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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 25, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Fair tonight. Lows in -the low 50s. Partly cloudy Friday with highs in the low 70s. CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES WASHINGTON (AP) The house judiciary committee Thursday extended the deadline for President Nixon to respond to a subpoena for tapes of 42 presidential conversations and received a recommendation that a number of impeivhrnent charges against Nixon be dropped. Both developments had' been expected. The committee voted 34 to to extend until next Tuesday th deadline for Nixon to respond I the subpoena, which original! called for compliance by Thur day. Probe Focus The committee's staff, mean while, recommended that number of impeachmen charges should be dropped an said the committee should con centrate on Watergate, Nixon taxes and contributions to hi re-election campaign. The report, if accepted, woul be the basis for the presenlatio of evidence to the committee which is scheduled to begin Ma 7. Committee Chairman Ro- dino (D-N.J.) has assured the White House on Tuesday thai its request for an additional five days to respond to the subpoena would be granted. Hodino said the committe was acting "with trcmendou restraint" because it wanted t give every assurance to th American people that the inves figation was being conducte fairly and completely. He said the extension ex pressed the desire of the com miltee and the American peopl that Nixon respond fully to th committee request so the inves tigation could be brought to conclusion. Skepticism Some members expressec skepticism, however, that Nixon would turn over all of the mate rial requested. "I think it's safe to saic Rep. Rangel "lha after five more days we stil will not get a satisfactory re sponse. We'll get transcripts 01 we'll be told there are no tape: or there are erasures or tha Nixon wants to provide his own review of the evidence." Another member who vote; against the extension, Rep Holtzman (D-N.Y.) said, "We've leaned over so far backwan I'm afraid some of us have fall en over." The other two votes againsl the extension were cast by Reps. Waldic (D-Calif.) and Drinan A number of Democrats who supported the delay said they did EO reluctantly and with the expectation that it would mean complete compliance with the request by Nixon. Staff Report Most of the charges that would be dropped under the slaff recommendation relate to allegations of White House use of executive agencies for politi- cal purposes. Also to be laid aside under the staff's recommendation were charges relating to the im- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) Patty Terms Family, Fiance "Pigs, Clowns" Today's Index Comics .....................30 Crossword ..................30 Daily Record ................3 Deaths ......................3 Editorial Features...........G Farm ......................28 Financial ..................31 Marion..............'.......19 Movies .....................2li Society ..................14-18 Sports ...................21-25 State Television ..................29 Want Ads ................33-37 SAN FRANCISCO (AP) And now this from Patrici Hearst: My parents are "pigs, my fiance a "clown." And am a soldier of the people' army" who voluntarily robbed bank. Speaking in a calm, subdue voice in a taped message re ceived Wednesday, Miss Hears said "Greetings This i Tania." She then proceeded t heap scorn and ridicule on he family, said she never cared i she saw her "sexist pig" f ance again, and added: "To those people who stil relieve that I'm brainwashed o dead, I see no reason to furthe defend my position. I am a sol dier of the people's army. "The only way we can fre ourselves of this fascist dicta torship is by fighting not wit] words but with guns." "Adolf" In the tape, the 20-year-ol( college coed called her parent: "the pig and at om point addressed her father as an apparent referenci to Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. Shi termed Steven Weed, to whom she became engaged last De Gas Allocation Tops 100% of 72 DUBUQUE gaso line allocations for May througl August will be more than IOC percent of 1972 levels. State Geologist Samuel Tuthill said Thursday. Tuthill said the May alloca lion will be 108 percent, Jun 104, July 104, and August 10E percent. But the energy advisor tok an audience in Dubuque he ex pects gasoline prices to jump to 60 to 65 cents per gallon, ther evel off. Demand for gasoline has .in- creased since 1972, the geolo- gist said. But he added, "with conservation, I think, lowans can live with those figures." Tuthill was in Dubuque for an appearance before educators. He is also chairman of the Midwest Governors Conference Task Force on Energy. Israel Rejects U.N. Blast at Lebanon Raid UNITED NATIONS (AP) srael says it will continue to raid southern Lebanon in retali- ation for guerilla attacks from here despite the U. N. Security 7ounciPs seventh condemnation if such action. The council on Wednesday night adopted a resolution con- demning Israel for its April 12 aid on six Lebanese villages in etaliation for the guerilla mas- acre of 18 Israelis the day (Photo on Picture Page.) icfore in the village of Qiryal Ihmona. Lebanon said the sraelis killed three civilians nd kidnaped 13 others. Seventh Time The vote was 13-0, with China nd Iraq not participating. It 'as the council's seventh con- emnation of a retaliatory sraeli raid into Lebanon. The resolution also con- enined "all acts of violence, specially those which result in le tragic loss of innocent civil- an life." But the council by a ote of 7-6 rejected an American mendment specifically includ- ng the attack at Qiryat Shmona n the condemnation. Israel's delegation'walked out the council chamber just bc- ire the voting. Chief Delegate osef Tekoah said the resolu- on was a "gross miscarriage justice" because it did not ondcmn the Palestinian gucril- is. He warned again that (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) cember and planned to marry ii June, "my ex-fiance." Her father, San Francisco Ex aminer editor and presiden Randolph Hearst, confirmed th voice was his daughter's, am added: "The only good thing is that she is alive. Regarding her personal attacks on me, if she has been brainwashed, and I firmly believe she has, then it's not surprising she would say something like this. "No matter what she says, w still love her. The girl we'v known all her life would not sa something like that of her own free will." "Willing in Robbery" Miss Hearst, whom the Sym bionese Liberation Army claims to have kidnaped on Feb. 4, saic in the tape she was a voluntary participant in an April 15 bank robbery in which four allegec members of the SLA have been named in warrants. She is want- ed ss a material witness. Of :hat robbery, which she called 'a revolutionary she said: "I was positioned so that I could hold customers and bank personnel who were on the floor My gun was loaded and at no ime did any of my comrades intentionally point their guns at le." Pictures taken of the robbery showed two of the armed participants with guns pointed in the direction .of Miss Hearst, who was standing in the middle of the bank, a rifle around her shoulder, her hanc in her pocket. Nixes Interview In the tape, Miss Hearst missed suggestions that she come forward for a personal in lerview as proof she is not being coerced. "To the clowns who want a personal interview with me Vincent Hallinan (an attorney) Steven Weed and the pig he said, "it's absurc to think that I could surface to say what I'm saying now and be allowed to freely return to my comrades. The enemy still wants me dead." The tape, which 'also included he voices of two men, was Miss Hearst's first communication since she renounced, her family on April 3 and said she was join- ng the SLA as an armed comrade. She also said she had aken the name in memory of a slain girl friend of T.atin American guerilla Che iuevara. Wednesday night's tape from 'atricia ended with .the words, 'Patria o muerte venceremos." 'hey are the same words used iy Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro when he ends speeches, md they translate: "Fatherland ir death, we will overcome." Driver's License Federal authorities had no im- mediate comment on the tape. Police Community Relations Director Rodney Williams, who btained the tape through an in- ermediary, turned it over to he FBI. He said the tape was in brown paper package along vith half of Miss Hearst's river's license and a red poster bowing hands and a clenched ist. The other half of Miss (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) Telcohoto REVOLT IN PORTUGAL Troops -take up positions near the army ministry in Lisbon, Portugal, during Thursday's military uprising. Says Fuel Conservation By Associated Press Americans are abandoning :he strict conservation mea- sures they "imposed on them- selves at the height of the en: ergy crisis. A nationwide Associated Press survey ifinds that automobile xaffic in most areas of the coun- :ry is approaching pre-embargo levels. It also shows that toll road receipts are climbing, mass transit use is slipping and ;he rate of electricity conserva- tion is falling. "There are as many people.on :he road now as there were in before the Arab oi' embargo brought the winter en- ergy crisis, said federal energy chief -John Sawhill. Used Less A spokesman for Florida 'ower Light Co., the state's argest utility, said its custom- ers used six percent less elec- ricity than they normally would lave between early December and late February. But that figure fell to three tercent in March and a spokes- man said "figures the week the irab oil embargo was lifted in- licate customers used noticea- ily more electricity than any ther week in March." A simi- ar pattern was repeated in nany states, with utilities and tate agencies reporting that :onservation is slipping. They toted, however, that Americans till are not using the amount of ilectricity they would under lormal growth patterns. And in other areas the survey bowed that Americans have lot returned all the way to pre- ;mbargo days. Here are some samples: Public transportation reve- iues in Boston ranged from 1 to percent above 1973 levels be- ween Jan. 18 and March 8. But n the three succeeding weeks evenue fell 1.5 percent, 2.3 per- ent and 3.3 percent below last ear's intake. The Atlanta transportation authority said February use of its system was 7.2 percent above a year earli- er; in March it was up 2 per- cent. Seattle officials said bus riders averaged a week at the height of the embargo; they now average still above a year earlier. A survey last week on the Mil- waukee freeway showed 85 per- cent of 296 cars checked were 63.5 miles per hour or faster. On Jan. 30, 85 percent were driving 60.7 m.p.h. or faster. In May 1973, before the nationwide speed limit was low- ered to.55 m.p.h., 86 percent were going 73.5 m.p.h. or faster. The take on Connecticut loll roads was on Sunday, Feb. 3, 55 percent below a year earlier. On Sunday April 14 it was 3 percent below the comparable date in 1973. Four of the 13 states which imposed various forms of odd-even gaso line rationing have called thi plans off, but one state, Jersey, is threatening to put i back on. A state official said traffic on a typical Monday on the Garden State parkway hai increased from cars in mid-February to lasi week. The New England Power Pool said .in December that con Sawhill: Fuel Overcharges May Surpass Million WASHINGTON (UPI) Evi- dence has been found of more than million in possible overcharges in fuel prices dur- ing the energy crisis, federal energy chief John Sawhill said Thursday. Sawhill described at a con- gressional hearing the joint in- vestigations by'the Federal En- ergy Office (FEO) and Internal Revenue Service (IRS) of illegal speculation in energy markets, and of violations of the regula- ;ions on prices and pass-through costs. "This program has already challenged or has under inves- tigation some million of cost pass-throughs, a portion of which are allocated to pro- Sawhill said. Sawhill testified at a hearing by the legal and monetary af-' 'airs subcommittee of the house government operations commit- ,ee that the FEO and IRS had made more than inves- igations of pricing practices since Jan. 1 at both the whole- sale and retail level. Refunds resulting from errors or viola- tions have totaled nearly million, he said. The investigations covered prices of gasoline, home heating oil, diesel fuel and propane, he said. Under a separate investiga- tion called Project Speculator, auditors found "propane prices were being driven up by illegal broker activity, particularly by large markups that were being made without any product ever changing Sawhill said. He estimated consumers would get more than S21.46 million back as a result of the audits so far. More audits will be made, he said. Sawhill also testified that it was now clear that government secrecy about leaks in the Arab oil embargo did not really keep the leaks flowing. He said when it was apparent some Arab oil was still reaching American shores despite the embargo, the FEO thought it would be "prudent temporarily" to stop publishing detailed im- port statistics. Subcommittee Rough on Cob Bi By Frank Nye DBS MOINES There's something about a legislature that everybody should know: Don't take your eyes off of t for a single minute because anything can happen espe- cially toward the tail end of a session. That's when all sorts of pro- posals are made and some even slip through almost un- noticed when one least ex-' pccts it. Take a recent noon meeting of the house appropriations subcommittee on education, 'or example. It was called by Rep. Robert Krcamcr (R-Dcs the chairman, to wind up last minute affairs since adjournment is looming dead ahead. Along toward the end of the meeting, Rep. Adrian Brinck (D-West casually al- lowed as how it might be nice to give Iowa State university a hundred and fifty thousand right, to do some research on corn cobs. Brinck allowed that some folks seem to think something might result from researching corn cobs that would help to solve the energy crisis. The fact that Ihc session has been in progress since last January and nobody has yet mentioned corn cob research didn't seem to faze anyone at the moment. Not, at least, until Brinck mentioned that he undcr- stands there's something about glucose in corn cobs that might help create more energy if we could just find out what it is. Rep. Glenn Brockctt (R- Marshalllown) spoke up at 'this point, saying: "There's nothing new about researching corn cobs. They've been doing it since back in the time when T was in school. I remember they were using something in the cobs to help' make the plastic used for steering wheels for cars." Since Brockett was in school at Iowa State back in the late 1920s and early '30s, a lot of corn cob research has gone into the record books in the last four decades. Moreover, Brockctt said, while they've developed some good things from (he re- search, Ihc facts arc corn cobs arc too light and bulky to do much with if one may (Continued: Page 2, Col. 1.) sumers in the six-state region were using 12 percent less elec- tricity than projected levels That fell to 8 percent by April 11, and a daily, four-hour power reduction was canceled. A spokesman for the public utili- ties commission in Washington state said voluntary conserva- tion of power has dropped from 7 percent at the" height of the embargo to between 2.5 and 3 percent now. Miserable Failure The push by city, state anc federal governments for citizens to use car pools appears from the AP survey to have been a miserable failure in most areas. A group of scientists al the Opinion Research Center in Chi- cago, who have conducted week- ly energy surveys for a year, said they found no tendency by consumers to switch away from the single-passenger auto trip. The American Automobile Assn, said Tuesday that the gas- oline situation in the country is generally stabilized. It said a spot check of station found only 2 percent out of gas, only 2.5 percent operating on split shifts and only 6 percent limiting purchases. And everywhere, from the major cities to rural areas, the gasoline lines which aggravated motorists and shocked politi- cians in January and February are gone. Police Reporf Sharp Rise in Speeding Tickefs By Associated Press Speeding citations by. police lave increased dramatically in some parts of the country in recent weeks. Police interviewed in a num- jer of states in an Associated Press survey said speeding :ickets were up because of the owered 55 m.p.h. speed limit md because gasoline is no onger in short supply in most Washington State police said hey issued speeding tick- ets the first week in April, com- )ared to in the same week year earlier. "Since they no onger have to wait in line for !as, they feel they should no onger have to go said tate patrol Chief Will Bachof- ncr. Connecticut State police said peeding arrests in their state escalated from 916 in February o in March. "They've gone wild again hey're just flying out aid Capt. John S. Timmerman if the South Carolina highway >alrol, "We're giving tickets about as fast as we can write hem." Gazelle Leased Wires LISBON (UPI) _ The army overthrew Portuguese Premier Marcelo Caetano Thursday in protest against th? colonial wars that Portugal has waged in Africa for the past 13 years. Caetano handed over his job to Gen. Antonio De Spinola, the liberal-minded African war hero whom Caetano fired for saying Portugal could not win the seemingly endless African wars, the rebel armed forces an- nounced. The announcement was made over loudspeakers outside the Carmo convent, headquarters of the para-military Republican National Guards where Caetano and some of his ministers had made a last-ditch stand against the snowballing movement of army protest. "Right now, Premier Caetano is handing over the reins of of- fice to his successor, Gen. Spin- the rebel announcement said. It said the handing over was taking place inside the building, following a cannon and tank assault on the building by the rebels. Assault The assault climaxed an up- rising by large parts of the na- tion's armed forces against the Caetano government. Rebel units assaulted the con- vent after Caetano ignored a deadline to surrender. Some of those inside the build- ing started surrendering, but Caetano was not among the first group, witnesses said. Rebel, radio told the popula- tion to stay in their homes be- cause pockets of resistance in- side the city were going .to be cleaned out. President Taken Witnesses reported rebel units first fired light cannon and ma- chine guns at the convent, then sent in a tank to knock down the jates. The tank was turned sack. The witnesses said the rebels then used bullhorns to :ell the Republican Guards to "come out." "We have plenty of dyna- the rebels told those in- side the building. The rebels also claimed they had detained Adm. Americo Thomaz, the 79-year- old president, and were hold- ing him at the military police headquarters. Witnesses reported shooting rom various points of the city. In the downtown Chiado district, security police fired machine- gun salvoes into a group of ouths demonstrating their sup- wrt for the rebels. Many were hit and carried nto a nearby security police station, witnesses reported. The rebels let an a.m. DT deadline for government roops to surrender elapse. When it passed, they simply 'epeated the appeals without mentioning a deadline, saying .hey wanted to avoid bloodshed. Evacuation Asked But 40 minutes after the dead- ine had passed, the rebel radio asked the population to evacu- ate three small sections of town, ncluding the one where the ma- chine of the demon- strators had occurred. The rebels said "dangerous" >olice and Republican Guard el- ements were holding out in the ections. The announcement ap- peared to imply that the rebels ilanned to take action. swiftly in the pre- dawn darkness and benefiting by surprise the rebels took over the studios of Emissora Nacional, the national radio (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Chuckle The horse would have a good laugh today if he could see all these motorists adjust- ing their shoulder harnesses.
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