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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 24, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Editorial Page Wednesday. Jjly 24 1974 7 think he was in the middle of asking if I was tired of hearing about Watergate' Citizens' suits hindered BECAUSE pornography and press freedom commanded most of the headlines in the supreme court term recently end- ed, another potentially provoca- tive case has sailed by virtually ignored. This is the citizens' suit decision, which could come to be known as the "Who do you think you ruling. Since judges in general, and supreme court justices in par- ticular, are among the most ra- tional of men, a lone taxpayer's protest against the Centra! In- telligence Agency's budget secrecy seemingly should receive reasonable treatment from the bench. But the high court tossed out (5 to 4) (he petition of citizen William B. Richardson, ruling, in effect, that the citizen did not have the standing to sue. Writing for the majority, Chief Justice Burger said (citing a 1923 ruling Frothingham v. Mellon) that Richardson did not claim he particularly would suffer any in- jury from the secrecy of the CIA budget and that Richardson was not attacking federal spending but only the secrecy concealing that spending. It is for congress, and ulti- mately the people through the political process, to maintain sur- veillance over such matters as CIA secrecy, said Burger, "Any other conclusion would mean that the Founding Fathers intended to set up something in the nature of an Athenian democracy or New- England town meeting to oversee the conduct of the national government by means of lawsuits in federal courts." A similar case found the supreme court throwing out (fi to 'fa u challenge against the fact tint many congressmen are members of the armed forces reserve. The alleged violation of separation of power doctrine cited by reserve members was dismissed because the petitioners could claim no concrete injury from the dual membership. In addition to sanctioning CIA secrecy and preserving the reser- vist-congressman status, the ef- fect 01 the rulings probably will be to keep court dockets free of class action suits claiming affliction to society rather than to individuals or groups. Such orderliness no doubt would please judges who worry about case overloading, but consider the tradeoff: A public already grown disillusioned with leadership now is reminded of the limitations of the individual citizen. Consti- tuents fed up with torpor in congress are told that elected trustees of mass democracy will handle the watchdogging. It is true, as the chief justice observed, that the founders veered judiciously away from the town meeting format of government. But so doing they did not propose that the sovereignty of the in- individual be muted. That, however, is what the high court has done by ruling that a taxpayer's ire at government's fiscal secrets or its indifference to constitutional principle is insuf- ficient ground for suit. Morse wore no brand MAVERICK IS described in the dictionary as "an imbranded animal" but in com- mon usage Americans have come to accept application of that word in describing out-of-the-ordinary human beings. Like Wayne Morse of Oregon, the former U.S. senator who departed this life Monday just as he was mounting, at 73. another campaign for senator in an at- tempted comeback. Although he wore the Democra- tic brand at the end, Morse was a political maverick if there ever was one and an extremely able one at that. He was elected senator in 1944 as a Republican and was re-elected six years later as a Republican. But in 1952 he switched to independent. Then, in 1955 he became a Democrat and won re-election in 1956, lost as a Democrat in 1964 and won that Way with words By Theodore M. Bernstein Fowl tip. The phrase cold turkey refers, as everybody knows, tn Hie sudden and complete withdrawal of nar- eolies from an addict. But whence conies the phrase? Xo one seems Id know. A reader ill Toledo. Ohio, who prefers to remain anonymous, offers ibis explanation: The addict usnallv is afflicted with goose flesh or goose pimples, and il is apparent thai a cold goose and a cold turkey look prelly much alike when plucked, therefore Therefore what1.' If the treatment causes goose flesh, why the switch to turkey, why not call the treatment cold goose'1 Mr Anonymous, vonr explanation uon't do. Footnote forms. An in'imry 1'ioni If Dwighi of I'haifont. p-i about Un- meaning of ibid, ill a footnote -nggesls thai H might he helpful to list some of tin- more common footnote abbrev latinos along with Ihe words in full and their meanings. Hence: c. circa, (circa) "about." used uilli a dale or a century to indicate th.il the exact dale is oot knoun: cf. (cooler! suggosling to the reader that he compare what has caused Ihe footnote with another reference died in Ihe footnote, pf at. (el alui "and et (el sequonsi "and Hie t or II. "and tin- following or pages." ibid (ibidem) "in the same place." referring to a previous footnote and used party's nomination for senator in the Oregon primary election last May. Even so. he really wore no brand but 'iis own, for when it came to taking a position on paramount issues it was his own conscience, rather than his party of the moment, that served as his guide. Never for a moment did he hesitate to take the unpopular side of an issue if he felt it was the right side, as witness his vote against the Tonkin Gulf resolution in 1964. Always an argumentative sena- tor, he stirred up more con- troversy and, simultaneously, generated more deep thinking among his colleagues, than most. Truly, he applied much of the diversity that is essential in any parliamentary body worth its salt. to avoid having to repeat the name of the hook, author, etc.; op cit. (opere eitato) "in the work cited." referring to a work by the same author, which has been previously mentioned; passim, indicating that what is mentioned ill the footnote turns up here and there in whatever source is being cited: q.v. (quodc vide) "which directing the reader to a previously mentioned reference. Word oddities. A newsy word in recent months, expletive comes from the Latin ex-, out or up. and In fill. As a grammatical term it means a word that is used to fill up a syntactical design but adds nothing to the sense nf whal is lienr.: -aid. An example is the wnrd in Hie seuleiu-e: "There are oo( man-, -iich word-." An additional meaning nf expletive is an exclamation or oath, frequently obscene or profane, (if liio-r we have had our fill Another iew Amtrak: spruced up with little to run on By Tom Wicker NF.W VOKK Tin- French Line ins made one of the more melancholy announcements of the summer that its great passenger liner. Ihe France, will be withdrawn from service afler Oct. 25 A veteran of several trans-Atlantic ros- in the France ran hardly help wondering why something couldn't lie done Id preserve this leisurely and means of travel. Musi everything be sacrificed to speed and ef- ficiency'.' Something is being done, for example, to preserve, perhaps even restore. rail travel in America. Only a few years ago. it seemed as moribund as Ihe France; now. while many problems remain, tile vual signs are strong. Most recently. Amtrak and several states have announced fhe restoration of some useful routes in the continental rail system, with several olhers about to be put into service. This is the result of federal legislation providing that Amtrak must make passenger service available1 when states demanding it agree to as- sume two-thirds of any operational losses. Federal funds make up Ihe remaining deficit. This ought not to be dismissed as a "subsidised" service. In the first place, if the service can be improved enough, there need be no great operating losses; but even if there are such losses, it Public-sector strikes By Richard L. Worsnop THE APPROACH of midsummer finds Ihe nation's workers hot tinder the collar. As of July 15, the Federal Media- tion and Conciliation Service reports, 588 .strikes were in progress. A total of workers were involved. At the same point last year there were walkouts involving 70.000 workers. Actually, the situation is even worse than the conciliation service's figures show. Under federal law, unions operat- ing in the private sector of the economy are obliged to report to the service 311 days in advance of any strike action. Public-sector unions are under no such obligation. Thus, many public-sector strikes now under way are not included ill the government's statistics. Public-sector .strikes are of mounting concern to state and local governments and to ordinary citizens. San Francisco and, more recently, Baltimore were vir- tually paralyzed this year by massive walkouts of city employes. Thousands of state employes represented by four different unions went on strike in Ohio. The cost of settling or averting such strikes is high. In New York City, for example, the Uniformed Firefighters Assn. recently agreed to a contract that will raise the annual base pay of firemen from the present S15.250 to more than over a two-year period. The city's sanitationmen negotiated a separate two-year pact that will increase base pay from to Slfi.SOO a year. These settlements are sure to lead to compara- ble raises for policemen and other municipal employes. Xew York lias had years of experience in dealing with municipal unions, but many other cities are relatively new to the game. Their lack of expertise in the art of bargaining sometimes lias led to overly generous setlleinenls or. more of- ten, acrimonious strikes that migh1 have been avoided. It was all lint inevitable, then, that labor unresl was a major topic of dis- cussion at the recent annual meeting in San Diego of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. Many mayors indicated willing- ness lo adopl a get-tough approach in dealing with union wage demands. People's forum Hoe of Ihe best reason-, for sup- port in Ihis Uniied Nations i'-aped from the Fonmi letter .'j T A Parks, president of Kv. :iv diislnes. You titled it "Dependonrv In the Coiled Xalinns Association of the United Stales, we've been culling this "Inter Dependency" and 0111 new u., Iiooal publication "Inter Dependent" is dedicated to Ihe idea, increasingly more evident to all: that world affairs now are local affairs in Hie global village we all call home It is easy lo agree with Ibis concept in Cedar Uapids-Manon. where as the Chamber of Commerce found and Mr Parks repnrled. :ill pi-reenl of all loial manufactures are shipped over ihe world and the coiollar.v .'111 percent of Hie wages earned by workers hen- resulting Irom nilenialional commerce. Reduction of the number of municipal employes was recommended in cases where a settlement is clearly beyond the city's ability to pay. Deadlocked issues, it was suggesletl. should be submitted to binding arbitration. Xeil Goldschmidt, the mayor of Portland, Ore believes cities should in- sisl on the principle of better work for better pay. "We're willing lo pay higher wages and fringes, but we don't want to be I'eatherbedded." he told a U.S. News World Report interviewer. "Our only hope is to get more productivity out of the workers we have. People won't stand for higher taxes." People have come to accept, even if grudgingly, the right of public employes to organize and bargain collectively. It was a different story 50 years ago. In Till the rubble bounces By Don Oakley WARM FEELINGS and friendly toasts at the "summit" notwith- standing, the Soviet Union has decided to go the MIRV route. Rather than stay with its present superiority in total number of missile launchers (currently some to our 1.7111) but accept eventual inferiority in number of deliverable warheads, Russia has decided to try to catch up with the lead in U.S. development of "multiple. independently re-entry vehicles mis- siles that can carry two. four or six separately aimed warheads. Il is all ominous turn in the nucle sweepstakes, the insane game th nobodv can win. One can only specula about whether the Kremlin would ha taken Ihe step had not Ihe United Stal riiM elected logo for the MIRYs in ord I" oilsel the Soviet "advantage" launchers. Il can be argued Ilia! it better to have them always trying calch lip with us instead of the other w around. Yet this has been Ihe story of Ihe arms race from the beginning, even after il "Around Ihe that international transport officials and representatives Cellar Uapids more frequently than any other community in Iowa, and likewise the weekend sojourn of the 111 air training cadets from Bnlain. This all refleris the kind of interna- ii'oial atmosphere the United Nations seeks. There is a fine chapter of UNA in r Kapids. II should be ihe largest in this part of the country, nidg- from Ih" reality ol "Dependency" Cv Doia-lass Kveniive Dim tor Iowa Div ision, I XA 21-ln Xorlhview drive Manon Parents anonymous I am sure yon are aware of a new lirtiL-ram lor child abusers which oielndes crisis nitervi-iilion and on-going through weekly meetings wiih a >ipilei-sinnal sponsor Parents Aiinnviiiniis is a nnn-anlhnn- i.ihve into which a parent with a child abuse problem can involve himself, anonvmoir.lv. without fear ol liidi'ini'iil. social hostility, reprisal rejection, lei'ol or piimlue measures All afler a Boston police strike was broken. Gov. Calvin Coolidge of Mas- sachusetts declared: "There is no right to strike against Ihe public safety by anybody, anywhere, any time." t'oolidge's remark was widely acclaimed and helped him to win the Republican vice-presidential nomination the follow- ing year. President Wilson went even further. Ik- called the Boston strike "a crime against civilization" and expressed hope that its lesson would not be forgotten, "because the pride of America is that it can exer- cise self-control." Self-control is as much of a virtue today as in But with inflation seemingly out of control, it would be futile to expect the nation's increasingly militant unions of public employes to moderate their wage demands. Ediloriol Research Reoorts no victors became obvious that both sides possessed enough nuclear power to destroy each other many times over, no matter who struck first. Where does it end? What do we dn when the Soviet Union achieves MIRY equality try for Super-MIRY? With Ihe capability of destroying each other now. a capability that has existed for years and cannot be changed by any conceivable technological refinement by either side, will we ever reach a point where we can agree to call a halt to the multiplication of these grotesque engines of annihilation, if not actually begin dismantling them'.' Or must history record it anybody is around to record history that the end of the arms race came only with the end of the human race? Fadeout As Ihe days got longer, the Daylight Saving issue lost its impact. That's the kind of problem legislators like: Let it rest until it goes away. A chapter of Parents Anonymous has now been formed in this area. I would like to (hank the many individuals and agencies whn helped make the grnup a reality A special thanks to Donna .Inlin- son for all Hie moral and academic sup- port that kept me trooping and alsn to my husband and family for under- standing how important the group is lo me. I certainly couldn't have done il alone. I'mdv llnehstelier Thirteenth si reel SW Realities The hour is late and the situation is critical II has now become mandatory lor Uncle Sam lo start living vvillim Ills means Fiscal responsibilllv must become a lealitv or else rampant inflation will destroy Ihe economic, soei.d and political l.ihno ol out nation Throughout history, mosl of the wnrld's greal have been deslroved from WITHIN', nol from out makes sense I Hat government should iu-ip minim o u.nfii! public service, rather than reiiiiirmg lha! H necessarily pay for itself or make a profit. The government does not require lhat federal highways make a profit, and it pours huge sums into airport ion slrucllon and oilier support to (lie airlines. The state-federal underwriting of operational losses has led to restoration, beginning this fall, of (bred Xew York- Detroit service, via Albany, Buffalo. Niagara Falls and a run through Ontario New York state also is arranging to un- derwrite renewed service from New York lo Montreal on Ihe Hudson Valley route I service through Vermont already has been and from Xew ork to Binghamton. Holes filled Michigan is gelling ready to finance a link in a Chicago-Toronto service. Florida is proposing a turbo-train lo run along the Gold Coast, and other states have various additional routes under consideration. Thus, many of the gaping holes in the original Amtrak route sys- tem may soon be filled and something like a national service provided. But if lhat could be swiftly achieved, and modern new equipment provided, Amtrak passengers still would be facing major obstacle to really good service as any rider on the lucrative New York- Washington line could testify. On that route, even ihe comforts of the Mel- roliners. Amtrak's premier trains, can- not conceal Ihe fact that much of the roadbed is obsolete. From New York to Boston, the turbo- train does its best, bill Ihe roadbed is too elderly and meandering to permit a really competitive schedule. Much of tin- trackage over which Amtrak's trains must run is literally dangerous; most of it is old and rough, at best; many mules have duplicating Iracks; and many are not as direct as they would be if they had been built to serve contemporary needs. The fact is that no major inter-cily rail line has been built in America since the 1920s. As the railroads have declined, moreover, they have not kept the existing trackage in the best condition. This is a limitation on Amtrak service that Am- trak alone cannot meet; and most of the freight carriers can't either. Rep. Les Aspin of Wisconsin has proposed a means of dealing with the roadbed-track problem that seems well worth consideration. His legislation would set up an interstate railroad cor- poration that would take over, rehabili- tate, and maintain the national railroad track system but not the railroads themselves. Private carriers and Amtrak would continue to operate the trains. Existing railroad companies could turn Iheir trackage over to the new corpora- tion, or continue to own and maintain it themselves. The trackage turned over to the new system would be "rehabilitated" with the proceeds of a one percent tax on all surface freight shipments for a six- year period. Essential Point Long-term maintenance would be provided by a charge of SI per 1.000 gross ton-miles levied on freight and passenger carriers. A.spin thinks such a maintenance charge would be less than mosl carriers now pay for equivalent costs. Carriers retaining their own trackage would have to meet the stand- ards sel by the interstate railroad cor- poration. There may be other ideas, but Aspin has grasped an essential point thai Metroliners and turbo-trains need a decent roadbed if they are to deliver their full potential to the growing numbers of railroad passengers. side attack. We have more lo fear from believe that the ov er-bloaled militarv budget, heretofore a sacred emv would 'Lend-a-Hand' The Cedar H.ipols .lavi-ees would like to let Ihe people of Cedar Kapids anil surrounding area know what they are doing for tin- community I'roiecl "Lond-a-llaml" is working with those persons who have made mis. lakes and have spent time in jail We are trying to gel these back on Iheir feel and nilo home life. We are Iry ill'.; lo help Ihem finding ,M problem Dial lln-y may have tte uould like lo s.......u- stand out from Ihe rest if you would like more informalioii. please contact Lee Suiter. I. Boh Seiioberi. W.Mi'.'jK or Jim (ialewood (lalewood Cobban court SK
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