Thursday, June 6, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 6, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- t'lmuce of ruin to- night and Friday. Low tonight 60. High Fri- day, 70s. VOLUME S2 NU.MBKK 148 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAIl HAPIDS, IOWA, THURSDAY, JUNE C, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES NIXON Policeman, Sniper Die; 10 Injured Gazette Leased Wires OMAHA A sliotgun-wiclding ox-convict killed a policeman and wounded eight other of ficers and two civilians before lie emerged from a flaming rooming house and was shot to death early Thursday, police said. Police Chief Richard Ander- sen said Elza Carr, 33, had held police at bay with an automatic shotgun for more than fom hours before he came out of _ flaming, tear gas-filled rooming house on Omaha's near nortf side. The chief said Carr was firing the weapon at officers as he opened a door on Ihe porch Police returned the fire and Carr was killed in the exchange, he said. Harassed by Blacks Angry young blacks, who had watched the drama during a night filled with sometimes heavy thunderstorms, surged into the combat area objecting to the way the police had gunned Carr down, jerked hi: body off the steps and dropped it on a sidewalk. The crowd, estimated at more than 100 persons, dispersed but only after a woman was shot. She was not believed seriously wounded, Andersen said he was uncertain who fired the shot. Throughout the siege, police were openly harassed by blacks, several of whom flaunted police barricades and walked within firing range of the sniper. Patrolman Killed Andersen said Patrol man Paul Nields, about 26, died at a hospital of a head wound suf- fered at about a.m. when he entered the house as police urged the sniper to surrender. Authorities said Nields, mar- ried and the father of two, was among officers who launched tear gas about hours after rfarr had fired from upstairs in the two-story frame structure. They said another officer went to the house after the gas had been fired and opened the door. Nields, a five-year veteran of the force, was shot in the front doorway of the building, they said. Andersen said !ie authorized firing tear gas into the front of the home, but no one was au- thorized to enter it. "Got To Come But" Following Nields' shooting, Omaha Mayor E d w a r d Zorinsky, on the scene with his public safety director, Richard Roth, told Andersen, "I don't want any more patrolmen shot." Roth, former head of the se- cret service in Omaha, added, "We can always wait until morning. He's got to come out." Flame.? engulfed the house in late stages of the incident, ap- parently ignited by tear gas canisters. Three other persons inside the house when the shoot- ing started managed lo escape without injury. Andersen said pellets from the man's weapon had hit eight other officers, a man who had (Continued: Col. 5.) Wife of Chain PHILADELPHIA A P Mrs. Jack Freidland. wife of the president and chief executive officer of Kood Fair Stores, a supermarket chain, was abduct- ed at gunpoint from her home Thursday, police reported. Chuckle Americans are people who in- sist on living in Hie present lell.SO. l npiyrlnlil St. Clair Confirms Vote By Cover-Up Grand Jury WASHINGTON (AP) Presi-and Gordon Strachan; former (he beginning as "part of an cx- dential lawyer James St. Clair Thursday confirmed published Assistant Attorney General Rob- ert Mardian; and Kenneth Par- reports that a federal grandjkinson, a former attorney for jury voted earlier this year to the President's rc-eleclion com- D-Day Remembered Pholo by John Mclvor John W. Maher, 837 Fifth avenue SE, looked at page one of The Gazette's invasion extra of 30 years ago Thursday and reminisced about the invasion. He was a member of the 357th infantry, 90th infantry division, which participated in the landing. He landed in France on June 7, one day after the initial landing. John now is a driver for a Cedar Rapids taxicab company. Thursday was the first time he had seen the D-day extra, he told the photographer. Old-Soldiers Pay Tribufe To Comrades OMAHA BEACH, France (UPI) Thirty years'after their longest day, allied war veterans led by Gen. Omar Bradley, 81, returned to the D- day beaches of Normandy Thursday and paid tribute to their fallen comrades. At Bayeux, American old soldiers were joined by a French delegation led by the armed forces minister, Jac- ques Soufflet, and walked in (Photo on Picture Page) solemn procession to the Me- morial of the Liberation to lay wreaths. At Omaha Beach, where American troops landed, there was a religious service at the U. S. cemetery and a wreath- laying at the national guard monument, which was special- ly erected for the 25th anni- versary. Further ceremonies took place at Point du Hoc, where rangers stormed ashore and climbed a seemingly im- possible cliff. The 90th division was hon- ored at Carentan and Gen. Maxwell Taylor's airborne troops al St. Merc L'Eglise, where a private once dangled by his parachute from the church steeple and watched hand-to-hand fighting in the square below. A total of men land- ed on the Normandy beaches June C. 1944. There were 000 casualties, including dead. It was history's biggest sea- borne operation, .commanded by Gen. of the Army Dwight Eisenhower, and proved Ihe beginning of the end for Adolf Hitler, tunneling eventually onto the shores of France a mass of human beings larger than Ihe population of Pills- burgh. Among the American veter- ans who camp to Normandy lo re-live Ihe day with Bradley, who played n major role in planning Ihe invasion, were Taylor, Gen. Mark Clark, Gen. ,1. Lawlon Collins, Gen. Ira Maker and representatives of seven U. S. veteran groups. S. Ambassador lo France John Irwin was among them. Htislcd niplnl skeletons and an occasional slab of concrete puked through the sand, Ihe last v e.-i I I u i' of Hitler's Fortress Europe. Projects 725 Flights for Space Shuttles in 12-Year Period WASHINGTON (AP) The U. S. plans only one manned space -flight in the next five years. But starting in 1979, Americans will fly into orbit on an airline schedule, with 725 flights projected over a 12-year period. That's more than one mission a week, with four to seven per- sons on each. Among the travel- ers will be men and women sci- entists and researchers of many lands., The flights be for working personnel only, and in- dividuals not be able to book passage to take sightsee- ing trips into space. A full passenger load of seven will mean a per-person cost of about million. Seven Shuttles Dr. Myron Malkin, director of the space shuttle program, said the cost of developing two shut- tle vehicles by 1979 will be billion which is one-fifth the cost of the Apollo program. With the high projected launch rale, he said NASA probably will need seven shuttles in Ihe 1980s, five extra craft being purchased from the con- tractor, Rockwell International, at about million each. To make this launch rate pos- sible, and economical, NASA is developing the shuttle, a Buck Rogers-like vehicle that will be aunchcd like a rocket, fly like a spaceship and land on a con- purposes such as reconnais- crete runway like an airliner. The size of a can carry 90 to 110 will, be able to make 100 or more roundtrips into orbit. NASA officials discussed the shuttle and its over-all space transportation plan for the 1980s at a briefing Wednesday. NASA sees itself becoming a "trucking agency" to deliver people and payloads into space for com- mercial users, other govern- ment agencies and foreign gov- ernments. In effect, passengers will buy seats on a shuttle to conduct ex- periments in orbit for periods up to 30 days. Those making the trip will share the estimated million cost of each mis- sion. That compares with a million pricctag for an Apollo space mission, in which nothing was reusable. Throwaway Rockets Initially, the shuttle will be used to place communications, weather and scientific satellites into orbit, eliminating the need for conventional throwaway rockets. If a payload should have trouble, a shuttle crew could fly up lo repair it or return it to earth. The defense department plans lo operate 29 percent of the shuttle missions for military Nine European nations Bel- gium, Denmark, France, West Germany, Italy, the Nether- lands, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom are de- veloping at a cost of million a small space station called a Spacelab. It is to be hoisted into orbit by a shuttle in 1980, and it also will be reusable. Several teams of European researchers are to in- habit the station for periods up to a month to conduct experi- ments in earth resources, as- tronomy, physics, communi- cations and metals processing. Foxes Stolen From Zoo Cedar Rapids Two young red foxes were taken Tuesday or Wednesday from their pen at the Bever park zoo. The foxes, both about eight inches long and three to four months old, were removed through a hole cut in their cage. Elmer Delaney, parks su- perintendent, said someone had to scale a fence to get lo the cage. The animals, which are na- live to Iowa, were donated by a farmer. Delaney said the foxes arc not dangerous. lame President Nixon as an jnindictcd co-conspiraior in the mittce. Earlier this week Colson Watergate cover-up. St. Clair told newsmen that hejcf obstruction of justTce. was informed of the grand jury's action three or four pled guilty to a single charge "No Legal Effect" ensive pattern of criminal ac- ions." The prosecutor said that Ehr- ichman and Mitchell "not only 'alsely withheld their knowledge of the breakin) from govern- nent investigators, but also made use of that superior weeks ago by special prosecutor i St. Clair said the grand jury's knowledge in performing I (Irttl Hf'f IflM lln rtffflof _ _ i Leon Jaworski. Asked what the President's reaction was, St. Clair said, 'His view, of course, is that they just don't have all the evi- dence I think he felt it was quite inappropriate He was confident that the true facts would come out in time and that he would be exonerated." U n i n d i cted co-conspirators are not charged with a crime and cannot be prosecuted under the indictment in which they are named. Indicted Seven The same grand jury returnee indictments on March 1 agains seven former Nixon administra lion and campaign aides foi allegedly conspiring to block the investigation of the Watergate breakin. The grand jury also handec Judge John Sirica a sealed re port and a satchel filled with ev idence it had accumulated 'on the President's alleged role in Watergate. The Los Angeles Times re- ported Thursday that the grana jury voted unanimously to in- clude the -President among the unindicted co-conspirators in the ase. The Washington Post, which said it had confirmed the Times story from three separate sources, reported the grand jury vote was 19 to 0 with four members absent. Sought Charges Both newspapers said the jurors first wanted to include Nixon among the defendants in the case but decided against in- dicting him because of lega; questions over whether an in- cumbent President could be in- dicted. The Post said Jaworski advised the grand jury that such an indictment would be legally questionable. The Post quoted its sources as saying the grand jury naming of ihe President first became snown to defense lawyers in the case during a closed hearing before Sirica early last month. The Post said the disclosure J came in response to a motion by all seven defendants that the prosecution list "all persons al leged to have conspired with the defendants named in the indict- ment." Sworn to Secrecy The Post said Sirica swore all those in attendance to secrecy after Jaworski disclosed that had been named an unin- dicted co-conspirator. Indicted by the grand jury were: former Attorney General Mitchell: former White House aides II. R. Haldeman. John Shrlichman. Charles Colson, various criminal actions 'Gulag' Links Lenin, Labor Camps PARIS (AP) Alexander Solzhcnitsyn charges in Ihe sec- ond volume of his "Gulag Archi- )clago" thai forced labor camps were a part of the Soviet slate i'om its very inception, and not i later invention of Josef Stalin. The new installment of the explosive documentary I h u s ays the blame for the vast Sovi- H labor camp system at Ihe 'eel. of Nikolai Lenin, founder of he Soviet Union. Official Kremlin policy has )ccn lo term Ihe camps an aber- stemming from Stalin's 'cull of personality." But Lenin las remained inviolate, and ac- u sali o n like vould be tantamount lo sacri- ogc in Ihe official view. ion in Paris of the firsl volume list December led to a vicious campaign in the Soviet working for three months strumcnl for keeping the crum- against Solzhcnitsyn and lo his a( writes. exile in February. He now lives will] his family in Zurich. Swit- zerland. (ill Million People The new 650-page volume in Russian, which goes on sale here next week, continues the exiled writer's detailed docu- mentary account of the vast forced labor camp system in which he spent eight years of his life. Me asscrls thai (ifi million peo- ple passed through Ihe system between 11118 and 1959. The firsl cump, he says, was a converted prison on the White Sea island of Solovki north of the Arctic Circle. Un- known thousands died in the early camps, which were in- tended lo keep inmates alive The system starled was a cancer at Solovki and Ihe spread its growth all over Solzhenilsyn says. It began under Lenin, he says, but it was perfected under the direction of Naphlali Krcnkcl, a general in the NKVD as possible and prefcra- "It wouldn't be the first 1-1 liumdl UCUUIia Ue-signed to frustrate the inves- a grand jury was briefs filed with Sirica, Ja- St. Clair made his said that while Ehrlich- as he entered a closed session and Mitchell were fully he house judiciary of the details of the break- impeachment they told FBI agents all John Doar, the chief knew came from the news- or the inquiry, said, "I can't nto when asked if he was interviewed by 3een informed of the FBI July 5, 1972, 18 days jury's the 'breakin. Ehrlichman Not to agents July 21. Most committee members Investigators" they had not been told government is prepared the grand jury's prove that at the time of their Chairman Rodino FBI interviews each who at first indicated he had extensive knowl- know about the action, of the facts surrounding said, "It is not correct to say Watergate breakin, knowl- didn't know I was which far exceeded that o[ Rep. Fish (R-N.Y.) investigators "There is the analogy said. us and the grand jury other accusations, here's one grand jury that and Ehrlichman are already with lying to the FBI But Rep. Mayne who interviewed them. said, "The committee offered to give the should be able to make its defendants relevant judgment on the weight of of presidential tapes of in which they participated. "Extensive he drew the line at pro- Jaworski said in them access 'to othe'r Wednesday the original grand jury testi- cover-up would have been statements of unindicted vealed much sooner had not and Central In- government officials lied Page 16, Col. 4.) Israelis, Syrians Final POW By Associated set up camp in the de- Israel and Syria Syrian city of Quneitra, :heir last POWs from the of the two pieces of territo- :ober war Thursday, and captured in the 1967 war that Uross planes flew them is relinquishing along from Tel Aviv and its October gains. Israeli soldiers released military 'traffic choked Syrians, 10 Iraqis and five two-lane blacktop roads lead- roccans captured on the out of .the forward enclave. Heights from their prison army spokesman said the before dawn and loaded units were moving out. for the hour-long flight to have not evacuated any As the planes left Israel, of the he said, bird Red Cross flight there has been some move- rom Damascus with 56 of troops." Israeli POWs President Sadat pledged that all Jubilant territories occupied by Wildly jubilant crowds would be liberated by sraelis and Syrians poured June. Touring the Suez the airfields at Damascus he told one group of his outside Tel Aviv to welcome 3OWs visited your positions here Hundreds of frantic June last year and we made shouting with joy after pledge to meet again today of worry, surged around victory. This year we plane from the Syrian the pledge to meet next and lifted the freed men after completing our fight their liberating all Arab terri- Girl soldiers in pushed through the leaders meeting in mob, handing flowers to the were reported unable to wildered on sending a delegation to One of the first Arab-Israeli peace talks who managed to shove they resume in Geneva. way down (he airplane said most of the Pal- grabbed moist-eyed National Council, after Premier Golda Meir days of debate in the Egyp- kissed her capital, favored shelving the The scene at the until the Palestinians are airport was even to join the talks. Since bling Soviet economy on its feet with a minimum of foreign aid. Thousands" of jubilant Syrians Israel refuses to negotiate with 'broke through wire barriers and 'he guerillas, this is not likely to "The economic necessity de- veloped openly and in Ihe fren- zied quest to strengthen the state quickly and without out- side Solzhcnitsyn writes. of paratroopers to sur- happen any time soon. round Ihe jumbo jet from Israel when it landed. Two fire engines with sirens police and one of Stalin's favor- ites. Frankel himself, like many o (her s of Stalin's cronies, perished in Ihe camps he helped create. Economic Instrument Solzh.enit.syn says the camps wore filled under Lenin with po- litical prisoners regarded as hostile lo Ihe Soviet system. But under Fraikel's guidance Stalin changed them into an in- "For this purpose it was ncc-lwailinB down eitllcr sidc lo obtain manpower aslof lho stnP alld lo halt the crowd by spraying jets of water. My unpaid which made no Bl" llle wllich nad wail' demands, was ready lo transfer cd fur morc tllan fmlr llours from place lo place any Ihe hot sun, welcomed the was free of family lies and sllowcr wilh thccrs and no need for housing, schools orj'auSnlor- hospitals and sometimes not] U. N. Force Today's Index even (or kitchens or washing fa- cilities. The slate could obtain such manpower only by swal- lowing ils own sons." A third volume will conclude the series. All three were writ- ten prior lo 19G8. The first 500 men of Ihe U. N. Disengagement Observers Force meanwhile moved into the buffer between the S y r i a n mid Israeli armies Comics Crossword ..................32 Daily Record ................3 Deaths ......................3 Editorial Features.......... 4 Farm ......................20 Marion ....................31 Movies .....................31 Society ..................10-15 Sports ...................23-28 State Television ..................29 Want A hundred and filly Canadian