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Cedar Rapids Gazette: Monday, April 15, 1974 - Page 1

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   Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa                                Weather- Fair and warmer through Tuesday. Low tonight in mid 30s. High Tuesday mid 60s. CITY FINAL 10 CENTS VOLUME 92 NUMBER 96 CEDAR KAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, APRIL 15, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, LTI, NEW YORK TIMES Shelling Thunders over Golan After Savage Weekend Battle By Associated Press Israeli and Syrian gunners traded artillery and lank fire nn the Golan Heights front Mondaj after a weekend of the hardest fighting since the October war. Damascus radio said Syria's defense minister, Maj. Gen Mustafa Tlas, made a quick trip to the "forward command head- quarters of Syrian forces on Mt. Hermon." This was the first of- ficial Syrian reference to such a command since the October war. Northern Sector The Israeli military command said shelling resumed this morning along the northern sec- tor of the 300-square-mile bulge captured by Israel during the October fighting. The announcement made no mention of casualties. Israeli fighter-bombers o h Sunday attacked Syrian forces on Mt. Hermon and the Gola Heights while below them th armies of the two countries ba tied fiercely with tanks and a tillery. The Israeli military com mand said all its planes re- turned safely Sunday, denying a Syrian claim that four wen downed. Syria also claimed 50 Israeli ground troops were killed or wounded, but Israe said only 17 were wounded. Syria said 15 of its soldier were killed and 10 were wounc d. Israel said a Syrian comman do unit made another attempt t capture an Israeli observatio lost at the northern end o Mt. Hermon, whie las an unrestricted view for 10 miles and more into Syria. Dawn Discovery" The Syrians have been tryin] Thousands Flee Floods; Nine Are Dead HATTIESBURG, Miss. (UP Several thousand perso were evacuated th  "i 3 held for Teng Sunday Court Drops Bombing Suit to buy million worth o arms from the U.S. Riyad Radio said they would includ tanks, artillery and self propelled assault guns. In Tel Aviv, the Israeli cabi net confirmed Maj. Gen. Mor dechai Gur as the new armec 'orces chief of staff, replacing Gen. David Elazar, who re signed April 2 under pressure. A government commission charged Elazar with "persona responsibility" for Israel's lack of preparedness for the 1973 Middle East war. In Moscow, the Communisl >arty newspaper Pravda said Sunday that the Soviet Union ill improve Syria's military (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) Reformatory Secretary To Assume Guard Duties ANAMOSA-A 33-year-old cretary to Lawrence LaBarge, rector of correctional services the Iowa men's reformatory ire, will become the reform- cry's first female guard. Officials Monday announced haron Harms, an employe of ic reformatory four years, nd mother of five children, ill assume duties as correc- onal officer Tuesday. VTrs. Harms, whose husband, uie, is employed at Georgia- acific Box Co., Monticello, said e fell she had advanced as far she could as a secretary. In her new duties, she will thcr be assigned to the control nler or the waiting room, and possibly later will work in the tower, Warden Calvin Auger said. Initially, Mrs. Harms will wear civilian clothing until uni- forms are available. She was one of three women who was interviewed for guard posts at the institution, two of whom were employed in the reformatory. The third applicant was an Anamosa resident. Prior to working as a secre- tary for LaBarge, Mrs. Harms had worked with the Kirkwood Community college program at the reformatory. Her salary as a guard will be about ?573 per month. WASHINGTON (UPI) osing of what may be.the las egal challenge to. the Vietnam ar, the supreme court let and Monday a lower cour uling that President Nixon cted constitutionally in order- ig U.S. bombing of Cambodia i 1973. In a brief order without com- lent, the court refused to hear n appeal from a decision of the .S. Second circuit.court of ap- :als rejecting the claim of ep. Holtzman (D-N.Y.) and ur air: force officers that ixon acted illegally. U.S. District Judge Orrin udd of New York City original- ruled that the bombing was i unconstitutional exercise of esidential power. The Second circuit court reversed Judd on grounds the courts had no right to intervene in the situation, and the high court refused to disturb that decision. Follows Precedents. Throughout the Indo-China other'j actions" on its first day bacfc frbifta Agreed.'to decide whe'ther the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has the right to suEpoena bank records to determine a deposi- tor's identity where there is sus- picion of tax-fraud. The case in- volves a Middlesboro, Ky., bank's records of about in badly deteriorated bills deposited in 1970 which led the IRS to. suspect taxes had not been paid on the cash. Agreed to rule whether school authorities must establish evi- dence of wrongdoing before stu- dents can be disciplined. The case stemmed from Mena, Ark., where two girls were suspended on grounds they spiked the punch at a school party. Let stand a.. California su- preme court decision that the noise of demonstrators tected by the "First Amend ment's free-speech' provision! even if it intentionally-disturb: the peace. Vacated a lower, court dec! sion that upheld a quirk in Mi chigan election law that deniet the Communist party a place on the ballot this year. Agreed to consider whether i person charged with selling ob scene magazines may refuse to produce them in court on grounds of self-incrimination. The Cambodian bombing was conducted through the spring and summer of 1973 in a con- :roversial move by Nixon to enc the war. Previous Decision The case had come to the high (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) war, the supreme court consis- t e n 11 y refused to consider whether it lacked the authority of a constitutional declaration of supreme court has before it new war by congress. Lower courts ruled generally ;hat the Gulf of Tonkin resolu- tion obtained by President John- son in 1964 and congressional enactment of appropriations Dills to conduct the war met the constitutional test. The supreme court look these Tribunal Again Faces Tough Obscenify Issue WASHINGTON (AP) Thi WASHINGTON (AP) The Cost of Living council was ex- >ected to announce Monday the if ting of wage and price con- rols from the retail food in- dustry, one of the last big in- dustries still subject to the con- rols program. Council sources confirmed the econtrol action was imminent nd declined to speculate on 'hat impact the action would ave on food prices at the con- umer level. But consumers may escape ny big increases in food prices, ince wholesale prices for many gricultural commodities have een declining in recent weeks. arguments on an old and solu tion-resistant issue: obscenity. As the course of such litiga [ion goes, the constitutional dusi lardly .has had time to settle around the court's major ob- scenity decisions in June of last year. In those decisions, the court eased the burden of prosecutors n demonstrating lo a jury thai material is obscene. "Patently Offensive But Chief Justice Burger, writing for the majority, de- clared that "no one wili.be sub- ject to prosecution for the sale or exposure of obscene mated als unless these materials de- pict or describe patently offen- sive 'hard core' sexual conduct specifically defined by the regu- lating state law One of two cases the court icard Monday involves an R- rated, critically acclaimed movie, "Carnal which played successfully na- tionwide but was declared ob- scene in Albany, Ga. Today's Chuehle Adolescent: A youngster old nough to dress himself if he ould just remember where he ropped his clothes. Conyrlghl 1974 One question raised in the is whether statewide or ocal standards are to be used n determining limits of candor n depicting sex. In June, the court dispensed with the then-existing require- ment that obscenity be judged by a national standard, but left loubl as lo what new gcograph- c range was to replace it. Another question is the man- icr in which stale courls in Steel Firms Agree To Pay For i-as WASHINGTON (AP) Nine major steel firms signed an agreement Monday with the fed- eral government to pay mil- lion in back wages as part of an industry-wide plan for ending racial and sex discrimination in employment. The voluntary agreement with the departments of labor and justice and the Equal Em- ployment Opportunities Com- mission is the largest back- pay discrimination settlement to date. It provides that the nine com- lanies which produce 73 percent f the nation's steel and the United Steelworkers union make ne-time lump sum payments to ome black, Spanish-sur- amed and women employes vho the government claimed 'ere relegated to "the less de- irable and generally lower pay- _ ng jobs with the least opportu- Gcorgia met the high court's ity for advancement." Labor Secretary Brennan demand for specific language to warn pornographers what the law prohibits. Georgia used the language of its indecent exposure law. Crit- ics claim this makes any dis- play of nudity punishably ob- scene. But, they say, it hardly fits Burger's description of "hard core" depiction of sexual activity. Federal Law In the second case, the appli- cation of the federal law against mailing obscene material is being examined. In June, Burger said national standards for obscenity were 'hypothetical" and "unascer- ;ainable." The mail case could be used >y the court to determine just what kind of geographic stan- dard should be used for a feder- al obscenity law in light of the condemnation of a national standard. Application of local standards o the federal law could, in the view of some, make First Amendment rights to freedom of expression a function of pos- al routes. In Ihe Georgia case movie op- erator Billy Jenkins was fined !750 and sentenced to 12 months' >robalion for showing "Carnal Jenkins' convic- ion was upheld by the Georgia uprcmc court. He appealed. In the federal case, the appeal vas brought by four individuals ind two corporations challeng- ng their conviction for mailing n allegedly obscene brochure. called the agreement historic and said "it will insure equal employment opportunity in hir- ing and promotion in one of our nation's basic industries." The agreement was entered as a consent decree in U.S. dis- trict court in Birmingham, Ala. The voluntary agreement is believed to mark the country's first industry-wide equal employment program and could set a pattern for similar programs in other in- dustries. Under the agreement, elimi- nation of seniority along racial lines in steel mills would be ac- companied by setting of goals and timetables for the hiring and promotion of minority workers. The program also would eliminate sex-based dis- crimination. The accord would provide in- dividual payments of back wages ranging from to with the average estimat- ed at about Chicago Bank Sets Record Prime Rate NEW YORK (UPI) The prime interest rate for business loans to larger customers of commercial banks was raised lo a record 10.10 percent Mon- day by First. National Bank of Chicago. The Chicago bank had been charging 9.8 percent. UNITED NATIONS (AP) Secretary of State Kissinger Monday outlined a six-point pro- gram aimed at a more coopera- tive development of the world's natural resources. In a speech prepared for a special session of the U.N.'s General Assembly, the secre- tary said "We meet here at a moment when the world econ- omy is under severe stress." Pointing to the oil crisis, shortage of food grains and in- creasing global inflation, Kis- singer said the solution can come only through a realistic, international effort. "The great issues of devel- opment can no longer be rea- listically perceived in terms of confrontation between the haves and have he said. Any effort by the less devel- oped nations to artificially con- trol raw materials "will sooner or later produce the organiza- tion of the potential victims into Kissinger said in a not too subtle warning. In introducing his six points, the secretary also underlined his belief that the U.S. should avoid grandiose declarations of principles and aim for hard work instead. "Our he said, "cannot be reached by resolutions alone or prescribed by rhetoric. It must remain the subject of con- stant, unremitting, efforts over the years and decades ahead." The six points: Action must be taken to in- sure a more equitable supply of oil and other energy products while keeping an inflationary price spiral from occurring. For its part the U.S. is willing to help oil-producing nations broaden their economic base as well as sharing technology and aiding in industrialization. There must be an end to the cycle of raw material surplus and shortage. But a cartel of raw material producers aimed at forcing up prices "would lave serious consequences for all Kissinger said. The U.S. proposes a'coopera- :ive effort to include "urgent in- ternational consideration of re- strictions on incentives for the rade in commodities." This means, the secretary said, that there must be equita- ble access to supplies of re- sources as well as access to markets by the producers. To support this there should be a body of international ex- perts working with the U.N. Divisions of Resources to deter- mine the future supply of natu- ral resources, he said. There must be a better bal- ance between food production and population growth. The U.S. will'share its agri- cultural technology, including a raise from million to million this year to aid in boost- ng farming technology. Kissinger also renewed his call for a World Food Confer- ence. A major objective, lie went on, will be the rebuilding of food surpluses so the world can alleviate famines and other emergency shortages. Then, the American secretary (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Today's Index Comics 19 Crossword 19 Daily Record 3 Deaths 3 Editorial Features 6 Farm H Financial 20 Marion 20 Movies 18 Society g, 9 Sports 13-17 State Television 10 Want Ads i............. 22-25   

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