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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 7, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Injntb Editorial Page Tuesday, May 7, 1974 Optimistic new chief WITH TYPICAL law enforcer's acuity, Cedar Rapids' new police chief, Wallace LaPeters, has seen from miles what some local critics have overlooked at point-blank range: That despite having "the smallest the Cedar Rapids police force is one of the country's most efficient (among cities of Somebody's got to be doing something said LaPeters, who moves here from Miami unintimidated by turmoil in the department and the ensuing Linn grand jury investigation. Obviously, the new chief does not regard the top police job here as a trick cigar threatening explosion any second. The wager from this corner is that LaPeters is correct: Overall high quality of law enforcement is too firmly planted here to be blown away by intradepartmental turmoil. As noted in this space last Dec. 8, an imported chief of police un- doubtedly can eliminate snafus and communication problems quicker than someone embroiled in them. How Mr. LaPeters will handle the tranfusion remains to be seen. Importantly, though, his optimism-quotient seems admira- bly high. Meanwhile, the new chief's comments about efficiency and staff size invite comment. LaPeters could have characterized the police force as a prototype for efficiency without being guilty of exaggeration. Des- pite budgetary limitations in the past decade, the department has branched into myriad specialty operations narcotics control, intelligence, polygraph investiga- tion and crime prevention (neigh- borhood alert and related to mention a lew: Unable to add significantly to patrol ranks, the department has innovated time- saving devices such as in-car tape recorders, which relieve officers of painstaking report writing. Still the force is undermanned: 137 sworn (under oath) officers, compared with the 150 positions authorized by the city council. LaPeters seemingly overstated this shortcoming when, in stress- ing the department's efficiency (though not calling for an increase above authorized he called, it "the smallest staff" among cities of or more population. Since Cedar Rapids (1970 population, 110.-642) is one of the smallest cities in that group, it figures to have a smaller police department. Law enforcement manpower here does fall far below average requirements quoted by the FBI and International Assn. of Chiefs of Police (ranging up to 2.3 of- ficers per thousand Ac- tual needs of course depend on Women serve women crime rate, density and city area, among other factors. Compared with other large Iowa cities, however, Cedar Rapids' police complement does not look undernourished. Des Moincs (20U04) has 319 policemen and Waterloo has several fewer than its authorized strength of 140. Those totals reflect more- officers per capita than in Cedar Rapids, but both cities have hef- tier crime problems, too. Meanwhile, Sioux City reports its force is at full strength of 112, while Dubuque has 70 officers. But comparisons with other ci- ties aside, Cedar Rapids needs more policemen, and it would be a major-surprise if LaPeters does not follow the lead of his predecessor, George Matias, in trying to expand the force by at least 15 or 20 officers. Those familiar with delibera- tions at city hall know the im- pending scenario: Safety commis- sioner takes his case before fellow councilmen. But the council, wary of a police department budget already approaching million yearly, advises that priorities for other city departments weigh against increasing police staff beyond authorized size. Even at that, the additional 13 qualified persons are hard to find the prospect of working the so-called graveyard shift for approximately annually is not all that at- tractive to would-be officers. All of which suggests that Wallace LaPeters has a stiff challenge ahead in commanding the force heretofore billed as Iowa's best. That he is impressed with expertise on hand and un- daunted by factionalism should help ease recovery from the recent bout with a tar brush. Failing AMONG Second district lowans, according to Congressman Culver's recent tabulation of some res- ponses to a questionnaire he sent out last winter, this is how the people feel in these parts on items concerning performance of duty: Do you approve of the-way the PRESIDENT is doing his job? Yes, 21 percent. Do you approve of the way CONGRESS is doing its job? Yes, 32 percent. Do you approve of the way the MEDIA are doing their job? Yes, 57 percent. What this country needs, in times of cynicism, disillusion- ment and universal expertise on imperfection is a good thorough sounding on: Do you approve of the way ANYBODY is doing his job nowadays? Two sides to 'rise' By Don Oakley WHEN Sally Forth, today's liberated Ms., ventures out to make her way in the jungle of the male-dominated business or career world, forgotten that someone has to come into the home to clean the house, watch the kids, do the laundry or maybe cook. The fact is that today's liberated woman often depends upon another group of women the domestic or private household employes to free her of the housewife's chores. The fact also is, points out Dr. Doris McLaughlin, assistant research scientist with the University of Michigan and Wayne State university, these private household employes are among the lowest paid and least protected workers in the labor force. "More often than she says, "professional women deny their household employes benefits they them- selves expect indeed, take for granted in their own work." Although household workers are now covered by the new statutory minimum wage of an hour, less than one-third of them work full time; many work for a different employer every day; they have no paid sick time or holidays; are unemployed when their employer lenves town for any reason, and although legally entitled to them, often are eliminated from social security benefits. The end result, says Dr. Mclaughlin, is that the movement of one group of women up the economic ladder entails the economic exploitation of another group of women. In fairness to the career women, she suggests that their lack of concern for their sisters is because their freedom is such a new development that they haven't gotten used to thinking of them- selves as employers a role that until quite recently was usually reserved for males. Until they do, says Dr. McLaughlin, "they may not even realize that in treat- ing their household help in such a cavalier manner they are depriving other women of the same benefits that th'ey are fighting so hard to obtain for them- selves." Newspaper Enterprise Association Don Oakley New political necessity Ooze it or lose: Sincerity By Alan Ehrenhalt WASHINGTON The cliche of the year in campaign management is that sincerity sells. The nation's top political consultants, drawing one lesson from 1972 and inferring another from Watergate, are advising candidates that voters will be judging them as people in 1974, not just as legislators. "In some ways, this won't be an issues said Johnny W. Allem, a Washington-based consultant who works with Democrats. "People will want to know what the candidate believes in before they want to know what he's going to do about Interstate 75 I'm recom- mending.to candidates that they first demonstrate to voters that they're honest people." Examples of the "sincerity first" stra- tegy are already cropping .up in cam- paigns all over the country. In North Carolina, Democratic senate candidate Nick Galifianakis is insisting that his character, not his specific program, is the.crucial issue. "I think what you really have to demonstrate this time is that you Galifianakis told an audience recently. "I don't think it's vital that you know all the answers to all the issues. I think it is vital in order to restore confidence that you show you can handle the job and that you do care." In Georgia, Democrat Bert Lance is seeking the governorship by asking voters what they would do if they had the job, rather than by detailing his own plans. That way, Lance's advisers believe, the man's responsiveness will come through. "Anybody anywhere in a Lance brochure promises, "can pick up the telephone anywhere and dial toll-free with a message for Bert... You will get a personal response from Bert, not just some campaign aide." t v V People's forum Try again To the Editor: Because lama I have a letter dated Sept. 20, 1971, from Hamilton Vasey assistant superintendent for in- structional services, requesting me to serve on an ad hoc citizens' advisory committee for the possible remodeling of Franklin junior high school. I have also been a member of the citizens' planning committee for presenting the bond issue proposal to the voters. These committees have been active and have been consulted every step of the way for almost three years. Believe me, many and all alternatives have been investigated for preserving the invest- ment we have in the four older junior high buildings. The longer we delay renovation, the higher the remodeling costs go. It seems to me inevitable that the bond issue will be submitted to the voters again. 1 hope the citizens of Cedar Rapids Misleading identify I[ sincerity is the' Quality candidates hope to convey, personal contact is the technique they plan to use. "People want to see more and more ot their can- said Joseph Napolitan, who has been in campaign management longer than most of his colleagues. "They want to see who the hell they're voting tor." Nothing illustrates the current trend better than the thinking of Napolitan, who has always heavily .used television and is sometimes given credit Tor in- venting the media blitz the massive of television commercials on behalf of a candidate just before an elec- tion. Napolitan will be using television this year, just as he always has. But he insists there will be few blitzes and little com- mercialism. In Michigan, where he was advising gubernatorial candidate Jerome Cavanagh before Cavanagh's sudden withdrawal in April, Napolitan was planning to put the candidate on the air with simple five-minute television es- says, delivered from behind a desk. This differs little from what candidates were doing in the early 1950s, techniques became more sophisticated. "It's very low-key, eyeball-to-eyeball stuff Napolitan explained. 'It takes it all back to the beginning." Many of the new campaign trends have their roots in the 1972 campaign, when the most startling upsets were pulled off by candidates who stressed direct con- tact. In Delaware, for instance, unknown Democrat Joe Biden talked to every voter he could find and defeated Republican Sen. J, Caleb Boggs, the odds-on favorite. "I don't think issues mean a great deal about whether you win or Biden said recently. "I think issues give you a chance to articulate your intellectual who did not vote "yes" will give this proposal serious thought in the coming months. It has been a privilege and a pleasure to serve with other concerned parents, school board members and administra- tive personnel on these committees. Sally Bettiga, president Franklin Parent-Teacher League 2112 E avenue NE Sick ones To the Editor: The people are not the only sick ones. The Watergate investigators and reporters must be very sick. After the jury acquitted Mitchell and Stans, they not only condemned Mitchell and Slans but carried it to the people to cause dis- sension among the people. We arc supposed to be innocent until proven otherwise, but tho Watergate investigators and reporters had already concluded that everyone was guilty. The headlines were Mitchell and Slans guilty of bla-bla; the same thing is or was hap- pening to President Nixon. capacity. Issues are a vehicle by which the voters determine your honesty and capacity." John Marttila, the Boston consultant who worked with Biden in 1972, is working with Galifianakis now. But, some consultants are skeptical of the "sincerity first" approach. "I can't separate issues from said Charles Guggenheim, a film-maker for Democratic candidates. "Candidates are in the business of issues. It's like trying to judge a lawyer who won't address himself to the law." Even more critical is Sanford Weiner of California, who works for both Republicans and Democrats. "Everyone is trying to put out the facade of honesty, purity and said Weiner. "The public is not going to buy that any more than they buy the other crap they put out. What'they're looking for is a candidate who's credible on any issue he.talks about. They know the great white knight isn't going to ride down the trail." Some consultants are disturbed by the seeming faddism of a profession that was dominated by television commercials in 1970, promoted computers as a revolu- tionary tool in 1972 and is making per- sonal contact into a craze in 1974. Campaign management is a closely knit profession. Its leading members meet after every election discuss what worked and what didn't, and talk about techniques of the future. Som'ehow their conclusions turn out to be the fads of the next campaign. Guggenheim, who refuses to join any of the campaign consultant organizations, believes.the profession should not be so uniform. "The only good political ad- he said, "are those who have gut feelings and value systems. The ones who deal in formulas or styles or trends are fraudulent. Any candidate who takes that kind of advice is a fool." Congressional Quarterly i r The President is not a defendant in anything. Most of the evidence hangs upon Dean, and it seems the jury didn't believe him. In fact, the man was already under indictment for perjury; however, he was called and recalled time and again to give his opinion. That would have never been done in a real court of justice. It has to be the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. It seems Dean can't discriminate between fact and fiction. President Nixon should have never turned over any papers or tapes. What there are of them has. nothing to do with national or federal affairs. It's rather like undressing one in public Joann Briggman Manchester Upgrade One day, instead of the usual sand- wiches of hamburger, ham, fish or cheese, the school cafeteria served bologna and peanut butter sandwiches as the entree of the day. After lunch, a satisfied first-grader marched up to the manager of the kitchen and complimented: "Finally we got a home-cooked meal." Baltimore Sun How CIA wildgoosed the FBI Miffed at mileage testing By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON A vicious backstage assault by the White llouso and tho powerful autu industry against the En- vironmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been masterminded by federal bud- get chief Roy Ash without once talking to EPA director Russell Train. The fight is over whether EPA should be stripped of power to test new au- tomobiles for "fuel economy" that is, how many miles-pcr-gallon they can get. Long despised by the auto industry as being run by sophomorie fanatics, EPA has been measuring miles-per-gallon ef- ficiency of new cars for the past year as an offshoot of its legal mandate to control auto pollution. "If you took a poll in Detroit, no agency in Washington would be more unpopular than a top-level Ash aide told us. The auto moguls claim EPA findings are unfair and amateurish. So, in accord with the Nixon adminis- tration's well-established rule of cotton- ing to, big business and ignoring the con- sumer, Ash's Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has been plotting a switch of the fuel-economy role from EPA to either the commerce department or transportation department both safely industry-oriented, But behind the White House effort to strip testing from the consumer-oriented EPA is a more dangerous game which looks suspiciously like a clandestine ad- ministration effort, to gut its own auto- pollution controls program. The target was spelled out by an EPA emission- controls expert in the terse language of this confidential memorandum to Train April 26: "What we see as really involved in the proposed move of fuel economy testing out of EPA is an effort to emasculate EPA in any future fight over the auto emission standards... All real influence depends on the ability to'obtain, as- similate and use information." That memo, signed by deputy assistant administrator Eric Stork, said that what saved the clean air standards act during last winter's critical gasoline shortage was EPA's control of engineering and technological data on which emission standards are based. In short, once it loses power to tell consumers how many miles-per-gallon a new car will make, EPA is convinced it will next be plundered of its whole emis- By Jack Anderson WASHINGTON The Central In- telligence Agency switched files on the FBI, we have learned, In a deliberate attempt to mislead the G-men who were investigating the Watergate brcakin. The agents had discovered from the grand jury testimony that Mrs. James McCord, wife of the Walcrbugger, had burned some of her husband's papers after he was arrested inside the Water- gale on June 17, 1072. According to the lestitnony, someone named Pennington who had served with McCord in the CIA, had been present at the hnrnlui'. This led to a routine FBI request for a CIA file on Pennington, which threw CIA officials into a panic. For Leo I'enning- lon, a CIA consultant, not only had been present but had participated In the burning. A faithful CIA man he had reported the incident to his superiors, I'cnninglon later testified that he hurl driven to the McCord homo, IM a friend of the family, not m a CIA Informant, after the Watergate arrest, i'onnlnglon found Mrs. McCord burning papers and joined in, although he insisted nothing sensitive was fed to the flumes. The lusl thing the CIA wanted wns to he linked In Ihc Wiilcnriilf' irHHi'ni. KII llti' CIA sent the FBI a fllo on Cecil Pen- nington Instead of Pcnninglon. By a coincidence, Cecil Pcnnlnglon once hnd also been associated with McCord in the CIA. Our nay it was no accident that the CIA ItirnMiw] the Klil with the wrong fllo. II. wan deliberate ob- nt EVANS NOVAK sion-controls authority. The likely benefactor: the commerce department, never famed for protecting consumers. Throughout this backdoor attack on EPA, Ash himself has never once dis- cussed the problem with Train (although for the first time this week lower-level OMB officials began talks with In contrast, Ash has had lengthy chats about EPA with Detroit moguls', such as Ford's president Lee lacocca, who came to see Ash in his office the first week in March. Ash told us he also has discussed the rape of EPA with Secretary of Transportation Claude Brinegar, who might win the mileage-testing program, and with top commerce department of- ficials. Thi! FIJI iwiiKiiteil (hut Cecil I'emilrigtnn hud riullilHK wlinlHuuvur In do with Watergate. Still mmplclous, the agents asked mice imint fur clarification. But again; say our simmm, the CIA dodged. Ash, whose immense power in the Nixon White House is still growing, told us that "satisfying the consumer" is the main reason for tho projected shakeup. During the peak of the energy shortage, Ash was Mr. Nixon's chief henchman in warning EPA that its emission standards were wasting vast amounts of scarce gasoline. Indisputable car-owner anger over EPA's omission controls was exploited by Ash to pressure EPA to relax its congressionally-imposed stan- dards. EPA admits shortcomings in its own mileage-testing and is now correcting them. But the most compelling part of Its argument for retaining mileage-testing is incontrovertible; the testing Is done in Detroit us part of EPA's emission-con- trols testing and costs virtually nothing. As Stork said in his memorandum to Train: "Any other agency would face a mammoth job of setting up facilities." To Ash, as guardian of tho President's bndgot, that would HOOIII In bu good reason in Itself for leaving Kl'A In charge. But Ash's goal In (lib mailer not saving money bill HullNfylnjj Hie an- luinollvu chieftains In
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