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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 17, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 2 The Cfdar Rapids Gatelte: MOB., June 17. 1S74 British Workers Torn Over How To Get Their "More" By .3. A. Livingsta! Economics Columnist Samuel Gompers, the Bri- tish-born, Dutch-Jewish cigar- smoking, beer-drinking cigar- maker, who became the first president of the American Federation of Labor, made famous in a word what labor leaders and union members want throughout the world: "More." But there's a fun- damental difference between "more" in the United States and in Great Britain. The American worker wants to get more out of the system and accepts the system. He doesn't want to tear it down Second of a series_______ even while protesting (hat he ought to get a greater share. He's not at war with capitalism or with corporate profits. The bigger profits are, the more he figures he'll get in the long run. And the results, over the year, bear him out elec- tricity instead of candles, air- conditioned factories in place of fetid sweatshops, eight hours and time-and-a-half for overtime instead of a sunup to sundown work day. British labor leaders and British workers also want to given Great Britain the un- savory reputation within the Common Market of being in- dustrially anarchic Reforms Rejected In his searching book, "The Battle of Downing Peter Jenkins noted the irrita- tion of Wilson during his previous tenure at 10 Downing street. A dispute involving a woman cleaner caused 2.400 workers in the motor industry lo be laid off. At a Midlands engineering plant, 60 super- visors stopped work after one had been fired for parking his car in front of a director's. How feudally (and can a management behave? Wilson tried to remedy such economic absurdities with a law to reform industrial rela- tions. But his own constituents, the leaders of the labor unions, would have none of it. Edward Heath was later to follow Wil- son along the dead-end path to confrontation with British labor. This year, after his election, Wilson rejected legislation. He'd enlist the "social cons- cience" of labor leaders in the fight against inflation. He'd learned his lesson. coal. But in the inflation scramble fur higher pay. the millers had lost their "rela- tivity" their high place on the wage totem pole. Besides, since the work is dirty, dif- ficult and dangerous, a pay raise was urgent lo stop the outflow of miners from the pits. No Compromise The TUC urged Prime Minister Heath to make an ex- ception grant miners a per- centage increase beyond the limits of Stage 111 wage con- trol. In return. Murray promiseu that constituent unions would not use the miners' step-up in pay as a bargaining yardstick. But since the Tl'l1 has no direct power to enforce compliance by the more than 100 unions that comprise it, the Conservative government after extensive negotiations, said no. Then followed a miners' strike, the three-day work week, lower production and higher unemployment. Difficulties were compound- ed by the oil embargo. And early in February, Heath called for a general election. If he couldn't persuade the unions to follow his wage sional Workers, he candidly stated that the social contract tests the TUC's credibility: "The present government has put forth a positive aiul coherent set of policies for producing the kind of situation we have been asking for. The issue facing us fairly and squarely is: What sort of re- sponse do we give'.'" The responses were mixed. Jack Jones, head of the Trans- port and (leneral Workers Union the nation's largest, and a leading advocate of the social contract, called on his members to put forth "realistic claims" in response to the "socially just measures brought in by a sympathetic government." Hugh Scanlon, head of the Amalgamated Union of En- gineering Workers next to the TGWU in size, gave a conditional endorsement, declaring that "working class incomes must at least keep pace with rising costs." In short, no drop in living stan- dards. Blast System But the president of the white-collar technical and supervisory section of the He pointed lo a conveyor belt carrying coal: "What about them? The company that makes those bells is private. It makes a profit." "No Aneslhelie" In Ihe steel works at Port Talbol. also in South Wales, a shop steward said: "We've had two governments Labour and Conservative. Both failed to control profits. In a period of inflation, people who work for a living are in pain without an anesthetic. We can only get money from the employer." In another steel works in Smith Wales, a group of shop stewards assured me: "We're all socialists, but we're not Communists." By that they meant that they didn't object to nationalization of industry, but they were "bloody-well opposed" to to- talitarianism. "This is a democratic society, and Com- munists will never get control of our government." Communist Power But Communists and their ideological offshoots Maoists, Trotskyites, Workers Revolutionists, and just plain anarchists have a profound influence in labor unions. Why? Because as unionists they do a job. They make force- ful speeches, go to all meet- ings, and take on respon- sibility. In confrontations with often win what the workers want: More. So, they get elected. And they cater to the inherited rancor of nmirimertiod workers the feeling that "what's good for them is bad for us." Deep down, the British society is a that's-nol-for-the- likes-of-me society. Sure, there's upward mobility. Aneurin (Nye) Bevan rose from the pits. But who your parents are, whom you and where you went to college slill mean much far more than in the U.S., where what you've done is your badge in the socio-economic hierarchy. And the attitude of workers stay in your class plays its part. There's limited mobility geographically and indus- trially as well as socially. Coal miners, steel mill hands, dockers and so on tend to cohere to their group and craft. And they often expect their sons and daughters to follow the same life path. The tendency to educate get more and still more "c-r and are torn on how to do it: By The monitor of this he'd seek a man- antagonism within the labor date from voters. movement toward employers, "New Class" profits, and the ruling class: "In this society, whether we It's fair to say that Murray are restrained or restrain our-heads a "new class" in British selvcs_ tnc end product is the labor. He's 51, and an Oxford same _ the rich get richer, graduate, .who majored in The fallacy that inflation, price economics. His given name is spirals, etc., are caused bv Lionel, but he uses Len. wage jncreases has to be His role as the keeper of exploded labor's conscience under the 'Another officer of the union social contract, can be likened said: "Within the capitalist to that of a policeman without a system any form of wage re-nightstiek, uniform, or straint will go against the authority. He can say "No, no, worker and oniy heip the please but he can't employer. We are' therefore discipline. Indeed, he can opposed to the concept of the hardly censure. social compact, which will Suppose a union leader broke further erode tne of the social contract by demand- the and make bigger ing and getting a big wage and better profits for the ruling increase. Could Murray say to classes the workers: "Give it back, it's t encountered this same more than the TUC thinks resentment a half-mile down in you're entitled to." If he tried tne Qakdale colliery in South that, the TUC would soon be Wale's. A miner complained out of business! about high profits. But he can t duck the re, j said. own sponsibi ity. In a speech to mines Th >rc nationall2cd. National Federation of Profes- Thc profits arc Better Guidelines ilderly Drivers Driver sponsored by the AMA and AAMVA., In opening that conference, Dr. George Reader of Cornell university said, "Muclnof our elderly population is socially isolated in areas where services nseded for daily living are not readily available without private transportation." Removing a driver's license from such a person would be part of the process that tends to isolate the aging person, causing him to withdraw and reducing his ability to cope. Restricted The conference proposed that retraining courses be developed to help older drivers overcome some age-related driving handicaps and that states consider limited and restricted licenses that would still permit the older driver to get around his neighborhood. Older drivers should be the target of broad educational efforts to make them more aware of licensing problems. Programs to develop alternative transportation for older people whose licenses have been removed or restricted were also recommended by the conference. In addition, older people should have comprehensive vision tests, including night and lateral vision. The tests should be done in person and should include driving. changing the system? man in the middle of British This pull a deep and con- labor's response to Wilson is fused dichotomy, often inar- Len Murray. He took over as ticulately mixed with hate of general secretary of the TUC the upper and propertied class last September, and plunged soon became manifest in the directly into strife. diverse reactions to the "social Fortunately, for five years, contracts" or "compact" en- he'd been assistant general tered into by Prime Minister secretary and prior to that Harold Wilson and a special head of the TUC's economics committee of the Trades Union department. He was, and is, no Congress (Sunday's stranger to the statistics of Wilson promised to do his man-days lost due to strikes, best to keep prices down if wage rates, retail prices, stop-loHor leaders would voluntarily and-go economic growth, and exercise restraint on wage Great Britain's hard-pressed demands. "We need to get battle with balance-of-away from the confrontation payments deficits, and disputes of the last three Murray was in his post he said. Disputes had barely a month when the Na-racked the economy, cost tional Union of Miners banned much-needed production, and overtime. The nation To Permit By Dr. S. L. Andehnan Anyone who is getting on in years or has an elderly parent or friend will be glad to know that the American Medical Assn. is studying the, possibility of developing a set of guidelines to aid the plrysician in evaluating and counseling his older patients who drive autos. The guidelines would follow a pattern set through the joint efforts of the AMA and the American Assn. of Motor Vehicle Administrations (AAMVA) in developing a videotape program for the upgrading of driver license examiners. Criteria In addition to helping physicians evaluate older drivers, the AMA and AAMVA also plan to develop criteria to aid driver license examiners in dealing with the problems of elderly drivers. The criteria will avoid penalizing a driver solely because of age but will require frequent physical and mental evaluations to be sure the person can function as a good driver. These new programs are an outgrowth of the recent National Conference on the 1 he Investor's liuide _ _ _. ings, in its dividends and in the By Sam Shulslsy market prjce of its stock And Q I'm 32, married, two if you tell me that, lately, this children. I'd like to invest has not proved so for the vast about now and add majority of common shares or a year. If I put it into other equity investments, I can 714 percent deposits I figure I reply only "You're perfectly would have to by right! the time I'm 60-65 assuming, And if common stocks over of course, that interest rates the next 30 years can't manage remain high. What would you a total annual return suggest? (dividends plus market gains) A I realize it is only na- of.a' least tural to talk in terms of dollars wha'ever lnterest Preva" when planning investments, ln money market then pension programs, etc., etc. "f" ln Dollars are what we work for, 20M' IF IF' spend, handle every day and have posltlve use to measure our financial fnswers for becaust> the position slx e'ght years have been discouraging ones for But to talk of common snares. Has our basic today and in the same economic picture been so breath in the thrown out of line that this year 2004, unfortunately, cloud will hover over us for the makes very little sense. Today, next 30 years? I must doubt we know for certain that that. invested at 8% percent There's "no hiding place would earn a year down and no sure way to enough to buy, for example, a Pi0t a financial course over 30 good medium-size car; enough years. But I have a feeling that to pay for a year's rent of a a young man has to take some comfortaNe apartment; risks. And given the long-term enough to buy, shall we say, 10 decljne in the dollar vs. the good-size color TV sets. So shorter-term decline in today means something ties, I have to assume that you can get a handle on. some equities must be included But when you talk of arriving in a young man's long-term at retirement, 30 years hence, financial planning, with you still have two unknowns in a three-item for- Q We have no idea of how mula. (Let's put aside to go about investing our because there's no point to ar- money properly. Can you help guing it anyway what us? interest rates will be over the A I could try if you at least next 30 years.) gave me an idea of your age, Let's arrive at the year 2004 resourccs- immediate needs with and lne necessity to leave an estate. And if you included a What will interest rates be stamped, self-addressed en-then AND for the balance of velope for a reply, your lifetime? And will cars then cost Q Fve noticed that most or or And the utilities are raising capital by same goes for housing costs, scliinK common. This dilution TV sets, bread and cheese. disturbs me. I've taken the long way A tllink fimi tnat around to get to the point. And most utilities attempt to main-I suppose I've done so because lain a fixed relationship one of the principal answers I between equity and debt capi-feel I must give you has been tal- If (me sclls common in-rendered less than believable stead of a new bond issuc- il is by stock market events of the because the equity portion of last half dozen years; that is, ils tolal capital is below its ownership of common shares, formula level. It seems to me you will have to assume such ownership for the MORTGAGE BOND: A bond next 30 years on faith, in the scoured by a mortgage on a belief that if a company turn- specific piece of property. ing out automobiles and hous- Default on the bond could lead ing and food and copper is go- to bondholders' seizure nf (hi; ing to sec its product prices property. lifted in a continuing infla- If In fWAT 17 4632 7'542 4A75 WEST EAST V J987 VQ106 J1096 K8 SOUTH (D) 4 AK7 V AK5 AKQ Neither vulnerable West North East South 3N.T. Pass Pass Pass Opening lead Oswald James Jacoby Oswald: "There are any number of ways for a good bridge player to make more tricks than one of lesser ability, but none is more apparent than the expert's willingness to give himself extra chances." Jim: "Here is a case in point. South (a fair player) started by cashing his three top diamonds. The suit failed to break so he led a club to dummy's ace and a second one jack to his queen. West look his king; cashed the last diamond and got out with a heart. South led a third club and was down one when that suit failed to break." Oswald: "South had given the hand a fair play. He would have made it if either minor suit had broken or if East had held the club king." Jim: "A fair play, but one hat failed to give himself ivery chance. He was right to ash the diamonds and lead a but the first club play rom dummy should have been a small one. He would get in with a heart or spade and lead second club. This would ollect West's king and give lim the second club trick he ceded." Oswald: "This play would have cost him an unimportant ivertrick if East had started with three clubs lo the king. To Jog Justice SALT LAKE CITY (UPI) -Utah will soon have its own treadmill of justice. In a split decision, the Utah board of examiners approved the purchase of a jogging machine for the state supreme court. '.'This machine should get their blood circulating for said Court Clerk Allan Mecham. "You sit behind a desk and work on cases for eight hours a day and you get kind of stale." Governor Calvin Rampton and Secretary of State Clyde Miller voted to approve the purchase. Attorney General Vernon Romney, who jogs every morning around a high school track, thought the purchase unnecessary. "They could come out and jog with me at in the Romney said. Mecham said the jogging machine is simply a treadmill on which justices could run in place. He noted the U. S. supreme court has a complete gymnasium in Washington where the justices may was it would give him the extra chance that would bring home the in New York Sets Javits, Wilson UNIONDALE, N. Y. (AP) -The New York Republican party has nominated Gov. Wilson and Sen. Javits for reelection in November. Wilson's mentor during his 15 years as lieutenant governor, former Gov. Rockefeller, stood at his side as Wilson accepted the GOP state committee's unanimous designation for a full four-year term. Wilson, 60, succeeded Rockefeller last December when Rockefeller resigned du.-ing his fourth term. Democrats have not selected their Begins Drive For Bird Reserve LONDON (UPI) Prince Bernhard of The Netherlands has begun a campaign to raise to establish a wildfowl reserve in northeast England. Prince Bernhard, husband of Queen Juliana and president of the World Wildlife Fund, said the reserve would cover 105 acres of land and lakes among factories and sewage plants near Washington, 287 miles from London. r THIS DAfE in 1967, Communist China announced it had exploded its first hydrogen Order Your Action-Ad Dial 398-8234. 1 NOTICE! w Cedar Rapids Homeowners Homestead Exemption 1 and I Military Exemption Applications Must be Filed in the City Assessor's Office, 5th Floor City Hall BEFORE JULY 1, 1974 Come In Early, Avoid Rushl OPEN MOM. THRU FRI. 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. t bidding has been: 17 Wcht North East South Double Pass Pass Dble. 'ass I'j.ss "a.ss I'ass Pass Pass Pass You, South, hold: 654 4A y 97 What do you do now? Double. Your partner Is bvlously void of spades, but you UN don't want lo Iry for seven. TODAY'S QUKKTION Again your partner doubles one padc. This time you hold: 654 .1432 Q (I 7 What do you do now? Answer tionary spiral, there will be, nvop Innu.tnrm tainin only Ihrouoh the column. For UVLr llll. Iling-ltrm, hOIIlC of growltl ond dividend tlocki, pleoso reflection in higher in include 0 self-addressed, rn-reiiLiuon in inures in MartH vour the company's per share earn- TUC youngsters upward and out of ihe parental groou- is far less prevalent than in the I'.S. Consequently, Ihe union card is Ihe HcKcl n> aUiutaiu. of living Yiiu move up with your group not away from it And this compounds the dif- ficulties ahead for Murray Doesn't Squarr whether it was Sir David (Dai) llavies, head of the steel union, or workers in factories or mines, the refrain was the same: "Wages keep chasing prices." Yet that doesn't square with reality. Most workers, especially manual workers, have had pay gains exceeding price increases even in 1973. And their living standards Ihe renting of color TVs to replace black-and-white, increases in hire-purchases of furniture, refrigerators, and other things bear this out. But now that's going to cease. It has to cease. Prices under the social contract are almost certain to go up as fast, if not faster, than wages. And sums taken out of pay checks for taxes, pensions, and na- tional health will go up. Implication From Prime Minister Wilson down, the economic implica- tions are unvoiced but well- known. Chancellor Healey told the house of commons that his budget was "neutral." It would have neither a plus nor a minus impact on the Gross National Product. But an analytical dis- cussion with him leaves the (lisl'iii-l impression that it's likely to bv more minus than plus. If (ireat liritain is nut In continue living exces- sively beyond its means 1m porting foodstuffs and other raw materials on the cuff to raise living standards the consumption level must fall. If so. keep Pai'c wiln prices. This would not mean that Wilson had not carried out the government's part in (he social contract. The pledge was not that prices wouldn't rise. The pledge was that the govern- ment would do its best to keep prices from rising loo much. A conflict impends. The right wing of the labor movement will try to persuade workers to accept the inevita- ble. The left wing will play upon the rich-gct-richer dis- content to further their own objectives greater strength in British labor and a change in the system. There'll be no red carpet for the social contract. Next: "In Place of Rare Pandas Pandas are very rare from 45 to survive and are found in the cold, damp bam- boo forests on the rugged hill- sides of eastern Tibet and Szechwan province in remote southwest China. They eat nine kinds of bamboo. DRIVE SAFELY BIG GEORGE! Virgil Partch "You'd better call in sick, George. You left a tip." Sears Sale! Save Convertible Jet Pump Regular 00 O Jet Extra It's tlic most corro.-ion-resislant pump we sell, willi Power Bonus motor for peak performance. Holds pressure al ol. (IfM'p WI'Ils. Save Captive Tank '65 36-gal. Regular J75.M I'.fficieni design keeps air iiml wnlcrconiploliMy separated lo uvciid "wn- IVliikr Scjii'H your lor all wtiler nyHti-in ncodn (Innranlml or Vmr Money Rack AT SKAHS ANO SAVK HOME I'HONK FREE PARKING UNDAI.E IMPDOVf Mf NIsKAns, noKBUCK AND co,
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