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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa CeHar Kapids Gazette: Wed., May 15, 1974 lory Blurs Reason Johnson Impeached By Bob Considine NEW YORK-Tbe President was infuriated to the point of profanity. How dare congress bring him up for impeachment such flimsy charges! How dare his hecklers not show more respect for the office of the presidency! How could news- papers that once supported him now turn on him and try t drive him out of the Whit House! President Richard Nixon? No President Andrew Johnson. 1( years ago this month. Blurred Charge The charges against Presiden Nixon are too well known t stand repetition. The charg against i Andrew; Johnson ha been blurred in the century and more that has passed. Briefly he was the victim of the ten sions and divisions that haunte America in the wake of the C5vi war. Johnson, a Democrat in Republican Washington, ha been the butt of Jnuch scorn and ridicule in both the Nort and Khe South since the day h declared, after his home state Tennessee, joined the secession ist states, that he would remain in his seat in the U.S. senate For two years he was the onlj Southerner in the senate, a bold self-made man who had neve- had a single day of formal edu was a gifted speak er who used the Words Ms wife Eliza McCardle had taught him along with teaching him how to read, write, spell, and do sim- ple sums. In .1862 President Lincoln gave Sen. Johnson one of the toughei assignments of the continuing war. He; appointed him a brig- adier only previous trade aside from politics hac been sent him back to Tennessee as military governor of the state, then largely ovtmrn by Union forces. Johnson was looked upon by most of Tennessee aristo- cratic slaveowners as an early- day Quisling, though 'lie was still a slave-owner himself. Union forces occupying the state and the "radical" He publicans in Washington con- Bob Considine sidered him much too libera with his defeated constituents. Public's Memory Another burden Johnson car- ried as he faqed impeachment was the public's memory of his disgraceful performance when he was sworn in as Lincoln's vice-president on the steps of the Capitol, March 4, 1865. Johnson was sick that day, per- haps from nervousness over being anointed as the No. 2 man in 'the U.S. A friend recom- mended that the best remedy for his queasiness or stage- fright would be a good stiff shot of whisky. Johnson accepted it. The shot ivent right to his head and legs. He was drunk when it came time for him to place his hand on the Bible. After Lincoln's assassination thrust him into the presidency, Johnson solemnly pledged to carry out Lincoln's dreams of a reconstructed South. But the radical Republicans in congress, seeking revenge in the form of confiscation of "rebel" prop- erty, political domination of the South by freed slaves and the disenfranchisement of the South's finest leaders among them Gen. Robert E. sured Johnson from all sides. They conspired to oust him from power. What they needed was a charge. When it came, it was an odd one. There was an earlier attempt by the house of vrepresentatives to impeach him but it quickly fell apart when there was no discernible crime committed. Broke Law But now, to the radical Re- publicans' delight, Johnson, a strict Constitutionalist, broke a law. The law, which had passed over liis veto, was the Tenure of Offict Act, clearly intended to deprive the President of un- ilaterally firing any member of the executive office without the consent of the senate. Johnson fired Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, who had long been a supporter of the radical Re: publicans' crusade of mass punishment of the Southern whites. So Johnson was impeached for violating the Tenure of Of- fice Act. Impeachment was voted on February 24, 1868, a week before it adopted the 11 reasons for its impeachmenl verdict! The case then moved on to the senate, presided over by Chic! Justice Salmon Chase. The President did not appear. The two votes, May 16 and May 26 1868, on separate articles men- Fan Mail Deluges Flip Sal LOUISVILLE, Ky. (AP) Flip Sal, tha casualty of this Kentucky has be- come the darling of the Ameri- can public as he waits a deci- ion on whether he lives or dies. Get well cards and letters low daily to Churchill Downs or the colt who smashed bones and ligaments in his left front eg halfway around the track in he 100th Derby. "Dear Flip an B-year- Id from Altoona, Pa., wrote. I'hope you feel better. I was Orry to hear about your leg. You are a beautiful horse... The mail is addressed to the :olt, his veterinarian, Dr. Gary or just to Churchill )owns. Borne offer to pay his tioned in the house's impeach ment document, resulted in 3; votes for impeachment, 19 against. It meant the Presiden had been saved by the margii of one vote, a two-thirds ma jority of the senate bein] needed to convict. Johnson was a passive can didate for his party's nomina- tion that summer but -lost to Horatio Seymour, who was beaten by Gen. Grant. Johnson determined to vent his anger on those who had humiliatec him, came back to the senate in 1875, bawled the hell out of all concerned, reminded the nation that he had scored an unforgettable coup in foreign relations (he bought Alaska from Russia for was hit by a stroke and died July feeling vindicated. medical bills, others offer a ome for the colt and many ask or his picture. "I surely hope that you don't estroy such a beautiful ani- a letter to Dr. Lavin aid. "Maybe they would win- der just giving him a irl who could never afford to ay for him." Dr. Lavin .explained that Flip al's future will be determined olely by nature and whether or ot the colt can fight off swell- ing and the possibility of gan- rene. The colt has been "a wonder- ul patient, so intelligent it cares Dr. Lavin said. He's learned to handle his ast." The steel gray colt wears a eavy cast from the bottom of is left knee down and his ac- eptance of it, rather than ghting it, has improved his hances of survival. At first, his chances were sted at about 20 per cent; more recently, they have be- ome about 50-50. Meantime, the colt, owned by al Tufano and Ben Cohen, oth of New York, remains lert and is. interested in every- hing from his feed to a pop- ickle truck that "lights him p" when it passes the barn aily. "Bring him some )r. Lavin told a visitor. "You an't help but fall in love with lis horse." Grad's Gift Pufs President On Defensive VasMnalon Star-News Servlo WASHINGTON President Nixon worked his way along the edge of a crowd of capped and gowned members of the class of '74 at Oklahoma State university, using his politi- cian's two-handed handshake to touch as many as possible, beaming at calls of "Hang in there." It appeared to he a heart- warming experience' for the embattled iPresident. The hard-core demonstrators who once virtually Closed college campuses to Nixon and his predecessor, Lyndon Johnson, were few in number and far from the visiting President. A student gave Nixon the tassel off a mortarboard. As he moved down the line, Nix- on looked at his inewly ac- quired souvenir and said to no ono in particular, "I didn't steal it." i AT 1819 42nd Street GOMt SI V X s REGISTER FOR FRlE 1 DRAWING TO BE HELD JUNE NEED NOT BE PRESENT TO WIN Register as often as you lilke. No employee of any Linn Cotinty financial! institution is to win. Need present to win. Winners will be contacted! by mail. You'll always find these free services at Guaranty Bank Trust: Absolutely Free Checking! Free identification Cards! Free License Plates with New car loans! GUARANTY BANK TRUST CO. 3rd St. 3rd Ave. Downtown 1819 42nd St. NE JacolynDr NW
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