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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 12, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Plymat Looks for Causes Prevention of Alcoholism Hy Harrison Weber One out oi la people who drink are or will become aico- holius. Once a.'i alcoholic, the chance recovery is one :n four. William I'lymal is bent on changing those statistics. A formidable task, yes. But Wil- liam I'lynyjt k no ordinary in- dividual. He was a co-founder, in 19-1-1. of Preferred Risk Mutual insurance Co., in Des Moines which pioneered in writing au- tomobile iiLsurance for the noil- drinking driver. Today, the year-old Plymat, who has: a law degree, is chairman of the board of Preferred Risk. Plymat has long been active Supervisors Open Bicycle Pathway Bids IOWA CITY _ The Johnson county board of supervisors Wednesday opened bids on aj proposed two-mile bike path! which would extend from Iowa City to the Coralville reservoir area. Wolf construction! of Iowa City was the apparent low bid-! der. Three methods of construc-j tion were considered. j The Wolf firm bid forj crushed rock, the most likely; material to be used. j Within The Wolf bid was the only one within the apparently available for the project. Project GREEN, a local citi- zen's group, is expected .to do- nate to the project. John- son county and Iowa City have budgeted each for the path. Decision Deferred A final decision on accepting the bid was deferred until next week to enable Project GREEN to review the bids. Iowa Road Builders bid for crushed rock, for concrete and for side- walk cement type of construe tion. Wolf construction offered no bid for concrete, but its bid for sidewalk-type cement was Review Remodeling In other business the boarc reviewed the proposed remodel- ing of the court house. The total project cost is estimated at 000 for renovation. Replacing courthouse facili- ties is estimated at between and million. The supervisors ordered a study-cost of five items in the renovation budget. They would be cost of a new roof, entrance ramp, remodeling the front en- trance, repairing of windows and stairway lighting. Used Car Auction Slated in Des Moines DBS MOINES (IDPA) One- hundred, fifty-eight used state cars and trucks will be auction- ed off to the highest bidder in Des Moines July 20. Milford L. Juhl, state vehicle dispatcher, said he expects quite a bit of interest by the public in tlie 52 compacts that will be put on the auction block. All vehicles have been safety inspected. The auction, which will start at 30 a.m. July 20, is to be held at the state vehicle dispatcher's garage, which is located on the southwest corner of the capitol grounds. Girl Suffers Burns IOWA CITY A 12-year-old I Des Moines girl, Sandra Rogers, was listed in critical condition at University hospitals here; today with burns over 90 per-j cent of her body following a fire! at her home late Thursday. i in local, state and national or- kcycrt at prwnl- ii'l! alcoholism, lit- currently is president of American Council Airoho! Problems ami as a state senator has uecn a leading spokesman for the "drys" in the Iowa legisla- ture. Kxpcrt on Subject Although he has ,1 slioni; piTsviiii.i iM-iit-f in total ab- stinence, his views on al- coholism are not provincial. In fact, through his diligent research he has become something of an expert on the subject. This is borne out by the trip Plymat will take next week to Kurope where he will a (1 d r e s s the International .Seminar on Alcohol and Nar- cotics Policy at Helsinki, Fin- land. Some 2.000 people are expected to be in attendance. Plymat's message is that the time has come to pull together all the research on alcoholism and perfect a bet- ter system for rehabilitating the alcoholic. One problem is finding the nature of the disease. Is it caused by one factor, or many factors? Differing Views Some psychiatrists, accord- ing to Plymat, view the prob- lem as simply a neurotic, psy- chotic or personality malad- justment. At the other end of the spec- trum are those who view the problem as a metabolic one. or one involved with purely physical causes having to do with genetic origin, family traits, hormonal elements, liver differences, hypothala- mus differences, and abilities having to do with the me- tabolizing of glucose in the body. "There seems to be a sort of war between theorists in these Plymat noted, "each viewing those of a different point of view as sort of ene- mies." One research source that Plymat likes to quote is Dr. James Smith, director of Schick's Shadel hospital in Seattle. fl.wl on research 'h'1 last few years, Dr. Smith con- tends that alcoholism may soon be recognized .r; w- tabolic rather than a psychia- tric disease.'' 1'hysicul Aspects Smith believes that much of the frustration and discour- agement which is felt by the alcoholic, and also by his doc- tor, can be eliminated once the alcoholic realizes that there are important physical aspects; to alcoholism. What are the differences that Dr. Smith contends exist? Here are a few: The. incidence, of color blindness in alcoholics is greater than in the general population. Blood group "A" is found in alcoholics more often than in the general population. A. disproprotionately. high percentage of alcoholics are unable to taste the chemical phenolthiocarbimide." Alcoholics in contrast to nonalcoholics showed ab- normalities in adrenal gland functions, regulation of blood pressure, and metabolism of glucose. Two enzymes produced in the liver were found to be at different levels in the case of alcoholics in contrast to nonal- coholics. Alcoholics break down one amino acid to one abnormal end product and nonal- coholics break the acid down to a normal end product. Plymat is indeed intrigued by the alcoholism treatment program at Seattle. Therapy at the Shadel hospital stems from an interest in alcoholism by Los Angeles businessman Patrick J. Frawley, jr., who claims to have spent mil- lion in developing programs and centers at Fort Worth, Los Angeles and Seattle. Unusual Hypothesis "Frawley lias a multitude of unusual hypothesis in the field that relate to the physical sus- ceptibility of persons to al- cohol addiction because of th'-ir I'i'ni'lii- origin. lieve these are worthy of ex- tensive investigation and The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Fri., July 12, 1971 may be quite time fore we are to in- vestigation of thc.se hypothi1- st'cs due to the resistance of persons committed other ideas and therapies." Plymat As a former member of the .slat c commission on al- coholism, Plyma! has ex- pressed a keen intcrcM in try- ing new techniques in rehabil- itating alcoholics. In fiscal PJi.'l, he out. the Harrison treatment center for alcoholics in DCS Moincs admitted patients. Of these, 447 were new admis- sions. They may have been .seen previously in other hospi- tals, but they were new to the Harrison center. The rest. 1. 07li were re-admissions. Of these, 274 were second admis- sions, 162 were third admis- sions, 118 were fourth admis- sions, and fill were fifth or more. "Aversion Therapy" There is a sharp contrast between this record, Plymat notes emphatically, and that of the Schnick Shadel hospital in Seattle which uses "aversion therapy." The Seattle hospi- tal, according to Plymat, claims that in the neigh- borhood of 60 percent of its patients have not had a drink within the period of four years after their treatment. The Des Moines insurance executive is hopeful that a special 20-member task force may come up Ivith some an- swers to this perplexing prob- lem. The task force, headed by South Carolina Gov. John West, is an outgrowth of a new federal-state alliance that has been formed to help ad- vance national awareness of the scope and seriousness of this country's alcohol-related problems and to help develop programs for combating and helping prevent the problems that arise from a alcohol use. Killian's WAREHOUSE Deep River School Board Hires Faculty; Grants Pay Raises DEEP RIVER New facul- ty assignments, pay raises for non-certified personnel, sum- mer maintenance on buildings and future improvements were highlights aired at the Wednesday evening Deep River-Millersburg Community school board meeting at Deep River. Dr. Larry D. Klein met with the board for the first time in his position as superintendent. In his ten days on the job, Klein had researched a number of areas in prepara- tion for school opening Aug. 26. Hired recently were Carole L. Tuecker, vocal music; Marilyn J. Russell, English, class play sponsor; Julianne E. Ziegler, 7-12 grade art; James Welander, instrumen- tal music; Harleen S. Bott, home economics; Bob Berg- gran, math, boys' basketball coach, junior high athletics; David K. Ottson, physical edu- cation and social studies, and Donnette Abbot, first grade. The board expects to hire a science instructor, upon ac- cepting a lale resignation from John Becker, who asked to be released in order to ac- cept a post near his home in Pennsylvania. Becker has served here se- ven years. Salary Increases An eight percent pay raise was given to Dr. Klein's sec- rotary, Cleo Montross, to for a ten-month sched- ule. Other part-time secre- taries will receive salary in- creases and be paid per hour. Because of extended hours and added duties in the new addition, the Millersburg cus- todian's salary was set at and he will receive ad- ditional part-time help. The Deep River custodian's wages were raised to Summer maintenance at Millersburg center has includ- ed painting halls, walls and ceilings, stripping and sealing floors. Improvements at Deep River have been similar and also include adding storage, shelves, painting blackboards, installing new shades and ad- ding a guard rail. Roofs on all buildings are being inspected for possible repairs. Costs Paid A soulh wall of the new Deep River multi-purpose building will also be strength- ened. Conversion costs of the former industrial arts depart- ment at Millersburg into a boys' shower room will be explored. All construction costs have been paid, except a final fee of due to the architect in j December and held in I escrow for Gethmann Con- si r u c I i o n Co., Gladbrook, pending correction of a mois- ture condensation problem at Deep River. Dr. Klein told the board he will continue to work with the company on finishing details of new additions to both atten- dance centers and that he plans to review with the board a handbook on their duties, in addition to assembling a poli- cy on methods of school operation. A new-teacher workshop is slated for Aug. 20 at a.m. Other pre-school opening meetings include; Aug. 21, Deep River-Millersburg Edu- cation Assn. meeting, 10 a.m.; Aug. 22, all teachers work- shop, 9 a.m., and Aug. 23, all teachers workshop. A special meeting will be held with English Valley's school board July 31 for the purpose 'of explaining the new system of area school districts and services available. ir Doesn'l Have to be Mdlh'cr's Day lo Give A Fresh Fruit Basket, They're Sweetest Gills. .Anytime PECK ....53.50 HEAPING FULL PECK.. Fitt Otlitm to [ilkti Hossilil DALE'S FRUIT MARKET' 333! Center PtRd.HE- 354-31H OiEiiSloG JDajs: 9 It's a good time to feed your garden. Feed plants now for added crop or General Purpose Food Miracle-Gro for Tomatoes Dust your vegetables to keep bugs off and help control diseases with tomato and vegetable dust. Pecks has a complete line of garden foods, insecticides and fungicides. And if you have a plant problem bring in a sample and we will help you with the correct treatment. It's not too early to place orders for Fall! [FLOWER GARDEN SHO 5008 Center Point Road, NE Phone 393-5565 LANDSCAPE DESIGNERS AND CONTRACTORS (July 13) AM to PM SAVE ON ENTIRE STOCK! MANY MAKERS! MANY STYLES! ALL TOP QUALITY CARPETING Roll Ends and Remnants Room Size Rugs Carpet Warehouse located on 1st Street and 5th Avenue S.E. 100% Nylon Shag Solids and Multi-color Philadelphia Roue i JiTl LJ-
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