Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 19, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Chance of rain to- night. Lows around 40. Chance ol rain on Sat- urday with highs near 70. VOLUME 92-NUMBER 100 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, FRIDAY, APRIL ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES AIR DUELS RAGE OVER GOLAN Living Cost Goes Up by 1.1 Percent WASHINGTON (AP) Sharply higher food prices and a record jump in nonfood com- modities pushed the cost of liv- ing up 1.1 percent in March as the worst inflation in a quarter century held its grip on the economy, the government re- ported Friday. The labor department said last month's rise sent consumer prices 10.2 percent higher than a year ago, the most in any 12- month period since an identical rise in 1948. For the first quarter of 1974, consumer prices rose at a sea- sonally adjusted annual rate of 14.5 percent, highest in any three-month period since the first quarter of 1951 during the Korean war. As Bad or Worse Although the Nixon adminis- tration says it expects the econ- omy to turn around in -the sec- ond half of the year, some gov- ernment analysts predict the next three months will be as bad or worse than the inflation for the first three months of the] year. With inflation continuing un abated, the labor departmen said buying power of American workers fell 0.9 percent in March to a level of 4.7 percen below a year ago. It marked the biggest annual decline since the government began keeping thai statistic in 1964.- The Consumer Price Index last month to 143.1 o its 1967 average, meaning that it cost consumers to buy the same variety of retail goods and services that bought in :i967. Government analysts saic higher prices for gasoline an: food were responsible for abou ;25 percent of the March in- crease. More Than Usual .Grocery prices jumped one percent, substantially more than is usual for March, but less than the increases for the previous two months. The sharpest increase was in nonfood commodities includ- ing industrial prices which rose 1.5 percent both seasonally and unadjusted last month. It was the biggest increase in this category since the government started those statistics in 1956. Gasoline and motor oil again jumped sharply in March, rising 7 percent to a level 39.3 percent above the previous March. Fuel oil and coal prices dropped slightly last month but were still 57.7 percent above March 1973. New car prices increased in- stead of declining as they usual- ly do in March. Prices for used cars continued to fall. Services rose 0.8 percent from February to March, driven up by a 20 percent jump in postal charges and a rise of 1.7 per- cent in physicians' fees. A rise of 0.5 percent in average hourly earnings last month was offset by the jump in consumer prices and a drop of 0.3 percent in average weekly hours, sending average weekly earnings down 0.8 percent for the month. Today's Index Comics ....................-W Crossword..................24 Daily Record 3 Deaths ......................3 Editorial Features...........6 Farm ......................15 Financial ..................25 Marion 10 Movies ..................22-23 Society Sports ...................15-20 4'J Television Want Ads................27'31 energy Chief John Sawhill, named to succeed William Simon as head of the Federal Energy Office, tells an in- terviewer that the U.S. will remain "just as vulnerable, probably more to an Arab oil embargo for the next few years as it was last winter. Senate Sends Busing Bill to Ray By Frank Nye DBS MOINES A precedent- setting bill requiring -public schools to start busing non public school students in 1974-75 was on its way to Gov. Roberi Ray and a possible church-state court test Friday. The controversial bill (HF 1476) cleared its last legislative hurdle after a, day-long debate Thursday when it was passed by the Iowa senate, 33 to 16. Ray has indicated he will sign the bill even though it was not on the 44-point program he landed the legislature last Jan- uary. Court Test Representatives of the Iowa Civil Liberties Union and Amer- icans United for the Separation of Church and State are on record they will take the matter to court if the bill becomes law. They say a majority of Iowa's nonpublic schools are church- affiliated, raising the question whether or not tax funds can be used to bus their students. Led by State Sen. Tom Riley ;R-Cedar the bill's loor manager, backers of-non- mblic school busing insisted hat this is the only way public 'unds can be used, constitu- ;ionally, 'to help hard-pressed nonpublic schools. They also hammered away on the theme that the bill is a safety measure tailored to helping students and, thatv itJ.1973-75 bienmum, and put up does not provide funds nonpublic schools per se. Passed several days ago b; the Iowa house, the bill puts up million to initiate the non public school busing program this fall for an estimated to of Iowa's approxi mately nonpublic schoo students. Half of that sum would go to the state department of public instruction to reimburse loca school districts, which would be charged with carrying out the new busing program. Bus Repair The would remaining go to the million state schoo >udget review committee to re- iair old buses, buy new ones and to finance any other neces- sities in connection with starting ;he program. The present public school bus- ng program for which ap- proximately of students qualify costs the tax- layers about million a year. The million for the non- rablic bus program will come rom an appropriation of that amount made by the 1973 legis- ature in a new law now in- rolved in a court test. In that law the legislature mandated that public schools urnish auxiliary services for nonpublic schools, during the 7s Your Behavior Crippling Heart? Smoking, obesity, incorrect diet and many other factors have been suggested as the primary causes of heart disease, but now there is a new approach to the problem of America's No. 1 killer disease. After 20 years of research, cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Ray H. Rosenman have developed a revolutionary new concept that identifies the major cause of heart they have named Type A Behavior. In their new book, "Type A Behavior and Your Friedman and Rosenman not only show you how to recognize Type A Behavior in your own person- ality, but also tell you how you can rid yourself of its crippling habits. Since one American male in five dies of a heart attack before the age of 60, and according to the authors well over 90 percent of them are Type A's, this knowledge could save your life. A seven-part serialization of this book begins Sun- day on page one of The Gazette. million to pay them foi doing it. But the federal district court issued an order not to spend any of the funds until it decided a constitutionality test brought by the Iowa Civil Li- berties Union and Americans United for the Separation of Church and State. That test is now pending be- fore a three-judge federal dis- trict-court panel in Des Moines. Interestingly, attorneys for both sides believe the court will hold the 1973 law unconstitu- tional. That's why the 1974 legis- lature decided to salvage the million for busing. It did that by including two sections in the bus bill pertain- ing to auxiliary services. Repeal One section repeals the 1973 aw, freeing the million re- gardless of the ultimate court decision. The other section rein- states an earlier law making it optional for public schools to furnish auxiliary services for nonpublic school students. Riley said legislatures can lelp nonpublic schools only within guidelines laid down in ihurch-state court decisions and hat at present "busing is within the prerogative of this legisla- "This Riley insisted, "is not going to bridge the gap be- .ween church and state one iota." Busing supporters held firm their lines in knocking down some 10 amendments during Thursday's debate amend- ments they said would definitely make the bill unconstitutional. Moreover, they didn't want ;he bill amended and sent back o the house this late in the ses- on. Sen. Eugene Hill (D-Newton) disagreed with Riley, saying the illl is clearly unconstitutional in its face. Other opponents argued there is no question but clmrch-s t a t e entanglement will result when public school, districts try to work out bus routes for nonpublic school students. State Sen. Joan Orr (D-Grin- nell) road Article I, Sec. Ill of he state constitution to" the sen- ile in her final argument against the bill. That section prohibits the le- gislature from making any "law respecting-an establishment; of religion nor shall any per- son be compelled to attend any place of worship, pay tithes, taxes, or other rates for build- ing or repairing places of wor- ship, or the maintenance of any minister, or ministry..." She also cited Article VII Sec. I, prohibiting the state from extending credit to any in- dividual, association or corpora- tion, which she said had a bear- ing on the bill. Prevent Abuses "The provision of the constitu- tion relating to religion were included to try to prevent some of the extraordinary abuses of jower which almost inevitably :ead to state entanglement in church Sen. Orr said, 'and to church entanglement in state affairs. "These abuses include the inrelenting pressures, brought upon legislators by well-or- ganized church groups to pro- public funding for functions vhich rightfully should be paid or by the clients themselves." Sen. Orr quoted several court lecisions, including the most re- cent Iowa case in 1947 in vhich public funds could not be (Continued: Page 7, Col. 5.) References to Pat in SLA Notebook Aired FRANCISCO (AP) weeks before Patricia SAN Three Hearst was abducted, police found a Symbionese Liberation Army notebook containing cryp- tic references to her, the San Francisco Chronicle reported Friday. Charles Bates, FBI agent in charge- of the case, said the FBI didn't learn until after the ab- duction that police had found the notebook. Randolph Hearst told the Chronicle the notebook was "un- questionable proof" his daugh- ter "in no way" arranged her own kidnaping. In Damaged House The Chronicle said the green notebook was one of several documents found in a Concord, Calif., house, damaged in an abortive arson fire Jan. 10. Authorities believe it was the headquarters for the SLA. "Patricia Campbell Hearst, on the night of the full moon oi Jan. was one referece in the notebook, the Chronicle said. "At U. C. daughter of Hearst" and "Junior. Art stu- dent" .were others, it said. Miss Hearst was studying art at the University of California. Hearst, editor and presiden of the San Francisco Examiner said there was "just no excuse' for the authorities' failure to tel him about the notebook, the Chronicle said. Knew Nothing of It It. said he knew nothing of the notebook until a-reporter aske( lim about it. He said he had seen told only thatvhis daugh- ;er's .name was- one of many mentioned in. SLA documents, the Chronicle It said .-the notebook referrec to- and "ac- tion." It listed several names including "Yolanda and Camil la" and "David and Margarie a." One of the women .sought in Monday's bank robbery, is Ca milla Hall, a former Min- neapolis welfare worker! who has been linked before to the SLA: Assume She's Innocent: Kelley ATLANTA (AP) The search for Patricia Hearst will continue on the assumption she is innocent of criminal activity, ?BI Director Clarence Kelley says. "We will ba guided by the Tacts and not by an' he said. "We're going to assume that she is the victim of pres- sure or coercion. I think this is a logical course for us. The U. S. attorney's office in San Fran- cisco agrees with us." Kelley's remarks came at a session of the American Society of Newspaper Editors Thursday when he was asked to comment on Attorney General Saxbe's as- sertion that Miss Hearst willing- y participated in a bank rob- bery. "I operate under and I an guided by the Kelle; said. "We are proceeding unde the hypothesis that she is a ma terial witness rather than a sub ject, that she could have beer duped by this group." Safety Paramount Kelley denied that the Hears had limited the FBI's ef fort to crack the kidnaping, bul he said Miss Hearst's safety ha been paramount. "If we had found her, wi might have gone despiti pleas from the family not .to d' so, he said. Kelley said he had no excuse for the lack of success in th case. "We've just almost turnei (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) Mull White House Reply To Subpoena WASHINGTON (AP) Th White House is pondering wha to do about a sweeping subpoe na that orders President Nixo to turn over a.mass of tapes an documents to be used in the Wa tergate cover-up trial of hi former top lieutenants. The subpoena issued Thure day by U.S. District Judge Job J. Sirica directs Nixon to giv the Watergate special prosecu tor tapes and documents cover ing 64 presidential conversa tions. Special Prosecutor Leon Ja worski asked Sirica Tuesday: t issue the subpoena after wha he. said were unsuccessful .el forts negotiate a voluntary agreement.; Nixon's; 'ciu'ef yer, James St. Clair, did not op pose the motion before the sui poena was issued. It was serve late Thursday afternoon abou two hours -after Sirica signed i It orders the material turne over by 10 a.m. May 2. Latest in Series "The matter will be consii ered by the special counsel, Deputy Press Secretary Geral Warren said at the White House This is the latest in a series subpoenas directed at Nixo since the Watergate controvers Jegan. But it will probably b the hardest to defend against. Withholding subpoenaed ma ;erial needed for conduct of a :rial is a tougher legal problem han.: resisting such requests "rom investigatory bodies. Twi of 'the defendants in this case Joined the prosecutor in request ng that the material be sub poenaed. The new subpoena requests material, specifically for evi dence in the trial scheduled to start Sept. 9, of H. R. Hal deman, John D. Ehrlichman John N. Mitchell and four others. For Grand Jury Earlier subpoenas issued by (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Woodward Asks C.R. Police Probe Not Become Sideshow By Roland Krekeler Special Prosecutor Garry Woodward said Thursday he has taken steps he hopes will keep a Linn county grand jury's probe of the Cedar Rapids police department from becoming "a sideshow." Woodward, in an interview with The Gazette, 'said he has suggested to witnesses testi- fying before the grand jury that they keep jury matters to themselves. Woodward made the com- ment while on the subject of news.reports that have left the impression that state- ments regarding the grand jury's intentions are based on information coming directly from the jury. 'Unfounded' The special prosecutor snid the reports appear to be con- clusions "a lot of them un- founded" drawn from in- complete information provid- ed by witnesses, rather than information from grand jury members. It is a criminal offense for jurors to tell about jury mat- ters. In the interview Woodward also responded to comments by Safety Commissioner James Steinbeck that the grand jury investigation of the police department is a "poli- tical football" and that he would "take the lid off" if he, a former police detective, is indicted. The special prosecutor vig- orously affirmed that there was no political motivation on the part the attorney gener- al's office, which he repre- sents, and said the grand jury system makes it highly un- likely the jury itself would be politically motivated. He indicated that he doubt- ed Steinbeck was referring to District Judge William Eads' order for the jury to inves- tigate the police department. Eads is the only other party directly connected with the jury. Woodward also said the jury will not report on its findings next week, because the jury will not have completed its in- vestigation by then. He said the report may be made the following week. Concerning news accounts about the jury's intentions, Woqdward said a report pre- dicting indictments in connec- tion with means used to inves- tigate the Maureen Farley murder is among those he "su- spects are unfounded." Cannot Comment The special prosecutor Page 11, Col. 1.) Syrians: 17 Israeli Jets Shot Down' By United Press International Syria said 39 days of Syrian- Israeli fighting on the Golan leights front exploded Friday nto a series of air battles when 'large formations" of Israeli aircraft tried to penetrate Syrian air space. They were the 'irst dogfights since the end of the October war. The battle on the Golan Heights land the bitter struggle 'or Mount Herrnon had escalated earlier Friday when Israeli planes struck seven and a half to nine and a half miles north of the cease- fire line and the Syrian air force retaliated with raids on Israeli positions inside the salient it holds inside Syria. Syrian communiques said 17 Israeli planes were destroyed during the day seven by Syria pilots and 10 by Soviet- supplied SAM missiles and anti-aircraft guns. The claims brought to 26 the number of Israeli planes Syria reported destroying since heavy fight- ing broke out April 8. Syria admitted losing one Mig. Israel said Syrian anti- aircraft gunners shot down two of its F-4 Phantom fighter- bombers near Mount Hermon and that Israeli crews shot down three Syrian Migs. Israel also reported eight Israelis tilled in the accidental collision of two of its own helicopters. .Emergency, Session Syria sent its air force into action- Thursday for the. first time1 'war and the Israeli cabinet "went into emergency session Friday to hear an assessment-qf the situa- tion by Defense Minister Moshe Dayan and the new chief of staff, Lt. Gen. Mordechai Gur. An Israeli command commu- nique said Israeli aircraft for the first time since the 18-day war attacked .Syrian' targets away from the area. It said the planes strafed Syrian positions the bulge Israeli forces thrust into Syria in the war. Beirut newspapers and diplo- matic sources in London have the Soviet Union has sent Syria new missile systems and advanced MIGs In an effort 0 restore the Soviet position in he Middle East. The Russian >osition was further weakened ?hursday when Egyptian Pres- dent Sadat said he was ending 8 years of reliance on Soviet arms and would look elsewhere. Official Optimism In Cairo, the newspaper AI Ahram said despite the escala- ion of fighting on the Golan Heights, Washington official cir- :Ies are optimistic about the irospects of realizing the disen- ;agement of Syrian and Israeli orces. Secretary of State Kis- inger plans to visit both Tel and Damascus at the end f this month and it was not nown how the escalation of the ghting would affect his plans. Syrian gunners directed sev- ral artillery shells at the sum- mit of Mount Hermon at dawn, ic command said, in a renewed ffort to hit Israeli positions dug nto the craggy peak. It said the shelling did not ause casualties. An Israeli military source aid the raiding planes de- troy ed new road building quipment brought to the area complete a 300-yard stretch 1 road the Syrians are con- tracting to their mountain posi- on below the Israeli-held peak, he source said the planes hit anks and other war machines n the same area. The Syrians have been trying build so they can move up ar- llery and tanks for an assault ;ainst the peak. Today's Chuckle You have reached middle age tai a night out is followed by day in. copyright w<
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 130 million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.