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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 21, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather-- Ctlance of rain to- nigbt. Laws in the 60s. Partly cloudy Wednes- day with uiglis in Ihu 70s. VOLUMU 92 NUMHKH 132 CITY FINAL CEOAIl HAPIDS, IOWA, TUKSDAY, MAY 21, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPF, NEW YORK TIMES Food Drop Cuts Price Rise in Half WASHINGTON (AP) The biggest drop in retail fooc prices in seven years liclpee slow the nation's inflationarj increase in April to about hal the level in each of the previous three monjhs, the governmen said Tuesday. The labor department said the Consumer Price Index in April rose .6 percent on both an unadjusted and seasonably adjusted basis. The increase was the small cst since last September anc compared with increases of 1." percent in March, 1.2 percen in February and 1.1 percent-in January. Despite the sharp drop in fooc prices, rapid price hikes on most non-food commodities con- tinued to spread across the eeon omy in April. Wage Erosion A separate report showed lha wages of American workers are falling further behind the infla- tion rate. Real spendable earn- ings of the average blue collar worker dropped .8 percent ir April to a level 5.6 percent be low a year ago. Real 'earnings equals take home pay minus deductions for social security and federal in come taxes. A decline in working hours plus rising fconsumer prices contributed to the erosion o workers' .wages in- April, the seventh straight monthly de- cline. Food Drop The food price index dropped an adjusted .4 percent in April the first decline since Septem- ber and the biggest drop since it also fell .4 percent in Apri! 1967. Grocery prices alona fell an adjusted .7 percent, the mosl in 'any month since a drop of .0 percent last September. However, while food prices declined, non-food commodi- ties jumped an adjusted 1.1 percent and an unadjusted 1.3 percent in April while services increased an unadjusted .6 percent, the government said. In a separate report, the la- bor department said gasoline prices rose 1.7 percent from March to April with the aver- age price for regular grade at 53.7 cents per gallon in April and the average for premium at 57.3 cents per gallon. Nixon administration officials have said food prices increases apparently have run -their course this year but have fore- cast continued sharp increases for most other items in the ab- sence of price controls which expired April 30. Consumer prices in April were 10.2 percent 'higher than a year ago with the index up to 144.0. This means that it cost SI44 to purchase a variety of consumer goods and services which cost in Ihc 19R7 base period. Civilian Regime in Thailand Quits BANGKOK (AP) Premier Sanya Thammasak and his eight-monlh-old civilian govern- ment resigned Tuesday, and a military alert was declared throughout the nation. Gen. Kris Srivara. the com- mandcr-in-chicf of the army and national security director, said Ihc alert was a precau- tionary measure taken to in- sure the security of the coun- try. "The alert, is not a prepara- tion for a the general said, adding that he did not ex- pect any trouble. "Every Thai respects 1hc king. The king is in command of the nation." Today's Advice In college students: lie kind In your pnrcnts. Afler Ihey get through paying to send you, you're nil Ihey'll have, coimiain Parents of SLA Trio Beg Them To Give Up LOS ANGELES (AP) As lawmen continued their search for Patricia Hearst and William and Emily Harris, the dis- traught parents of the suspcctet Symbionesc Liberation Army members pled with their chil- dren to surrender rather than face possible violent death. With the memory of last Fri day's flaming deaths of six SLA members vivid in her mind Mrs. Betty Bunnell, Harris mother, said: "All of us jusl can't bear the thought of seeing anything on film like we saw this past weekend, and to think that it might happen to my son is almost unbearable and I do wish he would give himself up." "Come Home" Mrs. Harris' father, Frederic Schwartz, flew to Los Angeles from Chicago Monday night to plead with his daughter to sur- render to him. In a statemenl aimed at Emily, 27, Schwartz said, "You have only two choices open now: You may elect to die an equally horrible and totally useless death Your other choice is to come forth and live." He offered to More To Be Eligible for Tax Credit If you're buying -a house on contract, a law passed by the state legislature this year could save you more than The law regards homesteac credit. It makes a contract pur- chaser eligible for the credit as long is the purchaser lives in the house and has the contract re- corded, no matter how little eq- uity he or she has in the proper- ly. Prior to this year, a contract purchaser required ten percent equity before becoming eligible for the homestead credit. Who Are They? "This now allows anyone who is buying on contract to qualify the same as a deed-holder, so ong as the contract is record- explained City Assessor Dale Piersall. "There are quite a few of hese, and we don't know who :hey are." Homestead "credit is 25 mills on the first assessed valu- ation, to a maximum of A claim must be filed in Pier- sail's office on the fifth floor of city hall before July 1 to obtain he credit. Unsigned About eligible persons lave still not filed, he said, and only 29 working days remain jefore the deadline. "We're getting down to the leadline and it's really going to snowball on Piersall said vhile urging eligible persons to ilc their claims as soon as pos- sible. He said the same warning ipplies lo persons eligible for elcrans' exemptions. About of them arc still not filed. Questions about the credits :an be telephoned to the asses- sor's office, 398-5031. meet her and take her to law of- ficers. And in liillsborough, Calif., Catherine Hearst, mother of the 20-year-old coed whose kidnap- ing on Feb. 4 set off this case, said, "I hope she will give her- self up and come home." But there was no sign that Miss Hearst or the Harris', a white couple, were about to vol- untarily give up. And more than 100 local, state and federal law officers remained on full-time duty in search of the three, who are described as "armed and extremely dangerous" and pos- sibly the last remnants of the small band of terrorists. Law -officers said their search for Miss Hearst and the Har- ris' was still centered in South- ern California, although Los An- geles Police Cmdr. Pete Hagan declared, "If they've got any sense, they'd have left. Things are getting hot here." FBI Complaints .The three are wanted on FBI complaints, filed Monday, for investigation of illegal use and possession of automatic weap- ons. The FBI decision to classify Miss Hearst as an SLA partici- pant capped a wild weekend in which -six members of the SLA, including its top leader, Cinque, died after an hour-long gunbat- tle with 500 police at a south Los Angeles hideout. The FBI said it concluded that Miss Hearst had joined the rev- olutionary clique which violent- ly kidnaped her 3V4 months ago after an 18-year-old youth iden- tified her and the Harris1 as the persons who kidnaped him for 12 hours and stole his truck in a getaway from a sporting goods store last Thursday. The FBI said it believed i was Miss Hearst who fired 30 rounds of automatic rifle slugs into the store after Harris alle- gedly bungled an attempt to shoplift a 49-cent pair of socks. Bank Robbery U. S. Attorney James Brown- ing said Monday it is "entirely possible" that Miss Hearst now will be indicted for her part in a San Francisco bank robbery last month. Currently, she is sought -only as a material witness in the holdup. The four persons originally charged with :he bank robbery were among the six who died in the Los An- jeles shootout Friday when Iheir hideout house burned. Browning said a grand jury will listen to new testimony from the 18-year-old Los Ange- les youth, Thomas Matthews, who claims 'a woman he iden- tified as Miss Hearst told him he willingly took part in the In a tape recording in April, Miss Hearst said she had akcn part in Ihe robbery of her own free will. Other Charges Police in .suburban Lymvood said they would bring charges igainst Miss Hearst and the Harris' Tuesday of kidnaping inc! robbery, for the 12-hour ab- luclion of Matthews and theft of lis van. The Los Angeles county dis- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Telepholo PLEADS FOR SURRENDER Fred Schwartz, father of .aruSJ-A mem- ber, Emily Harris, bites his lip to hold back tears as he pleads for his daugh- ter, her husband and Patricia Hearst to surrender in his custody to escape "a horrible and totally useless death." He voiced his appeal at a press con- ference shortly after arriving in Los Angeles from Chicago. Bank Burglary ree rama Initial government witnesses testified Tuesday in Cedar Rapids federal court in connec- tion with a bank burglary case that an assistant U.S. attorney likened to a "television drama." The trial involves three men accused of planning and partici- pating in a rash of burglaries in central Iowa in 1969 and 1970. Former FBI agent Edwin Flint 'of Clear Lake and Hamil- :on county Sheriff Kenneth Farnham testified in connection with an October, 1970, burglary of the Randall State bank, in which the defendants were alle- gedly engaged. On trial are Jack Raymond Scott and Dwight Morgan Bach- man, both of DCS Moincs, and Robert Weeks of Louisiana. Five Banks The trio, with others, is charged with conspiring to com- mit, and committing, robbery of 'ivc banks at Ionia, Breda, Irwin, Swalcdale and Randall. The two indictments against he men claim that the burgla- netted close lo in- (Continued: Page 3. Col. 8.) ervisors By Roland Krekeler A joint city-county law en- forcement building is being con- sidered by Linn supervisors as they contemplate expenditure of federal general revenue sharing funds. Uses of revenue sharing money will be discussed at an open meeting at p.m. to- night at the courthouse. The m e-e ting specifically deals with the which the county expects to receive for the year beginning July 1, but the supervisors are thinking further into the future. In an interview with The Ga- zette, Supervisor William Mar- tin said the board is of the opinion, subject lo public rec; non-capital expenditures should be limited in the last three years of the program, so pro- grams do not become accus- tomed to receiving funds that will not be available when prop- erty tax is sole tax source of funds. Concerning use of the immedi- ately forthcoming funds Martin said an estimated is ex- pected to be allocated for county roads in light of the damage caused by the recent flooding. Set Aside About is to be set aside for furnishing the new county care facility which is under construction as a replace- ment [or Ihe county home. That leaves about for ommendalions, that the cstimat- lho Iaw enforcement building ed million for the next three years should be spent mainly for capital improvements. Initial Funding The million received dur- ing the first two years of Ihe program was allocated, in part, lo such things as salary supplc- which is under consideration. Perhaps more than that can be set aside for Ihe project from each of Ihe next two years' rev- enue sharing, for a total of million or more as the county's share, if the public approves, Martin said. ments and health center pro-i grams in addition to capital enforcement building provcmcnts. Martin said the board feels He said the possibility of a hit law enforcement bi has been discussed informally (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) Prosecutor: Have Right To Sue Nixon WASHINGTON (AP) Spe- cial prosecutor Leon Jaworskii :ays President Nixon is trying to "make a farce" of the charter guaranteeing the prose- cutor's independence and his right to subpoena Watergate evidence from White House files. Jaworski's challenge to the President's willingness to ac- cept the prosecutor's indepen- dence was disclosed Monday shortly after Judge John J. Siri- ca ordered Nixon to obey a sub- poena from the special prosecu- tor's office demanding tapes of 64 conversations sought as evi- dence in the Watergate cover-up trial. Would Appeal After the order, Vice- president Ford said the White House should turn over any tapes "relevant to a criminal but Nixon counsel James St. Glair said the White House would appeal Sirica's de- cision. Jaworski disclosed details of his latest clash with the White House in a strongly worded let- ter to Sen. Eastland chairman of the senate judiciary committee. At the request of Sen. Ken- nedy a judiciary committee member, Easlland scheduled an executive session of the panel and asked St. Clair and Jaworski to stand by- if called to testify.1 Jaworski told Eastland that in opposing the cover-up trial sub- poena, St. Clair had said "it is the President's contention that he has ultimate authority .to de- termine when to prosecute, whom to prosecute, and with what evidence to prosecute." "The crucial point is that the President, through his counsel, is challenging my bring an action against him to obtain evidence, or differently stated, he contends that I cannot- take the President to the prosecutor said. "A Farce" That position, said Jaworski, would make "a farce" of his charter and would render its guarantee of the right to take the President to court "an idle and empty one." But Tuesday St. Clair disput- ed Jaworski's charge. "Mr. Jaworski and I have a difference of St. Clair told reporters as he arrived al the Rayburn house office build- ing to attend Tuesday's closet hearing on Nixon's possible im- peachment. St. Clair sairl, "There was no agreement with anyone that I can't present any argument per- tinent to the issue." The While Hcusc said Tues- day that President Nixon is no considering firing Jaworski. Jaworski's predecessor, Ar chibakl Cox, was fired on Nix on's orders last October afte Nixon raised similar argi ments (luring court hearings o (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Sentence: To 4 Years WASHINGTON (AP) Jcb Stuart Magrudcr, the No. 2 man in President Nixon's re-election campaign, was sentenced Tues- day to serve at least 10 months in prison for helping plan the Watergate breakin, bugging and cover-up. Judge John Sirica ordered Magruder to serve a 10-month to :our-year term in a minimum security institution and gave lim until June 4 to surrender himself. "Moral Precepts" "My ambition obscured my Magruder told Sirica n a brief statement. He said he still doesn't know how he sur- rendered "my moral precepts." "I know what I have he said. "I'm confident the country will survive its Watergates and its Jeb Magruders." Magruder's lawyer, James Sharp, told the judge that Magruder has already been punished in the 13 months since be first told of his role in Water- gate to federal prosecutors. Magruder .was the sixth former White House aide to be sentenced to prison. He pled guilty Aug. 16 to a single count of conspiracy to unlawfully inter- cept communications, to obstruct justice and to defraud the United States of America. ''Sirica could have sentenced Magruder to a maximum five years in prison and fined him Dressed in a gray pinstriped suit and a striped shirt, Ma- gruder told of seeing "the con- fusion in the eyes of my chil- dren, the heartbreak in the eyes of my wife, the contempt in the eyes of others." Asst. Special Prosecutor Jill Volner told Sirica that agree- Jeb Stuart Magruder Most Agree Iowa Soil 25 Years By Al Swcglc Gazono Farm Editor Soil worker s Tuesday weren't quibbling too much with reports that the slate suf- fered its worst soil loss in 25 years the past two weeks. Most Eastern Iowa conser- vationists pinpointed Ihc area along interstate 80 as Ihe hard- est hit by erosion, w bile much cropland along rivers and si reams in southeastern Iowa has been damaged by flood. One extension director in cast central Iowa, Dale Shires of Iowa City, estimated Hint one-fourth of the corn land would need to be replanted due to erosion and flood' damage. Donald Boris of Sigourncy, Kcoluik coimly conservation- i.sl, termed one rain that hit the northern half of Ihe counly a "100-year-frequcncy storm." A soil erosion structure built during the 1930s on Ihc Willis Lillie farm near Marion was damaged during Ihc past two rainy weeks, and 13 e n t o n counly soil officials reported I ires being swept on cropland south of Ncwiiall by an over- flowing creek. The officials did not know where the tires, complete with rims, came (rom, but Epecu- lalcd they may have been piled near Ihe creek bank far- Iher upstream. Hooding caused damage over a half-mile area along a 40-mile portion of the- Sugar, Hock and Yankee Hun creeks in Cedar counly, while acres was estimated lo be under water at limes in John- son counly. Cedar county soil officials estimated that 5 percent of the flooded areas would need to be replanted. Statewide 1.35 million acres of Iowa cropland sustained "severe soil erosion" while an estimated 565.000 acres were considered flooded. The slate figures- were com- piled by Wilson T. Moon of DCS Moincs, stale conserva- tionist, and few Tuesday were disagreeing with Ihe severity of his report. Moon termed Ihe storm erosion damage Ihc worst since 1951. "It's hard lo imagine condi- tions that would allow more erosion." Shires said. "We have more conservation prac- tices than we had 25 years ago, bill wo hiivu a record amount of land in row crops this year." "The conditions were ripe for William Greincr of DCS Moincs, director of Ihe Iowa department of soil con- servation, told The Gazette. Greincr pointed oul thai the federal government, encour- aging all-out food production Ibis year, is not sponsoring a cropland retirement program as in Ihc past. "I predicted that we would have a lot of soil loss this year because of this, but not this Grciner said. "Land has come out of Ihe acreage reserve lhat should have had some form of con- servation practices applied. A few Kastcrn Iowa conser- vationists recalled localized situations where worse ero- sion has occurred. Clarence Beyer of Tipton, Cedar county soil conserva- tion technician, recalled the Wesl Liberty area suffered worse erosion loss in 1967 when a la- lo 18-inch rain hit the area. Seed corn dealers are begin- ning to receive requests for more seed as farmers consid- er replanting some of their acreage. "I know of one family who's ordered enough seed lo rc- planl 150 Grciner said. A socd corn salesman. Harold Molkcnthin of Delta, said he had sold .seed lo sonic farmers lo replant two weeks ago. An lowii Stall1 university cx- I on s i o n crops specialist, Frank Schallcr of Ames, rec- ommended that farmers take a wait-and-f.cc attitude toward replanting, however. "Yellowness in corn is not Schallcr said, "and most of the corn will come out of il with a little sunshine. ''Corn germinates more slowly in cool and wet weather. Soil temperatures don't have to be too w a r m before Ihe top two inches of Ihc seed bed is warmed by the sun, however." iichaller said modern seed corn can slay dormant in Ihc ground for three weeks and still germinate. "Farmers .should consider replanting if the .seedbed has been washed out or silled Schallcr .said. "The yellow corn should .snap out of ments for Magrudcr to plead guilty to a single count in re- turn for Oiis testimony against others were contained in three letters filed with the court. She said the letters "set forth the nature of his actions and the extent of his cooperation." Special Assistant Sharp told Sirica that .Ma- gruder's concealment of Ihc truth ended when he obtained a lawyer in April, 1973, and since then he has answered fully and truthfully questions put to him by the grand jury, senate and house investigators, tlic special prosecutor and the FBI. Magruder, 39, was a special (Continued: Page 2, Col. 2.) Today's Index Comics Crossword Daily Record Deaths Kditorinl Features Farm Financial Marion Movies............. Society Sports.............. Stiilc Television Wiint Ads........... ........20 ......20 .........'I ........3 ........li .......12 .......21 .......22 .......18 ....15-17 .......It)
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