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   Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 19, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa                                Visitor finds Iowa in strange 'ferment' Editorial Page Fridax. April 19, 1974 Hip shot from wrong hand ITEM of evidence, 1: Bank rob- bery photographs in San Francisco show kidnap victim Patricia Hearst holding a gun while others grab the cash and while still others point their guns in the direction of Miss Hearst. Item of evidence, 2: A bank guard witnessing the robbery says Patricia Hearst looked tough, stood tough and spoke some dirty words of menace toward civilians on the scene. Comment on the evidence, 1: John Kelly, head of San Francis- co's FBI office, confirms the identification but says it justifies Miss Hearst's being sought only as a material witness, not as one accused of crime. "She may have been under all kinds of duress. They could have said they were going to try to kidnap her sister or something. Who knows what they told Comment on the evidence, 2: U.S. Attorney General William Saxbe tells reporters: "The entire group we're talking about are common criminals. Miss Hearst is part of it. My personal conclusion is that she was not a reluctant participant." Elementary principle of justice: Anyone suspected or accused of crime must be considered in- nocent until proved guilty. Nobody should honor this more carefully than the head of the federal government's justice department. Whatever prove to be the facts concerning Patty Hearst, what- ever proves to be her fate, at this point she deserves full benefit of every doubt. Attorney General Saxbe has publicly performed a gross prejudgment and a sophomoric exercise in damaging a possible defendant's rights. He, among all commentators, should know bet- ter. By Jamas J. Kilpatrick DES M01NES, IOWA The wander- ing reporter who wanders into Des Moines is likely to be impressed first of all by the gilded dome atop the state capital. The dome is an old-fashioned eye-popper. If the reporter idles away a part of the afternoon by glancing through the Even- ing Tribune, he may also be impressed by the personal ads in the classified sec- tion. These are new-fangled eye-poppers. Some funny things are happening in Iowa these days. The massive capitol, dome and all, is the sort of solid symbol usually associat- ed with the Midwest. The people of Iowa got started on this project in 1870, fought it through to completion in 1884, and made the building a model of classic respectability. It speaks of prairie vir- tues and honest industry. This is the Iowa of popular legend. But what about those ads! One day last week the Tribune carried a column and a half of personals, starting with the Red Eye Adult Book Store, offering hard core films at and up. Twenty count 'em, twenty massage parlors were promot- ing outcall service to home, hotel or mo- tel, complete with "pretty "lovely and "pink panther specials." People's forum Passenger train push Keep patrol PROMOTERS of an Amtrak rail route through Iowa along the North Western line from Council Bluffs to Clinton through Cedar Rapids came away en- couraged from a meeting with federal': officials this' week in Washington: 'Chances look remote for action yet this year, they said, but "tremendous" for 1975. Naturally, that brightened prospects that the effort of some signers of a petition launched by western1 Iowa or- ganizers may pay off in new provisions for "experimental" passenger service Chicago and the West Coast. Still needed to buttress the proposal, according to spokesmen for Am- trak and the department of trans- portation, is support from all state governors along the route and from each state's congressional delegation. That should not be hard to muster, what with rail travel of- fering new promise both for people-service and for fuel con- servation. But beyond the rosy thoughts and brighter hopes, a hard reality still lives: No matter how many people put names onto paper, how many governors add their weight, how many congressmen join in or how many senators do 'too, more pas- senger service by rail can come in and keep going only if sufficient people put their bodies where their words are and USE Amtrak service when it comes. That is still the whole idea's No. 1 uncertainty. Whatever anyone can do to show that lowans are apt to jkeep their promises will still help more than anything to let them get the chance. Too many people OUT HERE in the open spaces of abundant elbow room and stable populations, endless warn- ings that the world is increasing by some 75 million people a come through as all ib.ut meaningless. We disregard those warnings and that rate of rise, however, only at the- peril of our total na- tion's 'long-run place on everybody's earth and Iowa's own niche in North America. For a touch of insight into what is happening and whether it is worth a moment's thought around here, take a look at one year's world growth in more familiar terms. Seventy-five million human beings are the equivalent of: Three and a half Canadas. One and a half Mexicos. More than one-third of a U.S.A. Seven Czechoslovakias. One and a half United Kingdoms, Italys or Republics of France. Twenty-five Israels. More than two Egypts. Almost 26 whole lowas. More than 22 Chicagos. Or 9% cities of New York. If we assume that unchecked population jumps of that size EVERY YEAR will not add up to pressures on America's economy and changes in the quality of life in every hamlet on this continent, we make a wrong assumption all the way. We may have put America's own population house in better order lately, but by no means have we safely left the woods. Through every means available in interna- tional relationships, we owe it to ourselves to heed the warnings, pass the word and help to get this reproductive runaway in tow. Way with words What to end with Theodore M. Bernstein AT END. Your gram- JL mar school teacher, Miss Thistlebottom, may have told you that a preposition was a bad word to end a sen- tence with. Up to a point she may have known what she was talking about. But there are more exceptions to the rule than she dreamed of. The rule traces back to: Latin, a language that most modern writers are strangers fo. And it is a rule that can well be done away with. As H. W. Fowler says, "The fact is that the remarkable freedom enjoyed by English in putting its preposition late is an important element in the flexibility of the language." A letter from Spencer B. Downing of Radnor, Pa., has raised the question. The people who in- sist on the rule do not always know about what they are talking. They do not know for what rules are'. And it makes one wonder fo what they are up. Sometimes, it is true, placing (he preposition at the end makes for a weak sentence. Example; "German is not the best language io write poetry in." There the sentence ends in weakness. But in an idiomatic sentence such as, "They don't know what they arc talking the words at the end are suf- ficient to sustain the stress that normally falls toward the end. To paraphrase Winston Churchill, the rule about ending sentences with a preposition is nonsense up with which we shouldn't put. Off A couple of months ago in discussing the current phrase bottom line, meaning final result, this column said that literally the phrase referred to the end of a balance sheet. Well, it doesn't, as three readers have been good enough to point out. It refers to the end of a profit and loss statement. It all goes to show that one can't know everything, doesn't it? Word oddities. Behind the pseudo-rule not to end a sentence with a preposition stands the meaning of the word preposi- tion itself. Derived from the Latin, the word originally meant place ahead or before. In Latin prepositions do usually stand ahead of the words they govern. But that's true In Latin and not neces- sarily in English. New York Times Syndicate Insights James J. Kilpatriclc The ad hints at bacchanalian revels and libidinous assignations out where the tall porn grows. What kind of Iowa is this? The stolid capitol and the Pussycat Parlor our kittens relax provide a working metaphor for political changes that would have astonished the Union veterans of a century ago. When the cornerstone was laid for the capitol, Iowa had a 100 percent Republican delegation in Washington. That admirable condition continued into the 20th century. With only a few defec- lions and these for only single terms here and there Iowa kept sending solidly Republican delegations to the house and senate. Such conspicuous Democrats as Sen. Guy Gillette were merely exceptions to the rule. Twenty years ago, lo get to more recent history, it was still a beautiful Republican picture: Bourke B. Hickenlooper and Thomas E. Martin were in the senate, and Republicans held all eight seats in the house. This was like having steers and hogs. The poli- tical landscape was as even and serene as the black and level fields. Well, gentle readers, behold the Pus- sycat Parlor. The state is in ferment. Iowa's six seats in the house now are divided three and three, but there is a very real possibility, or so a reporter is told, that after November the G.O.P. will be down to Lonesome Bill Scherle in the Fifth. The senate seat being vacated by Democrat Harold Hughes is likely to go to Rep. John C. Culver, the two-fisted giant from Cedar Rapids. Culver, an ac- tivist liberal Democrat, is said to have an edge over either of the two Republicans, George F. Milligan and David Stanley, who are competing for the G.O.P. nomination. The Democrats are hopeful of grabbing the Third district seat being vacated by- veteran H. R. Gross, and they believe they can dump Republican Wiley Mayne in (he Sixth. In their own state legisla- ture, the Democrats made stunning gains in 1972, despite George McGovern's drag on the ticket, and with a further gain of only half a dozen scats they could take the lower chamber in November. This objective, unbiased and nonpar- tisan estimate, compiled from a Democratic point of view, comes from 29-year-old Michael T. Blouin, a liberal Democrat from Dubuque, who con- fidently expects to succeed John Culver in the Second. Republicans, naturally, take quite different views. They expect to field at- tractive candidates right down the line, and with a little bit of luck they believe the Third and the Sixth districts can be held. The Watergate scandals seem to play a small role in Iowa politics. The labor vote is far more important in both of the key house contests, and there is no inclina- tion to visit the sins of Richard Nixon upon either of the Republican aspirants for the senate. What is happening, apparently, is that the state simply is finding the old Republican virtues less alluring than the new Democratic temptations. It would be unbecoming to suggest that G.O.P. strategists metaphorically call on Sheri, or Vicki, or the Tahitian Tigress, but it seems evident that here in Iowa, marble and granite no longer reign supreme. Wostiington Star Syndicate 'Just a little sacrificial thanks for the lifting of price controls' To the Editor: After 12 years the school patrol at Fif- teenth street and highway 94 has been stopped. We in Fair Oaks wonder why. The only reason given by the principal at Fillmore school was that three blocks 1 was too far for patrol children to walk to their station. If this is true, many patrols should be removed around the city. We contacted Sgt. Covington of the police department and he said a petition was necessary. So 120 signatures were gathered and given to .the sergeant and the .principal. As of this date (April 17) nothing has been done about this matter. Does a child have to be injured by an auto before something is done? Mrs: Richard Reggentin, 1018 Eighteenth street NW; Mrs. Harold Hansen, 1013. Eighteenth .street NW; Mrs. Allen Schnell, 1018 Cheyenne road NW; Mrs. Don Moffatt, 1433 Pawnee drive NW. Fake letter To the Editor: As a civil engineering student at the University of Iowa, I take an active interest in .new developments in the field of civil engineering. As a result I read with much interest the letter in your paper April 11 written by "Maxwell S. Laus" about his work in traffic control. Not fully understanding the project, I attempted to contact him personally to question him about it. I learned, however, that there is no Maxwell S. Laus or Norton Thevenin (described as an as- sociate) enrolled in engineering at Iowa or listed as a faculty member. It appears that Maxwell S. Laus is a nonexistent person and that someone is attempting to perpetrate fraud. Is The Gazette publishing letters without checking on their creditability, or is The Gazette writing its own letters to the editor? Richard Rummelhart Iowa City Editor's nofe: The Gozeffe receives too many letters to need to make up any. For ethical reasons we would not consider falsifying letters even if not many came. Neither do we have facili- ties to check out every letter's authen- ticity. When form and content look sus- picious or raise questions in some cases, we do check out specific letters. Those not validated in that process are not printed. The fetter in question (about a traffic speed surveillance system) did not raise suspicions because there seemed la be no reason anyone should feel compelled to fake it. Sometimes phonies do go through, however. This we earnestly regret, though no great harm appears to have resulted. Unless we hear again from "MaxwellS. the assumption will be that someone was merely indulging a sick sense of humor. "Fraud" in the sense of unlawful gain is o little too strong for forum-letter fabrication. Simple "lying" or "deceit" would cover it better. Good concert To the Editor: A full evening of entertainment was once again provided to our community on April 16: Jefferson high school .provided the place. Parents, teachers and students provided the full house to hear the third annual "Dollars for Scholars" pop con- cert. As in every organization, it takes a lot of hard work to make a successful program. I thank all of those who made the pop concert the success it was in particular the Westside Delegation from Jefferson, Happiness, Inc., from Ken- nedy and the Revolutionists and Jazz Band No. 2 from Washington high school. My hat is off to the youth in our com- munity who provided such a delightful program. Pal Hill 2229 Meadowbrook drive SE Surveillance? To the Editor: A couple of University of Iowa students have just written (Forum, April 11) that we can, if we try .real hard, have a forrtl of constant, unrelenting traffic surveillance in 10 years. Let's see, 1974 plus ten equals------ We have survived Vietnam. We shall survive Watergate. The question remaining is, will we survive the univer- sities? Larry Carman 1219 Eighteenth street NW Dumdums Issues of the day are crime and taxes, neither of which mankind is smart enough to abolish. Boston Globe No call for gloating Tax mess not all Nixon's fault do not mind lying, but I hate inaccuracy. Edmund Burke By William F. Buckley, jr. I AM EVERYWHERE informed that Mr. Nixon has suffered grieviously on account of the tax delinquency. On the other hand in almost every case I am being told about other people's in- dignation. I wonder whether it is a synthetic indignation: whether, in fact, il is a matter of everybody knowing how everybody else, feels, while personally exempt from that same feeling. What is true is that a lot of people are taking pleasure from Mr. Nixon's rever- sals. A great deal is to be learned from what becomes now the saga of Mr. Nixon's taxes, concerning which a few observa- tions: 1..I have nowhere seen any explanation for the' failure to consummate the gift of his vice-presidential papers. It isn't as though by waiting past that critical date in July he might have hoped to enhance the value of the contribution. And there was plenty of warning that July 25 might be the effective date after which deduc- tions would not be permitted. So what happened? I can think of no other explanation than extraordinary mis- management by Mr. Nixon's book- keepers. 2. That raises the question whether the so-called back-dating was offensive lo the moral sense. What it evidently was, was illegal. But illegal only in the purely formal sense; i.e., noneffectlve. I give you an example. Suppose you telephone your lawyer on June 1 and say to him: I have decided to will my estate to my daughter. Then you leave town for William F. Buckley, jr. two months. On your return, the lawyer brings you your will to sign. How should it be dated? June 1, or August 1? I am sure that testamentary experts have an answer to this question, very likely different answers in different places. It could make a great deal of difference in England, for instance. There a gift, for example, is taxed at a different rate if turned over less than three years before the donor's death, so that it matters a great deal just when the "constructive" gift was made. Let the lawyers make the decision in the in- dividual case. Suffice to say, meanwhile, that there is every reason to suppose that Mr. Nixon made the constructive gift well before the deadline, and that he is now paying close to a half million dollars extra tax on account of the extravagant inefficiency of his staff. 3. The whole argument about Nixon having paid fewer taxes than the local plumber is altogether beside the point. There are'very good arguments against a public official laying claim to papers hu accumulated while in public service, and if I had to vote, it would bo that'said papers are public property. But that is not how they have been treated. For at least a generation. Presidents have kept their papers, and turned them over, often with tax benefits, to whomever they chose. FDR didn't con- sult congress about'the resting place for his papers, neither did Hoover, Truman LBJ, the estate of John Kennedy. Accor- dingly, the furor over the Nixon papers is in the nature of a bill of attainder, and I don't like that, and neither should the people; and who knows, maybe they don't, really. Though one is helpless on the matter of the little items, one wonders, really, if there are any limits to pettifoggery. If you. retain a bookkeeper to keep track of all deductible expenses, that is what the bookkeeper is going to do. And if you donate a bag of salted peanuts to the church bazaar, it is the bookkeeper's responsibility lo figure out what a bag of salted peanuts is worth, and to take a deduction which you may not even be aware of. To suggest that the man who does this is a Scrooge, scheming to screw the exchequer, is quite simply naive. Now if the deduction is for some reason improper, that then is disallowed. It is a singular vice of the tax system that this is not an open and shut question It is' often a value question, like whether Trim's party was really a family affair really a public affair, or halt and half or one-quarter and three-quarters or whatever. Everybody has a chance to argue his case with the tax court except Mr. Nixon, who is in a general bind' and is losing his freedom of action. Perhaps it is truo Unit the fault was his lo begin with. But the gloating Is ours, and is un- seemly. Washington star Syndicate   

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