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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 16, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Fair through Wed- nesday. Lows tonight in the low 40s. Highs Wednesday around 70. VOLUME 92-NUMBER 97 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, TUESDAY, APRIL 16, 1374 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Court Says L9W LfifpS WASHINGTON (AP) The federal government is entitled to restrict public comments by its employes if they would im- pair the reputation and ef- ficiency of the government, the supreme court ruled Tuesday. In a 6-3 decision, the court upheld a portion of the Lloyd- LaFollette act providing for dis- missal or suspension of federal civil service employes "for such cause as will promote the ef- ficiency of the service The provision had been at- tacked as being so broad and vague that it inhibited the exer- cise of free speech rights by federal employes. The court found otherwise. Congress' Intent In passing the act, the court said, congress intended to give federal employes job protection and did not intend to authorize dismissal for constitutionally protected speech. But, the majority wrote, "the act proscribes only that public speech which improperly dam- ages and impairs the reputation and efficiency of the employing agency, and thus it imposes no greater controls on the behavior of federal employes than are necessary for the protection of the government as an employ- er." In another aspect of the deci- sion, the court held 54 that a trial-type hearing is unneces- sary before dismissal. The ex- isting provision for such a hear- ing after dismissal is sufficient, the court said. Split Justices Rehnquist, Stewart, Powell, Blackmun, White and Chief Justice Burger joined in finding that the act does not im- permissibly encroach on First Amendment rights. Justices Marshall, Douglas and Brennan dissented. On the issue of the hearings, White joined the dissenters. The decision was prompted by a suit brought by Wayne Ken- nedy who was fired from his job at the Office of Economic Op- portunity in Chicago for state- ments he allegedly made at a union meeting and to the press. Strike Jurisdiction In its only other decision Tuesday, the court ruled that the end of a labor strike does not necessarily mean that all legal issues raised during the strike are moot and out of reach of the courts. Blackmun, writing for a 6-3 majority, said that a New Jer- sey company could ask the courts to rule whether welfare benefits for strikers were illegal even though its own strike had ended. The court did not decide the original issue of strike welfare iegality, ruling only that lower courts have jurisdiction in such a case. NEW YORK (AP) The stock market rallied sharply Wednesday, stimulated by predictions that interest rates would soon turn downward again. The 2 p.m. Dow Jones average was up 13.61 at 857.40 and gainers outdistanced losers about 3-1 on the New York Stock Exchange. Former Governor OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) Former Gov. Johnston Murray, 71, died Tuesday, eight days after surgery for a ruptured ab- dominal blood vessel. Totlay's Chuckle Lettered on the back of a school bus: "Approach with under the influ- ence of children." convrioM U.S. District Court Subpoena Requested Telephoto PHOTO OF PATTY HEARST? U.S. District Attorney James Browning displays a photo alleged- ly showing Patricia Hearst with a weapon as another person holds one on her. Looking on is Charles Bates, FBI agent in charge of the Hearst kidnaping case. (Another photo on picture page.) Patty Hearst Sought in Robbery SArTTRANCISCO The FBI is hunting newspaper aeiress Patricia Hearst on a material witness warrant which identifies her as a member of a heavily armed gang that robbed a bank and shot and wounded two passers-by. Miss Hearst was identified from photographs taken by hid- den cameras during the rob- bery. Pictures showed her with a U.S. army carbine slung over her shoulder. Authorities said she may have been forced into taking part in the stickup. Three SLA Women Three other women previously linked to the terrorist Sym- bionese Liberation Army were being sought on bank robbery charges after the holdup Mon- day. The SLA claims it kidnaped Miss Hearst on Feb. 4. According t o photographs taken inside the bank and to ac- counts given by witnesses, nine persons were involved in the robbery the four women and an unidentified man who en- tered the bank and four persons who waited in one of two cars outside. A U.S. attorney recommended bail at each for Miss Hearst and the three other women if they are caught. Taken The FBI said the bandits took Two cars in which the robbers fled were recovered nine blocks away, but a search of a 20-block area by the FBI and police failed to turn up fur- ther clues. The material witness warrant was issued for Miss Hearst in the absence of specific evidence indicating she participated in the hold-up "of her own free will" and because she may have 'been acting under duress and FBI Special Agent Charles Bates said. He told newsmen, "We are not ruling out the possibility that she was a willing partici- pant. On the other hand, there is evidence she was not." Gun on Her Bales said a photo showing her with a gun also showed that 'there was a gun held by an- other person on her." U.S. Ally. James Browning said, "If she was involved, and investigation shows that, we're going to charge her as a bank robber. It is clear from the pho- tographs she may have been acting under duress." Miss Hearst since an-April---3 taped message from the SLA in which she scorned- her parents and said she had decided to "stay and fight" with her abductors. Reached Tuesday in La Paz, Mexico, Miss Hearst's mother said of the development, "It's all so bizarre I can't believe it." The Hearsts, who have been resting in La Paz since April 6, were scheduled to return to their California home Tuesday, a source said. Others Sought The three others being sought were identified by the FBI as Nancy Ling to the writer of a lengthy commu- nique explaining SLA philosophy and goals; Michelle Soltysik, also known as ear- lier identified as an SLA leader; and Camilla Christine Hall. Authorities said the four white women and an unidentified black man walked into the Hi- bernia bank's Sunset branch at about a.m. Monday. Earli- er, witnesses gave varying ac- jater counts on the number of persons involved. "They told people to lie on the floor and then they went to the tellers' cages and took the money They were in and out EPA Chief Hits Lack In Fuel Conservation WASHINGTON (AP) The administrator of the Environ- mental Protection Agency says the government's programs for energy conservation tend, so far, to be "a lot of rhetoric" in- stead of the "No. 1 priority" they should be. Russell Train said in an inter- view Monday, "It is generally accepted that there should be efforts to reduce demand, but I don't think anyone has tried to make really a clear fix on the numbers." Cut Drastically Train was commenting about a proposal by Russell Peterson, chairman of the President's Council on Environmental Quali- ty, to cut drastically the growth of energy use in the U. S. Peterson said, in another in- terview, that there is indeed agreement on "a major empha- sis on energy but he added: "What is 'major' has yet to be determined." Energy chief William Simon, whose Federal Energy Office has authority over energy-con- servation programs, said on March 29: "Our energy conser- vation goal is to cut back in the growth in American energy con- sumption from the 4 to 5 percent annual rate of increase over the (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8 1 be within two secu- rity officer umcent Greely Greely and, other witnesses said the group moved with mill tary precision and communi cated with hand signals. "They came in and said, 'This is a stickup' and said they were members of the San Francisco Police Inspector Mor timer Mclnerny said. Tania He said one witness, reportec hearing one of the robbers men tion the name Mis: Hearst said in a tape she hac assumed as a revolutionary. As they fled the bank, semi automatic weapons were' firec at least four or five times seriously wounding Peter Mar- koff, 59, and Eugene Brannan 70, the FBI said. Markoff and Brannan were reported in satis factory condition at San Fran- cisco General hospital. "I think this is the first time in the annals of legal history that a kidnap victim has showec up in the middle of a bank rob- Browning said. Miss Hearst, a 20-year-olc coed at the University of Cali- fornia, was dragged screaming and half-nude on Feb. 4 from the Berkeley apartment she shared with her fiance, Steven Weed, a graduate student at the university. Authorities have described the SLA as a heavily armed, mul- tiracial group of about 25 per- sons. WASHINGTON (AP) Spe- cial Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski asked U.S. district court Tuesday to issue a sub- loena for tapes of 63 White -louse conversations. He said he had tried unsuc- cessfully to get access to the materials through President Nixon's Watergate lawyer, James St. Clair, but, since he las received no response, "I 'eel obligated to seek these rna- erials by subpoena." He said the tapes and other terns are needed for the trial of John Mitchell, H. R. Halde- man, John Ehrlichman and four other defendants in the Water- gate cover-up. The trial is scheduled to be- ;in Sept. 9. "Any Memoranda" "The materials for which a iubpoena is sought consist of :apes and other electrical and- or mechanical recordings or re- productions and any memoran- da, papers, transcripts or other writings between the Pres- ident of the United States and persons who are defendants or potential witnesses in the Jaworski said. He said his staff has informa- tion that the materials contain evidence relevant to the trial. The attachment listed 46 dates for which Jaworski asked infor- mation. They included: A June 20, 1972, meeting and two telephone conversations be- tween the President and Charles Colson, a former White House aide who is one of the seven de- fendants. .__. On June 23, 1972, three meet- ings .betwen the President anc Haldeman. Those two days are within one week of the breakin at Demo- cratic party headquarters in the Watergate office complex. luest for the subpoena was the irst indication that Jaworski is ooking into Nixon's activities of hat day. The requested subpoena asked or television conversations on lune 4 between Nixon and Hal- deman from to p.m. and p.m. to p.m. Asked in January Jaworski said that as early as Jan. 9 this year he asked St. 'lair for access to the materials and that he repeated- the re- quest on March 12. "At the same Jaworski iaid, "I also sought an early response to my request so that if t became necessary to engage n litigation concerning produc- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) April 1973 Items The list also includes number of conversations in late March and mid-April, 1973, al ready subpoenaed by the house judiciary committee for its im- peachment inquiry. The latesl list, however, extends much far- ther than the committee's anc asks for conversations as late as April 25, 26 and June On June 4, Nixon listened to some the originally sub poenaed Watergate tapes a Camp David, Md., and the re WASHINGTON (AP) Army Secretary Howard Callawa; Tuesday suspended half of Lt William Galley's 20-year prison sentence for murder of Viet namese civilians in the My La massacre. The action will make Calley eligible for parole relatively soon because he has been in confinement more than three years, almost one third of his remaining sentence. The army said Callaway acted because "sufficient mi tigaling circumstances exist to warrant clemency." Steinbeck Says Probe Is "Politics By Staff Writers Public Safely Commissioner James Steinbeck said Monday the current investigation of the Cedar Rapids police de- partment is "a political foot- ball." Asked Tuesday to explain his statements further, he said he has heard rumors that the Linn county grand jury may return indictments against him and that if that happens "I'll take the lid off." Steinbeck was a police detec- tive before he was elected safety commissioner last No- vember. Monday's appearance was before the Cedar Rapids Rota- ry club, in the Monlrose hotel. "Circumstance" Cedar Rapids police officers are "victims of circum- he told Rotarians. "There are no officers on the take. There is no corrup- tion on the Cedar Rapids po- lice force. "I'll go on record as saying that out of the 137 officers on the force, not one will take for a speeding ticket." Steinbeck also criticized local television coverage of the police activities, saying "as I watch the different channels, I feel like I'm living in different cities. And the truth is somewhere down the middle." "Hard Cloud" The police, the commis- sioner said, "are working unrlcr a 'hard cloud' now." But, he vowed, they are "try- ing to do a hell of a job." Referring to the ordinance which would have required police officers to take lie de- tector tests under threat of dismissal, if given immunity from prosecution, Steinbeck said he had voted against the proposal originally because it was hastily drawn up. He voted for it the second time, he said, so it would come to a test in court. "Hatchet" He said he is against the or- dinance in principle because it would be a "political hatchet." Ho said he prefers inlradcpart- menlal measures. Asked by The Gazette Tues- day to explain his statements further, he said the whole question is being blown up out of proportion. Why and by whom? "I think there are some po- litical motivations that people are not aware of to discredit or support certain factions It looks like a witch hunting expedition to me." "Can of Worms" He added that "I could go into any community and open a can of worms that would make Cedar Rapids look like roses." He said he is not condoning it if anyone has infringed on the constitutional rights of an- other, but that if any of the of- ficers did so it was not with (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) IE Requests Million Rate Boost Iowa Electric Light and Power Tuesday announced it has requested an electric rate in- crease to produce million in additional revenue. The request was filed Monday with the Iowa commerce commission. Duane Arnold, chairman the board and president, said the company was asking the commission to thoroughly evalu- ate the requirement for the million increase, but to put an increase of. a lesser amount into effect May 16. Interim Increase "Rather than .place the total amount of million into ef- fect while the commission makes its evaluation, we are requesting instead an interim increase of million, effective May Arnold said. "It is, of course, subject to refund with interest "lifter final determi- nation by the commission. sincerely hope the lesser million figure will meet our minimum needs while the actu al increase in revenue require- ments is being determined by the commission and while we continue our efforts to overcome spiraling costs." By United Press International An Egyptian newspaper hint- ed Tuesday that Egypt might open a second front in the Sinai lesert if the Israel-Syrian fight- ng continues. The fighting in he Golan Heights flared Tues- day with intensive Syrian artii- ery bombardments of Israeli jositions atop strategic Mount fermon. The Tel Aviv command said he latest flareup on the north- ern front the 36th consecutive day broke out when Syrian irtillery fired at Israeli posi- :ions on the peak of Mount Hermon. Customer Eates For the average Iowa Electric residential customer, the mil- lion increase will amount to about per month, or nine percent, for an average use o: 585 kilowatt-hours, company of- ficials said. For the average farm custom' er, the interim increase wil amount to about per month and 10.5 percent on the farm's average use of kwh. The interim figures are and 10.1 percent on kwh per month for the average com- mercial customer, and per month and 10.5 percent on kwh per month for an average industrial customer. Full Amount For the average residential electric customer, the total million increase will amount to about per month, or 12.' percent. This increase will pu the residential unit cost of elec tricity at the same level as il was in 1963, the company said, Iowa Electric voluntarily re- duced electric rates five times during the 1960s when costs of service were decreasing. For a farm customer, the in- crease will average about per month, or 13 percent. The figures are per month and 13.3 percent for the average commercial customer, and per month and 17.62 per- cent for the average industrial customer. Letter Notice All electric customers were informed of the increase in a letter'mailed Monday. In it, Ar nold cited as reasons for the increase the "tremendous" in crease in construction costs as well as historically high interes costs for borrowing money ant the escalating cost of conduct ing business. Sporadic Fire The command said one Israeli soldier was killed and two vounded in the sporadic Syrian ire that continued through the night and that artillery fire was returned. The action brought the casual- y toll in the area since March 12 to seven killed and 44 wound- ed, military records indicated. A military communique from Damascus said, "This morning, clashes spread to other sectors of the (Golan Heights) front and 'ighting is still continuing." The communique gave no other details. The Egyptian warning-was is- sued7 Tuesday after Israeli, and Syrian forces dueled for- control of the strategic slopes Monday. The semi-official Cairo newspaper Al AMibar said Israel should not count on Egyptian guns to remain silent if the fighting with Syria con- tinues. "Israel cannot remain with one Arab front to concentrate the authoritative newspa- per said. "The time when Israel was able to practice this method has passed." Al Akhbar warned Israel against "making use of the new atmosphere created by efforts Eor peace and settlement in the Middle East to carry out its aggressive policies." "Modern Weapons" The editor of the semiofficial newspaper Al Ahram, Aly Amin, said ground-to-ground missiles "were among several other modern weapons we did not use during the October war." Egypt, Amin noted, did not discharge a single soldier of its army following the October war. "Egypt would not hesitate to resume fighting once again if Israel committed aggression against any Arab Amin warned. Meanwhile Lebanon has asked the U. N. Security Council to take "appropriate and efficient means" to stop Israeli raids across the border, arguing that condem- nation would not be enough. The council debated Monday for hours on Lebanon's complaint about an Israeli raid Friday night on six Leban- ese villages. Israel was retaliating for the attack by three Arab guerillas the day before on the town of Qiryat Shmonah in which 18 Israelis and the three Arabs were killed. Today's Index Comics 21 Crossword............... 21 Daily Record............ 3 Deaths 3 Editorial Features (i Farm 13 Financial................ 22 Marion 10 Movies 19 Society Sports ...................15-18 Slate Television 20 Want Ads ...............24-27
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