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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 14, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa THE WELLMAN SURVEY Fuss Over Self-Analysis (In Section B) DOTING C.R. FATHERS Dream Houses for the Young (In Section B) Section A Weal her- Hot and humid today, high in 90s. Cloudy and warm tonight and Monday. IjOW tonight in 70s, high Monday in 90s. (if * clar- LO VOLUME 92-NUMBER 185 CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, SUNDAY, JULY 14, 1974 MI CITY FINAL 35 CENTS ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Watergate Committee Urges Sweeping Campaign Overhaul WASHINGTON (AP) - The! senate Watergate committee, which first riveted national attention to the scandals that have led to preliminary impeachment proceedings against President j Nixon, Saturday proposed the most sweeping overhaul of cam- 1 paign laws in American history. I The final report of the seven-man panel, published in three volumes of 2.217 pages, was shorn of conclusions of individual guilt or innocence. But in its unanimous report the committee said the nation needs an election commission to supervise federal campaigns and a permanent public prose-1 cutor to enforce political laws! free from the interference of the executive branch. It said public financing of campaigns is not needed to assure the ending of financing; abuses. Minute Detail The senate select committee on presidential campaign activi-j ties presented in minute detail the most complete report to Ford Sees House 'No' to Impeachment SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AIU — Vice-president Ford predicted Saturday that the house of representatives will “come to the conclusion that the President was not involved in any cover-up” and will vote against impeachment. Ford came to the Western White House for an hour’s meeting with the President on promoting a policy against inflation. But the news conference he held on the lawn related largely to Watergate matters. He repeated his judgment that there is a possibility the house judiciary committee will vote a resolution of impeachment agarnst the President. “But,” Ford added, “I feel just as strongly, if not more , , , .strongly, that the house as a date on the burglary cover-up wholp wi| , nol (avor a resolu . and assorted acts of con up- • jj on impeachment tion. fraud and abuse of official power” that now carry the collective name of Watergate*. The evidence in the report comprises much of the data now being considered by the house judiciary committee, which is soon to vote on whether to report a bill of impeachment to the full house of representatives. The senate committee decided to avoid any conclusions that bilify might affect the impeachment sa ‘ d -proceedings or the outcome of the Watergate trials. “The preponderance of evidence,” Ford said, clearly on the side of President.” Ford and Nixon met for almost an hour in the (Continued: Page 3, Col. I.) and trust,” the Corporation Gifts Idictment of White House conduct during the Watergate I period and made clear he be-! lieves the President must take • responsibility. Citing the evidence of the report, Ervin said the President’s men had as their objective in the 1972 campaign the destruction of the integrity of the process by which the President | is elected. Their second objective, he said. was to cover up their own wrongdoing. Although the final report deleted a conclusion that campaign funds had been used to buy the silence of the original Watergate defendants, Ervin said exactly that happened. “They made cash payments totaling hundreds of thousands! of dollars out of campaign funds in surreptitious ways to the original seven Watergate defendants as ‘hush money’ to buy their silence and keep them ifrom revealing their knowledge of the identities and activities of the officers and employes of the Nixon re-election committees land the White House aides who had participated in Watergate,” Ervin said. For the same reason, he said, I assurances were given the I seven defendants that they would receive executive clements- cy after serving only short prison terms. Ervin said the White House aides who gave those assurances and took part in Watergate events were motivated by report a “lust for political power.” Gurney Comment the “is the —UPI Telephoto Handcuffed prisoner is led to car after he and 13 other hostages were released Nixon Backs Kissinger Story on Wiretapping By Bernard Gwertzman tended to scotch some of the New York Times service speculation that was current in WASHINGTON — President washington after Kissinger’s re-Nixon has come to the support, cerd threat to resign after ac-scheme in high Secretary of State Kissinger cusa ti ons that he h a d misled Hie Senator Edward Gurney (R- i.mi , . nnmmiitPo ic ann I * Indee( “ conduct of many|Fj a Nixon’s chief defender at i I nfiu- n,T‘ ihr w Water 8 ale participants seems. the hearings, said that, while tely conscious that, at the time g rounded on the belief that the there was a scheme ii. m g .. it presents this report, tc ' s _ sllc ends justified the means, that j places in the administration to with a letter to the senate committee about his role in the •an roiutna mf ^ e . c0ldd ^ ou,ed .^burglarize Democratic national foreign relations committee tak-wiretapping. L n _. 0 :_ (l -------1 maintain the present adminis- committee headquarters in the ing fu n responsibility for the Some political observers be- Watergate complex, no proof wiretap pj n g , 0 f 17 officials and licved that a rift was developing has been uncovered that Nixon j newsmenbetween 1969 andl97 , between Kissinger and the cover-up „ ________White House over the apparent donee said. the tration in office.” The report said this trend ex Leaks Deleted tended to some of the nation's j knew of it or of ‘It must be stressed that this most prominent corporations,’ thal followed. "'"''.Senator Fulbright, chairman , . o[ Nj other committee's hearings were not wh ich gave illegally to the 1972 Vice-chairman Howard Baker ()f ,he committee, which has House officials to speak conducted, and this report not Nixon campaign from their cor-; lR . Tenn ( said evidence before begun an investigation of Kis- ^ ^ g | v on '' Kis . prepared, to determine the legal P° rat e coffers. the committee “does not answer s,n 8 cr s rol 5 ,n l , he wiretapping, behalf, guilt or innocence of any person ‘Surely one of the most pone-, the question of what the Pres-; con ^ rmec * Saturday that he hat , Q rmar*.ntiu rnw.t or whether the President should bating lessons of Watergate is ident or other individuals knew received the one and a quarter the letter apparently tepid - be impeached.” < hat campaign practices must or whcn thcv know it> nor docs page letter Friday night. cd 'n essence "hat Nix* al- The final report eliminated all i be effectively supervised and j t explain why’the Democratic He declined to make it public ‘ ‘ ‘ nr J* conclusions that had been con-i cn f° rcemen * criminal... headquarters was twice the before the rest of the committee b • * PP 8 tained in draft reports which l aws vigorously pursued against target of an illegal entry.” were earlier leaked to the press, all offenders - even those of Instead it concentrated on the;h>8h estate - if your free msti-i 1W0 u a a- c tut ions arr to surviv’c * the re- Two committee members, minute recitation of watergate lullun * dIt 10 wit ic * evidence and the recommen-| * * * wail) and Joseph Montoya (D-| g f ro . Und t °/ ThT !d thd! Hty information in 1%9< suid ...... .. iv Mi uMaH Rdt.inet tho stating that he had ordered that jhjrt .* a spec ial program” of dations for new laws it says are needed to help prevent future Watergates. “The Watergate affair reflects an alarming indifference displayed by some in high public office or position to concepts of morality and public responsi- ♦ * * it declined to take sides, ^ v oted against the com- of the c 0 rn rn i 11 e e mlttee ’ s 5-2 dccision not to endorse the public financing of future presidential campaigns although they endorsed the report as a whole. (Continued: Page 18A. Col. I.) had seen it. but he said the let- “I Authorized” tor was a clear and positive j n a statement issued on May statement by Nixon justifying 22 197;} Nixon, noting that there the wiretap program on the ^ a( j ^ cen j ea j^ s 0 f national secu- some members did not. Chairman Sam Ervin (D-N.C.) while saying he is not attempting to judge whether Nixon is impeachable, wrote a vivid in- tating mat ne naa oraerea mat (bat “a special program the program be instituted to get wiretaps was instituted. to tho source of news leaks at authorj2ed , his entirc pr0 . the time. gram,” Nixon raid. “Each indi- Scotches Rumors vidual tap was undertaken in The willingness of Nixon to accordance with procedures ^ ^ come to Kissinger’s support has legal at the time and in accord j Qr Replaces Energy, Watergate Inflation Now Public's No. 1 Worry By Michael Jensen New York Times Service NEW YORK - Inflation, overshadowed earlier this year by the energy crisis, has leaped back into prominence as the nation’s No. I concern, according to the latest Gallup poll and a series of interviews across the country. Forty-eight percent of those polled by Gallup named the high cost of living as the nation's paramount problem, far exceeding the next highest category, 15 percent who were more concerned with “lack of trust in government,” and the ll percent who named “corruption in government” and “Watergate ” “You feel trapped,” said Richard Spohn of Los Angeles, a Harvard-trained lawyer who heads Ralph Nader’s California Citizen Action Group. Spohn questioned how he could survive “on a Nader salary of $100 a week.” Mortgage Interest Citing soaring interest rates for home mortgages, he said his plans to buy a house had been dampened. “You buy one and end up paying three times the price (in mortgage interest),” he said, “and the way things are going it’s going to cost four times tile price.” The Gallup poll disclosed that concern over inflation cut across both age and income barriers, and was widespread throughout the nation. as Higher-income Americans might be expected, seemed to take a somewhat more benign attitude toward inflation than their poor counterparts. “( an Adjust” Robert Kbolos, one of the individuals interviewed, said his $20,000-a-year salary was adequate to meet the demands of inflation. “I'll have to • spend more money,” said Kholos, who is press secretary for Los Angeles Mayor Thomas Bradley, “but I'm making a salary that I can even adjust to a IO percent increase (in the cost of living 1. It doesn’t have as serious an ef- Continued: Page 3. Col. 3.) with long-standing precedent Kissinger, in public news conferences, as well as during his confirmation hearings last September before the foreign relations committee, insisted that his role in the wiretapping was t o provide the names of members of his National Security Council staff who had access to the information being leaked. Found Nothing Son Francisco Street Sweepers Pay to $17,059 New York Times Service SAN FRANCISCO - The yearly wage of street cleaners here will rise to $17,059 next June, civil service officials said here last week. The cleaners now earn $13,-208. the highest of major U. S. cities. Their pay compares with $12,886 in New York. $9,143 in Philadelphia and $8,695 in Boston. Commenting on the pay scale, Mayor Joseph Alioto, addressing the San Francisco 49ers kickoff luncheon this week, said: “There has been a lot of conversation as to what the football strike is all about, freedom and sp forth. But I think the real issue is pay. “The NFL (National Football League) players want salaries equal to San Francisco street sweepers.” The city charter provides that the salaries of certain city workers, including the street cleaners, shall be based on the prevailing rate of pay in private industry. Street cleaners were dubbed craftsmen last year. Dianne Feinstein, president of the city's board of supervisors. urged the passage of a city charter amendment designed to bring uniformity to cits employe pay scales. “It would place all employes under one formula subject to identical treatment.” said Mrs. Feinstein. who earns $9,600 a year as a supervisor. Board UdesTo Buy Delhi Dam DELHI we WASHINGTON (AP) - Two armed convicts holding seven hostages in the U. S. district courthouse dropped their demand for safe passage out of the country and federal officials said Saturday night the standoff “can be resolved without bloodshed now.” Fifty-six hours after the convicts took over a basement cellblock, Christian Rice, a spokesman for the U. S. marshals service, said the negotiations with the convicts now center on a single demand, which he would not disclose. “There is some talk if we meet this demand, they (the '•onvictsl will let it ride out to a smooth resolution,” Rice said. Rice said a smooth resolution would mean the release of the hostages who had been held since 2 p.m. Thursday under a threat of death from the convicts. The pair had sought an airplane flight to freedom in another country, but Rice said they no longer sought to flee the country. Another Prison? George McKinney, chief U. S. marshal for the District of Columbia, has been talking with the prisoners several times hourly. Rice said. Rice said the pace of the negotiations quickened late Saturday. The spokesman declined to Admitting that stuck our necks out; we're gam- blin*" Delhi Recreation Asau ru)c lbmt of , |an president Richard Donahue said „ , hc K |soners t0 another Saturday night that he groups ( d J al an jdea whjch board of directors voted to excr- has ariscn sevcra , , imes during cise the option to purchase the (hc armed im and which Delhi dam Donahue said the decision was made despite the fact that the association “has nowhere near the amount of money necessary to pay for the dam.” But. he continued, “our back was against the wall, time-wise.” The deadline for exercising the option is Aug. I. He said $34,000 has raised from the sale of and another $5,000 from sales. Donahue reported the convicts once rejected. Demand by Relatives In a briefing to newsmen outside the courthouse building, Rice said. “The issues are more basic and we’re more optimistic.” Meanwhile, relatives of both the hostages and the convicts released letters addressed to At-been torney General Saxbe demand-stock jpg the release of the two men, land p ran k Gorham, 25. and Robert , ^ lat Jones, 24, also known as Otis $8,000 was collected the past Wilkerson week. which he termed “pretty The fj rs t hopeful sign Satur-good.” day that an end to the siege A n agreement has been might be near was the release reached. Donahue reported, of 14 inmates caught in the whereby a down payment of courthouse cellblock when the $11,500 will be made, with the takeover occurred at midafter-remaining $17,000 to be paid noon Thursday, over the next two years. Woman Remained Another $25,000 in pledges ^ inmate, and the only must be raised in order to file; ——r 1 1 \ for a $50,000 maintenance bond.; (Continued: Page3,Col. I.) Donahue added that funds for (maintenance itself must also be picked up. “We have to raise a substantial amount of money.” he commented. “We're not out of the woods vet.” SSM® i im infirm Today's Index SECTION A Nobel Physicist Dies LONDON (UPI) — Professor The foreign relations committee last September said it found nothing in its inquiry into Kissinger's activities, including the wiretapping, to bar him as sec- Patrick Maynard Stuart Blae-retary of state. kelt, winner of the 1948 Nobel The new investigation was prize for physics and a con-launched after a flurry of troversiai strategic defense exstories last month suggesting pert, has died at 76, his family that Kissinger had been less said Saturday, than forthright in what he told the committee last September. The articles in the press were based on Federal Bureau of Investigation documents, including some memos written by the j late director J. Edgar Hoover, asserting that Kissinger had ini* line. tinted certain taps. Chuckle There’s an expensive new perfume called "Evening in Arabia”. It smells like gaso- Coov right Rescue 3 Besieges In Baltimore Jail BALTIMORE (I PI)-Despite a two-day strike by city policemen, about 75 riot-equipped officers stormed the city jail late Saturday night to free three hostages taken prisoner by about 400 inmates. City officials .said inmates in the jail's juvenile section took three guards hostage, then barricaded themselves in an ad joining tier They were armed with pipes, chairlegs and table-legs. Major W l\ Miller, Baltimore deputy police chief, said the three hostages were believed to be injured, but not I seriously. “We went in there with K-9 dogs, and just as we got there they set the hostages free,” he said. Lata Newt I, 3. ll Deaths 3 Editorials M Report Card IS SECTION IS Iowa News l l, II Television Tabla Frank Nvt's Politico! Nolet T Marion 4 Food I Buildmq IMS Movies IMT Record Reviews IT Farm . IU* Financtai *•11 New York Stocks IO SECTION C Social MI Around the Town I New Books I Travel 21 SECTION 0 Sports I* Outdoor Iowa I Want Ads IO JI Crossword IS Accent On Yeulh IT Parade Maveime I ti Comics IO
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