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   Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 3, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa                                Editorial Page Moodax, June 3, 1974 election STATEWIDE turnout of less than only 15 per- cent or so of Iowa's 1.9 million eligible voters is predicted for the state primary elections this week. Party leaders mourn the apathy and warn that those who fail to vote simply do themselves out of their franchise in the nomination process, a main link in the chain that puts people in office. The mourner-preachers ought to know enough by now to save their breath. More voters in Iowa purposely declare themselves as members of no party than express a preference for either of the main ones. Not until election laws of Iowa convert the system to an "open" primary requiring no pre-affiliation and letting any voter privately pick either party's ballot at the polls at any election will primary turnouts come anywhere close to elections them- selves. As things stand now, it is true that anyone may freely change his declaration at the voting place. Past allegiance is not binding. There is no compulsion to go one way all the time. In the final eleqtions, split-ticket voting is al- ways an option for all. Still, the present system does force voters to choose openly between one party and the other if they want a voice in who goes on the final ballot. All must go on record, temporarily at least, as Democrats or as Republicans. Many count that as a privacy in- vasion, as a secret-ballot rights- infringement. By hundreds of thousands, it keeps them away. The trend, moreover, is toward rising independence. From regis- tration records here in Iowa, the pattern ran this way last fall: Independent UK percent. Democratic 35 percent. Republican 29 percent. I.inn county and Cedar Rapids specifically last year showed a breakdown of indepen- dents, almost Democrats and some Republicans. The party-oriented leadership understandably prefers a clear- affiliation system and closed primaries. There are organiza- tional advantages and loyalty- promoting benefits. A good case can be argued for the point that no one unwilling to commit himself to party principles has any real business helping tell a party who should represent it on-the ballot. But from the other side of that coin it is impossible to claim that party ties promote enthusiasm (low turnouts disprove it) and illogical to chide voters for shun- ning a kind of primary system whose terms are unacceptable to so many. Some day Iowa's election laws should acknowledge this resis- tance, respect the place of independence in a party structure and provide a truly open door to the primary process. Only then are these elections apt to pull more people and be more effective in accomplishing their purpose. Revenue-sharing letdown WHEN THE federal govern- ment's revenue-sharing brain was turned loose "no strings attached" 20 months back, wary local officials sensibly began looking for the catch. The draw- back, as most people diagnosed it back then, was that the money could not be used for direct property tax relief. What no one predicted at least was that cit- ies would be expected to use special revenue-sharing allot-- ments to continue projects soon to be sideswiped by impoundment by the President. Communities just now are to- taling up the damage. As Gazette Reporter Mike Deupree noted May 26, revenue sharing's net cost to Cedar Rapids is about million yearly. That is, the city's revenue-sharing take totals some million less than was received through categorical grants in the days. In that light, Uncle Sam scores not as Santa Claus but rather as the cutpurse Grinch. As Mayor Canney has observed, court battles resulting from im- poundments have swung most decisively against the administra- tion. This federal funding reductions such as recorded in Cedar Rapids in fiscal years 1973 and 74 will not be nearly as severe next year. Nonetheless, the Kenwood ditch storm sewer project, open spaces parkland acquisition, water pollu- tion control and federally-sup- ported housing for disadvantaged persons all have been hindered by the innovation ironically billed as "new money." The only people satisfied with the reversal are those who for years deplored the city's repeated trips "to the federal trough." What that small minority forgets, however, is that no matter what name a federal grant carries, the money is none other than tax funds funneled from here to Washington in the first place. Another sometimes forgotten fact is that Cedar Rapids' actual losses under revenue sharing total more than the annual reduction of million. What losses a com- munity sustains in business slow- downs and job losses is inestima- ble; however, no economic analysis of revenue sharing should ignore the so-called multiplier ef- fect of monies not received. Nixon rated 'too easy' on big business By Louis Harris Horni iyivev SOMEWHAT SHUNTED into the background by controversy surrounding Watergate is the fact that the Nixon administra'ion is in deep trouble with the American people on the domestic economic front. By 82-15 per- cent, the public gives Mr. Nixon negative marks on the "way he has handled the economy." the- lowest ratine on ihis si-ore for the President since he has occupied the White House. The magnitude of the loss of confidence in administration economic policies can perhaps best be measured by the 60-20 percent majority who feel Nixon policies are "doing more harm than good." A nationwide cross-section of 1.555 households was asked between May 4 and 7. as they have been asked before: "Do you feel the economic policies of the Nixon odminiitrotion ore doing more good thon harm or more harm than Mil re flood More harm Not lhan harm than oood sure May 1974 February 1973 September 1972 September 1971 January 1971 55 S3 35 60 28 26 23 39 20 18 19 24 26 Without doubt, the public is more crit- ical now of Nixon administration economic measures than at any time over the past years. One key criticism leveled by the public is that the ad- ministration and the Republican party "have been too close to big a view now accepted by 72 percent of tin- public. People have been asked periodically: "Do you agree or disagree that the Nixon administration and the Republican party have been too close to big have lu KI> further llun those big profits being piled up by the oil companies as a result of the energy shortage. That's be- ing 'loo cluM- lu business.' as far us my pockelbook is concerned." Other views expressed are that "the Republicans have always favored the big companies and the rich man" and were kept under control, but profits never were" during the rapid rise in inflation. As a consequence of these suspicions and sizable 69 percent of the public is now prepared to say that the Nixon administration has been "too easy" ill its dealings with big business. The cross-section was asked: "Do you (eel the odministrotion hoi been too tough on big business, too easy, or about right in the way it has treated big Too tough Too cosy About right Not sure 2 69 17 12 It was not unexpected that, when asked about the future direction federal policies ought to take toward big business, a substantial 71 percent opted for "tougher" measures. People were asked: "Do you feel the Nixon administration should be tougher on big business, easier, or treaf big business the way it has in the May 1974 November 1 973 February 1973 November 1972 August 1972 Agree, has been 72 64 61 57 57 12 21 23 29 30 16 15 16 14 13 Since the 1972 political campaign, the belief that both the Nixon administration and the Republican party are "too close to big business" has risen from 57 to 72 percent of the public. The biggest single criticism leveled against this administration in its rela- tions with business is that "it has given too many advantages, made too many special deals with volunteered by 38 percent of the public. A steel worker in McKeesport, Pa., put it this way: "Why, Nixon and the Republicans have just about handed over everything to big business and left us with next to nothing. Their idea is 'if in doubt, always give big business the break.' Others were more specific. A retail merchant in Canton, Ohio, said: "That deal with ITT was typical. They gave ITT everything they wanted in a straight fix. Just pro-big business all the way." In Encino, Calif., a retired man on a pen- sion added: "That steal on raising milk prices after they gave some big cam- paign contributions was one of the rawest deals in behalf of business ever made in this country." The illegal campaign contributions of business in the 1972 election campaign were cited by ar.ot'ier 20 percent as evidence of the administration's close ties with corporations. As a 24-year-old pattern maker in Lowell, Mass., put it: "Big business just bought up this ad- ministration and Nixon personally dollar by dollar with all those secret campaign contributions. Big business owns them now." The increased profits of the oil com- panies during the energy shortage is yet another major reason volunteered by 15 percent of the public. As an engineer in Monroe, Mich., said: "Look, you don't Should be tougher SHouEd be easier Should treat as in past Not sure 71 2 15 12 Given their low estimate of the job done by the Republican administration in bringing the economy out of the throes'of a recession, voters this fall are likely going to be in a receptive mood toward Democratic campaign charges that the Nixon administration has been too closely linked with special business interests. It is almost a certainty that this familiar Democratic refrain will be- come a standard theme once more in Democratic campaigning across the country both this year and in 1976. Chicago Tribune-New York News Syndicate Teaching children to read Phonetics cannot recover too quickly By James J. Kilpatrick WASHINGTON A couple of weeks ago, the Reading Reform Founda- tion held its annual meeting at the old Park-Sheraton hotel here. A mile or so away, on Capitol Hill, the senate was en- gaged in passing the omnibus education act of 1974. The better dollar value was at the Sheraton. The Reading Reform Foundation is a spunky little outfit, founded in 1961 by the late Watson Washburn of New York City. It exists for one purpose only: to encourage the teaching of reading through emphasis on old-fashioned phonics. The foundation operates on an embarrassing budget embarrassingly low, that is but it gets results. The phonetic approach slowly is making a comeback. It will be weeks cr months before local school boards and professional educators fully discover all the goodies spread out for them in the omnibus education act. So much attention was directed toward the controversy over racial-balance busing that the wild proliferation of educational grants and subsidies was obscured. The bill authorizes a staggering billion for federal aid to education over the next four years, including million in programs intended to improve reading skills. If the whole of this million authorization were actually funded, could the money be effectively melancholy answer is probably no. If some small fraction of this sum were turned over to the Reading Reform Foundation say, one-tenth of 1 percent the taxpayers would get far more per dollar than they ever will get from the professional educators who soon will be romping in clover, crying "oh, oh, jump, jump, and look, It is a sad situation. The principal sponsors of this new reading program, Senators Glenn Beall of Maryland and Thomas Eagleton of Missouri, have the James J. Kilpatrick very best intentions. They are concerned, as thoughtful persons ought to be con- cerned, about the inability of so many Americans to read. Millions of children, both black and white, have grown into adulthood as functional illiterates, un- able to read the printed material they must deal with in everyday life. The problem cries out for attention. The Nixon administration several years ago began an attack with its Right-To- Read program in the Office of Education. The program is budgeted at million a year. This pays for a flock of reading experts, demonstration projects, and the like, but a glum impression cannot be dispelled that the program functions chiefly as a bonanza for bureaucrats, professional grantsmen, paper-shuffling pedagogues, the salesmen of educational gimcrackery and the devisers of tests testing other people's tests. Senator Beall agrees that the Right- To-Read program has had only "spotty but he believes the vastly ex- panded program authorized by his amendment will prove more effective. Local school boards will have considera- ble discretion in shaping their programs to community needs. Substantial sums would be invested in training reading specialists who would work directly with classroom teachers. Let us hope for the best. It is an over- simplification to say that teachers are divided into two camps, one under the flag of "phonics" and the other under the flag of "look-and-say." Good teachers, borrow from both approaches. Some teachers appear to get promising results, at least temporarily, from various machines and visual aids that have ap- peared over the last 20 years. But the grim results speak eloquently of failure. None of the glittering new techniques have replaced basic phon- ics, and until the primacy of phonics is fully restored, the new federal millions are likely to go gurgling down the drain. The victims of this tragedy and it is a tragedy are the children who grow up with only a hazy idea of what reading is all about. It is bad enough that they miss the joy of "good or that they are defeated by the "hard words" of a daily newspaper. Too many of them, irony of ironies, cannot even read the questions on a public welfare form. How will they cope in the Brave New World? Woshington Slor Svndicote People's forum Man enters ERA fray To the Editor: I never miss People's forum, and I've IICUT written 11 comment before, but I can't overcome this temptation to jump into the verbal battle going on over the equal rights amendment. First, I liau'ii't run intii many women who ueren'l happy to sit around all day and let the old man slave away (at sometimes as many as three jobs) to support Iheir "equal" partners and their children. Bills are made and paid, and it takes years of continual hard work to accumulate what a family needs for liv- ing. But when a woman decides she wants a divorce, then where is ihis so- called equality'.' What happens to Ihe man's equality? 1 came out of a Ill-year marriage with not half of what I slaved for all those years (none of not half of my children (none of I not half our friends, etc'. However, my share did consist of all the bills, all the support, all im worn-out clothes, a hrokcn-dowii car, and a crummy old aparlmcnl. Second. I wouldn't want to be forced to fight'in a war with women anyway. You'd have to lay your weapon down too often to open tank hatches for them, carry then- field packs, let them use the gangplank first, and stand in line waiting at the la- trine. never seen a group 'if people who have it so well made as women do (with some exceptions, I'll concede) yet who complain so much, and now they're fighting among themselves. Gary (1. Fairbanks 4431 Bowling street SW. Lot No Sunday work To the Editor Where is Christianity in the world today? Where is the original Bill of Nights that guarantees a person the right to religion and freedom of worship'' Where is God in modern America? I was recently employed at Cornell college in Mt. Vernon, a supposedly Christian college. I was also just released from the Veteran's hospital in Iowa City on May 23. When I arrived home, after having surgery for shrapnel removal, 1 received a Idler from my recent employer staling that I hey were forced lo lorminatc my employnienl due lo my refusal lo work on any Sunday. When 1 applied for Ihis position. I clearly stated on my application that I was a Sunday school teacher and youth leader and. of course, this means I have obligations on Sunday. I was fired not for any Sundays 1 have missed, but for fu- ture Sundays 1 might miss if I were called to work due to snowstorms or storm damage. How would these people know that it would be bad weather on any Sunday this year1' What is really ironic is that I was IP- capacitated and later in Ihe hospi'-il from May 13 In date. 1 was. of course, by order of the doctor unable lo work on May which was Commencement Sunday at Cornell. Could I luue been fired for this? It would seem to me lo be unfair to fire a man for obeying Ihe Ten Ciiinriiiind- menls where we are commanded by God lo "Remember Ihe Sabbath, lo keep it holy When I accepted .lesns Christ as my personal Lord and savior. I unto God that I would never do anything on Sunday ihal would not lirinj.1. glory In His name, I intend lo conliniie lo live up to my promise. If it costs inr my job and my livelihood, then it shall be so. because after what .lesns had done for me. how could this be too much lo ask'' I think Cornell should be exposed, as a wolf in sheep's I do nol feel they should lie given lax credit or anything else, donations from churches Ihiil arc really Irving In serve God. when III reality Ihese people have no rospccl for God and His laws. I pray thai I may never be found guilty of compromising my promises for earlhly or selfish gains as these people have done. Max R, .Jordan Ml. Vernon Recycle containers A recenl Gawlte editorial pace covered arguments on both sides of the question: "Should congress outlaw no reliirn bot- tles and cans1'" I would have lo agree with the "yes" arguments because, ac- cording to Ihe article. S.2 million Ions of beer and soft drink containers discarded per day durum III72 were responsible for pcrcenl ol wasles which came packaged The article added Ihal today, if the beverage industry would use reusable bullies il would he sieving at least barrels of oil per day. This would help greatly as well as be a convc nicncc lo Hie container manufacturers themselves. Also, Ihe cosl of returnable boltles is UT.V hllle. Oregon, which passed a law in baiimni! NIC use of iionreliirnahlc bottles am1 cans front the marki'l. has found il lo lie ii gri'iil success and it saving ol lart.'o amounts of energy. Other slalos ill lonsl can recycle Ihese containers so as not to pollute our endangered environment. The cost of recycling equipment isn't too expensive. People should wake up to Ihe idea Ihat we do have it pollution problem, and something has to be done about it. Currcnl fads indicate that within it period of III] years, if we do not find any more fuel than we already have, it will cease to exist. That goes for copper, aluminum, and other mctuls loo. Thai is why we must ban (he use of nonrcturna- ble bottles and cans in order in conserve I he1 energy we now have. Nadema Sheronick 151 Thirly-first street 'Persecution' To the Editor: I feel it is my duly lo express concern over a siluation that has happened in our community. A very dear Christian friend of ours has been permanently released from I hi! job lie held at Cornell college in Ml. Vermin. The fact that he loves God and has put Him first In his life meets with only scorn nnd disapproval at Ihis so-called Christian college. II has 'ilways been my belief Ihal it Christian school was a place' where children could nol only prepare for a vocation bill iilso learn Ihe ways of our Lord Jesus, being with others of like faith who have made a personal com- mitmcnt to God. This is why we have Christian colleges and worldly colleges. I fail to see how this Christian college can teach anyone how to walk in God's love and adhere to His teachings when they hire Satan's disciples and fire God's children. I personally would never allow any of my children to attend a so-called Christian college that doesn't even want Christian teachers or other personnel on staff In this day and age of false- hood and sham one needs a college that will stand up for Christ, not more thai sell out to Satan. Our friend was in the Veterans hospital for surgery of a wound received in Viet- nam. What a sad state of affairs it is when a man wants lo worship his Master on Sunday and adhere to the com- mandments of our Lord, and an employer posing us a wolf in sheep's clolhing has the right to lake away his livelihood and tell him he is worshiping a "dead God." Parents should wake up. This is truly anolher sign of the. limes. Wo who love the Lord will be persecuted, and Ihcu after famines, earthquakes, diseases, rampant sex. crimes and false religions. Hit.' Kupliiro will finally Hike place. Take ii long look around and then look heavenward. Miirgiircl Freeman Lisbon   

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