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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 13, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Chance of rain on Tuesday. Low tonight in the upper 40s lo lower 50s. Highs Tues- day in the 60s. VOLUME 92 NUMUKIt 124 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CKDAK HAPJDS, IOWA, MONDAY, MAY 13, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES MITCHELL Trucks Rol In Spite of Strike Cal By Associated Press Rocks and sniper fire wei directed at a few truck driver Monday, but the rigs kepi rol ing on most of the nation's higl ways despite a call for a shu down protest over fuel price and speed limits. Scattered incidents of violenc occurred in Kentucky, Tennes see, Georgia and Pennsylvani, No injuries were reported. A truck windshield wa smashed by a rock droppe from an overpass on interstal 65 north of Nashville, Tenn. Po lice said it was not necessaril related to the shutdown. Increased Surveillance Rifle fire flattened two tire on a truck traveling on inter state 85 near Newnan, Ga. Stat police increased their sur vcillance along truck routes, tha traffic was said to be near nor mal. There were no reports of high way and truck stop blockade that were prevalent in two shu< down protests last winter. Spo checks in Ohio, a key state in past shutdowns, showed traffi was reported rolling as usual. Truckers who support- thi shutdown demand lower fue prices, higher speed limits, am auditing of oil companies. Overdrive magazine, a Eo Angeles -based publication called for the shutdown by the n a t i o n s independen drivers, most of whom own am operate their own rigs. The publication edited by Mike Parkhurst supportec trucker shutdowns in Decembc and February which brough about an increase in freigh rates and guaranteed supplies of diesel fuel. None Injured Two shots were fired from passing cars into trucks on in terstate 75 early Monday in Kentucky, but no one was in- jured, police said. One inciden occurred near London, Ky., am the other near the border with Tennessee. Pennsylvania state police saic someone- firing a high-powered rifle from a bridge shot out the windshield of a trooper's car on the Pennsylvania turnpike eas of Breezewood. The officer was uninjured. Windshields of three trucks (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.) Treasury Requests Hike in Debt Limit WASHINGTON The administration asked congress Monday to increase the public debt limit by billion to billion. Treasury Undersecretary Paul Volcker told the house ways and means committee that the cur- rent ceiling of billion, which expires June 30, had forced the government lo oper- ate at low cash balances Which left little money available for emergencies. He said the higher limit for fiscal 1975 assumes a billion cash balance, a billion mar- gin for contingencies and an ad- ditional billion contingency for loans to the federal home loan bank system lo finance new housing measures announced by President Nixon Friday. Closed Hearings Tape Gap, rc panel of six tape WASHINGTON by the court, in a John Sirica said Monday lie will make public in about two weeks the final report by report last December said the gap was caused by panel of experts on the five and perhaps as minutc gap in a crucial nine separate erasures House Watergate manually. The 1 fcj suggested Ihe Gazette Leased Wires WASHINGTON Judge John Sirica called two closed deliberate. A grand jury i investigaling the ings Monday concerning gap on one second hearing gate tape and a White House efforts to force tition to quash special to comply with tor Leon Jaworski's 18 subpoena for tapes for more documents pertaining White House lawyers, conversalions Nixon had gate prosecutors and aides after the EssSI Rhyne, a lawyer for breakin. President Nixon's secretary, Rose James St. Glair, Woods, went to the White House will chambers late Monday no more tapes or to discuss "the production intends to fight the and disposition" of the all the way to the report of a group of experts if examined the tape with the Friday ordered The tape involved a formal legal brief between Nixon and H. R. issue deman, then his chief of brief and on June 20, 1972, three hearing may contain after the Watergate jury teslimony or Miss Woods testified that materials that might have caused a gap of must remain to five minutes accidentally while transcribing the Decision High Fred Buzhardt, counsel t later than next Monday. He was expected to return to the region if he fails to work out an accon during his current trip. Lebanese Say Israeli Raid Killed Civilians By United Press Internationa The Lebanese defense min- istry announced in Beirut that ;ix Israeli Phantom fighter- bombers attacked farming com- munities six miles inside Le- banon Monday killing several civilians. There also was heavy Israeli-Syrian fighting in the dan Heights for the 63rd day A communique issued in Bei- rut said four civilians were killed in the attack on the vil- lage of Kfeir, hometown of the Forbears of Sen. Abourezk, (D- They included a mothci and her two children, G months and 8 years. Another five chil- dren between 2 and 8 were re ported wounded, some seriously. Today's Index Comics Crossword ..................1G Daily Record ................3 Deaths ......................3 Editorial Feature Farm ......................10 Financial ..................17 Morion .....................18 Movies .....................15 Society Sports ...................H'l'l Slutc ......................'1.5 Television ...................7 Want Ads ................ZO-M Nixon Stay Impossible': Schlesinger By Kevin Kane Pulitzer prize-winning histo- rian Arthur M. Schlesinger, jr., said Sunday at Coc college that he finds it "impossible to believe" Ihat President Nixon will finish out his current four-year term of office. Schlesinger kept the majori- ty of a packed Cherry audito- rium audience in its scat for nearly an hour-and-a-lialf with an address based upon his new book, "The Imperial Pre- The noted author, although emphasizing Ihat his concerns with growing presidential powers extended beyond cur- rent Watergate-related events, nonetheless had few kind words for the President. 'Time is Now' As for Impcuclimcnl, he de- clared: "If ever a time in American history calls for ils invocation, the time is now." Alluding to claims that im- peachment would split the na- tion and have many disadvan- tages, Schlesinger contended Ihat (here would be "equally damaging" consequences if the house voted not lo im- peach. Failure lo impeach, he maintained, would in effect give President Nixon congres- sional approval in three ques- tionable nrcas: It would say the house was satisfied Ihat the Pres- ident was following his consti- tutional mandate lo uphold the highest Inws of the land. It. would, remove, the President from being held ac- countable for Ihe actions of his subordinates. It would say that con- gress docs not mind the fact Ihat Ihe executive branch was making all its decisions on national security in secret, withoul declaring publicly or in a message lo congress thai a security emergency did in- deed exist. Schlesinger took issue with the President on all three issues, especially the first, saying Ihat presidential con- cern will) upholding Ihe law was "not precisely the image which springs from I lie pages" of Ihe recently- released Watergate tape tran- scripts. Check on Stuff As for (he President check- ing up on the actions of his subordinates in the Watergate breakin, Schlesinger said: "If he did not know about Watergate and the cover-up before March 21, 1973, it was only because he did not want to find out the President has all Ihe facilities for find- ing out." Schlesinger said he believes there should be some con- fidentiality allowed to the ex- ecutive branch, but added, "If Ihe Presidenl really cared aboul confidentiality in Ihe White House, he never should have storied taping all those conversations in Ihe first place No Privilege "Commllling crimes ami covering them up is nol a privilege accorded by the Constitution it does nol apply here." The two-lime Pulitzer prize- winner said these three points will have to be given serious consideration by the house judiciary committee, along with whether or not Nix- on's submission of edited tape transcripts meets the commit- tee's request for evidence. Schlcsinger disagreed en- tirely with the President's claim of executive privilege as a basis for withholding the tapes. Seven Presidents Executive privilege, Schle- singer pointed out, has been invoked by seven Presidents most prominently George Washington and James K. (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) Abourezk, who was born in Rapid City, S.D., received a hero's welcome when he visited the village last summer and in- spected the former home of his grandfather. Kfeir has a population of about The area which Israeli war- planes attacked is on the west- ern foothills of Mt. Hermon, where Syrian and Israeli troops have been ballling for more than two months. Israeli planes have. strafed the region several times during the past two weeks, but Mon- day's attack was Hie first in which Lebanese villagers have been killed. Lebanese defense ministry communiques have reported several artillery exchanges dur- ing the past two weeks belween the Lebanese army and Israeli troops who try lo move along a road on the Lebanese side of the border. Israeli communiques said Israel staged air strikes into southern Lebanon Monday against the area known as on the Lebanese border and suffered casualties from Syrian artillery fire on the Golan Heights batllcfront. An Israeli army spokesman said morning exchanges of fire on Mt. Hermon, the southern sector of the heights and the Israeli forward salient jutting in the direction of Damascus resulted in injuries to two Is- raeli soldiers. They were the 'irst casualties reported since Thursday. A Syrian communique said only that Syrian and Israeli 'orccs exchanged tank and armor fire on Ml. Hermon and other sources of Ihe Golan front. Hundreds of Cases May WASHINGTON (UPI) The supreme court ruled unanimous- y Monday that the justice de- >artment under former Atty. 'en. Mitchell consistently vio- ated the law in its procedures or obtaining wiretap evidence. The decision probably kills narcotics and gambling prose- cutions involving hundreds of icrsons which have been pend- ng in various courts awaiting a uling on whether the evidence can be used. "Harmless Error" The department had argued hat at worst it had committed mly "harmless error" which lad not endangered anyone's >rivacy. Justice White wrote opinions n two highly complex cases on he department's handling of viretaps. In one challenged, rea he held that the ment was wrong. In the other he department was upheld by a j-4 vote. The decision hinged- on an in- :erpretation of the Omnibus Crime Control Act of 1968, which contains very specific provisions 'or applying to a trial judge for i wiretap order. The statute requires authori- zation by the U.S. attorney gen- eral himself or a "specially designated assistant attorney [eneral." Many of Mitchell's authorizations were issued by his executive assistant, Sol denbaum. Obliged To Sign A second issue focused on what have become known as "Will Wilson letters" wiretap permissions to U.S. attorneys in the field which former Assl. Ally. Gen. Will Wilson was obliged under law to sign. In- stead, they were signed by deputies. The department won on the second issue. The challenged practices, vhich were carried on in 1969 and 1970, have been discontin- ued. The department originally old the court about per- ons are involved in a series of ases awaiting Monday's deci- ions. White said "plainly enough, he executive assistant is nei- her the attorney general nor a pecially designated assistant ttorney general." All Functions? He rejected the government's rgument that the law vests all f the justice department's func- ions in the attorney general, then delegates them appro- rialely. White said as a general propo- ilion, the argument is "unex- eptionable." But he said in this articular case the law is spe- ific. In other decisions Monday, lie court: Refused to order Hie FBI lo emove the secrecy label on its iles on the John F. Kennedy as- assinalion. The action was brought by Harold Wcisberg, author of four ooks on the assassination. He ad asked the FBI for its spec- rographic analysis of bullet ragments found at the scene of ic Kennedy shooting in Dallas n Nov. The FBI refused the request n grounds the evidence was art of "investigatory files com- iled for law enforcement pur- oses" and thus exempt from ie Freedom of Information Vet. Blocked an order that would ave required the Chicago Tran- it Authority to accept an "im- each Nixon" advertisement for s buses. Agreed to decide if a federal (Continued: Page 3, Col, C.) Today's A real friend is one who can tell you all his tlOCSIl'l. -Copyrlohl __J 'I
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