Cedar Rapids Gazette, May 28, 1974, Page 6

Publication: Cedar Rapids Gazette May 28, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 28, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa t\u (tfriur llupitU C!)njfHc Editorial Page Tuesday May 28 I 9 ’ I v.svWx^ Why jail harmless men? The sentencing of six former White House employes in connection with Watergate crimes illustrates once again the severe limitations of the American penal system: Though prisons justly confine dangerous persons and provide rehabilitative services for all who will accept them, they are unfit depositories for harmless offenders whose arrests, trials and sentencings have effected reformation. Obviously, the public needn’t fear the contrite Job Stuart Magruder, Egil Krogh. jr., Dwight Chapin or Herbert Porter Before the Watergate maelstrom engulfed them, those aides and re-election specialists were tilt' unlikeliest possible candidates for jail terms. Significantly, their offenses were but a fraction of the host of wrongs committed Informer Vice-president Agnew, whose plea-copping marked one of the most brazen getaways in history. Neither should women and children flee the sight of FN Howard Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy, though those two second-story men knew full well where their “caper" might land them. This is not to argue that Water gate felons and misdemeanants should enjoy immunity from sentencing or receive automatic suspended sentences Tilt' point is that the country’s prisons are heavily populated with inmates who — if st*t free — would never run afoul of the law again. Clearly, the judicial system needs a flexible means of exacting punishment without confinement. Perhaps judges could order harmless but demonstrably repentant lawbreakers to work a certain number of months, or years, in benevolent public service aligned with their talents. Such a system (not to be confused with work release) naturally could not be restricted to high-IQ types such as the Watergate crews. Bather, it could be broadened to accommodate all nondangerous miscreants whose incarceration would serve no purpose. Granted, the way to enlightenment would be obstacle-strewn. Pay would have to be kept low and services could not displace labor or impair existing contracts. Nevertheless, the obvious benefits for penitent convicts, their families and the taxpayers make exploration worthwhile. Toward a bettor land OF ALL this country’s social disparities, the most perplexing is the fact that the estimated 80 percent who toss away money gambling are. by and large, the same poor wretches who pay virtually all the federal income taxes. The upshot of this in lust ice is the evolution of two distinct strata — smart and rich, dumb and poor. Now there is no way to pry tax monies from those whose station in life is above such indelicacies as subsidizing the cost of running governments. But there is a means of cutting in twain the double burden of the gaming, tax-paying masses. Call it the Federal Gambling Service, an irrepressible idea whose era has propitiously dawned. The Federal Gambling Service (PGS) would collect funds heretofore gathered by the Internal Revenue Service, but with one monumental difference: FOS would direct not that citizens funnel money into federal coffers but rather that they bet an assigned portion of their income on games of chance managed by Uncle Sam. The bet-making public would stand roughly the same chances of return on w agers as bettors now enjoy in privately-operated gaming — remote or zilch — but the experience would be infinitely more gratifying than the flat-out paying of taxes. Just as Americans have responded admirably to the volun-Parsons deal studied tary tax reporting system, citizens could be trusted to gamble regularly and conscientiously — at gaming halls of their choice, naturally: numbers for the urban poor, horses for southern bluewoods, dogs for hound enthusiasts, football point-spreads for politicians and bingo for everyone else. The only legal abstainers would be conscientious objectors, who could continue paying taxes. Importantly, tycoons who now enjoy bizarre tax loopholes also would be forced to ante up to Uncle. For example, oil magnates could hardly claim their gambling of capital is an exceptional, exemption-worthy enterprise if everyone else is gambling, too. Manifestly, the only people not helped by federal gambling control would be the gangsters now grown corpulent on the gaming monopoly. In that light, how can it miss?Insights Men get opinions as boys learn to spell, by reiteration chiefly Elizabeth Barrett Browning TM: ‘Nothing to fear’From The Fairfield ledger An editorial APTE R WI LKS ut pro and con dis-cession "I Maharishi International university and its proposed move to Fairfield, a goodly number of citizens have lost sight of the fact that the Parsons college campus remains unsold This state of prematurity includes both those v\ ho talk about a community celt brat ion when the campus lights go on again and those who arc sincerely con cerned about the religious implications of transcendental meditation No lirm purchase oiler has Peen made. no agreement has been reached and no money has changed hands It would be a grave error at this point to ignore the possibility that none tit these things are going to happen Mil s representatives have done a commendable job of explaining their program and their plans for the campus. hut there are many questions about the school and Us ability It* sun ive in Imlay s educational depression winch simply cannot be answered Despite the opposition which has been expressed a major!’, of Fairfield citizens appear to support at least to some degree the MD pf "po-.ii But coupled ’V J! > oar d» snc to -• • the campus come an *    ..» I,, tJ deter mutation to h ut ti !: <■    p jst tnMao f lu* demise of Pardon- r< oains a painful memory be< atisc too mu:    nj un tor too litany year" listened oui1 to the things we wanted to hear and refused to look at the tilings we didn t want to » f'rasper!ive buy i ( s. thereto: *• nerd to understand why there is soiin under! ski pin ism and ahcHtainy toembr.ni .1 new program Opposition to MU on religious ’round' cannot be ignored Neither can it ta* resolved by further public debate Mio > Christians who fear transcendental meditation as a thinly veiled form oi Hindu ! 11 \stn ism might do well to look upon it as a challenge rallier than a threat Anyone who accepts the message of Jesus Christ and who is willing to Ie,ive Ills comfortable pew and witness lo Iii" (mill lias nothing lo liar from Maharishi Malicsh Yogi Divorce, contraception, abortion Church-state tangles persistBy NEA-london Economist News Service LONDON — How splendid, we say. with only a touch of benign condescension the benighted Italians are catching lip witll us at last Not quite caught lip y ct. ot course, since the divorce law which VI percent of them supported in referendum i" still one ol the toughest in Luropc But by voting (tv erw helmingly to reject 1 hut ch orthodoxy in favor of civil divorce they have come to terms with a problem which others solved long ago But i" the Italian divorce dispute really a" unique as all that'’ What Italians and especially Italian women were voting for was not "0 much tilt' state over the church or one batch of politicians over another as the individual’s freedom of choice Similar conflicts betwcen pnv ate rights and public responsibilities arc troubling many of the complacent countries of the north at this very moment The difference between their debates and Italy s is that the ground has shifted from divorce to a whole range ol other questions, not least contraception and abortion The closest parallel to italy i" Ireland where the church is very nearly as strong-, where divorce is forbidden by the constitution and abortion banned by law. and where the Hail is just working up it" courage to consider legalizing contraception for married |ieople (the pill has been legally available without prescription 111 Italy tor three \earst People's forumBond loss To the Editor We are writing in response to the failure of the school bond issue As students in the Cedar Rapids school system. we feel that too many adult citizens of Cedar Rapids are selfish and sell-centered We are fortunate to go to a well-kept sc bool (Kennedy senior high) that we can be proud of. but what about the junior high students who can have no pride because ot the physical appearance of their school * It i" truly unfortunate that some parents of ( edur Rapids do not care enough about their children's education and the condition of schools their children must attend to go out and simply vote tor better schools We hope III future bond issues metre parents of < edar Rapids will nett act immaturely, but instead will push aside Teed and learn to appreciate the importance of a we ll-kept school Our parents must learn that money is not everything They should learn that good schools and education must come first But if the citizens of < edar Rapids .j re so self consc ious and selfish as to not vote- tor such an important issue, then in din time our educational system will dete riorate just as franklin, McKinley Roosevelt and Wilson, are deteriorating now Lu Ann Johnson I IJJ < lifton stre-ct NI Bur It Dorsey .‘57Ik I.astern avenue NI. ( alin Jones TIH forty first street NE Deb Hanson -’bl Ninth avenue HiawathaWomen s choice lo the Editor I was perturbed lo read the letter May JU opposing passage of the equal rights amendment (ERA) Hie writer <dunned that women s liberationists are pressing The argument about legalizing contraception iii Ireland is running along much the same lines as the divorce debate in Italv. w itll churchmen insisting that ti would bo damaging lo morality and supporters ol tile1 lull invoking tfit* rights oi private conscience and the realities ol family life These realities include the use ut the pill by an estimated its.(MMI Irishwomen who have had it prescribed for “medical" reasons Iii franco, where contraception was legalized only seven years ago. the dispute of the day is about abortion Mter a dramatic campaign iii which film stars aud Nobel prize-winners publicly proclaimed themselves violators of the abortion ban. the government put forward .I proposal in December to expand the grounds for abortion beyond saving the mother s life This was shot down by tile (laiillist party, but a watered-down draft is due to conic Indore the next session of parliament \" w itll contraception iii Ireland a liberalization of the abortion law iii France would iii one way In- ail acceptance oi many people s present practice The estimated rate of largely illegal abortion is from two to four times as high as legal abortion iii Britain Britain and the I Tilted States have conte much closer than the Catholic countries ut Europe• to settling the questions of divorce, contraception and abortion iii what most liberals still regard as .1 liberal manlier Yet iii both countries there arc substantial numbers ut people who wonder where the limits <u pornos-siv ism lie their will upon her by attempting to get tilts important amendment passed Tm sorry, but I feel she has the tables turned around If is absolutely false that women will he legally required to provide hall the tannins support. Even now men are not required to provide the family’s income It would give women the right to earn equal pay for equal labor To actually believe that there would be no private facilities for men and women is ridiculous I rue. women may be subject to the draft But the military now takes only the qualified men and surely would only admit women who were equally qualified. These are the reasons I feel the amendment would be beneficial I Women would have* exactly the same* rights as 110*11 That doesn’t mean the y want to be* men; they merely want to Im* treated like* people* J Women would be* able to support themselves adequately, so the*re* would beno reason for alimony Only because most women are* forced to work for substandard wagers — and therefore* are* not able* to support themselves, much less .1 family — are men who are* divorced required to pay alimony J Me n and wome*n both will be* entitled to e*quul pensions and social see linty benefits    x I Rape will continue to Im a < rune Iii fact. the* laws would have* to be strengthened Only this year did the* Iowa le gislature* erase- from Hie* hooks a law which re*quin*el corroboration iii a rape* case* The* old lawmakers didn t b*e*l that women were* responsible enough to be* trusted on their own word Rape* victims often e*nde*d up be*uig the* defendant W itll e*(|iial rights, laws would have* to be* more* protective of women and may Im* with stiffer penalties the* incidence* o| rap! may even go down I urthcr, the* espial rights amendment will give women the* right to Im* what thew want tube* ll they want to be* housewives. line* But the*re* are* women who just aren I satisfier! with tieing housewive Adoption will le*l women be* their awn people not cve*t \one* elses unless they want to be Kalbs Leighton Iowa ( ifv One campaign based mi tile* doubts very nearly succeeded lite* New A ark state* legislature*, after legalizing abortion on demand in 19711. voted to repe*al ii two years later, the* law was rescues! eerily by (inventor Roe kcfelle't ’s \e*to In 1972 the* supreme* court rtile-d that the* "tate*s canned prohibit abortion in tile* first 1J wee ks of pregnancy But the* court s attitude* has not stopped congress from nibbling away at abortion rights through riders attac hed tee other Dills — for example, banning flu* use* ed Medic aid hinds per abortion and preventing foreign aid money infill be*ing used leer abortion programs The anti-abeertioiusts have been inst as active iii Britain There* is a ne*w controverse out the* government's decision to make* tree* contrat e ptive*s available* oil the* health sen lee Tile* ai'gunie*nts would be a" familiar to \111e ric atis. F'reiie hindi ane! Italians .is to \ derails ut earlier Brit Mi campaigns; from Cardinal Bornan a warning that free* contraception would lead to increased promiscuity and venereal disease l-’rom the* former medical director eel the Inertial lienal Blarnid! Parenthood F’celerutieui. Dr Malcolm Potts, tin* reply that the* denial eel contraception and abortion service*" is 'like saying the* accident services near highways should lee* Withdrawn III onle-r tee reduce dangoreeus driving ” The* frontie>r between public morality, and what is to be* le ft to private judgment. has not fee*e*n tuiallv drawn u*t No horns To the* F’.elitor In reference tee Mrs Dale* Williamson's lelte*r May 21. “Satan’s work.” I wish tee clarify transcendental meditation without making it sound like* something of e\ ll intent I have been practicing TM for almost two months now, and altheeugh I’m not a learned authority on it. I am not sprouting any horns or sporting a hub out my head TM is a practice ed “self’-overcoming the* normal stress and strain of life that have* built up etver a lifetime of everyday hassles I encourage anyone* who doesn't understand what TM can do for a pe rson to go to some* ol the* fre*e* introductory lectures or write* for information to S I M S . Box 9UH. Iowa (Tty. Iowa 5224(1 I’M is not a philosophy or ,1 restrictieen on any other philosophies a person may have, but rather a practice* ol self-realization, taught ley very understanding arid leu mg people I am not a < bustian, so Mrs Williamson s reference s to the* Billie* meant little* to nu*, beruuse* I ( annot accept the* Bible as absolute* truth I will concede that Jesus < fir Isl is one ol history *s greatest philosophers It is my opinion however, that there* .ire* many others dating buck much further than 2.(Kid years who are* riot to be* scoffed at And iii this country, according tee the* ( (institution, I am given this rigid (I am not saying this is spiritually right or wrong 1 I iii not positive, but I think I vc Iii.lid a quote Irom the* Bible saying sonudluiig to Hie* citee J of “ Ilion shalt not pass lodgment Dav id I* Alc < right :i:J24 First avenue NAV Explosion risks new domino fallBy James Reston WASHINGTON - India’s underground nile lear explosion has surprised the world Dinted States iii tedligenee and even British intelligence. which is better in that part of the* world did not anticipate it The Canadians, who helped India with its nuc lear technology, feed they were deceived Yet it is surprising that the either nuclear powers were surprised I lee* present “control system’’ for atomic energy in the* world does not control The nuclear powers argue that they have the right to develop nuclear weapons, but Others do not. In a world eel independent sovereign nations this lopsided proposition was vulnerable* ariel almost (loomed to break dew ii Alone among the great powers, tin* United States understood at the* beginning of the nuclear age that atomic energy was too necessary as a source* ol civilian power ariel too dangerous as a source of military weapons to Im* left to the control of independent nations Therefore, men like Baruch. Lilienthal Acheson and others devised a system of international control under the United Nations but failed because of the* opposi lion of the So\ u*t Union. Since* then. Britain. Prance, China, and now India have detonated nuclear explosions, and many other nations have the* capacity to do so. For the* moment India, with good reason, is being blamed for weakening the* self-denying provisions of the* nuclear test-ban treaty. which India never signed. But it is tin* system or lack thereof that is to blame* India is merely the latest symbol of the* system s weakness. Three facts of the* modern world are now fairly obvious First, with the* decline of fossil fuels and their (|uadrup!ed price in the last two years, all nations must seek alternate* sources of energy Theist* that can afford ii and many that can’t will be* turning to nuclear power Second, tile science and technology of producing atomic power arc now available to any nation that can pay for it The step from producing atomic power for civilian uses to producing atomic explosions and weapons, while* recklessly expensive, is no longer the* insoluble mystery it seemed to be a generation ago Third, the political disarray ol the* contemporary world of staggering and squabbling nations encourages both fear — if-we-don’t-go-nuclear-our-enemies might — and excessive nationalistic pride*. It is easier now to tell the Indian people they have now joined the* “nuclear dub’’ — that offensive phrase — than it is to feed them Of e curse, India says it has no intention of building a nuclear arsenal Its defense minister, Jagjivun Ram. says the* Indian mu lear experiment “is only for mining. oil arid gas prospecting, for finding 1111-derground sources of water, for diverting rivers, for scientific and technological knowledge “ Prime Munster Indira Chandi says, in e-ffect, tin* explosion was no big ileal and asks what the fuss is all about Well. it’s about Hie future of the human race, for one* thing It s about what the* world of national states will look like ii all nations that have* the* capacity to prod lice nuclear explosions follow India’s example It s about the use of force to JamesRestonMisplaced A man woke up se reaming, “It s iii the photic book1 He was dreaming the* lax pe ople* wanted to scud him a big refund bul had losl his address I otjtsviHf- Courier lour mil achieve political ambitions It s about the integrity of national commitments, say between India and Canada And of course, it s about the* increasing cetsts ol military arms — now running at over $2(Mi billion a ye ar — iii a hungry world People are* not fussing at Mrs Chandi because* they Hunk she wants to turn Iii (Ila into a striving military nuclear pow cr The* problem is more* psychological and pol it leal ll India needs nuclear explosions to find water gas and oil, to divert rivers and enhance knowledge, can Pakistan Im* far behind’’ And after that. Ran ariel the* other oil producing states, which are* running out ol energy but now have* enough ext 1.1 capital to launch their own nuclear programs with no more than a few mouths ol then spectacular new oil revenues Mien probably Israel then what ’ lins is the real domino problem the* world fuis to worry about Not that tin* states will hill into communism but intel a world ut uncontrolled nationalism and nuclear weapons Soone r or later then the* world was bound to reconsider tin* plan . launched by the* United Slates at the I titled Na lions for inlet oat tonal control ol atonic energy This should give* Secretary bis singer arui Ptcsident Nixon a larger topic lo discuss when they meet in Moscow next month lo haggle over the* limited control ol strategic we apons N< Al VOf V I m i ,1 India joins the nuclear club vMwBSP, % r 1 ;

  • Ann Johnson
  • Deb Hanson
  • Dwight Chapin
  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning
  • Herbert Porter
  • James Reston
  • Kalbs Leighton Iowa
  • Malcolm Potts
  • Ptcsident Nixon

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Publication: Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Issue Date: May 28, 1974