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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 14, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Offer Linn County Alternative (In Section A) IDEAS FOR YOUR HOUSE Home Show Is April 18-21 (In Sections E, F) Section A Weather- Showers .today. High in the upper 50s. Clear- ing and cooler tonight and Monday. Highs in (he 50s. Lows in the 30s. 92 NUMBER 95 CITY FINAL 35 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, SUNDAY, APRIL 14, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES WASHINGTON (AP) Mos American families pay abou the same percentage of Ihei: incomes in taxes, a privati study released Saturday says. Economists Joseph Pechman and Benjamin Okner of thi Brookings Institution said onlj the richest 3 to 5 percent o: U. S. families and the pooresi 10 percent pay more than 25 percent of their income in tax- es. Their study covered federal, state and local taxes and in- cluded such taxes as sales anc property taxes as well as in- come taxes. Vast Majority "The U. S. tax system is es- sentially proportional for the vast majority of families and therefore lias little effect on the distribution of Pech- man and Okner wrote. The study was based on 1966 state, federal and local tax fig- ures, but the two economists said the findings are just as valid today as they were eight years ago. Tax changes since then have been roughly offsetting, they said. "For those who believe in a progressive tax system, these results ought to be Pechman told reporters. A pro- gressive lax system means that tax rales get higher as a per son's income rises. According to the study, eve; when tax burdens are shifted that is, if taxes paid by busi nesses are shifted to consumer in a variety of ways the tax burdens are essentially th( same. "The very rich pay higher average effective tax rates than does the average family, bu the difference is large only i the corporation income anc property taxes are assumed t be borne by they said Moderately Higher If it is assumed consumers pay corporation income taxes through higher prices to a large degree, then "the very rich pay lax rates that are only moderately higher than aver- they said. The study used a number of different assumptions lo lake into account the shifting of the tax burden from one population to another. The richest 3 to 5 percent of families pay taxes varying from 50 percent of income, if little shifting is assumed, to about 30 percent, when exten- sive shifting is assumed, ac- cording to the study. The poorest 10 percent pay a higher percentage of their in- comes for all taxes, but the au- thors said this probably occurs because there are a large num- ber of retirees and others with temporarily low income in this group. Ford Sees No Evidence Tor Impeachment GREAT BEND, Kan. (UPI) Vice-pfesident Ford said Satur- day he believed the house judi- ciary committee has no evi- dence on which it can base im- peachment of President Nixon. Ford told newsmen the house committee had "absolutely no evidence on which to base im- peachment." And he added: do not think Watergate should be a significant issue in the up- coming elections." The vice-president began a .rip through Kansas with an ap- pearance in Overland Park, a mburb of Kansas City, in sup- >ort of Rep. Larry Winn, and hen flew to Great Bend to ap- pear in behalf of Sen. Bob Dole and Keith Sebelius, all Republi cans. He said he felt Nixon help Republicans by mak- ng campaign appearances. "I will he campaigning on behalf of any candidate, Dem- ocrat or Republican, who has supported President Nixon's efforts to bring peace in Viet- nam, belter relationship with the Soviet Union and easing of tensions throughout the he said. Ford said he believed that ton's visits to lower Michigan ast week on behalf of a Repub- can congressional candidate "have a good impact." We know until the ucsday election, of course, but is reception there was 95 to 96 ercent warm and ord said. "I think most of the leople were glad to see the President, but it's too early to tell if his welcome can be trans- lated into votes." In answer to a query about political plans, Ford -said, "I haven't changed my mind. I have no intention to run. My wife and I have talked about it repeatedly and neither of us have changed our minds." Ouranf Couple Dies in Crash people were killed and three others injured Saturday in a headon collision ere. Dead on arrival at a Daven- port hospital were Merrill Paul and his wife, Inez, both 70, of Durant. The Cedar county sheriff's de- lartment said the couple's car and a car driven by William tein, 20, of Davenport, collided at p.m. on highway 6. Stein was in satisfactory con- lition at Mercy hospital. A pas- ;enger in Stein's car, Douglas Jardine, 20, Stockton, was un- lergoing surgery late Saturday, md was reported in guarded ondition. Both are hospitalized n Davenport. A second passenger in Stein's ar, Douglas Berkhoff, 21, ddress unknown, suffered a iroken leg. Authorities said the collision ccurred after Stein's car assed another car. Pholo by Duane Crock Ready for Easier The Easter Bunny visited many East Iowa children this morning, playing what has become a tradi- tional Easter role. Lilies on other colorful flowers and dressed-up little girls and boys also are Easter traditions. Pictured with cyclamens, an Easter lily and a bunny at the city's Noelridge green- house is Tracey Wilson, 3, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Doug Wilson, 6506 Mosswood lane NE. Christians Worldwide Observe Easter New Crossword Puzzle A new breed of crossword puzzle starts today on page 16D. Experts rate it a more challenging puzzle than the one that has faced readers up to now. The major difference is in the wording of definilions. There is attempt to vary them so that the same definitions don't appear every day. And humor is fre- quently used. The new puzzle, provided to The Gazette by the Chicago Tribune-New York News Syndicate, Inc., is actually one of the oldest continuing crossword puzzles in the world. It Was started back in the 1920s by the New York Herald Tribune. It is tlie work of individual contributors from all over the U.S. and Canada. The puzzle offers both diagram and diagramless versions and cryptograms. Solutions to today's puzzles will be carried next Sunday and that will be standard procedure. Gazelle Leased Wires Christiansi throughout the world today celebrated Iheir most holy holiday the Easter resurrection of Jesus Christ. Less celebrated and less se- cularized than Christmas, Easier is the hinge of the Christian faith the assertion that in Jesus, God has. met and conquered sin and death. "Only Light" Greek Orthodox Archbishop lakovos, primate of the two million Greek Orthodox Chris- lians in North and South America, in a message read in Orthodox churches Satur- day night, summed up the meaning of Easter for Chris- tians when he called it "a day that can be honored only with light, only with the early-wak- ing spirit. "For the day that breaks is the day of the primate said. "Not even (he graves can withstand the force of its coming." Today's Chuckle Nothing is harder for a new driver (o park than both ends of a car. copyrioiii iw In the Vatican, Pope Paul VI delegated an evening vigil Mass in St. Peter's basilica on Saturday to Paolo Cardinal Marella, head of the basilica. Doctors had advised the Pope, after a strenuous schedule Thursday and Friday, not to overtire himself because of a recent bout with Ihe flu. In Jerusalem, Israeli guards patrolled the old walled; city following an Arab terrorist at- tack Thursday on the Israeli border town of Qiryat Sh- monah ,and Israeli, retaliatory raids in southern Lebanon on Friday. Fewer visitors than usual 'were seen in Jerusalem slreets. For the first time'in eight years, due to calendar shifts, Western and Eastern churches were celebrating Easter at the' same time. Services Held In Jerusalem, first Roman, Catholics and then Eastern Or- thodox Christians held ser- vices in thc-inassivc Crusader Church of Ihe Holy Sepulchre, site of Hie lomb where Christ was said to have Iain before the resurrection. Protestant pilgrims gath- ered outside the city walls at the Garden Tomb, which marks the spot where Christ was crucified. "One Easter" Hours later, the Holy Se- pulchre church turned to a traditional scene of chaos for the ceremony of the Holy Fire. Hundreds of Orthodox and Eastern Catholic pilgrims jammed around the tomb, struggling lo light their eand- 1 e s from blazing torches thrust through two holes in the side of the vault. In Is- tanbul, Patriarch Demetrius I, spiritual leader of the world's 125 million Orthodox believers, urged that all Christians celebrate Easter on (Conlinued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Good Health, Children's Home Share Gift l-East Trip WASHINGTON (AP) Secre- tary of Stale Kissinger receiver, a new, detailed Syrian proposa Saturday for a disengagement of forces with Israel in the Golan heights. "It was a constructive at- tempt on their he said of the plan and map brought to him by Brig. Gen. Hikmat Che- habi, the Syrian military in- telligence chief. Kissinger Trip Kissinger will go to the Mid- dle East around April 25 lo try to bridge the differences be- tween the Syrian proposal and Ihe one presented lo him March 31) by Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan. After discussing Ihe plan with Chehabi, and with the Egyptian and Soviet foreign ministers, Kissinger said he was "modera tely upbeat" about chances for a settlement. He will confer at the state department on Sunday morning with SLmcha Dinitz, the Israeli ambassador. After a brief early-evening session with the general, Kis- singer told newsmen the two iides were approaching the half- vay point toward an agreement, fe said Chehabi had authorized lim to pass along the plan to he Israeli side. 'The United States will con- inue its efforts to bring the two sides the secretary old newsmen, "and it continues o consider disengagement be- ween Syrian and Israeli forces he primary objective to be achieved in the Middle East ight now." Kissinger, who saw Chehabi three times, added: "I believe Ihe talks we had here this week- end have furthered this effort." The secretary also discussed Ihe prospects for disengagement with Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmy and over lunch with Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko. Kissinger, Chehabi and Fahmy all beamed smiles at newsmen in the state depart- ment lobby and spoke optimis- tically. "The emissary from' Syria and I had extensive Kis- singer said. "I presented the ideas that were brought here by Gen. Dayan and we received some detailed Syrian ideas on how to advance the disen- gagement of forces. "Very Friendly" "I consider the talks to have been very useful. They were conducted in a very friendly and very constructive atmo- sphere." Chehabi, in Arabic, said he agreed with Kissinger's descrip- ion of their conversations. "I would like to express great ap- jreciation for the secretary's ef- 'orts to bring about a just and durable peace in the the Syrian general added. Fahmy joked with reporters as he left the state department after a separate half-hour meet- ing with Kissinger. Their discus- sions will be continued at dinner in New York Monday night. Kis- iinger will address the U.N General Assembly earlier in the day. Israeli warplanes Arabs on Golan Fronf Hanford Post No. 5 of the American Legion has given a gift to be shared by (he Children's Home of Cedar Rap- ids and Camp Good Heallh. Camp Good Health, which is located on old highway 30 east of its junction with highway 13, is operated by the Children's Home. Camp Good Health's share of the gift was directed to Ihe gen- eral fund and will be used lo remodel the kitchen. Funds to operate the camp, ivhich provides a summer camp- ing experience for children who would not otherwise be able lo attend a camp, are provided by donations from subscribers and m any Protestants believe readers of The Gazette. Previously reported.. Cedar Rapids Tourist club In memory of Mary Erlckson from Hilt- brnnncr M11 s i c Co. employes Beniicc Pratt, King's Daughters circle Ill memory of Joseph F. Dostal, jr., and E d w i 11 V. Zahorik from Venion Village MNB friends, Pat Jennings, D o n n a Hudson and Marga- ret Hough In memory of John M. Mori i) n f r n m Ualph C. and Mar- garet Ki'ska 25.00 23.00 20.00 15.00 15.00 (Continued on Page 2A, Col. 1.) ?y United Press International Israeli warplanes flew ai: trikes Saturday against Syrian irces that punched through the olan heights cease-fire lines ear strategic Mount Hennon le Tel Aviv military command aid. The command said the air at- icks came after the Syrians i r e d surface-to-air missiles SAMs) at Israeli patrol planes ,'er the heights, the first time ie Syrians have used the weap- ns since the October war. Israel Denies In Damascus, a military corn- unique said Syrian defense lils shot down three and possi-, y four Israeli warplanes. The raelis denied the reports. Syrian and Israeli forces also aded artillery and tank fire on e heights for the 33rd consecu- [e day. The Tel Aviv command an- unccd early Saturday that ack commando units had at- cked a clusler of villages and own up buildings in southern ibanon. The Israeli raids on the six villages came less than 48 hours after an Arab "suicide squad" struck into Ihe nearby Israeli border village of Qiryat She- mona, killing 16 residents and two security officers. The three Arab attackers later died in an explosion. Jerusalem has blamed Leban- on for the suicide attack, claim- ing Beirut gives sanctuary lo the guerillas. Destroyed, Deserted "If Ihe Lebanese government will allow terrorist headquarters lo enjoy their freedom and con- venience in Beirut and at night they will cross the border into Israel, I think that eventually a good part of Lebanon will be de- slroycd and Dayan said following Saturday's raids. In New York, the U.N. Sat- urday called an urgent meeting of the Security Council for Mon- day to discuss Ihe Israeli raids inside southern Lebanon. A U.N. spokesman said Leb- anon requested the meeting. Dayan told newsmen that com- mando "operation was not for he purpose of revenge. We vant the citizens of southern Lebanon to go to the govern- ment of Lebanon today and fell t they cannot live there if (he crrorists are not dealt wilh. "If the citizens of Qiryat She- nona cannot live peaceful and ormal lives then the citizens of Lebanon will not be able to live eaceful and normal lives ei- he said Dayan said the 10 Lebanese Today's Index SECTION A Late News Dcalhs Accent On Youth Editorials Report Card City Hall Notes SECTION B Iowa News Television Table Frank'Nye's Political Nolcs Political Calendar Marion Food Movies Record Reviews Farm SECTION C Social Around the Town New Books Travel SECTION D Sports Outdoor Iowa Financial Now York Stocks Want Ads.................... Crossword SECTION E Homo planning SECTION F Furnishings, Gardening 3 7 8-9 1! 1-13 5 10 12 13 14-15 14 14-17 I 31 1-7 6 8-10 8 n -in U MO 1-10 Parado Manailno
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