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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 23, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Cftlrtt RttpirU Editorial Page All God's gof N-power 23. 1974 Isolationism magnified i t TSOLATIOX1SM" as a con- questions as to U.S. leadership tTSOLATIOXISM" as a con- X CCpi Mill the of a 1930s-'4fls mossbaek bent on keeping the United States unto it- self and apart from the world, physically and psychologically, in jingoistic self-sufficiency forever. Recent poll-reports to the effect that "isolationism" in Americans has more than doubled iti the last two years is hard to reconcile with that understanding of the word. Assuming, as the survey-takers did, that it is no contradiction in terms to acknowledge varying degrees of isolation, the key find- ings were these: "Total isola- tionists" now amount to 21 per- cent of the population, up from 9 percent in 1972. "Total interna- tionalists" make up 41 percent, down from 5fi two years ago. Manifestly, the preponderance runs heavily, still, against pure isolationism. Whatever people SAY about their feelings as to international dependency, what they DO may also temper findings (by Potomac Associates. Inc., and the Gallup organization) of an trend. By definition, isolationism is a national policy of avoiding relationships political and economic with other countries. "Economic" is the sticker. No matter how a person answers spending. I'.N. dealings or domcstic-neods-first, he is no true isolationist, if: (1) Self-interest gauged by product quality and price ever moves him to buy a Japanese-made car or camera or TV set. a dermail-built or you-name-what from somewhere else. Or (2) his livelihood depends in part upon or benefits from I'.S. products bought by people over- seas corn, wheat, beans and meat, for instance, from the "isolation-minded" Middle West. Attitudes in many people here have shown some change, unquestionably, from the high- hope days of U..N. get-together- ness, U.S. save-the-world lead- ership and world awe for what America has done. On top of disillusionment from Vietnam and deep concern with tough domestic problems, not the smallest reason for this change has been the small-thanks way that many foreign states have kicked around old Uncle Sam when things went hard. But to count this movement as a backup toward the classic days of isolationism is to misread the na- ture of the beast and to underes- timate the depth of many other changes since then. The day of the Neanderthal is nowhere in the offing yet. Checkoff turnaround pONGRESSMAN H. R. Gross of V> Iowa's Third district an- nounced some time ago he will retire when his present term ex- pires. But that doesn't mean congress has heard the last of Mr. Gross, thank heaven not on your four-syllable adjective it didn't. So it was like old times when he raised his voice in opposition to a practice he said the Internal Revenue Service is engaging in this summer. The congressman charged IRS with reminding millions of taxpayers, some of whom made errors in their lax returns, that they did not check off a contribution to the presidential campaign fund. In other words, IRS is sending back returns to many Iowa tax- payers with the suggestion that they might want to check off or on joint returns, to be chan- neled from the tax they owe into the presidential campaign fund. Congressman Gross said the IRS is sending back returns with this message: "You did not in- dicate on your return whether you want any of your tax to go to the fund; but you can make the designation now, if you like, by checking the appropriate box." People's forum Outdated anthem To the Editor: There has been some dissatisfaction expressed in these columns as to the appropriateness of "The Star Spangled Banner" as our National Anthem. I expressed my opinion on this to Jack Miller when he was I'niteii Slates sena- tor. With due respect for the loyalty ol Americans who favor "The Star Spangled its words were writ- ten during the heal nf battle, when Bri- tain was our enemy, Ifill years ago. Today, when received as guests by England, Canada, or Australia, is it good ethics for us to flaunt our u'-tory over the British Hid years ago'.' Moreover, we engage in braggadocio in the implying that we are the exclusive "home of the brave." which is untrue. Germany, communist Rus- Isn't if the truth? By Carl R.hlel, Suine of the letters thai members of congress receive from Iheir constituents are discovered to lie entirely frank. One volcr wrote his senator. "Sometimes >oo act like you don't know what you're doing and then you go ahead and do it again "Practical consists in ignoring facts." Broofe Adorns Intirnrilfin Svndlrolr An IRS spokesman responded to the congressman's protest by as- serting that the reminder is just another way to publicize the fund, which hasn't found much favor with taxpayers as yet. What a turnabout by IRS. Only a year ago it was being charged, and properly so, with failing to display the political checkoff boxes in prominent enough places to be seen on income tax blanks. In fact, it was called to task by- congress at the behest of Common Cause, the national citizens' lobby, and IRS promised to rectify last year's error on tax return blanks for this year. That promise has been kept. The checkoff boxes are con- spicuously displayed on the front page nf this year's return. But it wasn't a part of the bar- gain that IRS would go out of its wray to send back unchecked tax returns in order to give taxpayers a second chance to do what they apparently didn't want to do in the first place. It appears that IRS performed a 180-degree turnabout when 90 degrees would have sufficed. sia. Korea and Indo-China also arc "homes of the brave." whose sons in greater number than ours died on the field of battle in what they considered a just cause. I feel that "America, the Beautiful" would be much more appropriate and creditable to us as our National Anthem, as it is nonbelligerent, nonbraggadocio. inoffensive to any nation, and it lauds and appreciatively displays God's bless- ings to us. Milton Smith Oelwein Weak inspections To the Editor. In my opinion the Iowa state motor vehicle inspection law is as phony as a bill. 1 think this law was passed for Ihe benefit of Ihe auto dealers and Ihe ser- vice stations. Most inspection stations just give cars a quick once over for the 85 fee All they are required to inspect is one front brake and one hack brake, plus the lights, turn signals and tire treads on all four tires. It makes no difference if the motor, rear end, drive shaft, transmis- sion or cooling system is completely shot. The stale and some of Ihe auto sellers don't care if none of these parls on a car you are buying lasts for only two blocks. I think these car dealers all should be held responsible for all parts and labor for at least 911 days after a car has been sold from any car lot. Then and only Iheti will Ihe slate safety law be fair and equitable to the public. W. E. Slern Riiiile 1, Marion Democracy's safety valve Look before you leak-proof By James Reston WASHINGTON Ever since Adam or was it Eve1' leaked the news about that templing apple and other funny business in the Garden of Kden. the human race has been arguing about the wisdom of leaking forbidden news. The latest chapter in this long story is now unfolding again in Washington. Sen. Barry Goldwater wants the attor- ney general to prosecute the Washington Post for leaking confidential FBI documents. Pat Buchanan and Ken Clawson of the White House staff, two of the leakiest taps in town, want staff members of the house judiciary com- mittee to be punished for leaking anti- Nixon information out of the impeach- ment proceedings. A dreadful, un- derhand practice, they say. and a lot of people agree with them. It should he noted, however, that nobody proposes the abolition of all leaks only the leaks they do not like. It all depends nn whose basement is flooded. James Reston And this brings us to the theme of this epistle, which is that the leak is the safety valve of democracy. It leaves room for honest dissenters. It is the refuge of conscience. It can be used for good or evil: disclose the murders of My Lai, the secret bombing of Cambodia, the coverup of Watergate. Or it can be used to disrupt elections, to vilify and destroy the political opposition. It is a powerful, ambitious, and sometimes dangerous instrument, but it should not be destroyed without a little thought. For example, the President deplores the leak when it is used against him, but it is one of the most effective tools in own political arsenal and he'couldn't get on without it. He is constantly running into situations at home and abroad where he wants the truth out hut does not want Environment loses again lo make tilings worse In issuing au of- ficial statement confronting his adver- saries. So he leaks it through Buchanan or Clawson, nr through some embassy abroad to some sympathetic or ambilimis reporter. The White House has its "friends list" as well as its "enemies list." And there is nothing new or wicked ill this. In the latest crisis between and Moscow during the Middle F.ast war, when the information here was that the Soviets were about to send seven airborne divisions into the Middle East, the President could either have sent an ultimatum to Moscow to pull back, or quietly ordered a worldwide alert of American forces and "allowed" the fact to be leaked to the press. He wisely chose the latter method and got his message across to the Kremlin without a direct challenge. When Washington and Paris get into an awkward argument over policy and con- sultation. Secretary of State Henry Kis- singer can either call a news conference and denounce the French, or both sides can "inspire" articles that make their points clear, and still leave room for maneuver. As a matter of fact, anybody who has studied or practiced the art of leaking knows that government officials use the leak more than it is used against them, and in most cases reporters are their allies rather than their adversaries. For in many governments are us- ing the leaks to get the embarrassing truth out rather than to keep it in." The conflict comes when governments try to have it both ways to use the leak to their own advantage and to suppress and condemn it when it discloses truth they do not like. Or to leak or worse, to invent "news" to destroy their political opponents. See the evidence in the White House Watergate transcripts. This leaking is a complicated business. The communists are the best anti-leak plumbers. "Why should freedom of speech and freedom of press be Nikolai Lenin asked in Mos- cow in 1920. "Why should a government which is doing what it thinks is right allow itself to be criticized? It would not allow opposition by lethal weapons. Ideas are much more latal than guns. Why should any man be allowed to buy a printing pres.s and jter- nicitius opinions calculated In embarrass the government.'" Tile answer to this in America. a( least, should be obvious, but it is surprising how many people who think [hey love democracy and hate Lenin, seem to a'jree with this notion that opposition to the ruling authority of the state is somehow subversive and even unpatri- otic. Even the Soviet plumbers cannot stop the leaks, cannot silence Zakarov. Pasternak or even Stalin's daughter Svetlana, for the spirit of freedom is eternal, and even in thai closed society, truth leaks out. Obviously, there are times when security information and grand jury in- formation should mil he published and the press has not yet analyzed the difference between being bold and being irresponsible but it is not the power of the press but the power of the stale that is really out of hand. "It would be in the national interest." Barry Goldwater said, "to immediately institute criminal prosecutions against the Washington Post" for publishing confidential government documents. But would it really? For if nobody had talked against the government's policies and actions in the last few years, we would not have heard about the horrors in Vietnam, the secret bombings of Cambodia, the espionage and sabotage of the 1972 presidential campaign, and all the lies and fiddling of the President's men. Always somebody had to talk out in opposition or in conscience, and leak to the press, usually against government orders. It is an untidy process, often subject to misuse, but it shouldn't be knocked or destroyed without a little care. The President needs it as well as the opposition. Senator Goldwater Old George's blueprint soiled By Stephen Ford NEARLY 178 years ago. George Washington left office as the Iirst President of the embryonic 1'nited States. If at that time the fledgling nation could have been personified, it might have been depicted as a pink-faced lad with the world at his feet. When the nation's first Chief Executive stepped down from office, he did not spew promises of nirvana in the years ahead. Another View "I'm fiwartt ol (he nottrl for oil. rn ajpfoin, plnn lo go clown with it in o hurri- cane. Instead. Washington admonished the 13 disparate stales to avoid enormous public debts, entanglement with foreign powers and a mammoth military, to remain essentially an agrarian country in order to feed its masses and preserve natural resources, to guard against an elite cadre of politicians and power and always to be wary of big business. It is ironic today to recall these ancient blueprints for the national future. Almost from the moment Washington turned over the presidency to his successor, bihn Adams, America began to follow an opposite course. Disregard for Washington's warnings on the economy and the environment is particularly relevant loday. OIK; has only lo look al our capricious environmental protection laws. And con servaliomsls. who a few years ago had such a good thing going, today are prime largets for brickbats of corporations, bureaucrats, Wall Street's "Monday morning qnarlorbaeks" and even Die fellow who pumps gas al Ihe neigh- borhood station, reasoning being that if Ihese alarmisls had mil shot Iheir iiioulhs off. we'd still be burning away 3-1 cenls a gallon lil-lo.sl, t'ndaunled conservationists are nevertheless slopping forward again, bill Ibis lime as silling ducks and mil uiov Five conservation groups and lliro.c Care and feeding of Presidents vv states filed suits against the Reserve Mining Company of Minnesota last month to stop its dumping 07.000 tons of industrial waste into Lake Superior every- day. The plaintiffs charged the (aconite rock discharge produced asbestos-like fibers in the lake which provides drinking water lor residents of nearby Dill.ilh. I'. S. District Judge Miles Lord sub- sequently issued an injunction against Reserve Mining citing Iheir dumping as an "immediate heallh and or- dered they cease al once. On appeal, a Ihree-judge federal panel overturned Lord's decision and issued a 711-day stay permuting the' company to continue dumping wastes into Ihe lake The judges did stipulate that Reserve Mining niiisl provide Us own land dis- posal facility as soon as possible. Reserve Mining officials claim it will require three to live years to complete the land disposal site. The pidu-ial panel acquiesced, stating there was no proof of Lord's contention there is an immediate health After all, the iniunctinii might curtail Reserve Mining's production schedule whereas dumping will oiily aftecl anyone ill Dululli who drinks water So Lake Superior loins thai list of mis lakes brought aboul by myopia and in difference George Washioglon must he spuming beneath Ml. Vermin al rpm. By James J. Kilpatrick ASHIMi TON When comes 1.. a I'r-snlcnl "I the I nit Stales and prov nlmg for Ins ble needs, him much is enough' Ami much tin' much Afler six months of grappling with Ihese difficult iiucsliims, a hi'iise sub committee last month came up wilh a generally temperate and constructive report As you might evpect, the report was bilingly to Mr Nixon, and tenderh inconclusive as tu his Demiicra- lic predecessors, but the cnmmiltee did a good job on the whole. Some "f the -.tartling expenditures on Mr Nixon's properties in Florida anil California caiinol he rationally explained, and they i annul be condoned After every reasonable expense has been deducted lor communications, personnel, and the IcL'itimale upkeep of Secret Service ac- nutics. i! appears that the laqiayers were soaked aboul in Florida and in California for oullays on Mr. Nixon's personal properly. Courf matter Eventually, one supposes, most of Ihe California expense will be recouped. The President's home at San Clemenle is to become public property It would be reassuring to hear from Mr. Nixon thai he will settle up with the taxpayers at some point on Key Biscayne as well. Most of the questionable oullays at the two presidential homes already have been well publicized, but for those who came in late, the matter of (he shuffleboard court may serve for pur- poses of illustration. James J. Kilpatrick In the course of installing security devices at Key Biscayne, it became necessary to demolish a concrete-slab shuffleboard court. It would have been reasonable to replace this court at public expense; or it would have been reasona- ble for the President himself to have paid the difference on something better. In- stead, a new black, white and green terrax.zo court was installed at an added cost of The taxpayers paid for this. To paraphrase a well-known moralist, that was wrong, that's for sure. Too late How did this situation get out of hand? The subcommittee's answer, in effect, is that nobody was in charge of the store. The Secret Service felt it had a free hand to spend whatever might be necessary for the President's protection. The General Accounting Office exerted no ef- fective restraints. The President's people in charge of remodeling, chiefly his architect, proceeded as architects so of- ten do with a regal disdain for where the money is coming from. The consequences of this casual lavishness could have been predicted. At Key Riscayne. the taxpayers bought Mr. N'ixon a ornamental aluminum fence. A Secret Service command post that should have cost wound up al SlIlll.OOII. Seven brass lanlerns for the San Clemenle driveway came in at When someone al GAO finally rang a bell, il was loo for economy. In fairness to Mr. Nixon, it should be said that he didn't invent these abuses. The late Lyndon H. .lohnson benefited in precisely the same fashion, right down to ice machines and refinished furniture More than was spent at Ihe LIU Ranch thai cannot be accounted for at all. Substantial sums also wrc spent on private properties of ,lohn Kennedy, bill "Ihe cost of these is not known." Ac- cording to lestimony before the commil- lee, "when President Kennedy left office, the naval aide who handled most nf the expenditures on Ins properly look Ihe records to sea with him and Ihey were dropped overboard acculenlalh Scrutiny needed As the cnmimlloc no reasonable will oppose reasonable expenditures for Ihe protection of ,i President If future Presidents are mil to be kept caplive al the While Mouse nr Camp David, they must be expected (o maintain a personal residence somewhere. II would be paleully unfair In impose Hie staggering cosls of security, trans- portation, personnel and commuiiira lions upon Ihe Presidenl himself I'.ul a line has lo be drawn .somewhere .Some heller oversight imisl be provided, imi only lo prolocl the taxpayers bill also lo protect a President from Ihe beneficence of Ins own speiidlhrlll proteclors. Wii-tllllKJImi Mm Svnilli till;
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