't feel disfranchised. The 30-mile trip from Des Moines to the railhead at Ames after all would be shorter than the journey to Os- ceola now required of train pas- sengers. (Ames, too, has a siz- ble student population.) And the trip from Iowa City to Cedar Rapids would be three times easier than the present detour-in- fested trip to Fort Madison. Probably the most elusive part of the Amtrak feasibility thrust will be finding out how many lowans would use the train, for vacations or shorter hops, if a passenger line were established within an hour or two car ride from home. Those pleased by Iowa's aim to get a better share of Amtrak service can help by let- ting policymakers know of'their enthusiasm. departing as prime minister and Winston Churchill was coming forward to take command, a loud cry went out across the House uf Commons "Speak for vU> omul use ,i Imli- nf this spin; in the impeachment debate in ihe house of representatives The first days of the televised proi ettiings h.ive been cour- teous and orderly On the whole, members have been solemn anil dull, and spoken for Iheuiseh es, or fur ur against Richard N'ivon, but who will "Speak for America''" The supreme court answered the question. "We will." Ihe judges said, and by a unanimous vote rut across all the personal and party arguments and defended the Constllullon. It is an old American story: There really was no "Roosevelt as FDR discovered when he tried lo pack it; and now we know there is no "Nixon for he appointed three of the eight men who voted against him. There is only "The Court" and il reaffirmed the principle that the judicial branch, and not the President, will decide what the law is. It is interesting and significant that the court narrowed its decision in order to expand ils support on the main point. Sometimes, Robert Frost once said, you have to cut away all the secondary issues and "come out clear and plain as a joke." In a divided country, the court ap- parently felt that some institution had to be unanimous on something, and compromised to come down 8-0 on the main thing. If our information is correct, and it is hard to be sure, there were members of the court who wanted to be much more precise in defining the limits of the President's authority in keeping diplomatic and military information beyond the reach of the courts. And who also wanted to go further and state that when the President is personally in- volved in charges of criminal wrong-do- ing. he has a conflict of interest and cannot be involved in judging what evidence will be made available to Ihe courts and congress. In the end, however, the justices re- strained their rhetoric and their reach and settled for a plain judgment on the principle of judicial supremacy in deter- mining the law. The congress has a harder job, for it has to deal with the imponderables and ambiguities of human behavior, and decide, not only on what evidence must be produced, but what it means. But the court has given them a model. Even if the legislative branch were as careful to find a consensus on Ihe main thing, it will not be easy. For the court has slated thai the tapes must be turned over from the President to Judge Sirica, bill il didn't say when, and time could be a critical factor in the final decision. Special Prosecutor Jaworski did not miss this key point. There was never much doubt that the court would order delivery of the tapes. and the White House has insisted from the start that the congress settle this prolonged agony as fast as possible and "get off the President's back." But dur- ing the months of debate over the issue, the White House apparently did not transcribe and index the tapes, and now the President's lawyer, James St. Clair. is saying that he will "take whatever measures are necessary to comply with (the court's! decision in all bill that this will now be a "time-con- suming process." This could lake weeks and even months and raises all kinds of awkward problems for the congress. For example. though the hearings in the judiciary committee are now going forward on television, the committee is being asked SUPREME COURT 8 WHITE HOUSFD to interrupt its inquiry until the new evidence compelled by the supreme court is available. If it agrees to do so (which it the whole impeachment process will lie side-tracked, and the attention of the country will be diverted by other things, but if it insists on going forward with the articles of impeachment, it will un- doubtedly be charged with trying to im- peach the President without waiting for the evidence on the tapes the supreme court has turned over to Sirica. This, obviously, can lead to endless debate; meanwhile an election is coming up in November, which raises other fun- damental questions. If Ihere is a long delay in producing Ihe tapes, the fate of the President could be decided after the election by a congress thai has been changed by the votes of the people. Should a lame-duck congress sit on the Demos' '76 dilemma Stonewalled impeachment of the President'' Or (lie present congress insist mi settling the issue before it hears the tapes the supreme court has This is (he tangle of obscurities the men on the judiciary committee arc go- ing to have to face. They are not really having a debate on the fundamental is- sues, as the supreme court did. They are making recitations before the TV cameras, and reading scripts, written usually by their staffs or somebody else. Unfortunately, this produces endless ar- guments over secondary issues, bad law, and boring television. Occasionally, fundamental questions are raised on the TV. For example, what the test of impeachment should really be this is the critical, threshold question but after this is raised, lime runs out and some different congressman comes on for 15 minutes with some totallv different question, and the primary issue is mil followed. In short, the procedures of the judiciary committee, and the "time-cnn- suming" tactics nf the White House are keeping the if Dial's the right word, on secondary and tactical ques- tions. But despite this, something is happening in the congress since the supreme court spoke. There are quiet echoes of the past along the benches in the judiciary committee and the low rumble nf a distant drum. "Greatness is lying in the streets of Washington these days." Henry Kis- singer said the other night, "and somebody may pick il up." In other words: Somebody may "speak for but it hasn't happened yet in the congress. Burning issues, tepid leaders By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON Thinking about 1976. most Democratic party leaders across the country are optimistic but also worried. They are confident that all of the political advantages are on- Iheir side for recapluring Ihe presidency but are worried that they may not be able to turn up a winning candidate. They candidly admit that they have a very thin stand of presidenlial limber. Following is the main thrust of what Democratic leaders say In talking pri- vately with political reporters: The idea is widespread that Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.) is the nearly inevitable choice as the 1976 nominee. There is a considerable opinion thai, while it would be easy to nominate Ken- nedy, it would be hard to elect him. There is a grow ing apprehension that Guv. George Wallace of Alabama is more likely to desert the Democratic parly in "7fi than stay within it. Reason: There is little prospect that the platform or the nominee will be acceptable tn him. Sen. Henry Jackson (D-Wash.) just back from China is lighting no political fires although there is smoke in the underbrush. He is today the most influential Democratic member of Ihe senate and. if Kennedy stands aside, he will emerge as a formidable contender. Roscoe Drummond What with Watergate, inflaton. a plunging market high food prices and an energy shortage, the Democrats would normally have every reason to look upon the coming presidenlial election as a walkover. The conversation ought to be lighthearted. It isn't. The outlook ought to be unrelievedly bright. It isn't. The haunting feeling is that they have the is- sues but not a candidate who can effec- tively exploit them. It is not the reporters who raise Chap- paquiddick; it is Democratic leaders who do so in private conversation. Jack W. Germond, political correspondent of the Washington Star-News, in an article on "Kennedy and the Democrats" adds this finding to lhal of others: If Kennedy becomes a candidate, he writes, then "the first and critical question is this one: 'What conclusions can voters draw about the way Kennedy would perform as President from the way he performed after Marv Jo Kopechne drowned at Chappaquiddick in "Or. put another way. will the voters perceive Kennedy as a candidate capable of standing up under the pressures of the presidency in times of crisis0" This kind of concern is expressed by Democrats sympathetic to Kennedy. They see it as an inescapable question for themselves and others. The senator may himself choose to face this mailer at the polls in 1976. rather than a later election year. If so. there is little doubt that he can be nominated. Gov. Wallace is showing new strength and new weakness. His new slrenglh is evident in the (act that a number nf southern blacks in public office support- ed him for re-election and speak favora- bly of his changed altitude. His new weakness is evident in Ihe very few pro- Wallace delegates who are being elected to the midterm Democratic Conference to be held in December. It indicates that, while his southern support is growing, his support outside the South is waning. Jackson tried in 1972. He bunted and was out at first base. He is trying again with a heavier bat. And then Ihere are Sen. Walter Mondale (D-Minn.) and a few other dark horses. But have the Democrats a Hank Aaron anywhere in Iheir midst'.' A letter for Heather, at four year for leaders, fine for tiny girls Peopl By James J. Kilpatrick OCRABBLF.. Va. Dear Heather Grandfather K., meaning me, had his own fourth birthday in the same week thai saw Calvin Coolidge trounce John W. Davis. II must have been a turbulent time in our Oklahoma household, for my falher that would have been your great-grandfather was supporting the Republican Coolidge and your gieat- greal-uncles were voting for the Democrat Davis. Your groat-great- grandfather, a Confederate captain, was down in Louisiana spinning in his grave Now you are having your fourth birth- day in the midst of presidential earthquakes far more severe than those of 1924. I will tell yon something. 1 do not remember one blessed thing about Coolidge, Davis, l.aFollette, or for that matter, about the election of Herbert Hoover four years later. The first President I remember was Roosevelt, and the first political event I remember was Repeal. All this is over your head. Hill it occurs to me that it is more of a blessing than a pity that you are likely to remember nothing at all about President Nixon, Impeachment and Watergate. If vour memory is like mine, these events will wash over your recollection and leave no sediment behind. Years hence, uhcn you read aboil! you will say. "Well, after all, I only four that summer." It is a pretty good age to be in Ihe summer of 197-1 The memories that we store up for ynu and put away with your nutgrown toys, arc certain to be more pleasant memories of a President at bii> If this last year has been a bud year for Presidents, it has been a great year for little girls. This birthday, your fourth birthday, will be your first one at Hawthorn. Here you have your very own room, with hi-j windows looking out at the Blue Ridge mountains, and you have 51111 acres, more or less, to run off your wiggles in. The old brick house was built about IS11 high on a lull that looks lo everywhere, by a young doctor named Aylolto llawes who married a girl named Frances Thornton A very long time after lhal. Ill Hllil. your other grandfather Grandfather Stone bought the property and made il beauliful again Now yon are growing up in Ihi' hills anil fields and ponds of Hawthorn, and these are Hie Ihings von may remember: You may remember a summer-soil James J. Kilpatrick evening in June, when vuu and vour cousin Michael chased fireflies on the lawn You were wearing a long dress, because il vva.-, a htlle cool that night, and '.no had fn hitch up the dress with one hand and grab for hght'nin bugs with the other Michael caught all Ihe fireflies, but he was a southern gentleman lie let you put them in I lie Mason You ran to and fro under the great maples for nearly an hour, until i! got too dark to see. and then you lei nil the captive fireflies free "so they could go back home lo Iheir mom- mies and go to bed." You may remember fishing wilh your falher. silling very slill in Ihe center ol the canoe, not wiggling even a little bit. and miisl difficult of ,il! not even talking You may remember Ihe dark green uidescenl fish, wel and shining; and Hie summer ducks that landed on the water: and the frogs that croaked by the banks. You may remember the discovery of secret places on the farm Ihe cool sweet-sour smell of the barn. Ihe empty horse stalls, the machine shop and tool shed, the hutches and pens where Grandfather Stone once raised pheasants and quail. Yon may remember discover- ing groundhogs and rabbits and chip- munks and a big black snake You may remember squatting in the straw of the cowshed, your chicory-blue eyes big with amazement, watching a cow being milked. Or perhaps we will remember all these things for yon. and hold the memories in the warming ovens of our hearts: Heather learning lo swim. Heather learning lo "lake turns." Heather hold- ing a bottle for baby brother Douglas, Heather saying "good grief! 21) times ,111 hour All this Is Heather at four, and all Hits, my love, is happier In remember than lo remember this summer as the summer Ihey impeached Kichard Nixon e's forum 'Women's world' To the Kdilor: For as long as I have been reading The I have been annoyed by Ihe "Society for Women" page. Women have broader interests than that page allows. LETTERS The Gazette's editorial page wel- comes readers' opin'ons, subject lo these guidelines: length limit tOO woids One lettol por writRi ovoiy 30 dayi All may be conditnsnd find oditod without changin.-j meonint! Nonft published unonymomly Wntcr'i telephone numboi (not pimlod) iho'ild follow onme, adrjiail and readable hoiidwiiltnn Oflnotuie to authenticate Contonh flcol moie with mum and pvnnti Ihor, peitonaliliei (No poetry and many of them go so far as to read the entire newspaper. The introduction to your classified column No. 9.3 "Women's world" is in- suiting. Women's world is more than >ewing machines and needle point' women's world is No. lifi -Trucks and trailers." No. 7li "Bicycles and molor- rvcles." No. 121) "Business opportuni- ties." and probably any other activity or service whirh is a part of "men's world 'Safety town' To Ihe Fdilnr The Cedar Rapids police department is to be congratulated for development of the wonderful Safely Town idea for small children. Safety Town provides creative and ef- fective traffic safety training for our people Thanks to tin recreation commission, lot lot youngsters are receiving this training llus summer. Compliments also are due all Ihe oilier responsible lor Safely Town Mrs, Pal Mi I'ailland 2lilH Bever avenue SK
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