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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- wear tonight with lows in the 60s. Chance of rain Tuesday with highs in the lower 80s. VOLUME 92 -NUMUKK 187 MILITARY CITY FINAL CKDAK HAI'IUS. IOWA. MUMMY, JULY li, 15 CENTS I'KESS, UPI, .NEW YORK TIMES FBI Finds Hostages Free, Siege 15-Percent Convicts Goes on Crime Jump WASHINGTON tAP) Crime in the United Slates soared 15 percent during the first three months of this year, the FBI reported Monday. It was the second consecutive period reflecting a dramatic in- crease in the national rate of murder, rape, robbery, assault. burglary, larceny and auto theft, the crime categories mea- sured by the FBI in its Uniform Crime Reports. The latest crime surge strengthened the pattern fore- cast by the 16 percent over- all increase during the last three months of 1973. By con- trast, the full-year figures for 1972 showed a 4 percent decline, the first drop in 17 years, and the figures for the first nine months of 1973 showed the crime rate was holding steady. "No Clues" FBI Director Clarence Kelley said the new figures "provide no clues as to what is causing the upsurge in crime, other than in what areas of the country the increases are occurring." This means, he said, "that all of us in law enforcement, as well as the public, must take a hard look at the situation and work together to halt, this trend." The FBI figures, based on sta- tistics reported by state and local police agencies across the country, are not considered a WASHINGTON' (AP) Two armed convicts Monday rejecl- e (1 government offers and pressed their siege in a court- house cellblock even though their seven hostages had es- caped nearly 24 hours earlier. The hostages fled Sunday morning after enduring 68 hours of captivity. The escape became possible when authorities smug- gled a key to the hostages. Justice department spokes- man Mark Sheehan said Mon- day that Frank Gorham. turned down a government offer to fly Gorham and his partner, Robert Jones, to federal prison medical facilities in Springfield, Mo., or Marion, 111. Sought a Prison Sheehan cited no reason for the refusal, but Gorham said in a telephone call to radio station WASH that the pair sought a prison on the East Coast or "Lawrence presumably meaning the St. Lawrence river. Before the line was mysteri- ously cut off, Gorham said thai in addition to the geographical demand, the pair wanted assur- ances they would not be sepa- rated and that they would not be confined to solitary. Negotiations between authori- ties and the two convicts con- tinued through the night and into the morning. Food also was totally crime. accurate The Law measure of Enforcement Assistance Administration has concluded from its own polling that the nation experiences at least twice as much crime as the FBI figures reflect. The FBI report showed that offenses in all seven crime ca- tegories totaled 15 percent more than in the same period a year ago- I day. Broken down by categories, at Last the largest increase was 19 per- cent for larceny, followed by 15 For the flrst time' the percent for burglary and 10 per- sent down to the prisoners Sheehan said. Earlier, the government turned off the air conditioning the basement of the court- house at the foot of Capitol hill and briefly turned the furnace on. The temperatures outside hovered in the high 80s. At 6 p.m. CDT Sunday, the convicts released a woman in- mate, Almeda Washington, one of several prisoners in the de- tention center caught up in the standoff when Jones used a caliber pistol to take over Thurs- Gorham concealed .22- cent for rape. Murder and as- sault each rose 7 percent, auto theft 5 percent and robbery 1 percent. Small Communities In the breakdown by popula- tion, the sharpest increases were in communities of less than where the biggest surge was 33 percent for murder and the smallest 18 per- cent for assault. Only titles of more than one I Continued: Page 3. Col. 5.) convicts, who had told newsmen they two repeatedly would kill the hostages if denied safe pas- sage from the country, w alone in the cellblock. The convicts had voluntarily released one of their original eight hostages early Friday and 14 other prisoners Saturday morning. By Sunday morning, Gorham, a 26-year-old convicted bank robber and one-time Vietnam paratrooper, was sleeping. Jones. 24, also known as Otis Wilkerson and a veteran of a First Babies Conceived in Test Tubes, Born Normally LONDON (AP) Three normal babies born within the last 18 months are the world's first to have been successfully conceived in test tubes and then placed in the mother's womb to mature, a British gynecology professor said Monday. .Dr. Douglas Bevis. professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Leeds university, said the problem with the technique is preparing the womb so that it will not reject the fertilized egg He said the three births had been successful not because of any medical break-through, but because of luck. So many have been attempted that by the law of averages some have come through. Bcvis would not name the families or the doctors involved, but said at least one ol the babies was born in Britain. He said none of them have any apparent abnormalities. The technique involves taking a number of eggs from a woman who cannot have children normally because her Fal- lopian tubes leading from the ovaries to the womb are dam- aged. The eggs are placed in a nutrient solution in a test tube. Then sperm is added. About a week later the eggs are re- placed in the woman's womb. Most such attempts at conception fail because the fertilized egg is flushed out of Ihe lining of Ihe womb when the woman has licr next period. Doctors are trying to find tile secret of how they can deceive Hie womb into a pregnant state so the egg can implant itself and grow. Revis was speaking In newsmen before addressing a meet- ing of Ihe British Medical Assn. in the northern city of Hull. Science experts say Ihe significance of such an artificially induced hirlh would be In allow women with blocked Fallopian lubes that do not allow nnnmil egg implantation to conceive despite the blockage. Bcvis said there is "mil I In- remotest chance" of producing ii fetus lo full term in a laboratory in the near future. previous jail revolt in 1972, was on the phone negotiating with Chief Marshal George McKin ney. One of the hostages. Deputy Marshal Calvin Mouton, had conceived a scheme for escape and relayed it to officials in a a.m. CDT telephone call. Mouton had asked them smuggle the hostages an eleva- tor key in a sanitary napkin requested by one of the women in the cellblock. Uncertain of Miss Washing- ton's sympathies, they had not told her of the plan and she said later she was in a different area at the time. Out of Sight The package with the key was delivered, unsearched, to Depu- ty Marshal! William Colquit. The hostages moved to a rear eleva- tor out of Jones's sight. Mouton unlocked the elevator. Deputy Marshal Joe Driskell, 57, turned it on. Hostages Wil- liam Garber, 46, an attorney; John Hurley, 61, an attorney for Gorham and Jones, and Ralph Swartz, 38, a justice department auditor, jumped on. Colquit turned to the last hos- tage, 24-year-old justice depart- ment secretary Debbie Collins. "I said 'take your shoes off and let's split.' And that's what we did." They rode the elevator to freedom. j Outside, Colquit told newsmen j about the final hour. "I was frightened. I was scared to death. It was said the brawny 37-year-old who stands well over six feet tall and does not (jive the appearance of being easily frightened. _ "Gentlemen" j Mouton said that despite the] threats from the pair, "they were gentlemen all the way." Gorham and Jones had care- lessly left pistols from a cell- block locker around, Mouton said. "I could have picked up a gun from 'the desk and killed them both. But I didn't have it in my mind yet to do it. I didn't want to kill them." Linda Kohout, left, and Theresa Rodgers were among postal service workers who marched Mon- day in what is believed to be the first picketing ever in Cedar Rapids by post office employes. The demonstrators objected to night and weekend work, claiming some assignments were not handled through seniority channels. C.R. Postal Workers Set Up Picket Lines Cedar Rapids News- Cedar Rapids postal workers set up an informational picket American Postal Workers union local, could not be reached for comment. claim were made outside nor- mal seniority channels. It is believed to be the first such picketing ever by local postal employes. Demonstrators handed out leaflets to the public saying they were picketing for seniority, equal treatment and job re- spect. One demonstrator said she was tired of getting blamed for mail problems. Postmaster Charles Seda said he understood the protest to be line Monday protesting weekend! Seda sajd sjx of the 15 jobs and night assignments they [he post offiee garage here were eliminated, but in line with the postal service national contract, the employes were reassigned. "No one lost his said Seda. "Although some were as- signed to a lower level job, they retained the same salary as before." Seda said he can appreciate the desire of employes to work days instead of nights, "but those people who mail a letter at night expect it to be deliv- ered in nearby areas the next day. Hijacker: To Kill Hostages One at a Time TOKYO (AP) A knife- wielding young Japanese hi- jacked a domestic Japan Air Lines flight Monday night and threatened to kill some of the 84 connected with shifting some of persons aboard "one by one" if the employes who had been an Japanese days vehicle Ho do the work, and we have .._i j department, tojhad to reschedule some people "We have just so many people la leader was not released and Flown with him to North Korea. The passengers were believed j :o include two Americans. j The hijacker was demanding j Ihe release of a top leader of the' extremist Red Army, the same which together with the 3opular Front for the Libera- ion of Palestine plotted the massacre of 28 persons at Tel Aviv's Lod airport in 1972. The Douglas DC-8, JAL Flight 24 from Osaka in western Japan to Tokyo, landed safely at Tokyo's Hancda International airport with the hijacker in con- trol of Ihe plane. The plane carried 76 passengers and eight crew members. The hijacker was reported in contact with the airport control tower and promised to release women and children hostages when Ihe Red Army leader was brought to the airport. Airline officials said the pas- senger !ist showed only two per- sons with Western names.' a Mr. Allen" and "Mr. Rich- mond" who had stayed at an Osaka hotel. The hotel said an "M. Richmond" of Chicago and a "Robert Allen" of California had recently checked out, but it could nol be confirmed immcdi- Shaky Accord in Baltimore Strike BALTIMORE (UPI) A ten- tative agreement to end the crippling strike of more than municipal employes was reached early Monday, with the question of amnesty for striking policemen the last issue holding up settlement. Talks between the city bar- gaining team and Police Union local 1195 broke off early Mon- day after Police Commissioner Donald Pomerleau announced there would be no general am- nesty for striking policemen. Pomerleau said he planned to enforce "degrees of disciplinary action." He said he would fire 82 beginning probationary of- ficers who joined the strike and would demote college-educated police agents to police officers. Ray Clarke, president of local 44, American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employes said "I think the union negotiating com- mittee can convince the mem- ately that I hey were the men aboard the hijacked plane. Police identified Ihe Red Army leader as Takaya Shiomi, 33, who helped found the gueril- la group in I960. He was arrest- ed twice in 1970, once for carry- ing dangerous weapons and oucc for conspiring to carry out nn's first air hijack. nights in mail handling. ito the heavy evening hours. Aaron Baer, president of the (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) 'bership !o accept the contract." Republican Says Colson Tied Nixon To Ellsberg Burglary Gazette Leased Wires i clear the White House was di- WASHINGTON Ch a r 1 c involved." Colson reportedly implicated! President Nixon in the ordering of the breakin at the office of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist, a John Most Damaging Ehrlichman. formerly Nixon's chief domestic adviser, was convicted with three other men Friday of conspiring to vio- Republican member of the house judiciary committee said the rights of lne psy. Mondav. 'chiatrist, Dr. Lewis Fielding of Los Angeles. Fish, reporting on the testimo- ny Colson had offered during the first two hours of his ap- Monday. Rep. Fish (R-N.Y.) told a re- porter after Colson testified in secret during the morning, "He did implicate the President." Fish was asked if the implica- tion came in ordering the brea- kin or in covering it up. "In ordering Fish said. Disputes Memory But Rep. Hogan (R-Md.) dis- puted Fish's memory about whether Nixon directly ordered Ihe breakin. "I did not hear Hogan said. "He did not say thai. He might have said the President was aware of il but he didn'li say he ordered il." hep. Mczvinsky (D-Iowa) said that, while Colsou had not been iisked whether Nixon knew ol the plan lo break into Ihe psy- chiatrist's office, "il was very ,_ pearance before Ihe closed im- peachment inquiry, said he be- lieved Colson. a former presi- dential counsel, might be Ihe witness most damaging to Nixon lhal the committee has heard. "When he involved the Pres- ident in ordering the breakin, he was quoting someone Fish said when he was asked if Colson said whether he had Today's ClntckU' To many modern parents, youth is si ranger than fiction. Copvrlolil first-hand knowledge of Nixon's role. Probe of Schorr Other members said Colson testified that Nixon agreed to a false cover story designed to explain an FBI investigation of CBS newsman Daniel Schorr. Colson reportedly told thej committee that Nixon agreed to the release of a public state- ment saying Schorr was being considered for a government job Letter Shows Secret Pact, Jackson Says WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- ident Nixon has made a secret agreement with Soviet Commu- nist Chief Leonid Brezhnev to keep the number of U.S. nuclear submarines at its present level of 41, according to Sen. Jackson Jackson, chairman pof the sen- ate subcommittee on arms con- trol, said Sunday the agreement was contained in a letter Nixon wrote to Brezhnev. The senator said the letter and a second document, which he did not identify, will sup- port his charges that the Nixon administration has made secret protocols to the SALT I agreement on nuclear arms limitation signed in Mos- cow July 24, 1972. The letter and the second doc- ument probably will be turned over to Jackson's panel this week by the White House, the senator said on the NBC pro- gram "Meet the Jackson charged in June the "secret clarification" of the SALT j pact gave the Russians 70 more sub-based missiles than the 950 total missile strength allowed in the published treaty. He said this "secret clarifica- tion clearly required congres- [sional which was not iobtained. Hakarios Sends Plea To Backers ATHENS lUPI) -The Greek- led Cypriot national guard overthrew the government of President Archbishop Makarios Monday in a move to unite the 'sland with Greece. The coup brought a sharp new increase in tension between Turkey and Greece and both nations alerted i their armed forces. Makarios had been reported j killed earlier Monday but the Israeli National Radio said he broadcast an appeal Monday night over a clandestine radio station assuring supporters he was alive and calling on them to rally against the national guard insurgents led by Greek of- ficers. Military Junta "He went on the air a short time ago to assure his support- ers that as long as he was alive, the (Greek) military junta would not rule the Israeli radio said in an English- language broadcast at p.m. p.m. Makarios also appealed for U.N. intervention in another broadcast to expel what he called "foreign intervention" in Greece. Britain's high commissioner to Cyprus Steven Olver report- ed sharp fighting on the island. Nicosia radio reported the na- tional guard had installed news- paper publisher Nicos Sampson as the new president. His news- papers have long advocated union with Greece. Makarios, 60, was reported to have taken refuge at a British base on the island and to be broadcasting appeals for help. Sought Refuge A cable to Stockholm from the Swedish U.N. battalion at Fama- gusta, said Makarios had sought refuge at a British base on Cyprus and had cabled U.N. headquarters in New York urg- ing intervention, a staff spokes- man said. There was no immediate com- ment from the Greek military- government, which Makarios at a news conference Friday had accused of backing a terrorist underground plotting (o over- throw or assassinate him. Turkey put its armed forces on alert. Normal communications with Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Paul Nitze. Nixon's chief ne- gotiator at new SALT talks, re- signed his position in June and told Jackson's subcommittee he quit because Secretary of State Kissinger agreed to the secret proposals. Nitze said he had not been informed secret proposals. The reported secret protocols led to an open dispute between of the allegedl Archbishop Makarios after an FBI investigation of Jackson and Kissinger him surfaced. The members said Colson de- scribed the statement as a "cover story" to conceal the true purpose of the invesliga-i lion, which he said was sparked' by broadcasts considered in the White House to be anti-adminis- tration. Schorr declined comment on Colson's reported testimony, saying: "I'm loo busy covering this administration's other wrongdoing s to become a spokesman for myself." Colson is the next to last wit- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.) Strikes at Four of Five Copper Giants PHOENIX (AP) Four of the nation's five major copper com- panies were struck by a 26- iinion c'oiilition early Monday, idling about, workers. Of the country's large produe- Marion Today's Index Comics Crossword Daily Record Deaths Editorial Features Kami Financial .15 ers, only Anaconda, which ill- ready has settled, was not af- fecled. Picket lines were up at American Smelting and licfin- ing Co. I'helps Dodge, Magma and Kennecolt Copper Co., the nation's largest. Movies Society Sports State Television Want Ails .1 li 8 ....IB ....lli 9 ....8 11-11 7 .18-2!
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