Cedar Rapids Gazette, June 10, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

June 10, 1974

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Issue date: Monday, June 10, 1974

Pages available: 48

Previous edition: Sunday, June 9, 1974

Next edition: Tuesday, June 11, 1974

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Publication name: Cedar Rapids Gazette

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 10, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Clear tonight with lows near 50. Mostly sunny and a r in i> r Tuesday with highs in ids. VOLUME K---NUMHF.lt CEDAR KAI'iDS, IOWA, MONDAY, Jl'.NE ID, 1974 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS ASSOCIATED PRESS, NEW YORK TIMES President Defends Subpoena Refusal: WASHINGTON (AP) Prcs-jtape dealing with alleged White ident Nixon refused again Mon- nouse allempls lo use ln. day to honor any more house impeachment inquiry subpoe- nas, writing to House Judiciary Committee Chairman Rodino that he will do nothing which would "render the executive branch henceforth and forever- more subservient to the legisla- tive branch." Nixon's six-page letter to Rodino was in response to the committee's subpoena for tapes of 45 conversations related to the Watergate scandal. The let- ter was released by the White House. Nixon also reasserted his claim to be the sole judge of what evidence should be sur- rendered in the Ellsberg break- in case, despite warnings from a federal judge that he may be risking contempt. Through his chief defense at- torney, James St. Clair, Nixon told Judge Gerhard Gesell that the materials sought by former White House aide John Ehrlich- man are "properly .the subject of executive privilege" and thus the President alone can decide whether to surrender them. And in a third action Monday invoking executive privilege, Nixon moved to block Water- Federal Position AMES (AP) Iowa Highway Director Joseph Coupal will be- come deputy federal highway administrator if he clears "po- litical and security" investiga- tions, Coupal said Monday. Coupal has been recommend- ed for the number two job in the federal highway administra- tion under Administrator Nor- bert Tieman. The appointment probably wouldn't be made before the end of June, pending comple- tion of the required paperwork, Coupal said. Coupal, 51, a New Hampshire native, has been Iowa highway director for eight years, head- ing the stale's largest agency with some employes. Qoupal earns a year and would make as deputy administrator. He had been mentioned as a candidate to head the new Iowa depart- ment of transportation. The deputy administrator's post has been vacant since the death last January of Ralph Bartelsmeyer of Illinois. ternal Revenue service for poli- tical purposes. Nixon told Judge John Sirica lhat he believes the conversa- tion is covered by executive privilege and thus should not be submitted to a grand jury that is investigating the allegations. "Full Story" The judiciary committee' voted 37 to 1 on May 29 to sub- poena the tapes, even though Nixon had already refused to comply with an earlier subpoena from the committee and had said he would reject any further subpoenas for material related to Watergate. Nixon declared again Monday that "the voluminous body, of materials that the committee al- ready has does give the full story of Watergate insofar as it relates to presidential knowl- edge and presidential dcci- ions." Nixon said that "if the institu- tion of an impeachment inquiry against the President were per- mitted to override all restraints of separation of powers, this would spell the end of the doc- trine of separation of power; it would be an open invitation to gate prosecutors from obtaining" future congresses to use an im- a portion of a Sept. 15, 1972 peachment inquiry, however fri- volously, as a device to assert their own supremacy over the executive, and to reduce execu- tive confidentiality to a nullity." Inference Rodino had written Nixon on May 30 that committee mem- bers, could draw an adverse in- ference if Nixon refused to sup- ply subpoenaed material. But Nixon said that a claim of privilege "must be accepted without adverse inference else the privilege itself is un- dermined, and the separation of powers nullified." Nixon said: "I am determined to do nothing which, by the precedent it set, would render the executive branch henceforth and forevermore subservient to the legislative branch, and would thereby destroy the con- stitutional balance. "This is the key issue in my insistence that the executive mast remain the final arbiter of demands on its ity, just as the legislative and judicial branches must remain the final arbiters of demands on their confidentiality." "Call Witnesses" Nixon said that if the comm.it- (Continued: Page3, Col. 6.) Warned Nixon Before March 21: Time NEW YORK (AP) Time magazine says ex-White House aide Charles Colson told Water- g a t e investigators that he warned President Nixon about the Watergate cover-up two months before Nixon says he found out about it. Quoting "knowledgeable peo- ple close lo the maga- zine said in its latest issue lhat Colson has told the investigators he talked of the cover-up with the President in January and February of 1973. Nixon has said he learned on March 21, 1973, of attempts lo cover up the hrcakin from former White House counsel John Dean. "Something Going On" Col.son pled guilly last week lo obstruction of justice in connec- tion will) the burglary of the Angeles office of Daniel F.lls- berg'.s psychiatrist. According lo Time, in .Ian- nary Colson "lold tin; Pres- ident: 'Somothini; is going on here lhat is very wrong. There's got to be an investigation.' ('ol- son quotes Nixon as replying, 'What do you Ihink we ought lo Col.son's answer: Til sec what I can find out'." Time said lhat by February Colson learned of payments to the original Watergate defend- ants that allegedly were ap- proved by former Attorney Gen- eral Mitchell. "Colson promptly warned the President that these payoffs were taking Time said. "Nixon's alleged reply: 'What do you mean? Mitchell says he's innocent'." "Take You will) Him" The magazine's account said Colson told II. R. Haldcman, then-White House chief of staff, that Mitchell must come for- ward and accept blame for the payoffs. "Haldoman answered: 'If Mit- chell goes, he's going to lake you wilh him'." said Time. Time also said lhat Colson lold investigators he discussed executive clemency wilh Nixon for convicted Watergate con spirnlor E. Howard Hunt afler Hunt's wife was killed in a Chicago plane crash in De- cember, However, Hie magazine said il 1'iiuld mil he learned if Colson contended Nixon approved Iho clemency. Yield Expresses Hope for 'Journey for Peace' WASHINGTON flTlj morning following a' pressing hope that he is starting three hour, 45-minute fight from; on "a new journey for From Cairo, he" will j President Nixon left Monday for go, in order, to Jiddah, Saudi j a tour of five Middle East na-jArabia; Damascus, Syria; Tel; Aviv, Israel, and Amman, AI Swcgle dan, before returning to Wash-j Easl cenlra, ,owa oh_ mgton-after an overnight stop arc rankjng ,his in the Azores a week scason as (nc wors( of _______ Wednesday. the past three wet springs. are deeply Nixon Vice-president Ford and the Farmers can expect from a 40 said in a brief speech as he and "ll; nations j to 50 percent yield reduction on Mrs. Nixon left the White House Nixon De visiting were on j corn planted past the tenth of lions. "We believe this trip, like the other journeys we have taken, will contribute to that lasting peace to which we as Americans on the nine-day trip. Journey for Peace Nixon thanked a large group of foreign diplomats and gov- ernment officials for coming to see them off and said, "We hope and believe this will be another journey for peace." The President likened his trip to historic visits to mainland China and the Soviet Union. Those were the first trips to ei- ther Communist capital by a sit- ting American President and he noted that he would be the first President to visit four of the countries on his Mid-East agen- da. "Both of those journeys were ones that had a profound impact not only on the relations of the nations involved but also on I building a structure of peace for the whole world. "This trip will take us to a part of the world that has known nothing but war over the past 30 to 40 years. And as we go to five nations four that have never been visited by an American President before we realize that one trip is not going to solve differences that hand for the While House de- June, and extension officials in parture ceremony. the rain soaked central Iowa "Our Prayers" j region are reporting only 80 to J95 percent of the corn acreage "Let me express our apprecHplantccl as Of today, ation for the great job you have done, Ford Mid to Nixon. On behalf of 211 million Americans we wish you well and our! prayers will be with you every; day you are gone. Let us say on behalf of all Americans, God bless you. Ford's comments echoed "God bless Nixon" shouts of avid Nixon supporters Sun- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) President Nixon Waves as He and First Lady Prepare To Depart are very deep, that go back in Miranda Decision Eased WASHINGTON (AP) Thci supreme court ruled Monday lhat the failure of police to in- :orm a defendant of his full legal rights does not bar the use of all evidence obtained from him. The court, in an 8-to-l ruling, reversed a lower court decision overturning the rape conviction of a Michigan man who was not told during police interrogation that he had a right to legal counsel. Fully Advised The decision limits the scope of the landmark Miranda deci- sion requiring lhat criminal de- fendants be fully advised of their legal rights. Writing for the court, Justice Rehnquist acknowledged that Mlice failed lo provide Thomas Tucker'the full range of rights guaranteed by the 1966 decision. But, he said, "Just as the law does not require that a defend- ant receive a perfect trial, only a fair one, it cannot realistically require that policemen inves- tigating a serious crime make no errors Rehn- quist wrote. "Before we penal- ize police error, therefore, we must consider whether the sanc- tion serves a valid and useful purpose." Rehnquist said it was signifi- cant lhat Tucker was questioned prior to the Miranda ruling. The court said Tucker, when questioned about the 19C6 beat- ing and rape of a Pontiac woman, was advised of his right lo remain silent and his right to have an attorney present but not of his right to have free legal counsel as required by the Miranda decision. Not Deprived "A comparison of the facts in this case with the historical cir- cumstances underlying the priv- ilege against compulsory se.lf- incriinination strongly indicates lhat the police conduct here did not deprive respondent (Tucker) Today's Chuckh' TV announcer: "Because of Ilin following special program, of his privilege against compul- sory self-incrimination as such, but rather failed to make avail- able to him the full measure of procedural safeguards associat- ed with that right since Miran- the court said. Justice Douglas dissented. The U. S. circuit court in Cin- cinnati had overturned Tucker's conviction because police relied on Tucker's statement to locate a key witness who testified against him. In other actions Monday, the court: Rejected 5-3 attempts by Chi- cano leader Reies Lopez Ti- jerina to overturn his conviction for assault on a deputy sheriff. He originally was charged with Jiidnaping. Agreed to decide whether the Federal Power Commission has unprecedented cense nearly Invisible Man' will not seen tonight." elude aliens from all federal jobs. Ruled that states using feder- al funds to provide teachers for educationally deprived children in public schools must provide comparable, but not necessarily identical, secvice to children in private schools. Invalidated on technical grounds a Federal Power Com- mission order exempting small producers of natural gas from direct federal regulation. The court said the commission's order was too vague and sent the matter back to the commis- sion for further proceedings. authority to li- nll fossil fuel power plants. Agreed to decide flic constitu- tionality of a provision in the 1971 Federal Election Campaign Law requiring certification thai independent political advertis- ing is not paid for with cam- paign funds. some cases, many years, and in some cases centuries. "But we also realize that beginning must be made." Referring to cease-fire agree- ments that Secretary of State Kissinger who accompanied him on the trip negotiated be- tween Israel and Egypt and be- tween Israel and Syria, Nixon said: Intersection repaying at the Cedar Rapids airport was com- pleted over the weekend, and normal flight operations re- sumed at midnight Sunday. Air traffic had been halted since last Monday for the mid- field work. In addition to resur- facing of the intersection, a por- tion of the runway was widened and improvements were made in lighting and drainage. Further repaying and im- Proud Part "A beginning has been made toward a different relation and a better relation between the nations in that area. We have been proud to play a part in thai beginning." His trip, the President said, will "provide an opportunity to reaffirm our 'support for these initiatives that have been under- taken, to explore ways that we can have new and better rela- tions between the United States and each nation in the area and also explore ways in which those nations in the area may have better relations with each other and build toward the per- manent and lasting and just and equitable peace that all of them, we know, want and certainly that we want." Before heading for Cairo Wednesday, the President and his party will stop off for two nights in the, Austrian city of give him Claim Egypt, U. S. Backing Geneva Delay CAIRO The governments of Egypt and the United States have agreed to 'delay the next round of the Geneva peace con- ference on the Middle East un- til at least the end of September or early October, according to highly placed diplomats. The American-Egyptian de- sire for delay is shared by Is- rael but opposed by Syria and the Soviet Union, both of which, for different reasons, continue to be pressing for an early sum- mer meeting, the sources said. The Syrians are understood to be anxious to exploit the momentum created by the re- cent Israeli-Syrian troop dis- engagement agreement in (he Golan Heights. The Soviets, who have been almost entire- ily frozen out of the regional diplomatic processes in the last several months, are im- patient to go to Geneva in an active role as co-chairman of the conference together with the U. S. The date and the terms ol reference of the Geneva confer- ence will be one of (the principal subjects that Arab ;and Israeli "Tougher" "Things are definitely tougher than last Jerry Gogan, Cedar Rapid? area extension crops specialist, said Monday. "This is the tenth of June, and we didn't get all the corn in. We got 80 to 90 percent of the corn planted in this area, the hardest hit in the state. "The rest will go to soybeans now." Extension officials reported 95 percent of the corn planted in Jones county, 90 percent planted in Iowa county, 85 percent in Cedar county, and 90 percent in Linn county. But farther north, extension officials in Buchanan and Dela- leaders raise with Presi- dent Nixon. The Americans and Egyptians are convinced that s e v e ra 1 months of intensive behind-the- scenes consultation are needed to prepare the ground for the Geneva conference and save it from ultimate failure. The biggest and most immedi- ate obstacle to the conference lies in the fact that Israel and the majority of Arab states lake seemingly irreconcilable posi- tions on the issue of Palestine. The two sides have committed Agreed to decide if the Civil proveincnls at the Service Commission can cx-lcontimiiiia. Salzburg. This time to get accustomed to the so-called jet lag. There is ai themselves publicly, seven-hour time differential be-l twcen Washinglon and the Mid- dle East slops on his schedule. He flies lo the Egyptian capi-: lal for a lavish welcome Israel declared Sunday that she would not sil at a confer- ence table with a delegation i (Continued: Page 3. Col. 8.) ware counties reported corn planting there is 99 percent complete. "We didn't get the hard rains you got two weeks Wil- liam Lotz of Independence, Bu- chanan, county extension direc- tor, said Monday. Ray's Action A wide, east-west belt across central Iowa was hit hardest by the severe storms in May and June. The storms have prompt- ed Gov. Robert Ray to ask fed- eral declaration of disaster for 36 counties in the rain belt. Ray said Monday he is con- sidering asking federal officials to add four more counties to the list because of the additional heavy rainfall this past week- end. The four counties are Mar- shall, Story, Hardin and Madis- on. "Last year we did not have nearly as much corn washed out by the rains as we did.this Richard Freeman of Fairfax, Linn county exten- sion director, told The Ga- zette. v "We've had more stand loss because of the heavy rain this year." In Jones county, Joe Legg of (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) Storm Toll: 23 Lives, Million Hy Associated I'rrss Federal and stale officials worked Monday lo help resi- dents of three stales recover from weekend tornadoes and Hoods that caused deaths, injured hundreds and caused million in damage. Before leaving for his Mid- dle East lour Monday, Presi- dent Nixon declared 12 coun- ties of Oklahoma disaster areas, making them eligible for federal disaster relief. Oklahoma Gov. David Hall, who look a helicopter tour of some of the worsl-hif areas .Sunday, estimated damage as high as million. Officials in Kansas esti- mated thai damage there ex- ceeded million. In Arkansas, weekend flood- ing was responsible for four deaths and an estimated million in damages, authori- ties said. Late Sunday night a lornado hit a dormitory at Ferris SlaUi college in Big Rapids, Mich., causing some damage and one minor injury. The twister, one of several which pass'ed through the north central part of the lower peninsula, also blow away about 70 percent of the roof at Riverview elementary school. The National Weather Ser- vice said the tornadoes thai struck Saturday were part of a storm system almost as powerful as the one that, struck the Midwest on April 3 and killed some 300 persons. Thirteen persons were killed in Oklahoma and six in Kansas on Saturday, officials reported. About 250 persons were in- jured when twisters struck 13 towns and cities in Oklahoma. In Tulsa. about 1.300 struc- tures were destroyed or dam- aged hy ns many as four tor- nadoes. Nearly one-fourth of Tulsa's residents were without electricity Sunday night. Pub- lic Service Co. crews in Tulsa had to rebuild some high-vol- tage distribution systems, a PSC spokesman said. In Emporia, Kan., a tornado described by witnesses as a mile wide left six persons dead and destroyed 150 homes and apartments, a shopping center and 10 mobile homes. The town's two hospitals treated nearly 200 persons. In Drumwright, 0 k 1 a where five persons were killed, Saturday's tornado was an 18-year-old rerun. Five per- sons were killed and 70 homes and buildings were destroyed in the town of about on April 3, 1956. A s u r v c y Sunday of Drumwright showed 91 homes destroyed, III) damaged and one school "blown away." Rock-Throwing Binge Shatters Windows in City Persons on a rock-throwing binge apparently caused sev- eral thousand dollars worth of damage to windows in Cedar Rapids over the weekend. Police received calls from 48 residents and businesses saying large rocks had been thrown through front win- dows. Several of the windows bro- ken were valued at and up. Most of the windows were broken Saturday and Sunday nights. The windows were broken in all parts of the city. Police believe were in- Comics 17 Crossword 17 Daily Record 3 Deaths ;t Editorial (i Farm 12 Financial 18 Marion 7 Movies II Society 8 Sports 13-lfi State Television 10 Wnnt Ads 1U-M 1 ;