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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Fair tonight with IOHS in Vis. Sunny Tuesday with highs in thr mid (o upper OOs. CITY FINAL IGVi'A. MONDAY. JULY iai'4 1'HKHS, I PI, XKW YORK TIMES Ehrlichman Taken Off Plumbers' Gazelle Leased Wires WASHINGTON Former White House aide John Ehrlich- man Monday teslified that Pres- ident Nixon ordered him to keep j hands off covert White House j "plumbers" operations two! months before the Ellsberg brcakin. Ehrlichman teslified on his own behalf .Monday in his trial with three oilier defendants on charges of conspiring to break into the office of Daniel Ells- berg's psychiatrist. He an- swered friendly questions by one of his four attorneys for (15 minutes. Ehrlichman, who steadfastly has denied having prior knowl- edge that "covert" activity to plug leaks of national security matters involved anything ille- gal, said his involvement in the Ellsberg case ended about two months before the Sept. 4, 1971, brcakin when the President told him to concentrate on domestic affairs. "On the second of July the President said to me 'You get back to domestic policy stuff and leave the conspiracy and Ellsberg stuff to (plumbers lead- er Egil) Ehrlichman said. Krogh was co-director with David Young of the plumbers team that was formed to find security leaks following Ells- disclosure of the secret Pentagon Papers. Contradicts Young Ehrlichman pictured Young a prosecution witness in the case after being given immunity as wanting to have full charge himself. Krogh was given a leading role over Young despite their titles of co-direc- tors of the group, Ehrlichman St. Clair, Jaworski Argue Executive Privilege Issue Presidential Lawyer James St. Clair Signs autograph before Monday's session Tclephoto Deaths Cut by Third as 'he said. Ehrlichman directly dieted Young's testimony about deaths, files relating to the breakin. Ehrlichman said he never read files delivered to him by Young. Young has teslified that Ehr- lichman told him last March that some plumbers' memos "were a little too sensitive and showed loo much forethought" about the breakin. "Busy Schedule" CHICAGO (AP) Lowered speed limits are responsible for reducing the Fourth of July holi- day traffic death toll by almost one-third, a survey of law en- forcement and safety officials ndicates. While officials in some states reported somewhat less traffic nan normal during the 102-hour loliday period, most of those questioned Sunday pointed to he 55 mile per hour speed limit factor in reduced Instead of reading the files at the time the breakin came under formal investigation by the FBI. Ehrlichman testified thai he ordered them returned to Young. Of the plumbers' files which (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Chttclde Mother's complaint: "I wish "I think we're reducing the number of deaths every month that we have it and can enforce it said Col. E. W. Jones, commander of lhe North Carolina state patrol. The National Safely Council says chance of survival in a crash at 50 m.p.h. is four times greater than at 70 m.p.h. and statistics indicate that 75 per- cent compliance with the 55 m.p.h. limit could save 8.500 lives a year. The 519 vs. 758 death loll the random by the Associated Press were nearly unanimous in citing reduced speeds as the major factor in the fewer traffic deaths, with some adding re- duced travel because of higher gas prices as another major fac- r. Only Nebraska officials dis- counted reduced speeds and put the major emphasis on a reduc- tion in travel. "I don't think the speed limit really has anything to do with When there's no traffic, there's no a spokes- man said. That state's 11 week- end fatalities pushed the toll 5 persons over the July 3-8 period of 1973. Small Travel Cut "We had predicted 15 billion miles would be driven over the holiday weekend not a sub- stantial reduction in travel com- pared to 15.7 billion miles in said National Safety Council spokesman Ron Kuy- f e we r long highway trips. Maybe parents aren't giving teenagers the car as much be- cause of high gas said Kuykendall. "But speed comes shining through as the major factor in. reduced he said. "The lower speed limit is ap- parently working in terms of saving lives and presumably doing something to save North Dakota Highway Patrol Superintendent Ralph Wood said. "But it is apparent there is extensive dissatisfaction with the lower limits." Wood said the percentage of motorists complying with the lo- wered speed limits in North Da- kota is "quite low. They're not doing 80 or 90 miles an hour but it isn't 55 either." jkendall. holiday i "Other factors Italian Expert Dies ROME Campil- a leading Italian financial and economic expert who held several government economic may play a .posts during the postwar period. period was 519, compared with (part; people may be Monday. He was 82. 758 in 1972. the most recent day Fourth of July weekend. I The reduced death loll ap-i pears "way out of proportion toj the relative reduction in miles said Maj. Richard j they'd "invent "a "washing of lhe Minnesota stale chine that always turned out an Patro1- "Wc can onl-v conclude even number of socks." that lhc S5 m-Ph. limit is the basic factor." Highway officials sampled at Commune Group Seeks] Noah's Ark in Turkey DALLAS (UPI) Noah's Ark is buried in a glacier in eastern Turkey, according to Tom Crotser who is leading 63 members of his commune on a trip to recover the ship. "We learned of its existence about nine years ago after reading a magazine article about some Turkish people who said they had spoiled a sea-going vessel on the Crotser said. Crotser left last week on his sixth trip to Turkey to climb Ml. Ararat to the spol where be says (hc'ark has rested for 50 centuries. On Hie first five trips, Crolser returned with wood j..... he said had been scientifically dated at -1.000 to 5.000 years old. boning" effort to restrain of lo "if I He also said photographs taken from satellites indicate some- jRush meetings but did not take! thing shaped like a boat is on the mountain at the 12.500 foot 'exception when a reporter usedi level. Henry Seeks Sure of No Nixon Vow To Obey WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon, convinced nf the "correctness" of his refusal to yield the tape re- cordings Watergate prosecutors say they need, refuses to say whether he will obey a supreme court ruling that goes against him. As the high court began hearing the historic argu- ments Monday morning, Nixon scheduled a meeting with Vice-president Ford, who has been saying his trav- els around the country indicate the tide turning against impeachment. White House Press Secretary Ronald Zicglor said Nixon conferred Sunday for 20 minutes with James St. Clair, his chief Watergate lawyer, apparently to dis- cuss the arguments St. Clair was to make Monday. "The President has confidence in St. Clair and in the correctness of the position St. Clair is taking and will be taking before the Ziegler told reporters. But in response to questions, Ziegler refused to be drawn into a prediction of the outcome, saying only that St. Clair has frequently spoken with optimism. As has been the case for many weeks, Ziegler refused to reveal whether Nixon would obey an adverse decision in the case. For Europe LONDON (AP) Secretary of State Kissinger stopped in London Monday and met with British officials on prospects for channeling Arab oil money into long-term investments in West- ern Europe. The high cost of petroleum and raw materials has contrib- uted to economic instability for! many of the allies. Attract Investment five objective of Kissinger's talks with Dennis Healey, chan- cellor of the exchequer, and Foreign Secretary James Cal- laghan is formation of an ar- rangement for offering attrac- tive investment opportunities to WASHINGTON i.AI'i White House Lawyer James SI. (.'lair told the supreme court Monday! that Special Prosecutor Jawor- ski's request for an order rlK reeling President Nixon (o obeyj a subpoena is drawing (he high) court "inevitably and inexora- bly" into the house impeach- ment proceedings. Earlier, Jaworski told the court that if it permits the Pros- j ident to say that the Conslitu-! lion ''means what he says it, does" without a supreme court judgment "then men are no! longer equal in I he law." Asking the court to overturn a lower court order directing the: President to produce tapes and documents sought by Jaworski for use in toe Watergate cover- up trial, St. Clair said: "No one could argue that the proceedings before this couit will have no impact" on the im- peachment deliberations of the house judiciary committee. "The special prosecutor is drawing this court into those proceedings inevitable and inex- St. Clair said. "Bedrock Issue Jaworski, who preceded St. Clair in oral arguments, told the supreme court that the bed- rock issue in the fight over President Nixon's tapes is "who is to be the arbiter of what the, Constitution says'" who were dose to Nixon- As the historic oral arguments! To Permit the President to make the interpretation is especially insupportable in a personally delicate situation in- v o Iv i n g criminal charge; against two of his former closest aides and devotees who the President, in an address to the nation on April scribed as 'two of the finest public servants it has been my privilege to Jaworski said. He noted also that Nixon had said last November that the two aides. H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman would "come out all right when the proceedings are completed" in the over-all Wa- tergate case. "Add to this setting, and I refer to it in great sorrow, the fact that a grand jury, by unani- mous vote, concluded that the President was a participant in the chain of events that consti- concept that this is a govern- ment of Jaworski said. Furthermore, Jaworski said, the Watergate case is a special situation because it involves began before the justices into the uncharted area of Nixon's power to withhold evidence on Watergate, Jaworski had lead-off presentation to the the eight-judge bench and told a packed courtroom: "He (President Nixon) may be right in how he reads the Constitution. He may be wrong. If he is wrong, who is there to tell him so? What then becomes of our constitutional form of government? In our view, this nation's constitutional form of govern- ment is in serious jeopardy if U. S. officials said the tenta-jthe President any President is to say that the Constitution means what he says it does and that there is no one not even this supreme court 'to tell him the special prosecu- tor said. "Then men no longer White House 'Jawboning' Effort To Curb Inflation WASHINGTON pres-, both business industry'' idential spokesman disclosed, on the need for restraint. Monday a White House "jaw-! would not 'Much Ihc a question. lax increase is not under active Hie term in asking consideration. The I'ri'siricnl Ins summoned! Deputy Press Secretary nis economic advisers In Orald Warren said President White House merlin" mi TUPS-! Nixon's economic policy cnor- ('n.v Warren said discussion dinalor. Kenneth Rush, has range river ways to curb a series of meetings during the'inflation. hist 111 days wilh rcprescn-1 Warren said Nixon and his ad- fo business and labor, h'iwrs wcnilrl take action if they The purpose was to stress it necessary." nerd for restraint and Herbert Sinn, chairman of ask for Ihc conperalion of j Nixon's Council of Economic Arl- seifmcnls of the economy in said Sunday Ihc Atncri- fight against people must develop much He said Ih'il in Ilir1 tiMM'tings Itush not proposing a per- centage limit on waje and price increases hut rather was utlrmptini! In "educate griMler discipline in their eco- nomic if inflation is lo lie adequately controlled. "I'arl of economics is that people should understand what; 1 (Continued: I'agc ;i. Col. II.) I "The glacier has acted as a preservative and lias kept the ship from Crotser said. "Considering the material is dated at a time when the Bible indicates the great flood oc- curred, we believe the vessel could be nothing else but Noah's ark." Following their trek lo Ml. Ararat, Crotser will take his group lo Ml. Nimrod where they think they have located the Tower of Babel. He said his religious commune from the east Texas town of Frankston can also recover the original Ten Commandments, and relics of Ihc Egyptian army destroyed chasing Moses through the Red sea. "These greatest discoveries of lhe age would prove beyond a shadow of a doubt thai the Bible is totally Crolser said. The members of Cruiser's commune have sold all their possessions and live at, the Holy Mission near Frankslon, working in the area to generate money for such trips as the Turkish expedition. They purchased one-way tickets for their slay in Turkey, but feel money will work ilsell mil. the Arab states. West German Chancellor Hel- mut; Schmidt broached the sub- ject to Kissinger during the weekend in Munich. Kissinger 'lew from the West German city Monday. Schmidt told newsmen that uropo's economic problems are more important than stalemated East-West negotiations on troop] reductions and security mca-i lures. The Arab oil stales have been i investing some of their enor-j jmous returns in European short-: term bank accounts. In seeking! the stability of long-term invest- ments the Europeans hope to moderate the current high rate of inflation. Bilateral Deals The U. S. officials said a joint approach would supplement bi- lateral deals such as one in! which the U. S. has undertaken In provide technological assis- tance to Saudi Arabia. The American secretary of state also is briefing Cali.igh.in Prime Minister Wilson and others on the Moscow summit m e e I i n g between President Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev. tuted the charged conspira- are equal in the law. Close to Nixon jcy Jaworski said. "Then we have ingrafted anj Given the circumstances of exception to the case, Jaworski said, he Prime Rate Climbs; Dow Plummets NEW YORK (LTD Stock prices went into a steep decline Monday on the New York Slock Exchange as interest rales con- tinued to climb and investors! remained wary. Trading was moderate. The Dow Jones Industrial Average of ,'10 selector! blue-chip slocks was down to 772.M at noon. Declines clobbered ad- vances, by a 7-to-l margin. would consider it a mockery "to let the President apply his con- struction of the Constitution without a review by this court." Not Relinquished But St. Clair argued again and again that Nixon had not relinquished his right to decide what confidential con- versations able. "The right to force the Presi- dent to give up confidential to the was not 1973, de- St. Clair said. He said it was Jaworski's point of view as special prosecutor "he's a fourth entity" of government when there are only three branches: The executive, legis- lative and judicial. "We have only three branch- es, not three and one-third, hree and one-half or St. Clair said. Chief Justice Burger asked St.. Clair whether he was arguing that great chunks of the tapes being sought by Jaworski are irrelevant to the cover-up trial. St. Clair said he was. Justice Marshall suggested that the President is ignoring the subpoena for the tapes and St. Clair protested that the Pres- ident has not ignored it but had answered in court with a motion llo dismiss it. Marshall asked what was "the difference between ignoring and the motion to quash." St. Clair replied that the dif- jference was that the dismissal I motion was being submitted to [the court. i "Slopped Dead" Justice Stewart asked SI. Clair whether he meant the [court should be "stopped dead in its tracks" because the im- peachment, proceedings were under way. i St. Clair said he did not. but [argued that impeachment itself I should be left solely to the legis- lative branch of government as provided in the Constitution. Jaworski consumed nearly an hour of the historic hearing prc- scniing ills opening argument and answering numerous qiics- lini's from the justices. Jawni'ski ran into trouble Today's Index Special Prosecutor Leon arrives ('limit's........ Crossword....... Daily liecord Drains Kdilorial I'Vatiircs Farm Financial Marion Movies Society Spurts State Television Waul Ads 3 a Hi is .....9 ...in ft .13-15 ....II
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