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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 29, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Partly cloudy tonight with lows in the upper 40s. Sunny Tuesday with highs in the mid 70s. CITY FINAL 10 CENTS VOLUME 92 NUMBER 110 CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, APRIL 29, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Witnesses' Credibility Key To AAitchell-Stans Acquitta Gazette Leased Wires NEW YORK- A jury that started out "screaming and yelling across the table" has acquitted former Atty. Gen. John Mitchell and one-time Commerce Secretary Maurice Stans of all charges in their criminal conspiracy case. The nine men and three wom- (Plioto on Picture Page) en came to unanimous agree- ment Sunday afternoon after 26 hours of deliberation that the formur cabinet colleagues were innocent of conspiracy, obstruc- tion of justice and perjury. Mitchell and Stans were ac- cused of trying to block a Secur- ities and Exchange Commission investigation of financier Robert Vesco, in return for Veseo's secret cash contribution to President Nixon's re-election campaign. Referring to Vesco and his aides, Juror Clarence Brown said Jafter the verdict: "They wanted to get something, but I don't think that Stans and Mit- chell ever fell for it." Split on Conspiracy The jury's forewoman, Sybil Kucharski, said, "We were off in little groups screaming and yelling across the table" wlien the deliberations began. She said the jury was evenly split on the conspiracy count, so it turned to the six separate per- jury counts against Mitchell and Stans. "After looking through all the Air Battle Swirls By Associated Press Israeli and Syrian jets battled above Mt. Hermon Monday in what the Tel Aviv command described as the biggest air bat- tle since the October war. Israel said its planes shot down four Syrian MIG-21s and the Syrians reported destroying six Israeli planes, five in dog- fights and one with a Soviet- built missile. The dogfights developed after Israeli and Syrian jets bombed and strafed the crest of the stra- tegic mountain. Israeli sources reported a Syrian troop buildup opposite the Israeli lines on the northern front but dismissed it as a psy- chological move to coincide with Secretary of State Kissinger's peace mission. s An Israeli military communi- que said Syria sent MIG-17s against Israeli positions on Mt Hermon while MIG-21s provided air cover. It said the Israelis downed four MIG-21s in an air battle without Israeli loss. Syria said its troops overran an Israe- li position on the mount and sent the Israelis fleeing. Damas- cus claimed an Israeli F-4 Phantom jet was shot down by ground fire. Israel denied any air losses. Military sources said it was the most Syrian planes downed in a single day on the northern front since the October war. The 49lh consecutive day of fighting on the front started in the predawn hours when Syrian gunners opened up on Israeli SAN FRANCISCO (AP) The Zebra gunmen wanted in 12 killings here also may be re- sponsible for 80 murders and as- saults in California in the last three years, Mayor Joseph Alio- to said Monday. Alioto told- a news conference that the string of random shoot- ings began in the east San Fran- cisco bay area in 1971 and spread to the Long Beach area in southern California in 1971 and 1972. "There have been 80 murders with a similar M. 0. (method of operation) the random killing of he said. "The murderers are a group of persons rather than one per- Aliolo said. He said he did not know the size of the group. Alioto refused to answer newsmen's questions on his source of information about the 80 attacks. Alioto also indicated authori- ties have information which will lessen public fear prompted by I he shooting spree, but he did not say what that information was. "The people ought to feel safer based on what we know at the present time. Future an- nouncements about the inves- tigation will be made by Chief Donald the mayor said. Scott's office said lie ,had no immediate plans to discuss the Zebra case with newsmen. 3 positions on the mountain and in the enclave Israel captured from Syria in the war. At mid- morning, Israeli planes flew their first air strikes of the day against Syrian positions on the mountain. Press reports in Beirut said the Syrians have beefed up troop strength on the Golan Heights to men for an as- sault on the strategic mountain overlooking Israel, Syria and Lebanon. A military source in Tel Aviv said, "They have enough forces now if they want to do some- thing, but it all could be a psy- chological move because of Kis- singer. What they're saying is. 'We could use force if we don't get what we want'." Kissinger: See Soviet Cooperation GENEVA (UPI) Secretary of Stale Kissinger said Monday after seven hours of talks with Soviet Foreign Minister Gromy- ko that he expects Soviet coop- eration in his efforts to arrange a troop disengagement agree- ment between Israel and Syria. "Highest Level" "I have no doubt that it will also be handled at the highcsl Kissinger said after see- ing Gromyko off after their meeting in Kissinger's hotel. "I am sure I speak for the foreign minister also when I say it-will be handled this week." It was not clear what Kis- singer meant when he said the Middle East issue would be "handled." Western officials said they doubt it meant that the issue would be settled be- cause by referring to the prob- lem being "handled" at the highest level, Kissinger was re- ferring to President Nixon's trip to Moscow in June. "I expect we will have Soviet as well as that of other interested nations, Kis- singer said about his efforts to arrange the troop disen- gagement agreement. Talking in Kissinger's hotel suite, they also reviewed pros- pects for a treaty limiting mis- siles with independently tar- geted nuclear warheads. Fifth Mission Kissinger and Gromyko met for nearly two hours Sunday night immediately after Kiss- inger arrived from Washington en route to the Middle East for his fifth peace mission there. Senior American officials said Kissinger understood the Krem- lin's political need for a "vis- ible position of influence" in the drive toward a settlement of (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.) Today's Chuckle Give a man an inch these days--and he'll rent it. per jury'charges, the rest was Miss Kucharski said. "We figured there couldn't be any conspiracy if there was no perjury." The government lost its case, Miss Kucharski said, "because we looked at the were doubts in our minds. We cannot convict them on our feelings but on the case before us: this is the case; these are unsubstantiated evid ence." Credibility Miss Kucharski said the cred ibility of key government wit nesses Harry Sears, a New Jer sey Republican fund raiser John Dean, former White House counsel, and G. Bradford Cook former general counsel to the SEC, weighed heavily with the jurors. "We started talking about the credibility of the witneses and why they were she said. "We had a reasonable doubt because of these witness es and because we didn't feel the evidence was substantial ed." Asked about Dean's testimony which lie gave after he was granted immunity for prosecu- tion, she replied: "Not only Mr. Dean but Mr. Cook and Mr. Sears admitted perjury. We took all of this into tonsideration. "As for Dean, lie admitted guilt possibly looking for favor." Smile, but... The verdict brought a smile to the face of the normally undem- onstrative Mitchell. But it brought no legal surcease. He faces trial in Washington at a date as yet unset ion almost identical charges in connection with the cover-up of the Water- gate breakin. Leon Jaworski, the Watergate special prosecutor, is still study- ing part of the Nixon campaign financing operation which Stans headed. "Our faith was resting with a very very -fine Mitchell told a news conference in the courthouse. "They were, a cross- section of .the people and they were representative of America. "If there is one place I am firmly convinced you can get justice, it's from the Ameri- can people. I have great faith in America and that's why I love this country." "Reborn" Stans was shedding tears of relief by the time the lengthy 15-count verdict had been read. "I've been he told a newsman. "I was innocent all along, but it's good to have it confirmed." In Washington, Deputy White House Press Secretary Gerald Warren said of President Nixon: "The President was very pleased for the two men and for their families." Vice-president Ford issued a statement Monday saying the verdict "reaffirms my faith in America's system of justice." "I am happy for Maury Stans and John said Ford. "The verdict says to me that (Continued on Page 7, Col. 3) Photo by Steve Hetle A RESCUE WORKER surveyed the damage to a mobile home court near West Branch Sunday night after the court was struck by a tornado at about p.m. Fourteen of the 21 trailers in the court were demolished and II persons were hurt, none seriously. Area law enforcement, officers and the Red Cross were on the scene Monday aiding the victims. By Ford Clark WEST- BRANCH "It's miracle anyone came out alive." Tliaf was 'the comment by Mike Gould, 24, West Branch police chief, minutes" after a :ornado ripped through the West Branch mobile home court short- ly after p.m. Sunday. An estimated damage was done as 14 of the 21 mobile lomes were destroyed. 11 Hurt Ten people were treated- at [owa City hospitals for lacera- :ions, bruises and shock. They were released. The only person hospitalized in the aftermath Monday was (More Photos on Page 5) Margaret Arthur, 63, who was in good condition at University iiospitals. Law officers from surround- ing communities quickly set up road blocks in the West Branch area to keep out the curious and )ossible looters. Emergency generators were set up through the trailer court area as law officers searched through the wreck- age into the early morning hours Monday for victims. No one as of Monday morn- ng, was reported missing. The tornado evidently touched down briefly between Iowa City and West Branch near the West Sranch country club. At that location a trailer was vrapped around a tree, a house ost its roof and a garage was lattened. The tornado then jumped across country, hitting the West Branch trailer court. 'Wall of Water' Gould said, "About 7 40 p m the heavens just opened up and it came down in a solid wall of water. We could hear hail hit- ting the top of our trailer and then there was nothing else but the loudest roar you've ever heard in your life. "I tried to get to my police radio but both it and the phone were knocked out." He went on to say, "When I hit the street headed for my pa- trol car, all I could see was dev- astation on all sides. "The first sign of human' life was someone leading a woman out of wreckage on the other side of the street. "We placed her in my patrol car." Highway Patrolman K. E. Carter, 54, was one of the first lawmen on the scene. 'I couldn't believe what I saw. It was a terrible shock. My first thought was that there must be a tremendous number of dead." Carter was one of a half dozen state troopers in the area who were on minutes. the scene within 15 Area Aid Law enforcement officers, fire departments and civil defense personnel arrived from Iowa lity, Coralville, West Liberty, Tipton, the Johnson and Cedar county sheriff's departments, and Mechanicsville. A number of people in the trailer court complained that ;here was no warning on televi- sion that a tornado, was immi- nent. A number of. others said: warn- ings were broadcast minutes be fore the twister started taking the roofs off of trailers in the court. Fallen Trees The three inches of rain and high winds were responsible for the breaking of two windows in downtown West Branch. Fallen trees and branches blocked some streets., Don Wehrman, 51, West Branch, said, "The main dam- age was done in possibly 30 sec- onds." Wehrman's remark came as he stood next to a late model ear which had been pierced by an ornamental light pole "Those tf eited and "released from Iowa City hospitals were: One-year-old twins, Roger and Royce Bowman, Beverly Bowman, 23; Fannie Bow- man, 24; Matthew Vest; Wayne Laing, 26; Kenny Moore, 26; David Strong, 22; Leon Arthur, 63; and Phyllis Hajek, 22. Because of wind and rah damage, all of the West Branch schools were closed for Monday. Teachers and office staff were (Continued: Page 3, Col. WASHINGTON The supreme court refused Monday to review anti-pollution stand- ards which electric utilities said would impede efforts to reach n a t i onal self-sufficiency in en- ergy. The court refused to overturn antipolliition standards set by :he Environmental Protection Agency plants. for newly constructed The U.S. court of appeals for :he District of Columbia had found the EPA rules reasonable. Power companies asked the court to balance the nation's need for electricity with the high costs of attempting to meet EPA standards. On another pollution issue, Power By Associated Press Residents of the Mid-Atlan- tic states and New England have been hardest hit by ris- ing electricity rates, an As- sociated Press survey shows. Consumers in the Midwest were least affected. The AP asked public service commissions and utilities in the 50 states for the average monthly electric bill, now and in 1973, paid by a consumer who uses the standard appli- ances, but does not heat his home with electricity. Public or company officials in 39' states provided specific figures that could be used for comparisons. Spokesmen in the remaining stales said they could not provide the figures asked or offered incomplete information. The survey found the Mid- Atlantic states where utili- ties rely heavily on imported crude oil to fuel their genera- tors experienced the shar- pest rise. The average, electric bill in the five-state region went from in the early months of 1973 to this year an increase of 23 per- cent. Residents of the six New England states paid an average of 17 percent more each month this year than they did in 1973. The average bill in the AP survey was in 1973 and in 1974. Consumers in the Midwest seem to be faring best. Their average bill has risen only 3 percent in the past year, from to The AP survey showed resi- dents of the Southwest are paying 14 percent more than a year ago, those in the West and Northwest are paying 6 percent more and those in the South are paying- 8 percent more. Conclusions The statistics provided were not uniform. People in dif- ferent states used different amounts of electricity. Some officials took an average number of kilowatts 500 for example and figured out what the bill would be for that amount of elcclricily in 1973 and 1974. Other utilities pro- vided specific consumption figures 528 kilowatts in 1973, for example, vs. 516 in 1974 and exact bills for each amount. Because of the diverse types of information provided by the ulilities, it was. difficult to make comparisons. But despite the differences, several conclusions can be drawn: Fuel adjustment charges rather than general rate hikes are to blame for most of the boost in electricity bills. The price of imported crude oil has quadrupled in recent months and bills have soared in areas that depend on this product. The situation is not likely to improve: Rate hike requests are pending in virtually every state. The utilities costs for things like construction and labor have risen, along (Continued: Page 1, Col. 7.) the court agreed to decide later.whether President N'ixon has power to tvithold from the states allotments authorized by congress. for water pollu- tion control. The appeals court ruled that :he President has no such au- thority. But a 4th circuit court earlier had ordered more hear- ngs in another case in Rich- mond, Va., on the assumption hat he does. The justice depart- ment appealed both decisions. In other actions, the court: Ruled unanimously in a Cali- :ornia case that authorities could censor mail of prison in- nates only to further a "sub- stantial government interest" and not to suppress "unwelcome including criticism of iailers. Let stand a lower court ruling :hat a Kentuckian serving a life irison sentence for murder should bs freed or resentenced because his attorney was not >resent for the formal sentenc- ng 15 years ago. Denied a hearing to environ- mentalists who complained that he big new Melones dam in northern California would de- stroy 9 miles of Whitewater boating. Agreed to decide whether a :hrce-judge federal court in Arkansas had a right to over- .urn freight rate decisions by .he Interstate Commerce Com- nission. Refused to interfere in a Cal- fornia supreme court order sus- lending flamboyant San Fran- :isco criminal lawyer Melvin li from practice for 30 days. Belli had been found guilty of violating California rules for at- orneys against soliciting busi- less, in part because he ap- icarcd in advertisements en- dorsing a brand of scotch. Gazette Leased Wires WASHINGTON President Nixon scheduled an appearance on national television at 8 o'clock Iowa time Monday night for a fresh report to the people on Watergate and the congres- sional impeachment inquiry. As part of the speech, the President will announce a pro- posal for verification of tran- j scripts of subpoenaed Watergate tapes to be turned over to the house judiciary committee, White House officials said Mon- day. Actual Recordings The officials said Nixon would permit the committee chair- man, Rep. Rodino (D-N. J.) and the ranking Republican member, Rep. Hutchinson of Michigan to listen to the actual tape recordings. The officials said Nixon also intends to make public the par- tial transcripts of the Water- gate-related taped conversations subpoenaed in the house im- peachment inquiry. The CBS, NBC, AND ABC net- works said they would carry Nixon's address live on radio and television. The Mutual Broadcasting System also said it was carrying Nixon's speech live to its radio affiliates. House Speaker Albert de- nounced Nixon's plan to discuss :he subpoena 'on television be- fore advising the panel of his intentions. "I don't think (television) should be used to in- fluence the procedures the com- mittee Albert told re- porters. "I hope we can keep this is- sue (impeachment) out of poli- tics. I hope he doesn't start play- ing for public sympathy." One judiciary c o mm i 11 e e member, Rep. Rangel (D-N.Y.) said there should be no "super- members who .'should have ac- cess to evidence not available to other members" while another, Rep. Drinian, (D-Mass.) said all members "want to be part of the action." Did Not Exist Presidential aides have in- dicated that only 36 of the con- versations subpoenaed were transcribed, saying tapes did not exist for the other six. The subpoena was to be answered jy Tuesday morning. Nixon's Watergate legal team has been working for several weeks in transcribing the tapes which later were edited to re- move coarse language and mat- ters considered irrelevant or of national security sensitivity. Rodino and several other committee members have made it clear they would not be sa- tisfied with transcripts, particu- larly edited transcripts that they wanted the full, actual tapes. Nixon's plan would be a com- promise to permit verification (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Report Exxon Exec Freed by Guerillas BUENOS AIRES (UPI) Po- lice sources said Monday leftist guerillas had freed American oil executive Victor Samuelson seven weeks after the Exxon Co. paid a million ransom for him. Today's Index Comics .....................17 Crossword......... ........17 Daily Record................3 Deaths ......................3 Editorial Features...........6 Farm ......................12 Financial..................18 Marion......................7 Movies .....................10 Society ......................8 Sports ...................13-16 State Television ..................11 Want Ads................20-23
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