Saturday, June 1, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 1, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa VOLUME B-NUMBER 143 CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YOU TIMES WAR PRISONER SWAP BEGINS Raw Farm Prices Off 4 Percent WASHINGTON (AP) Prices of raw farm products dropped 4 percent from April 15 to May 15, the third monthly decline in a row, the U.S. agriculture de- partment (USDA) said Friday. The price index declined 4 percent in the month ended March 15 and 6 percent in the month ending April 15. Those decreases, particularly for meat animals, resulted in some easing of retail food costs for consumers. Officials said the latest de- crease was due mostly to lower prices for cattle, hogs, wheat, eggs, calves end cotton. How- ever, higher prices were report- ed for potatoes, hay and can- telopes. Compared with a year ear- lier, the Crop Reporting Board said farm prices were np 7 percent. As of May 15, the in- dex was 175 percent of its 1967 base, down from 183 in mid-April. It had soared to a record 207 percent last Au- gust. Although government figures show middlemen have not passed along fully to consum- ers recent declines at the farm, retail {prices of groceries did drop in 'April mainly as a re- sult of lower meat prices. week, USDA a statistical Jnarketbasket iif farm-producer food cost 1.1 percent less in April, the first monthly decline since last Oc- tober. However, the figures showed the benefit to consum- ers would have been greater if middlemen had not widened their margins. The latest raw farm pro- duct report said prices of meat animals as a group dropped 8 percent during the month. Meat comprises near- ly one-third of family grocery purchases. Cattle were per 100 pounds live Weight as of May 15, compared with in Ap- ril and a record of last August, the report said. Hogs were per 100 'pounds, compared with in April and a record last summer. Wheat prices at the farm, which soared ,to a record per bushel last February, aver- aged in May. A month earlier wheat was A year ago it was Corn was up slightly to per bnshel from1 in April and a year earlier. Soy- beans were per bnshel in May, in April and in May last year. The department has predicted record grain crops this year. Eggs at the farm dropped to 42 cints per dozen, down 8.4 cents from April. But potatoes rose again to per 100 pounds from in April and in May last year. Prices paid by farmers for operating expenses rose two- thirds of one percent from mid April and averaged 15 percent above a year earlier, the report said. As a result, the government's farm parity ratio was 79 percent as of May 15, compared with 83 percent in April and 85 percent a year earlier. Prices and costs theoretically are in balance at 100 percent. High Court Says Yes To J a wo r ski Request WASHINGTON (AP) The supreme court Friday granted Special Watergate Prosecutor Leon Jaworski's plea for specd- ed-up review of U.S. District Judge John Sirica's order that President Nixon surrender White House tapes and documents. The court agreed to Jawor- ski's request that it bypass the U.S. circuit court of appeals in Washington and take immediate jurisdiction of the case. The decision set the stage for a possible confrontation between the President and the nation's highest court on the issue of executive privilege. No voting breakdown was an- nounced on the court's decision, which is customary on such ac- tions. Jaworski asked for the streamlined procedure last Fri- day 'after the President's law- yers filed notice of appeal to the circuit court from Sirica's rul- ing. He said letting the matter go through the appeals courts would delay until nest spring the trial of seven men, including former close associates of the President, on cover-up charges arising from the Watergate scandal. In a response filed Thursday, White House lawyers said the Rural Garwin Mother and Son Drown in Pond T -t- x'C Han- MONTOUR -A mother and her son drowned Friday after- noon in a pond on the Robert Hempy farm, rural Montour. Mrs. Ward Williams, 33, rural Garwin, and her son, Stacey Daniel Williams, 12, Were fish- ing. Two other boys and a girl also were on the outing. Stacey'was wading when he apparently got into deep water. His mother went to his rescue. Both went under. Two of the other children ran to the Hempy dome for help. The 20-acre lake is described as having quite deep water. The Tama rescue unit was called at about 1 p.m. and recov- ered Mrs. Williams'-body at 2 a.m. The son's body was recov- ed at p.m. She was about 20 feet from shore and the boy about 30 feet. The water, the deputy sheriff said, was 10 to 12 feet deep there. Dr. C. W. Maplethorpe, Tama county medical examiner, listed accidental drowning as the cause of death. Williams is employed at the Tama Meat Packing Corp. plant. They have been residents of Tama county a short time., The bodies were taken to the ienderson funeral home in To- edo. They were to be trans- seum 'erred Saturday to the Estel- Perrin funeral home in Mar- shalltown. They were the first drownings n Tama county this year. case was too important to be hastily considered in the closing days of the court's current ses- sion. Toe court set oral argu- ments for July 8. It asked both parties to submit briefs by June 21, with any addition- al briefs to be filed by July 1. In their written response, the President's attorneys said: "To allow the judicial process to run its orderly course will cause some delay, but though speedy justice is an important aim of the law it can never take a precedence pver just justice." Jaworksi said a prompt deci- sion was needed to determine whether the nation's constitu- tional system is "sufficiently re- silient to permit the executive branch to establish an independ- ent prosecutor fully capable of investigating and prosecuting allegations of criminal miscon- duct by officials in the execu- tive office of the President." Sirica ruled last week that Nixon must give the tapes and documents subpoenaed by Jaworski to a federal judge for the judge's inspection The material relates to 64 White House conversations be- tween June and June 4, 1973., Prosecutors say they need it to prepare for the Watergate coverup trial, scheduled to be- gin Sept. 9. Defendants in that trial are former Atty. Gen. John Mitchell, former White House 'aides H R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, Gordon Strachan and former presiden- tial campaign workers Kenneth Parkinson and Robert Mardian Chairman Peter Rodino of the house judiciary committee ruled out of order a move to call wit- nesses to testify about the al- leged payment of in hush money to E. Howard Hunt, Wa- tergate conspirator. Rodino said the impeachment inquiry rules prohibit consider- ation of calling witnesses until completion of the initial presen- tation of evidence, carried on behind closed doors so far. Rodino also, turned back with- out a vote suggestions to release all or part of the evidence the committee has heard so far. But (Continued: Page 2, Col. 7.) Missouri River Has Submarine KANSAS CITY (AP) A World war II submarine moving up the Missouri river has turned some heads in the last week or so but it's no illusion. The Marlin, a 135-foot navy draining submarine, passed ihrough Kansas City on a barge Friday enroute to a permanent home at the Freedom Park mu- on the bank of the Mis- souri in Omaha. Navy officials say the trip represents the farthest inland a submarine has ever sailed in the U.S. Economic Retort by Democrat WASHINGTON (AP) A spokesman for congressiona Democrats said Saturday that the administration is remaining passive while an economic crisis undermines the quality of life for millions of average Americans. Rep. Henry Reuss (Wis.) said Democrats reject the reliance on what he called "the same tired old and mone- tary restraint." A positive policy is needet to combat rising worsening inflation and an in- creasingly inequitable tax struc- ture, he said. Reuss, a member of the joint economic committee, spoke on CBS in an equal-time rebutta to President Nixon's May 25 radio address on the economy. Tax Cats Reuss proposed tax cuts for poor and middle-income people an end to inducements to expon scarce materials, and creation of public service jobs to com- bat the 5 percent unemployment rate. He noted that, the day after Nixon, predicted inflation would taper off, Federal Reserve Chairman Arthur Burns warned that inflation was so severe as to jeopardize the country's fu- ture said that'large wage mcrea and an over rapid expansion ol the economy were the main dangers and some increase in unemployment might have to be expected. "We Democrats reject this passive attitude toward an econ pmic crisis which is undermin ing the expectations and quality of life of millions of average income Americans at least two-thirds of a Reuss said. Watergate Cited He said the Watergate and re- lated political scandals have caused a profound disaffection among citizens and "to allow the economic situation to deter- iorate further is the surest way to extremism and disaster." Throughout the Nixon admin- istration, Reuss said, there has been "a rip-off of the vast ma- jority of American families who try to make a go of it on in comes of a year or less." He said a 20-year trend which saw a greater share of the na- tion's income going to low-and- middle-income families has been reversed in the Nixon adminis- tration. 'Under the Nixon administra- tion economic policies, the rich indeed got richer, relatively speaking, and the poor got poorer, representing a transfer of more than billion a year (Continued: Page 2, Col. 8.) Today's Index Church Page................3 Croiiword...................6 Dally Record................2 Editorial Features...........4 Financial..................11 Marlon .....................11 Abvfei ......................1 Snorts ....................MO Tetovliton ...................S 'Want Adi................It-li Soys Labor Spending for Demos Dwarfs Illegal Republican Gifts WASHINGTON (AP) A Washington attorney who repre- sented the original Watergate defendants says illegal cor- porate gifts to Republicans were insignificant compared to la- bor's financial support for Dem- ocratic candidates. In a new book, Douglas Caddy charges unions violated the Fed- eral Corrupt Practices Act by illegally spending millions of dollars in tax-exempt union dues, mostly to help liberal Democrats. The result, writes Caddy, is "an imbalance in our political system that threatens to impose on America a labor govern- ment, under which the elected representatives will be responsi- ble no longer to the American people but to the labor The book, "The Payoff How Big Labor Buys Its was published by Arlington House in New Ro- chelle, N. Y. Special Prosecutor In it, the author urges ap- pointment of a special prosecu- tor as in the Watergate case, to investigate and prosecute labor leaders and those politicians he alleges have knowledge of ceiving illegal campaign dona- tions. "To a great Caddy says, "the funds supporting or- ganized labor's political activi- ties come from the dues paid by union members, most of whom are under compulsory-unionism contracts, and those funds are committed to partisan political purposes without regard to the normally conflicting political sentiments, loyalties and wishes prevailing among union members." Much of the material In Caddy's book comes from docu- ments filed in a federal court by the Internationa! Assn. of Ma- chinists as part ;i a suit brought by dissident members who charged the union misused membership funds for political causes. The suit wss dismissed re- and is being appealed. Caddy alleges that union members are often coerced into making political cash contribu- tions and that millions of dol- lars' worth of campaign ser- vices are paid for by union dues in violation of the Corrupt 'Prac- tices Act. The law makes illegal for labor organizations to contribute union funds -to can- didates for federal offices. Million The author says organized labor was estimated to have (Continued: Page 2, Col. B.) A Returned Israeli War Prisoner Hugs His Daughter -UPI TePertwto Two Surrender, Leaving Behind Israel and Syrians in Exchange UMM Pren IMenuKoMl Thousands of friends and rela- tives thronged airports in Tel Aviv and Damascus Saturday for exchange of wounded Israeli and Syrian prisoners of war, opening the second phase of a breakthrough agreement be- tween the two countries. Both Israel and Syria said guns in the Golan Heights region were silent for the first time in months, honoring the cease-fire accord imposed Friday by the signing of a military disen- gagement agreement in Gene- Twelve Israeli troops, some hobbling on cratches and one with his hand amputated, ar- rived in Tel Aviv after the hour- long flight from Damaleus to be welcomed with kisses, flowers and tears of joy. Twenty-five Syrians and one Moroccan, including two double amputees, received a similar greeting in Damascus. Dayan on Hand In Tel Aviv, Defense Minister Moshe Dayan and Foreign Min- ister Abba Eban shook the hands of the returning PWs. Premier Mahmoud AyyoUbi beaded the Syrian delegation at the Damas- cus airport. With him were-De- fense Minister Mustafa Tlas and .mUitary and govern- RANCHO CORDOVA, Calif (AP) Two teenaged gunmen Walked calmly out of a Sacra- mento area bank and surren- dered after holding a .total of 25 persons hostage, some for more than seven hours. They left behind 17 cafiives and million ransom, the money stacked neatly in six- inch-high bundles along one wall. The drama, in which no one was injured, began shortly be fore noon Friday and ended after bank officials collected the ransom and dropped it through the night collection chute in 91 brown paper bags. At different times during the ordeal, the gunmen forced two women hostages into the vaul and taped a shotgun to their necks, said Bill Miller of the sheriff's office. Third Youth He identified the youths as Michael Madigan, 19, and Brian Young, 18, both of Rancho Cor- dova. They were booked for invest! gallon of armed-robbery, assault with a deadly weapon and ex- tortion. Authorities said a third youth, not identified; was taken into custody and was' being ques- tioned as a possible participant in the planning of the holdup. Miller said the teenage ban- dits burst into a shopping center office of the Crocker Bank mo- ments after holding up a nearby grocery and a department store, where they stole two shotguns and a pistol. They herded 24 customers and employes into a corner but were surprised by a highway patrol officer. Alarm Tripped "I was going in to cash my check and the guy fired a shot at said Officer George 2urtright, who backed out of the )ank and called for help. At the same time a bank employe ripped a silent alarm. Deputies, highway patrolmen and FBI agents encircled the tank and cordoned off surround- ng streets and parking lots. The youths demanded the million and an assurance of free lassage out of town in exchange or their prisoners. They agreed to release eight of the hostages in exchange for a sheriff's corporal. Cpl. Robert Ruh, stripped to ho waist, walked into the bank and, next five hours, talked them into surrendering. "After I talked to both of them I figured it was just a matter of he said. "I fired a shot in the ah- and said used every means I could to ap- told newsmen, "They came peal to their logic." He said the youths told him that they planned to hold up the bank and flee the country. They had demanded that an interview with them filmed in the bank be broadcast on a local television station before they leased, Airman William Jack-sides surrendered. But they ended up leaving the bank 10 minutes before the interview was aired. Ruh followed them out and took them to the sheriff's station in a waiting patrol car. In 'the they said they desperately needed the money. Next-door Neighbors They lived next door to each other. Neighbors said both fami- lies were financially hard- pressed -and Madigan's father was an invalid. Officers said hostages were "scared and shook up" but were unhurt On orders from the in- vestigators, most hostages re- fused to talk to newsmen. But Guerrina Akaley, 31, o Sacramento, one of the eigh released in exchange for Ruh "They were nice people. They wanted the money and that's all. They said they weren't going to hurt anyone." One of the last captives re- son, joked, "That's a helluva way to open a checking ac- count." 50 Feared Dead In English Blast FLIXBOROUGH, England (AP) An explosion today wrecked a chemical plant in this eastern English town and ambulance workers said they feared 50 people were killed. Scores were reported injured. SLA Missile Felled Police Craft-Letter LOS ANGELES (AP) The FBI is studying the contents of a letter bearing the ed cobra insignia of the Symbi- onese Liberation Army, in which the terrorist group claimed it used an anti-aircraft missile to send a police helicopter crash- ing in a ball of flames. The letter, slipped Friday night under a door of television station KNXT, said the jet-pow- ered helicopter was shot down "in retribution for the 17 May elimination of six of our beloved comrades by members of the 'JOB Angeles police department SWAT teams." A police spokesman said the lelicopter crash Is under inves- tigation by a police board which will hear testimony from civilian and police witnesses. A report in the findings should be availa- >le next week, the spokesman added. Several More The letter, signed "B Team warned that the SLA had several more military-type anti-aircraft missiles "and we 'isc them to shooi down Fas- cist pig aircraft." Cmdr. Paul Gillcn, who head- ed the special weapons and tac- tics (SWAT) section of the Los Angeles .police department, was killed in the crash Wednesday. Three other officers aboard the aircraft, which was reportedly on a training exercise, suffered serious injuries. The SLA claimed it was send- ing the letter "to claim credit for the shootdown of the police Bell 206 Jetranger helicopter on 29 May 1974... Our intelligence had informed us that members of SWAT would be involved in training exercises in the Kagel Canyon area on the above date." "like Any Other" William Sullivan, FBI agent- in-charge here, said Friday that missing Patricia Hearst is not a "special case" and will be :reated like any other fugitive if she and the SLA couple with whom she is thought to be hid- ing 'elect to shoot it out with officers. Sullivan said "We will not :hange our normal procedures" n trying to apprehend Miss Hearst, William Harris and his wife, Emily, "We only fire in self-defense, but we will not copardize the life of a law en- forcement fa said. The disengagement pact; ne- gotiated by Secretary of State Kissinger, called for an immedi- ate cease-fire, creation of a Golan Heights buffer zone, troop pullbacks within four weeks and an exchange of prisoners to begin within 24 hours. Kissinger returned to Wash- ington Friday and said his mar- athon talks may have helped overcome "the wide gulf of dis- trust and hostility" in the Mid- dle East. I now believe that the two have learned to under- stand the thinking of each other that maybe that hurdle has been said. "But there is a long road to go before we have a permanent peace in the Middle Before the start Of the prison- er exchange, Israel held 408 Syrian, Moroccan and Iraqi prisoners and Syria had 68 Israeli captives. The U. N. ordered Austrian and Peruvian troops stationed near the Suez Canal to take up positions in the Israeli-Syrian buffer zone, along with Canadi- an and Polish logistic support. Soviets Ignore Kissinger, Give Syria Credit MOSCOW (AP) -Without a word about Secretary of State Kissinger, Pravda Saturday gave the Syrians complete credit for bringing about the Israeli- Syrian disengagement agree- ment. The Communist party newspa- per said the pact was a result of Syrian pressure on Israel. It did not mention anything about Kis- singer's marathon negotiations and diplomatic breakthroughs in hammering out the agree- ment. The newspaper reiterated pre- vious claims that the Soviet Union deserves a share of the credit. Flag Dates WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- dent Nixon has designated the leriod beginning June ai Na- ional Flag week and JUM 14 M Flag day. It's not a cheaper cv tint people want It's an txptn- sin ear that cotti lam.