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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 4, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa tttpijb Editorial Page Mideast 'miracle' rates K. a new Nobel tana t. 1974 Bum rap for city hall OF ALL the misgivings as- sailing dedicated search- ers, none surpass the feat that many hours of exhaustive labor will produce conclusions no more weighty than the thoughts of people sitting in parks tossing popcorn to pigeons. So it happens that an impressive inspection of Cedar Rapids' use of revenue-sharing funds may evoke a "so reaction from city hall observers. Pulsetakers in the endeavor were nine League of Women Voters members (com- mittee to monitor revenue shar- ing) and a member of the local Junior League. The mission: To provide the National Revenue Sharing Moni- toring Project with a 40-interview compilation showing Cedar Rapids' responsiveness to people- needs. Findings in the survey do not reflect a consensus of the LWV. Respondents included city officials, citizens and community action group spokesmen, news media reporters and members of the business and labor sectors. Space limitations prohibit a to- tal spreading of the results here, but major conclusions boil down thus: Although the city has held the stock, government-required hear- ings relating to revenue sharing, no significant change in the municipal budgeting process has been noticed. With one exception (founding of the bus trips for el- derly expenditures have been for capital improvements. According to the findings, revenue sharing has had no effect at all on official responsiveness to low-income and minority groups. As the surveyors put it, "City of- ficials say they have always been responsive, and alienated groups still feel ignored." o Hence, federal guidelines may be needed to channel revenue-sharing funds to minority groups. To appreciate the inevitability of those findings, it is necessary first to understand the limitations of the city budget and the jolts that federal-funding-impound- ment has inflicted upon it. As noted here yesterday, the so- called "new money" provided through federal revenue sharing falls some million short of the total funds the city received under the old-time setup of categorical grants. Since the lion's share of the categorical allotments was poured into capital improve- ments, it follows that the surviv- ing fraction of those yearly amounts would be similarly spent. Propitiously, it turned out that the improvements decided upon by the city council were the very projects favored by most people responding to a questionnaire cir- culated along with city water bills last spring. Yet the thesis of the revenue- sharing monitors seems to be that the city is delinquent in its re- sponse to grassroots needs. (Suggestions are, of course, based on interviews.) Specifically, representatives of low-income and minority groups seem to have weighed in heavily against the city's performance. Also chiding city officials were the Citizens Committee on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse and the Linn County Property Taxpayers' Assn. The former organization deplores the city's refusal to allocate city funds to fight alcoholism.The latter has tilted repeatedly with the city over airport expansion. In sum, the city council is scolded for its alleged failure to meet people-needs. Degree of guilt depends, of course, on one's definition of a people-program. By any reasona- ble test, the council's revenue- sharing priorities qualify correctly down the line. Anyone who has seen storm water pouring into homes in the Kenwood ditch drainage area, for example, doubtless would agree that storm sewer construction to bail out those neighborhoods is certainly a "people-need." The surveyors note that storm sewers have claimed 53 percent of revenue- sharing funds. This is not to give the city straight A's for people-project ac- tion. The Gazette has joined in questioning the council's judg- ment in withholding even token sums from abatement of al- coholism. Also, the feeling here is that the city could improve its responsiveness index by re-es- tablishing the old monthly neigh- borhood-meeting format. When the revenue-sharing in- novation came along in 1972, this newspaper likewise urged the city to consider aiding social mobilization not previously under municipal purview. That was before the impoundment of categorical grants made a mockery of the "new-money" ballyhoo. But clearly, city hall deserves better than it gets in the revenue- sharing survey. By and large, the findings merely recycle the grumblings one has to expect when there is simply not money enough to go around. Isn't it the By Carl Riblet, jr. We have become a nation in which slow- payers are preferred as customers, at a finance rate of 18 percent for deferred and lardy payments, while customers who pay cash with purchase are a nuisance of smaller profit. See what the handy, all-purpose credit card has done for us? It just may be that it has done for us. "All progress is based upon the universal innate desire on the part of every organism to live beyond its in- come. Butler [ntprOcron Prev. By C.I. Sulzberger PARIS If Henry Kissinger hadn'l already received the Nobel Peace Prize (or its better hatT) he would merit it this year as a result of his remarkable Middle East negotiations. In fact, there isn't any regulation governing that award which should prevent it going twice to the same man if he twice makes peace. Of course, those who have an automatic lie against anything Kissinger does are probably going to say snide things about him the moment shooting pops off again in the general region of Israel. After all. despite what he did to extricate us from Vietnam, he is still sniped at whenever fresh blood splatters that brutal land. The fact is thai perfect peace is almost a forgotten concept nowadays except among friendly nations. Those who de- test each other show it by violence, even without formal war. And only disen- gagement not peace has been achieved between Israel and Syria. All one has to do is recall the endless rpster of other tense frontiers. What Kissinger has done, however, is to reduce the level of fighting in Southeast Asia and Southwest Asia to such a degree that neither area now presents the threat of major world war. He has arranged truce agreements that set in operation actual or potential peacekeeping machinery. The result is that, in two explosive global areas, a discernible if slow move toward settlement instead of holocaust is now occurring. The Middle East is infinitely more im- portant than Indo-China. Trouble is not confinable to a peninsula, and it involves tremendous ideological and religious emotions. It is strategically significant to the two superpowers, and it contains a vast proportion of the energy by which contemporary industrial progress is fueled. Since Israel's creation in 1948 there have been four formal wars in the general area of Palestine from which the Jewish state was carved. Moreover, in between these formal wars, there has been sporadic violence that often threat- ened to touch off open conflict. For a long time Kissinger refrained from active participation in United States efforts to tranquilize the situation, preferring (as a White House adviser) to leave the job to Secretary of State Rogers because he felt his own Jewish origin might be considered prejudicial by cer- tain Arab leaders. However, Rogers never made much headway in the search for compromise. Kissinger therefore moved actively into behind-the-scenes peacemaking even before he succeeded Rogers as secretary. Right afterward came the Yom Kippur war of last October with its curious result: reassurance to Arab confidence and, at the same time, the verge of an Israeli strategic victory. The first significant Kissinger success was arrangement of a disengagement formula between Egypt and Israel. This achievement facilitated development of a new friendship between Cairo and Washington, prying Egypt loose from its previous dependence on Moscow. Thus, as a spin-off from an initial Palestine truce came a weakening of Russia's strategic position in the Mediterranean. But, while Egyptian President Sadat had always been instinctively pro- C. L. Sulzberger 'Easy, Henry you're all we American and suspicious of communism, no such a priori sentiment existed in the Syrian government, which relies unabashedly on Russia for military and diplomatic aid and is traditionally con- sidered a "radical" Arab land. It had signed no compact with the Israelis since 1949 when armistice ended the first Palestine war. I wrote on May 2, after a long conver- sation in Damascus with President As- sad: "Many miracles have been reported in this part of the world, but I somehow doubt if Henry Kissinger, described as a miracle-maker by his new friend Anwar El-Sadat, president of Egypt, is going to pull one out of his hat when he comes here on his new tour of the Bible lands. To begin with, he doesn't wear a hat." Well, I am glad to say I was wrong. By brilliance, stubbornness and sheer hard work, by assembling every pressure available through the U. S. and, it would seem, the U.S.S.R., Kissinger achieved the unachievable. A dramatic first step toward possible permanent solution was signed last week in Geneva. Like Hercules with the many-headed Hydra, Kissinger lopped off every new fire-spitting head of trouble as it grew on the Middle Eastern war serpent and thus astonishingly achieved the unexpected miracle. Due process not dispensable Tapes sink 'best evidence' rule By William F. Buckley, jr. WE SHOULD, T think, attempt to put into perspective the quarrel now raging, the resolution of which could it- self decide whether Mr. Nixon is going to, be thrown out of office. While I am not a lawyer, I take modestly the occasion to rejoice in this, because really the issues involved are not those that ought to be adjudicated only by lawyers. Lawyers are there, after all, to interpret the codified sentiments of nonlawyers, and sometimes they tend to run away with their responsibilities to the point of telling us nonlawyers not so much what it is that the law says, as what it is that they think the law ought to say. On the question whether Mr. Nixon should release the supplementary tapes there is a historical background relating to the boundaries of executive privilege. The Nixon people have been saying that executive privilege takes precedence over the right of congress, and of the special prosecutor, to access to presidential tapes. The anti-Nixon people I mean not only those who are anti-Nixon, but who take a different position from his on the legal question at issue have very clearly won the historical' argument. That is to say, they have come up with one after another situation in which past Presidents conceded that the right of congress to bring together the case against the President supersedes the confidentiality of presidential docu- ments. What none of the arguments has stressed so far as one 'can tell is the difference between conversation and documents. The lawyers use what they call the "best evidence" rule. It is required that the President turn over to the prosecution the "best evidence" available against him. The unfurrowed William F. Buckley, jr. point surely is the extraneous importance of certain people's conversation. If, the courts having authorized it, a district attorney bugs the telephone of a Mafia czar in search of evidence that he is the head of a dope ring or whatever, the underworlder's mode of thought, habit of speech, his use of the vernacular, his way of canvassing alternatives, are of no general interest save possibly to sociologists interested in kinky human habits. Where a President of the United States is concerned, there is a terrible im- balance between that which is revealed in the taped conversation, and that which is sought out. I have found much more discussion given over, in the assessment of the tapes revealed by Mr. Nixon, to how he speaks and how he cants moral and ethical issues and what is the "feel" of presidential conversation, than to the raw question: what did he know about Watergate, and when did he know it? When a conversation is reduced to a document, it has been transmuted into something substantially different from what it once was. Professor John Ken- neth Galbraith refuses to preserve even the first draft of his books, a solicitude for posterity one might hope he would extend into the final draft of his books. But he makes the point that there is such a great difference between first drafts and completed drafts that he would not endure anyone's looking over his shoulder to trace his analytical and stylistic progress. How much more this would extend into conversations. We are all ready to con- cede that Presidents Washington and Jefferson and Jackson agreed that any document pertaining to any question of impeachment can be subpoenaed by congress. I do not see it anywhere con- vincingly shown that the attitude of these gentlemen would have extended to the question of the tape recordings of their private conversations with members of their staff. On the difference between the two my own feeling is that a great deal should hang. Is it wrong to say that we do not desire above all other questions to know whether Mr. Nixon knew about the cover-up? What is the meaning of due process if the answer to that question is yes, "it is wrong? Even if it were held that Mr. Nixon would not now be acting otherwise if he were in fact guilty, is it stretching a point to concede that guilty or innocent he has a point about the confidentiality of the tapes that nonlawyers can and should thoroughly sympathize with? Woshington Slor Syndicate Insights I'EOI'I.K dun'I choose ihi-i roiwrs. ;ire vneiilli'il l.y I hem People's forum Rethink C.R. goals To the Editor: Having been away from Cedar Rapids for several years, and missing it very much, I heard of the controversy con- cerning the proposed west-side shopping mall with interest and concern. Members of the city council made some good points: The developers could legally proceed to develop the existing 66-acre site unwisely, leading to future regrets that better planning was not ini- tially required. Free enterprise and the right to compete have been major factors in our economy's development. But never should the rights guaranteed to individuals override the consideration of the (otalily of the common good. Just as an individual has no right to shout in a crowded theater, so comes there a time when the community must say no part of Ihe environment, public or private, may be used without considering the community's goals, Unfortunately, only recently have communities begun to decide that the common good includes environmental considerations and not just goals of progress for its own sake, or for the sake of the dollar. Because of the lateness of these new feelings, many major cities are barely livable (intolerable for most People fleeing the cities have built suburbs which have eaten up valuable land for homes, highways and businesses. I spent most of my life in Cedar Rapids. On going East to college, and now to live, I was shocked by the crowd- 'ed, dirty cities, the limited amount of undeveloped land, and the seeming lack of concern lor, or pride in, Ihe com- munity. Cedar Rapids is a proud city and has every right to be. My hope is that its cit- izens will not ignore the hard lessons lhat cities of the East have had to learn. Cedar Rapids has the chance lo continue to prosper and grow and still avoid the costly mistakes of others. It cannot af- ford to think that land is plentiful, to be developed at will. It is possible that the proposed mall would benefit not only its owners but the community as well. But before it is built I hope that people will have thought carefully about the advantages of a cen- tral business district as opposed to a sprawled arrangement. Esthetic problems, as well as more practical con- cerns such as transportation and energy supplies, must be considered. Con- template the distant future as well as the immediate future. What does Cedar Rapids want to be 50 years from now? Bruce A. Harris Boston Reverse it To the Editor: After the city council's first affirma- tive vote on the 22-acre rezoning. Mayor Canney was quoted: "Everyone has a right logo broke." Isn't he also obligated to think of the taxpayers and businessmen who have established roots and inhabited the city for years and who have built up their businesses to the advantage of Cedar Rapids? They have done more than make their businesses successful; they have constantly striven to enhance the city while improving their property and businesses. This is the opposite of the way shop- ping center developers and tenants think and ad. Hlslnrlrally (hese out-of-lown owners contribute nothing individually or financially to the culture or benefit of the city. Their hired managers in shopping centers usually wear blinders when it comes to personal involvement in the city. Their real estate tax contribution is disproportionately low compared to that paid by. downtown property owners and merchants. Their contributions to local established charities is small compared to local established business. It's too easy for an out-of-town owner to say "no" through a local manager. This center will probably make it im- possible for downtown property owners and retailers to continue the aggressive, continuous series of improvements and upkeep that has been an absolute finan- cial benefit to every citizen. It will cause long-lime vacancies to exist downtown with a deteriorating effect that snow- balls. It will jeopardize and probably cancel the hoped-for downtown com- munity center-hotel complex. Civic minded councilman con effect a compromise by denying the 22-iicre rezoning. This still allows a large center on 66 acres which will contribute to and balance the city rather than destroy. Wi> urge Hit! council to reverse its vote on June5. Herman and Phyllis Ginsberg 2110 Second avenue MO Turnaround To the Editor: reasons best known to himself, and Ihe Democratic parly, Dick Clark has done a complete about-face on the subject of President Nixon's fate. A few months ago Senator Clark and other Democrats and Republicans were urging President Nixon lo resign. He was quoted in (he Des Moines Register as follows: "Resignalion would be the most painless way, and Mr. Nixon should see (hat it is the patriotic way, if he wants lo spare Ihe country more traumatic experience." He then expressed doubls about Ihe President's ability to serve and again suggested that resignation would be Ihe best method. Sunday, May he said he does not favor resignation and expressed as- tonishment thai some of his colleagues are being listed as for or against convic- tion before they've seen Ihc evidence: "Senators are very eaiilious on prejudg- ing (tic evidence before even seeing il themselves." Clark also said he wants lo look ill the evidence in the "fairest and most judicious way." My goodness, I should hope so, and I WHS thinking Hint very Ihing when Sena- lor ('lurk wiis making all his unfair and iinjiidjclous statements several months before he'd even seen (he evidence, Others from bolh parties joined him (hen in urging resignation, but lo my knowledge, none but Senator Clark has been treated to a front-page, sugar-coat- ed. Self-serving treatment Ihe way he was May '2fi in your paper. II was a nice try to project Clark as a man of high judicial principle, and i) would have been convincing had not his hyprocrisy shown through so glaringly. Well, it's nice that moralizing has become fashionable with politicians again. With it a host of new words are added lo Ihe political vernacular. Who ever heard of "moral leadership "integrity" and "bugging" during Hie LB.I coverups and barnyard- Krammar days or of bugging during Ihe IJ5.I and Kennedy years, or of integrity during Ihe Democrat vote-overkill iii elections in Illinois, Missouri and Texas? Apparently Democrats' misconduct is rated as typical and nol worthy of more (hull a passing glance, whereas Republicans' misconduct arouses a sleeping press and public lo uiilieanl-or demands for a moral housecleanlng. I assume then Ihul this history of dou- ble standard will continue as long as a compliant press makes such I'll efforts for men like Senator Clark. Mark Tniax Mnnllcclln
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