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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 19, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Editorial Page Easy Rider June Scary meaf outlook IN TERMS of cattlemen's plaints and legislators' promises, llu-re is little- thai dis- tinguishes this week's dialog from other trips from Northwest Iowa to the Washington, D.C.. panic- button. Livestock prices are miserably low, which everyone knows; retail prices have been slow to reflect the trend, which surprises no one; and the govern- ment's resolve to do something buy more meal for schools and soldiers and limit foreign meat imports seems short-term and cosmetic. But those who look beyond the customary lather will notice the singular urgency of the Sioux county delegation's petition. This time livestock raisers and business men have shown the recent bank records of several typical farmers names deleted. Any city-slicker can tell from one glance at the figures that bankruptcy is imminent. For a welter of reasons grow- ing out of last year's meat-price freeze, holdback of livestock and the truckers' strike, cattlemen this year are working harder than ever only to lose thousands of dollars each month. They could lose far less by not working at all. The plight of hog raisers is vir- tually the same. Serious as the situation appears, however, some observers still believe farmers are crying "wolf" and that they will stay in business whether they receive low-cost federal loans or not. But contrary to the popular stereotype, the livestock industry has few "barons" able to survive long- term pricing reversals. Indeed, 8li percent of U.S. beef cattle come from herds of less than 501) head. As the bank accounts disclosed by Sioux county farmers indicate, livestock producers have done well in the past few years and they've managed to acquire good machine inventories. But like vir- tually everyone else, they need to turn a profit each year to remain in business. Encouragingly, the farmers' pleas and congressmen's demands on their behalf seem to be effective. Already thousands of supermarkets have begun beef sales to clear coolers for meat now ready for marketing. Similar ad- justments all along the meat- processing chain would guarantee that next year there will be plenty of meal to process. Swingbock to fairness WHICH SERVES justice and the public interest better: The imprisonment of a rapist unquestionably guilty, so that he is out of circulation and unable to hurt others or the presence of a rapist on the streets, free in spite of his unquestionable guilt because a flaw in his arrest con- cerning advice about his rights invalidates the trial that put him away? It used to be that the matter of criminals' rights-information under the supreme court's 1966 Miranda decision overrode the safety matter, legally. The recent supreme court ruling on a Michigan rape conviction took a backward step from the procedure-counts-most doctrine and restored some needed balance to the system of dealing with dangerous people. The background; When police arrested the attacker, they had properly informed him of his right to stay silent and his right to have a lawyer present, but had' overlooked the normal word about his right tn state-paid, court-ap- pointed counsel. Because of this a lower court voided his conviction on grounds that evidence against the man thereby became too tainted. The high court's turnaround restored the conviction, asserting that a trial's fairness not its perfection matters most of all. The judgment was that minor errors by police should not cancel everything else which serves a valid, useful purpose. It was high time lhat this touch of common sense gave justice back some due respect. On the whole issue of balance People's forum Good zoos built right To the Kditor: Regarding some doubts expressed in a recent Idler abonl the new proposed for Cedar Hapiils, I submit these comments: Warm, comfortable in- door quarters can be provided for animals in a zoological park without destroying the 'barless enclosure' con- cepl, as at the new Milwaukee A surprising number of "warm climate" animals enjoy winter weather. Cheetahs, lions and tigers all romp m the snow, unharmed by such exposure, provided dry shelter is available. Modern lechnology has made attrac- tive indoor naluralislic habilals possible, not only for birds in free-flighl aviaries bill for substantial mammals, even gorillas between doing right by in- dividuals accused of crime and doing right by the society vic- timized by crime, it remains in- disputable that personal rights must be inviolate lest innocents mistakenly in custody be gravely wronged. But the full weight of law on the side of the guilty has tilted it that way too long. Intelligence does not pervade a supposition that no jus- tice can be done when the accused has not been educated in his rights, at the same time holding that the accused CAN get full jus- tice after breaking a law without an education in advance as to whether what he did was a crime. of the law is no ex- The supreme court's backup toward the side of common sense took place in an 8 to 1 vote. That sends welcome signals up both as to durability of the decision and as to reinforcement, possibly, when more tests come. Isn't it the truth? By Carl Riblet, jr. Our paper money is distributed to us by a government has a care for our convenience. The rulers of our very dis- tant ancestors minted money hard and round so thai il could roll away easily and gel inlo circulation quicker. Modern money is printed soft and flat so that we can fold it and package the large denominations into handy size for limited circulation, which is to say secret poli- tical contributions. Or for defensive cir- culation, which is to say hide it. "Money is a fruit that is always ripe." English proverb Ir'trTOcorjn Press SynctirdH- Technology can now provide a variety of species with better homes than can be found in iheir natural habitats that are shrinking due to man's encroachment. There is no longer an excuse for lack of' expertise in animal care. Through the American Assn. of Zoological Parks and Aquariums, professional guidance and willing employes can quickly be located. ISIS (international Species Inventory with computer at the new Minnesota State now assures quick and accurate information on any being maintained in over lllll zoos. As a biologist and 7.1111 professional, I'd offer the following as thoughtful guidelines on animal selection for the proposed zoo: No species will be considered unless suitable habitat furnished to its needs can be provided within the budget allocation. Primarily zoo-born animals will be chosen to stock Ihe zoo. We will not be plundering the wild. Tigers, lions, leopards, wallaroos, beautiful antelopes, bears, even giraffes all these and more Kissinger with dogs at his heels Call 'em off! By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON What crimes are being committed in the name of exposing the crimes of Watergate! They are many and the stench more than fills the nostrils. A way must be found to stop them not at the behest of the President, not primarily to satisfy the secretary of state, but because they are meanly and heedlessly hurling this precious nation. The crudest, the ugliest, the most reckless of them all is the faceless effort to destroy Henry Kissinger's service to the country by innuendo and leak. The accusers allege but do not sub- stantiate their allegations that Kissinger had more to do than he said with order- ing wiretaps of some of his subordinates and four newsmen in an effort to protect sensitive diplomatic information. The basis of the accusations is hinted at but not disclosed. Those who drop selective items of in- nuendo hide in the shadows of the house judiciary committee whether they be members of the committee or staff and refuse to come out into the open to explain what they are doing and why they are doing it. 11 reminds one of the evil days when Sen. Joe McCarthy smeared American diplomats by proclaiming: "I have in my hands a document" and then proceeding to accuse them of being traitors and spies without ever disclosing any evidence. Some say that Secretary Kissinger should not have allowed himself to be angered by the attempt to defame his character. Some say that he should turn the other cheek and remain dumbly and stoically mute. I believe that the secretary is doing exactly the right thing in confronting his accusers and their accusations ac- cusers who seem quite willing to under- mine the peace-diplomacy of their government if, by doing so. they can further their political ends. It's time somebody spoke out against these tactics, and no one can do it better than Dr. Kissinger. Investigate and expose the crimes of Watergate? Certainly right to the bot- tom and right to the top. But tIn- egregious offenses of Watergate do not justify egregious offenses by those wishing to lake advantage of Watergate. If Watergate defiles our political sys- tem, which it does, it is also true that the crimes of leak and innuendo also de-file the political system. It is vital call a hall on both. Los rimes Svnotailf can be obtained from the zoos in which they were born A few can-fully selected species will In- chosen for special attention liuni among those animals about which rela- tively little is still known. Thus Cedar Rapids could contribute In Hie rapidly growing fund of knowledge about diverse species' requirements presently being accrued by modern zoological facilities Thus it is possible for Cedar Rapids In take pride in several iicconiplislinieiils at once the new zoo as a protected en- vironment for animal families threat- ened in the wild; as a unique and versa- tile educational tool; as a new kind of beautiful recreational facility for all segmenls of the nuiiiiinmly and usilinj; friends. At over lllll million visits a year in ibis counlry, Hie popularity of is unsur- passed. II is significant that Hie goals of worldwide conservation and environ- menial education can be accomplished in a delightful recreational selling such as UK- "animal garden" we propose. Hev Kongrcn, information director llawkoye Xoological Society KIISThirleeiilh street N'W Justification By James J. Kilpatrick WASHINGTON Toward the end of last week, several horse platoons of senators began riding to the aid of the encircled Henry Kissinger. The secretary of state, wounded and bleeding, deserves all the help he can get. He is the victim of a shameful attack. Let me try to put this unhappy affair in perspective. I have said this before, and say it again for the record: On balance, the performance in recent years of the major press of this country has been good. The great newspapers, TV and radio networks, wire services, and newsmagazines have done a generally responsible job of digging out a difficult story. It has been like rooting up briars: In the course of a disagreeable task, everyone gets scratched. But the over-all record the image, if you like would be far better if it were not for the repeated excesses of the press. These excesses, often taking a form that many persons see as persecu- tion, mar the record. It is fine for the press to be zealous, but there is a point at which commendable zeal turns into zealotry. Secretary Kissinger's case is a case in point. Over a period of several years, begin- ning in 1969, the White House became deeply and justifiably concerned at mas- sive leaks of highly sensitive informa- tion. In an effort to discover the sources of these leaks, the administration arranged for the FBI to tap certain telephones. Under the law as it existed at that time, the wiretaps were entirely legal. Under the extraordinary circumstances, they were also, in my own view, entirely proper. If Kissinger and the President had failed to make strenuous efforts to plug the leaks, they would have been subject to valid criticism for neglect of duty. James Kilpatrick When he came before the senate foreign relations committee last Sep- tember, fur confirmation as secretary of state, Kissinger answered questions at some length on the wiretap incident. Both in public and in private sessions, the relevant files were examined. Kis- singer won easy confirmation. There the matter rested until a couple of weeks ago, when once again documents began to be leaked about Washington. These documents raised certain questions about his testimony nine months ago. On June 5, Kissinger returned to Washington from one of the most brilliant and most exhausting exercises in diplomacy ever conducted by an American secretary of slate. The state department invited reporters to a press conference the following afternoon. As il turned out, the invitation reached the other way: "Dear Mr, Secretary." said Ilii- press, "please come to a bear-baiting parly Von be the bear." The press conference that Thursday afternoon was savage. Typical of the questions was this inquiry, whether the secretary had retained counsel to defend himself against a possible perjury in- dictnienl. On the record as it now appears, it is ludicrous even to intimate lhat Kissinger has been guilty of "perjury." One corn- mils perjury by lestifying falsely and willfully, under willi, to a material fact. The most lhat has been suggested is that some of Hie evidence on the wirelap af- fair indicates ambiguities or inconsis- loncies in Kissinger's account, but this is nitpicking. The inconsistencies are im- material Tin.' attack was unwarranted, and Hie rudeness inexcusable. Temper, temper By Jack Anderson WASHINGTON Henry Kissinger's startling outburst in Salzburg, Austria, where he responded to wiretap charges with a show of hurt and anger, gave the world a glimpse behind his diplomatic mask. For the secretary of state is not always the charming, witly man of the world who embraces his enemies and achieves the impossible peace. Those who know him have discovered under the suave exterior a petulant man, a restless friend and a resourceful enemy. Perhaps the state department super- star should be reduced to human dimen- sions. He spends most of his time in the pressure cooker. When his nerves arc- ragged, Kissinger's face reddens, his German accent thickens, and the exple- tives fly like shrapnel. The purple profanity is audible evidence that his American education was shaped in the army's enlisted barracks as well as Har- vard. During his rages, he has hurled ob- jects, sometimes at his underlings. One former aide recalls ducking a book that Jack Anderson came flying across the room. Another said he never saw Kissinger throw anything heavier than a pad of paper at a staff member. His temper, however, is an uncertain Vesuvius. More often, he is soft-spoken. He avoids confrontations, prefers to communicate with his staff through memos. Those who have labored for him describe him as brilliant if domineering. It took all his diplomatic skills and manipulative talents to produce the Syrian-Israeli truce. For 34 days, he shuttled between Damascus and Jerusalem. He kept up intensive, daily negotiations, providing exactly the right combination of. firmness and friendliness. Many times, the negotia- tions came close to a blow-up. But the Kissinger magic prevailed. He expected to come home to a hero's welcome. Instead, he was asked ques- tions about his role in a White House wiretap operation. Suddenly in Salzburg, he trembled with a wralh he could no longer hold back. And for the first time, the world saw a Kissinger only a few in- timates had known. Before Henry Kissinger stepped upon the world stage, he became fascinated with the life and style of another German refugee: Prince Klemcns Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar von Melternich. The frumpish, owlish Kissinger was an unlikely Mettcrnich. But what he lacked in dash and savoir-faire, apparenlly, he- made up in quiel, engaging charm. In Richard Nixon, Kissinger found a President who appreciated his skills, because foreign policy, despite the dis- tractions of Watergate, is slill Nixon's game. It was also the love of the game, not any admiration for Nixon, that brought Kissinger to the While House. "I had never met him when he offered me this recalls Kissinger. "I was astonished. After all, he was acquainte-d wilh Ihe unfriendly and unsympathetic altitude I had always assumed toward him." Hut Kissinger understood thai the President was the source of political power. Drawing from this source, Kis- singer gathered power to himself. As a recognized expert on foreign affairs, he was able to capture Nixon's attention from the beginning. The Iwo men drew close; together. "I like (he says Kissinger. "I agree with him. We've gone through all Ibis like two men in a foxhole It's almost irrelevant whether we like each oilier, ll's like asking me whether I like my arm. We have ho disagrcomenl over anything ccnlral or basic. No disagreement over policy. We're loo close for that." united r fltituro Svrioluilr Nixon uses adversaries in self-help By James Reslon IN HIS STKUCCl.K for political sur- vival, it is ironic- that President Nixon has relied on the institutions he hati-s the most press, radio ami television to save him from the slow but damaging disrlosun-s nf the congress and the courts. In a way this lias been his re-venue on his tormentors. He cannot command tin- law, but he can dominate the news. Hi- can MO to the pyramids and the ani-ient biblical lands, and the reporters and cameras will go with him and send il all back by satellite to lead the evening television news. No matter what the commentators or columnists may say, the picture is the thing. Franklin Roosevelt understood (he technique even before the days of television. Give me the front panes, he said, and I don't care what they say in- side. This is especially (rue in the present contest over what is to be done about Nixon. On the whole, (he legal and poli- tical processes go on either in closed chambers or in the executive sessions of the house judiciary committee. Reporters are allowed to attend some sessions, and illustrators are permitted' to give their impressions of the central characters, but so far no cameras have been permitted to record the scenes. The President's situation is quite different. He performs before some of the most colorful landscapes in the world. II was understood in advance that he would offer economic aid and even nuclear technology to Egypt, and once it is of- fered there, it will almost certainly have to be offered to other countries. This raises some fundamental questions, but that is a different story. In any event, the judicial and political processes are slow and often obscure, while the President's actions are swift and almost perfect for television the .great plane sweeping into the ancient ci- ties, the honor guards in their spec- tacular uniforms, the ceremonial boom- ing of the guns, and the bands, and the joyful reaction of the multitudes re- sponding to their long-delayed hope for peace and a little better standard of life. This is all made for television and is certainly more exciting to the producer of TV news shows than fleeting shots of lawyers coming out of closed rooms into crowded corridors and going over some complicated point of law. The inference of all this on the public mind is not unimportant. The members of the house judiciary committee do not admit that they are under public pres- sure to get off the President's back while he is "negotiating but they see the television themselves and hear from the people about it, and they are now ly- ing low and waiting. The Democratic leaders of the house and senate are also watching the television and the press. They say they are doing business as usual, carrying on the impeachment process as if the President were at Camp David, but this is not quite true. They are waiting, watching and delaying. They deny it, but they have agreed not to do anything dramatic against the President while he is out of the country. After Moscow, of course, if he chooses, the President can find good reasons to go to Europe and confer with the new leaders of Britain, Germany and France about the monetary, economic and poli- tical problems of the world all very serious or go on to Japan for the equally important discussion of U. S.- Japanese relations. So the White House strategy is now fairly clear. It is to raise as many objec- tions to full disclosure as possible both in the courts and congress. It will yield and compromise on selected documents under conditions specified by the President's counsel as late as possible, but just short of finding the President in contempt of court or in defiance of the supreme court. The other part of the strategy takes place across the world. What substance there is to these final communiques from the various capitals has, of course, been largely worked out before the President even leaves the United Slates. But the communiques serve to deny charges that the President has been paralyzed by Watergate and to demonstrate instead that he is "active and effective" in negotiating peace, and is enthusiastically received abroad wherever hi- goes. In any case, the process of peace has been started in the Middle Kast and il adds to the President's record of achievement in China and the Soviet Union. The war goes on in Vielnam at vasl continuing cost to the United Slates, but it is nn longer'on the television and so il is largely forgolten. In short, Hie television world is indeed Ihi- world mosl people see mid hear, and it is the great new force of national and world politics. This Is Nixon's revenge on the scribblers. They need him for (he news he makes so brilliantly, and he needs Ihcni for the world lln-y provide.
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