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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 18, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Occusioual showers through Sunday. Lows tonight near CO. Highs Sunday in 80s. VOLUME 92--NUMBER 123 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, SATURDAY, MAY 18, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Nuclear Blast Is Set Off by India NEW DELHI, India (AP) India set off its first nuclear explosion in an underground test Saturday, the official Indian radio said. Both Indian national news agencies said the explosion was conducted in the Rajastan area of New Delhi, site of the Great Indian Desert. The Indian Atomic Energy Commission said the bomb was designed for such peaceful pur- poses as mining and earth-mov- ing, and India has no intention of producing nuclear weapons. But the test indicated India may be able to build such weapons in the future if it chooses to do so. The only nations now known to have nuclear weapons are the U.S., Russia, China, Britain and France. In 'Switzerland, Pakistan's chief delegate to the Geneva disarmament conference said .the Indian test will have "far- reaching consequences" for the entire situation on the subconti- nent, where India and Pakistan have fought three wars in the last quarter-century. Contests Claim Ambassador 'Niaz Nairn said the test meant a "qualitative change" in the political and mil- itary situation. He contested the Indian claim that it was exclu- sively designed to serve peace- ful purposes. "We have always maintained there is no difference between tests for peaceful purposes and those for military Nairn said. "The technology is the same. We have kept warn- ing the international community against the dangers of this backdoor entry into the nuclear club." In Washington, the Atomic Energy Commission said the U. S. "delected seismic signals from India equivalent to a yield of less than 20 kilotons." A spokesman said that is in the "low yield range" the lowest of three ranges. The U.S. state department in- dicated disappointment over the explosion. "Always Against" .Sirhone Poulain, department press officer, said the "U.S. has always been against nu- clear proliferation because of the adverse impact it will have on world stability." In Russia, India's ally, Tass news agency said the test was a Bill Offered To Reinstate Draft WASHINGTON (AP) .A Texas congressman, contending that the concept of an all-volun tcer armed force is harmfa both to democracy and fighting effectiveness, has introducec legislation to reinstate the draft. "The absence of selective ser vice has critically impaired the fighting effectiveness of all our armed services, and particularly the army and marine Democratic Rep. Charles Wilson told a news conference Friday. He said an all-volunlar> force is "totally incompatible with the principles of our egali- tarian democracy." 'peaceful explosion." It said it stemmed from India's "striving :o keep at the level of world technology in the peaceful uses of nuclear explosions." But in Tokyo Japan's two major anti-nuclear organiza- tions charged the test was "a step leading to a further nuclear arms race and another environ- mental degradation." "Ideal Excuse" The Socialist-backed Japan Congress Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs and the Com- munist-supported Japan Council Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs made almost identical statements. "The Indian experiment un- doubtedly will stimulate other nations to race for further nu- clear weapons the Congress said. "Especially it will give an ideal excuse to China and France." The Indian announcement said the test was conducted at depth of about 328 feet. The size of the bomb was not given. Experts had long suspectcc that India was on the verge of a nuclear capacity. The consulta- tive committee of the Indian parliament charged with atomic energy matters was advised last year that Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's government was con- ducting experiments in the field. But Saturday's announcemenl was the first public indication that India had the ability to build and explode a device. Strong Criticism Mrs. Gandhi reportedly formed her cabinet of the bias in a, special cabinet session then instructed the foreign min- istry to inform the major powers. Her government has strongly criticized atmospheric nuclear tests, particularly those con- ducted by China since it joined the nuclear powers in 1964. But India nevertheless has refused t o sign the nuclear non- proliferation treaty of 1968. That pact was pushed by the U.S. in an effort to prevenl spread of nuclear weapons anc the consequent danger of nu- clear war growing out of region- al disputes. Mrs. Gandhi contended it also had the effect of sealing the nuclear superiority of the U.S and the Soviet Union, which also signed. India opened its first atomic power station in January, 1970, with American assistance. Can ada has also assisted India in building such stations. Suspected Hideout of ill Is Gunfight Site Telepholo AS GUN BATTLE RAGES A policeman carrying a submachine gun runs into position to protect as occupants of a suspected Symbionese Liberation Army hideout in Los Angeles carry on a gun battle with officers. (Another photo on picture page.) as By Steve Helle DELHI-Vandals broke into the Lake 'Delhi dam gatehouse early Saturday morning, ac- cording to officials, and jammed one of the dam's three gates wide open causing the lake level to drop "about eight feet" by noon. "Somebody tore the door. off the gatehouse, broke the locks, and forced the gale up so high that it said Tim Walton, an official la? Interstate Power Co. which currently controls the dam. Walton also said the cable which controlled the gate was (Continued: Page 2, Col. 6.) Dismiss Tony Boyle Conspiracy Charges PITTSBURGH (AP) Feder- al conspiracy charges, lodged against former United Mine Workers President W. A. "Tony" Boyle in connection with the 1969 Yablonski slay- ings, were dismissed Friday al the request of the government. Man, 27, Asks Youth Court Hearing; Mental Age: Mayor Daley Is Out of Hospital CHICAGO (AP) Mayor Richard Daley, smiling and waving, left the hospital Satur- day after 12 days of treatment for what doctors said was a mild stroke. He will recuperate at home before returning to the hospital for surgery to repair partial blockage of a neck artery. Today's Chuckle Life can be discouraging. Like when you send n kid through four ycnrs of high school and then discover your pnrnkcct has n bigger vocabulary. coimi By Roland Krekelcr A 27-year-old Cedar Rapids man accused of making threats to extort from Cedar Rapids business man Robert Armstrong has asked that -his case be transferred to juvenile court because his mental age is 714. Gary Lewis, who was sched- uled to g3 on trial in Linn dis- trict court Monday, obtained a continuance Friday so the court would have time to consider the molion to transfer the case. Included with the transfer mo- tion was a report from a psy- chologist at the University of Iowa speech and hearing clinic slating that Lewis, a deaf-mute, has a learning age of This indicates, the report said, that lie is able to perform tasks which the average deaf child of 714 is able to perform and that his intellectual functioning is in the range of mental retardation. Can't Assist The transfer molion stales that Lewis' attorney knows the clefcnclanl cannot assist (he al lorncy in a trial. "Considering the age of the Ihc motion con- tinues, the attorney docs nol believe the defendant has suf- ficient intelligence lo formulate nn intent lo commit a crime. Lewis is one of three persons charged in connection Dec. 28 extortion attempt on Armstrong. All three are deaf- mutes. He and Jackie Earned, ol Cedar Rapids, were charged in Linn district court with making malicious threats to extort. Bar- nctt was convicted last month and is to be sentenced next week. Lewis, Barnclt and Joseph .ylc Steggall, 37, of Ccdai Rapids, arc charged in federal court with using the mail to at- tempt to extort. Arrested Near House The three were arrested near an abandoned house in Ihc 300 block of First avenue NW. Auth- orities said Lewis and Darnell had taken a box Armstrong hac placed there. A note received by Armstrong DUBLIN (UPI) Army roops and police launched a na- ionwide manhunt Saturday for extremists who set jlasts in downtown Dublin and a quiet rural village, killing 28 jersons and wounding more :han 100. Police sealed off all streets out of the capital and warned ,hat "every town and village in he republic must be on the alert for bomb attacks." Prime minister Liam Cos- ;rave went on national televi- sion and denounced the attacks as "unforgivable acts." He said he Irish government did not inow who planted the bombs. The bombings took the leaviest Irish toll since Protest- ant Roman Catholic violence erupted in Northern Ireland five' years ago, surpassing the 15 leaths in a Belfast bar attack in December, 1971. Dublin Bombs Three bombs planted in aban- doned cars exploded in the heart of Dublin during the eve- ning rush hour Friday, all de- of the cars had been hijacked in Belfast. The.blasts tore :caf s to.pieces and-blew out huge display win- dows, sending chunks of glass hrough groups of shoppers. Men and women were blasted hrough a department store win- dow and lay grotesquely among tailors' mannequins. In the town of Monaghan, 75 miles northwest of the capital near the border with Northern reland, a fourth bomb exploded '0 minutes after the Dublin ilasts and killed five persons. Police described UK town as a ;tronghold of the outlawed Irish lepublican Army. Deny Responsibility Both IRA factions and the Vorthern Ireland Ulster Defense Assn., a grouping of militanl irotcstant organizations, dis- claimed responsibility for Fri- day's atlacks. The Dublin victims included 15 women, six men and two children, both boys, aged 18 months and 2 V4 vears. a five-second on the crowded tonating within time span streets. Police said the Dublin bomb- ings killed 25 persons and wounded scores. They said two WINCHESTER, Ind. (AP) The Winchester high schoo! principal, Robert Jones, was un derstandably upset when he ar- rived at school and found a here of elephants wandering arounc the yard. The Hoxcy Brothers Circus, in town for a weekend perform- ance, had mistaken the school yard for Ihe circus site and scl up its tcnls and stakes in a driv- ing rain Thursday night. After some fast consultatior Friday, Hoxcy Brothers took its elephants across the street lo park, the original silc. threatened a bomb be placed at his department store and residence unless Ihe box s left at the house will) in it. Steggall was in a car nearby, authorities said. New trial dale in the Lewis case will be July 15, if his mo- tion lo transfer Is not sustained. No hearing dale has bccri set on Ihe transfer molion. Price Increases On Aluminum NEW YORK (AP) Price increases that arc expected, ul timatcly to raise the prices of a wide variety of consumer goods have been announced by lliree of Ihc nation's largest alumi mini companies. The increases for ingots rangi from 6.3 to 9.1 percent and wen described as the result of agree menls reached last March will Ihc .Cost of Living Council t raise prices in stages. "It's too horrible for said Tom Driscoll, a police of- ficer. "I saw women lying around clutching their kids to :hem, blood streaming from them. It was awful." He said the bombs "were :imed to go off when they would kill the most possible." FORT MADISON (AP) Six teenagers were killed in a flam- ing one-car accident on Iowa 103 north of Fort Madison late Fri- day. Authorities identified the vic- LOS ANGELES (AP) Auth- orities Saturday sought to iden- tify five bodies taken from a suspected Symbionese Libera- tion Army hideout. The coroner's office said the bodies were those of three white women, a white man and a black man. But Coroner Thomas Noguchi said; in a news release that they had not been identified by name and would not be until his inves- tigation was completed. He re- fused to elaborate on the written statement. The dead were found in a south Los Angeles house that more than 500 police stormed late Friday. The house caught fire, apparently from tear gas shells, during a lengthy gunfight and the bodies were charred beyond recognition. Deny Account A spokesman for newspaper executive Randolph A. Hearst said the FBI told Hearst one of the dead was SLA leader Don- ald DeFreeze. But the FBI in both Los Angeles and San Fran- cisco denied that agents bad identified DeFreeze alias SLA General Field Marshal Cinque. It also denied telling Hearst any such thing. The SLA claims it kidnaped Hearst's daughter, Patricia, in Berkeley Feb. 4. She lias since renounced her family and said she had joined the terrorist or- ganization, although authorities say her statements-may. have been made under coercion. John Lester, the Hearst spokesman, told newsmen of DeFreeze's reported death late Friday outside the Hearst man- and appeared to have suffered gunshot wounds. Mary Carr, 52, told police her daughter lived in the house and allowed five persons who arrived at 2 a.m. Friday to spend the night. She said the daughter, Min- nie Lewis, 33, told her she had allowed the five to slay after hey offered to pay her ?100. tfrs. Carr said she went to the louse Friday. "I went back there to see what was going the moth- er said. "A white lady had a belt on with a pistol Fort Fraise, Madison; 18, rural David Lee West Point; Michael David Baxter, 16, Fort Madison; John Edward Mooth- tims as Joseph .Sylvester sion in Hillsborough, south of Klesner, 16, rural Salem; Rich- ard Anthony Greenwald, 16, art, 15, Fort Madison, and Rich- San Francisco. But he walket away without a word as news- men shouted, "What about Pat- ty? What about "Hope to God" Earlier Lester had said, "We just hope to God that Patty is ard Lohman, West Point. Lee county sheriff's officers said the driver of the car ap- jarently lost control, the vehicle ran off the left side of the high- way, struck a driveway em- oankment, went into the air landed on its top and caught fire. Officers were uncertain who was driving. Five of the six were dead on arrival at a Fort Madison hospi- tal. Officers pulled Baxter from the wreck, but he died two hours later at the hospital. she Vice-Prcsidcnt Dies MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay (UPI) Vice-president Martin Echegoyen, 83, head of the coun- cil of state, died Saturday after a two-month illness. Wrong Pew Planning Agency Considered WASHINGTON (AP) With, more bad economic news in the Background, Ihc administration and congress have begun bipar- tisan discussions that could lead to creation of an economic plan- ning agency. Reprcsenlalives of lop ad- ministration economic advisers conferred Friday with aides to the Republican and Democratic leaders of the house and senate on a joint approach to coping with the troubled economy. They may meel again next week. As they met, the government announced thai prices rose at an 11.5 percent annual rale dur- ing the first three months of Ihc most inflationary per- formance since 1951, while the gross national product declined 6.3 percent. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield, told re- porters he met earlier on the planning-agcncy proposal with Treasury Secretary William E. Simon. "I think wo see prelly much eye to eye on some sort of a flash monitoring agency to storm signals and the Mansfield said. He said his proposal differed entirely from an unsuccessful administration proposal to es- tablish the Cost of Living Coun- cil as an inflation-monitoring agency. A source close lo Simon said the secretary has not made any decision about a planning agency but does endorse a joint administration congress ap- proach to economic problem- solving. "A super agency may nol be I h e besl the source said. "Maybe an infor- mal approach to working oul problems would be belter." The congressional and ad- ministration representatives are trying initially to work oul a joint approach lo such problems as dealing with raw-material and other shortages and Ihe need for gathering adequate eco- nomic data, one parlicipanl said. There were fears that Miss rlearst may have been one of three white women seen by a neighbor before the Shootout. The stucco house burned to the ground. Police said they saw two women's bodies one white and one black in a hallway as the house burned. Ammuni- tion belts on their bodies ex- ploded in the fire's heal. Three other bodies were found underneath the house near air vents to the outside. "Come Out" Acting on a tip, officers took wsilion around Ihe house about p.m. PDT Friday and called to the occupants over a mllhorn: "Come out with your lands up. The house is Two minutes later, a police- nan fired a tear-gas shell into the house and drew an answer- ing volley. About an hour after the first shots, thin tongues of flame sud- denly shot from windows and the eaves of the roof. The shooting stopped 15 minutes lalcr. Bil- lows of black smoke cast a pall around the house, obscuring the view of police sharpshooters and hundreds of spectators. "No Other Way" "H was a war, no other way lo describe said police commander Peter Hagen after officers fired volley after volley of tear gas, shotgun and rifle rounds. They were met with heavy return fire, some from beneath slapped at Ihe pislol and smiled up at me." Notifies Police Mrs. Carr said she left and notified police. Police reported ater that two vans that may lave been used by the group >vere discovered parked nearby. There was no word if Mrs. Lewis was the woman who ran from the house. Officers with lights poked through the debris through the night, finding a few handguns, a shotgun and small pipe- oombs. One policeman was at first reported to have a leg wound, but officers later said he ap- parently fell off a roof. Before the raid, the FBI alerted police .agencies in Wash- ington state to be on the look- out for a car possibly carrying Miss Hearst and SLA members. Early Saturday they said the alert still stood. Still Checking A sheriff's office spokesman hi Spokane said police were still 'checking out a-report that Miss Hearst and four olher per- sons were seen in the car Thursday night. The Los Angeles raid followed a hunt for three suspected SLA members who i fled after a Shootout at a sporting goods store in nearby Inglewood Thursday night. The three two white wom- en and a white man identi- 'ied themselves as SLA mem- bers as they commandeered vehicles to make their escape. A clerk at the store later (Continued: Page 2, Col. 3.) Hearst Vigil HILLSBOROUGH, Calif. (AP) Behind the walls of their while stucco mansion, Randolph and Catherine Hearst waited through the night to learn if their kidnaped daughlcr Pa- tricia was among five persons killed in a Shootout with Los An- geles police. "The feeling inside the Hearsl home is (hat it's family spokesman John Lester said late Friday night. "Nothing has been confirmed cither way, al- though the Hearsts have a direct line to the FBI and have been in louch all day. family really didn't ex- pect it to end this way. We just hope lo God that Pally is some- where else." Lester said the Hearsts watched much of the Shootout and its aflcrmath on live televi- sion. At one point, sobs were heard coming from the home. When Hearst heard it report- ed thai at least one of those in the house was a white woman, Lester said, "he put his hand up to his forehead and dropped it down again." and some of il be from machine the house thought lo guns. A flak-jacketed officer with a gas mask said, "H was jusl like Vietnam." The battle was televised live on area stations. "They Held Me" A woman emerged from the house after il caught fire. "They held me, (hey held she was heard to say as she was taken away Jo an am- bulance. She was not idenlilicd Today's Index Church Page 3 Comics 5 Crossword 5 Daily Record Deaths Editorial Features Financial Marion Movies Sports Television Want Ads 2 2 4 11 II 7 10 li .12-15
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