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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 13, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 2 The Cedar Rapids Gazette: MOB.. May 13. 1974 Juvenile Justice Called in Limbo By Tiede PHILADELPHIA (NEA) Juvenile court in this birthplace of democracy is a series of small and careless rooms in which hypocrisy and justice are administered in uneven measures. Unlike adult court, ihe rooms are decorated with Boys' Life paintings which depict families cavorting on moun- taintops and happy lads play- ing baseball. Also unlike adult court, the defendants sometimes appear without counsel, they often do not understand the proceed- ings or even know the charges against them, and they stand all during trial as if it were naught but sentencing time. in a Series) It is in the view of many little else but a farce. The kids fac- ing the bench are mostly poor, mostly black and 'mostly without even rudimentary safeguards. Guarantees The supreme court did decide (in 1967) that juveniles were entitled to constitutional guarantees in court, about time, but in fact they are still little more than nonpeople fac- ing a brief and often cruel kind of nonjustice. .Unlike adults, juveniles in Philadelphia (and the rest of are not entitled to bail or jury and the conduct of court proceedings is haphazard and variable. Hearsay is frequently allowed, public defenders seldom employ the .adversary system and when it's all over, the punishments WIN AT BRIDGE By Oswald James Jacoby Oswald: "Cover an honoi with an honor, is a pretty gooc good rule to follow most ot the time." Jim: "We might say it is a very good rule, provided you know when not to follow it." Oswald: "Let's look at some of the exceptions. In general you do riot cover the first time when one. of equal honors is played against you." Jim: "There is nothing wrong with South's four- heart contract. That is, there is nothing wrong except that bad breaks and good defense will defeat it. West opens the deuce of spades. The jack is played from dummy. If East covers with the king the de- fense will collapse. South NORTH V J76 4 K 10 6 5 Z WEST 10752 4 843 SOUTH (D) 4 A84 VAK8532 4 A7 K2 Both vulnerable West North East EAST AK93 VQ109 QJ9 Pass Pass Pass Pass South IV 4V Pass Opening will play the ace and king of trumps and ace of diamonds. Then he will lead a diamond to dummy's king and ruff a diamond. His next play will be to put East in with the queen of trumps. East can shift to a club and give his partner two club tricks. But that will be all the defense can do." Oswald: "If Easi holds back his king of spades the contract won't maks. South will have no way to g'.-t to dummy for any diamond tricks he can set up will have to lose one trump and one .spa'K- The bidding has been West North East 13 .South You, South, hold: J765 What do you do? Double. You have too much high-card strength In pass and a double is preferable to a two-heart call. TODAY'S QUESTION You do double 'and your partner responds two clubs. Whal do you do now? Answer Tomorrow arc no; made to fit the crimes, but the children. At least one judge here says the whole proceedings are legally illegitimate. Lois Forer. named to the Philadelphia bench two years ago, refuses to sit in family court because: "In fact, the juvenile is not in a world of the child with its care and protec- tion, or in the world of adult with its rules and rights. The juvenile is in limbo, the place to which worthless things are relegated." Whole System The same description might fairly be made for the whole system of juvenile justice in America. Police can arrest children for offenses such as "incorrigibility" and "way- wardness" which do not even exist in the adult com- munity. Children can be tried in proceedings so quick and harried judges regularly hear 30-35 juvenile cases a day that only the written record remembers what has hap- pened. And even when they're not guilty of crime, but just unfor- tunate in their selection of parents, the kids can be sen- tenced to jails, farms, even mental insti- tutions where they can be kept until adults decide another course. Of course, the system is not meant to be so devastating. It is actually a charitable "reform" of the nation's original method of handling youthful offenders: The same way. as adults. In an effort to remove children from the punitive courts, Nineteenth century social experimenters created the concept of "juvenile justice." Hopes Dashed And to a large measure, the change did extract many kids from the rubber hose and chain-gang judiciary system of the 1800s, but early hopes of treatment-oriented disposition of juveniles were dashed on the rocks of a slipshod society. For seven decades after the first juvenile court, children were not considered people by the Constitution. Even the 1967 supreme court ruling has not changed this entirely. Children are still considered state.chat- tel, when courts deem it necessary; they can be removed from home, at the say of a judge in 10 minutes, and be kept in institutions Indefinitely for nothing more .serious than school truancy. So far has the original con- cept of juvenile justice fallen, in fact, that the country does not even have a good count of those kids who experience it. Officials can only estimate that :ach year 1% to 2 million children under 18 fall into the hands of the law, perhaps of them winding up in- carcerated. The Department of Health, Education and Welfare es- timates that one of six boys and one of nine boys and girls will be arrested before age 18. For the majority, the middle class and up, the experience will be seldom more than, temporary; for the poor it can be long and chilling. Tragic Consequences Large American cities wit- ness the tragic consequences of uvenile justice daily. Poor children of deceased parents are put in mental institutions lecause other facilities arc till. Neglected youngsters are ilaced in "temporary which turn out to be lockups, nd occasionally escape by ommitting suicide. Kids ieenied by lethargic school idministrators to be "trouble- makers" are pushed out of lass, then swept off the streets iy police, and sentenced to eformatories by judges who an think of no other recourse. This is not to say the kids arc 1 totally innocent. The FBI uports that almost half of all erious crimes in the nation re now committed by minors. Age 15 is an especially angerotis juncture. They kill, eat old ladies, work junk, red Taylor, child advocate ith the Washington-based For ie Love of Children, admits: Some kids have to he jailed, ust as some adults must." Subject to Attack But do they have to be jailed rom a courtroom where basic ivll rights are violated? And o they have tn be jailed in enitentiary ghettos where ley are subject to sexual at- ack, brutal guards and nadcquate maintenance? (Tuesday: Grow Up! Grow BIGGYBANK DAYS! Off with the banking blahs! Come on in to the Merchants National Downtown Motor Bank and have a little fun. There's something to put a smile on every face new and old customers alike. Take a look 90 PENNIES ON THURSDAY! PLUS FREE BIGGYBANK WRISTWATCHES! There's a shortage of pennies. So next Thursday only, bring your pennies to the Merchants National office nearest you. For every 90 pennies you bring, we'll give you a dollar bill. Plus, the person turning in the most pennies will receive a free Biggybank wristwatch. That's Thursday, May 16th only one free watch will be given away at each of MNB's five locations. ADULTS ONLY FREE Biggybank note pad or ruler, while they last. Youngsters (under 15) banking at the Motor Bank will receive a FREE Biggy Pencil. SIDEWALK SALE ITEMS FREE coffee or soft drinks for everyone. Real, honest-to- goodness Biggybank Piggy Banks ea. Authentic Biggybank mugs 500 ea. FREE Biggybank helium-filled balloons for everyone. Genuine Biggybank steins (15 (Supply is limited Merchants National Bank isi Main Bank Motor Bank Vernon Village Office A BANKS OF IOWA' BANK Kingston Office Amana Office
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