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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 10 The Cedar Rapids Gaiette: MOB.. Apr. 8, 1974 Grain Reserve: Hottest Farm Topic Advised phosPhorus Reduction r In Feeds Could Ease Shortage By Sett S. King New York Times News Service WASHINGTON Should the United States, in bumper crop years, stockpile wheat, feed grains and soybeans as insurance, in poor crop years, against famine abroad and skyrocketing grain prices at home? Or are these questions largely academic this year, when there may be hardly enough grain left over to sat- isfy the demands of a world population 50 percent larger than 20 years ago, let alone establish a reserve? Only Argument The great debate over a grain reserve began anew recently when a senate agricultural subcommittee again took up the matter. With grain farmers making more money than ever before and concerned in the main with finding enough fuel and fertilizer to plant some of the largest" crops since World war II, the crea- tion of a new grain reserve was the only farm policy ar- gument this year. Government-owned stock piles of grains quickly become potent factors in the world market. When supplies are low because of crop failures and world demand pushes prices up, a reserve hangs over the market. Grain buyers know that if prices go high enough, the government will sell from the reserve and bring prices down. This, in theory, benefits the consumer. But in years when surpluses accumulate and prices slide, the government would be required to buy for the reserve. This would raise market prices and benefit the grain farmers. Taxpayers Pay Also, when a reserve ac- cumulates, the taxpayers must pay the storage costs. In the 1950's, when American farmers produced huge sur- pluses, storage costs ran as much as a million dollars a day. Memories of the days when farmers had to turn over most of their crops to the government through the price support program are still painfully fresh. But today there are no price-depressing surpluses, and the price support loans have been ended. Virtually all of the bumper American grain crops grown since 1972 have been consumed in the United States or sold abroad and grain prices are the highest in history. In the debate over a grain reserve there was no suggestion that it would be needed to prevent food short- ages in the United States. This country, with its enor- mous farm capacity, exports Photo by William Lotz, Independence Waterloo Area 4-H Corn Winner An Independence youth, Don Toale, was cited at a corn production banquet last week as the outstanding project member in the Waterloo extension area. Toale received a recognition pin and a 150 scholarship from the project sponsor Phil Thyer, manager of Farm Service in Independence. With Toaie, second from left, and Thyer, left, are Toale's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Francis Toale. Conservationists DBS MOINES (UPI) The Iowa Conservation Com- mission Monday urged farmers to avoid burning of weeds wherever possible because it destroys vital wildlife cover. Bob Barratt, superinten- dent of wildlife for the com- mission, said burning not only leaves a blackened scar on the landscape and damages fences, but also causes weed seeds to sprout quicker. In addition, Barratt point- ed out that burning roadside diches is against state air pollution regulations and forces wildlife to seek other nesting sites. Young animals such as rabbits are often destroyed, he said. "Early spring is a critical time, when every bit of habitat is needed for nesting Barratt said. "We urge landowners to protect these areas until mid-July when the major hatching period for most ground nest- ing game birds has ended." Iowa, Illinois Leaders Iowa City In Hail Insurance Has First Acre Day C-O-M-I-N-G FARM AUCTIONS JU Previously Advertised ta The Gazette Farm Pages DES MOINES (AP) Iowa and Illinois farmers led the nation in insuring their growing crops against hail- storms last year, a Crop In- surance Research Bureau official has reported. Glenn Wistey of Des Moines, president of the bureau, said Monday that farmers in the two states collected 40 percent of the paid out in in- demnities nationally by mu- tual and stock companies in 48 states. The bureau's 35 mutual companies write crop hail protection principally on corn, soybeans, cotton and tobacco. They also in- sure grain sorghum, small grains, tree fruits, canning and seed crops, sugar cane and sugar beets. Wistey said approximately 75 percent of the of crop hail premium written in 1973 was in the Midwest, with Iowa and Illinois ranking first and second respectively. Iowa farmers paid in premiums last year, while losses amounted to Illinois farmers paid in premiums and collected in losses. Minnesota ranked third, followed by Kansas and Nebraska. Premiums paid by Minnesota farmers totaled Kansas farmers paid and Nebraska farmers paid Losses in 1973 for the three states were Minnesota Kansas and Nebraska A two-day crop hail conference opened Thursday in Des Moines. Manchester FFA Names Outstanding Parents, Students MANCHESTER Dave Klein was named star green- hand and Randy Maurer was named star chapter farmer by the Manchester Future Farm- ers of America (FFA) chapter last week." Mr. and Mrs. Otto Bries of Manchester were honored as the chapter's outstanding parents, and Muriel Maurer of Manchester was named the chapter's outstanding Dad. Three were named honorary members of the Manchester FFA chapter, including Mar- vin Brandts, Leslie Gibbs and Larry Woellert, all of Man- chester. Proficiency awards were presented: Farm mechanics, David Broghammer; Ed Elke; dairy, Brock Hermann; swine, Duane Drees; poultry, Steve Quint; soils, Dave Garner; home improvement, Steve Wulfekuhle; and public speaking, Brad Kim-merle and Randy Marquardt. IOWA CITY A special ceremony to make the initial field work on the Johnson county standard soil survey will be held Thursday, April 18, at p.m. It will be at the Hi-Point Golf Course just east of Iowa City off the West Branch local road. The Standard Soil Survey will be made on every acre of land in Johnson county by soil scientists from the Soil Conservation Commission. The cost of malting the sur- vey will be shared by federal, state and county govern- ments. Representatives from the Johnson county board of supervisors, Iowa State Experiment Station, State Department of Soil Conser- vation, and the USDA Soil Conservation Service will participate in the ceremony. jThey will be at a similar ceremony in Cedar county earlier in the day marking the last acre to be surveyed in that county. Soil scientists will show how the survey will be con- ducted. Various uses for the completed survey, such as land valuation, farm plan- ning, soil testing and cons- truction will be explained. The American farmer re- ceives less protection from im- ports than do the farmers of most other countries. from 20 to 50 percent of its grain crops. Limit Exports The government could al- ways insure enough food for Americans simply by limit- ing exports. But without a grain reserve, poor countries could go hungry in years of drought and crop failure. Before the senate's sub- committee was a bill by Sen. Hubert Humphrey, joined by seven other Democrats and a Republican, that would require the agriculture secretary to buy stocks of wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, rye and soybeans when the "carryover" the amount .of these crops left over at the end of a crop year reached specified levels. Price Stabilizer "No country can afford to be without a grain reserve, even the United Humphrey said last week. "The hungry people in the world need the security of a reserve in the years when their crops fail. We must get a stored supply here so the United States can remain a reliable exporter. "The American farmers are entitled to a price stabilizing reserve when there are surpluses. And the consumer is entitled to pro- tection against Ihe skyrocketing grain prices that are inflating our food costs." Humphrey said the bill's triggering levels for govern- ment purchases, as well as the price levels at which the government could buy, were "negotiable." The carryover of wheat and corn from the 1973-74 crops is already below Ihe required acquisition levels in his bill. But the prices are too high for the agriculture secretary to act. Difficult To Start "It would be very difficult in the immediate future to slart another Humphrey conceded. "But Mr. Butz is forecasting record corn and wheat crops this fall. If he's right, we could start building reserves next year." Under the existing law the agriculture secretary has the authority to purchase grains or acquire them through crop loans when the market plunges. The commerce secretary also has the authority now to license or ban exports should American supplies drop too far. But Senator Humphrey said there was nothing now to make these steps manda- tory. He also contended that export regulations were so loosely drawn now that all they required was the reporting of exports, which could be out of the United States before it was known they were gone. Farmers Opposed Many of the larger farm organizations are opposed, at least in this year of soaring prices, to any large-scale grain stockpiling by the government. At its recent meeting in Omaha, the National Assn. of Wheat Growers was finally able to agree only on a resolution directing the or- ganization's national board to keep watch on the ques- tion. But such nongovernmental organizations as the National Planning Assn., the Overseas Development Council, and the Brookings Institution, have been urging an American grain reserve and the participation of the Unit- ed States in an inter-national stockpiling program. Wednesday, April 10: Sole, It a.m., moch., Holsteins. Steve fudeeri, }i ml. EofWhlttler. Thursday, April 11: Close out sole, 11 a.m., mach., oalrv cattle, Gene Grimm, 2 ml. NW of Earlville. Saluroov, April 13: Sale. I p.m., tib, ooods, Loren (Ike) Power, Paris. Close out sale, II a.m., mach., an- itlques, Alvln PrliHr, 1 ml. SE at .Oxford. .Auction, 1 p.m.. mach., C. W. Welserl, 5 Vi ml. NW of Urbano. Sole, much., misc., John Zleser, Walker. Sale, 1 p.m., nh. goods, Mrs. Ralph Pearson, Whlttler. Friday, April 19: Close out sale, 11 a.m., mach., cattle, RoHfe Shaver, 3 v< ml. HE of Central City.'Auction, 10 a.m., mach., Jack 'Schroder, New London. Saturday, April H: Close out sale, a.m., cows, macti., hh. ooods, Norman Opler, 1 ml. NW of Center Point. Keep comfortable... RUSCO WINDOWS DOORS Order 364-0295 Si ree Checking; 3rd St. 3rd Ave. Downtown 191 JacolynDr, NW 1819 42nd St. NE By Don Kendall WASHINGTON (AP) A severe shortage ol phosphorus, a (race element essential in livestock feed, could be eased substantially if feed manufacturers and farmers follow new recom- mendations by scientists, says the agriculture depart- ment. The report was presented this week by a National Research Council task force which had been requested by USDA to study the feed phosphorus situation. In its 36-page report, the panel included recommen- dations for phosphorus die- tary levels for beef and dairy cattle, horses, poultry, sheep and swine. Deficiencies Deficiences of phosphorus in feed can cause n variety of symptoms in livestock, depending on development, ranging from loss of appetite to death. "The task force believes that most of the feed industry is adding phosphorus at levels above those rccom- fawn mended by the report said. "In most instances, a decrease in phosphorus use to comply with NRC recom- mendations would help meet the phosphorus shortage." Panel members said U.S. animal and poultry Area 4-H Members Seek State Offices IOWA CITY Three Cedar Rapids extension area 4-H members have been named candidates for state 4-H of- fice. They are Joni Bicknese, Joni Bicknese 16, of Oxford Junction, Debbie 'Whitworlh, 18, of Blairstown, and Kirk Weih, 18, of Tipton. Dennis Hansen, 17, of Ox- ford Junction was named an alternate. All four candidates have been involved in junior leader- ship projects. Miss Bicknese and Weih are members of the state 4-H council. Eight other candidates who interviewed for state posts included: Loren Jackson, Mechanicsville; Kevin Robin- son, Newhall; Janice Chris- tensen and Brad Novak, both of Marion; Jeff Temple, Keo- la; Cathy Walker, Washing- ton; Beckie Hahn, Solon, and Becky Carson, Iowa City. Members of the interview committee included Mrs. Mar- garet Hora, West Branch; Mrs. Jerry Goldsmith, Clarence; Mrs. Katherine Mineart, Washington; Ken Becker, Newhall; Dave Kors- lund and Mike Stewart, stu- dents at Cornell college in Ml. Vernon. producers at current rales need about 1.6 million tons of phosphorus annually. But the supply this year is only 1.3 million, a deficit of nearly 20 percent. Factors A number of factors were cited for the shortage: Requirements have soared from tons a year in 1951 to the current level and to an estimated 1.8 million needed by 1975. Therefore, the report said, present production capacity will not meet demands. Some phosphoric sold nor- mally used for feed has been diverted to fertilizer use; and imports have been reduced because of "more lucrative markets" in other countries. Fish meal imparts, another source of phosphorus for feed, also have been cut. Shortages of gas, oil, elec- tricity, rail cars and other transportation also have af- fected phosphorus output. "It is estimated that the present phosphorus shortage will continue for at least .six months and more likely for 18 to 24 the report said. Margins Widen On Sheep, Too WASHINGTON (UPI) Beef and pork are not the only meats on which the margin between farm and consumer prices has widened in the last year, a spokesman for sheep producers says. Edwin E. March, secretary of the National Wool Growers Assn., told a house subcom- mittee last week the farm- to-retail price gap also widened for lamb last year. At the end of 1973, Marsh testified, the farm price of live lambs at San Angelo, Texas, was up 7.4 percent from the previous January. DR. CRAVEN DENTIST PRACTICE LIMITED TO DENTURE WORK 113 lit Ave. SE, Csdor Ropidl, to. Des Moines Moion City Sioux City Shop Tonight (Monday) Until 9 p.m. Make Becker's-Peoples Your Headquarters For MAYTAG Automate WISHERS! DRYERS! Extra Big Trade-in For your Old Washer EASY TERMS M. R. (Marty) Smith Appliance Managor Bit Capacity MAYTABWASHER Arranged In Just 3 Minutes Flat Hiio-OMlMt Porcelain top and drum Drying at lafe low temper- atures Idea! for Perma- Pftii Regular, Perma- Preii and Air- Fluff cyclei MAYTAG FABRIC-MATIC DRYER Makes it a snap to care for all of today's miracle fabrics. No complicated settings! No Dries practically anything just right. Phone 366-2436 Easy Terms Free Delivery PEOPLES 215 First Avenue SE Factory Trained Service FURNITURE
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