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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 1, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Clearing tonight. Lows in the upper 30s! Fair Tuesday, highs in the 50s. VOLUME 92-NUMBER 82 CfTY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAli KAPIDS. IOWA, MONDAY, APRIL 1, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Gazette Leased Wires WASHINGTON Prcsiden Nixon is expected shortly to make a formal determination that the U.S. will provide Israc with an additional million in military aid, administration sources said Monday. The additional aid would be on top of billion in weapons and ammunition that the 'U.S. has provided Israel since the October war. At administration request, congress last year authorized billion in emergency mili- tary aid to Israel. But congress placed certain limitations on the aid, which the administration said was necessary to maintain a military balance in the Middle East. Grant or Credit Congress specified that the first billion of the emer- gency aid could be extended ei- ther as a grant or on credit, depending upon a choice to be made by the President. Congress also provided that the remaining million could1 be extended in the form of credit sales to Israel, but only if the President determined that such a step was in the national inter- est of the U.S. Nixon has before him a rec- ommendation, which he is ex- pected to adopt, that in view of the economic strains imposed on Israel by the October war the first billion already pro- vided in aid should be treated as an outright grant to Israel. This, according to officials, would be followed by a presi- dential decision to extend an- other million in credits to Israel for purchase of military equipment in the U.S. The congressional authoriza- tion, however, gives the Pres- ident considerable latitude in setting the credit terms, thus permitting him to ease the eco- nomic burden of the arms pur- chases upon Israel. Normally, military credit sales are made on a 10-year loan drawing about G percent interest, but in the case of Israel congress provided that the President could waiv interest and defer repayments. Shopping List Israeli Defense Minisle Fulbright Clash on Vietnam Role to which the United States [committed by the Paris peace] "Any actions leading to Teiepfioto TRIAL BEGINS Dwight Chapin, former appointments secretary for President Nixon, holds his wife's hand as he arrives at U.S. district court in Washington where his perjury trial began Monday. i tarts: agreement to aiding South Viet- nam has drawn varying in- terpretations from the secretary of state and the chairman of the! senate foreign relations commit-1 tee. I Secretary of State Kissinger believes that the U. S. is politi- violation and subversion peace in Vietnam in whatever in the Soviet Union." Cost Assailed Kennedy said the administra- ergy Office price investigators disclosed over the weekend that they were in the final stages of Indo-China programs'willl3" Nuiry into alleged over- ab yar cally and morally committed to "In light of the Pressing need eivine lone-term military and and inflation at home and othe giving long-term military and! economic aid to South Vietnam. Under the Paris agreement, Kissinger said in a letter to Sen, Edward Kennedy 'D-Mass.J, "The U. S. committed itself lo strengthening t h e conditions which made the cease-fire possi- ble and to the goal of the South WASHINGTON (AP) Jury grand jury investigating Segret- (Continued: Page 10, Col. 4.) By Frank Nye DBS MOINES Farmers ii the Buchanan county area win are short on fertilizer may stag( a march on Des Moines to cal attention to their plight, Slat Rep. Kenneth Miller (D-In dependence) warned Gov. Rob ert Ray Monday. ''These farmers indicated tha they would march on Do. Moines if necessary to ge some kind of Millei wrote Ray, "and knowing these men as I do, they will do jus! that. "They also mentioned thai they sliould perhaps plant no corn at all and buy on the fu lures. If enough farmers woulc do this, they could make more money than cropping their ground. "Another area of concern is black market fertilizer selling for prices quoled at ton. One other aspect of concern: An area implement dealer, in sell- ing new equipment such as corn planter, offered with the purchase all fertilizer necessary to complete the individual's operation. "I would again request some kind of action as quickly as pos- sible." Miller listed Cyril Hogan and Don Decker of Winthrop, Ray Connally of Hazlcton as farmers who have no fertilizer. He said they contacted him, along with other farmers, last (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) selection began Monday for the trial of Dwight Chapin, chargec with lying to a grand jury aboui the "dirty political tricks" activ ities of Donald Segretti. Judge Gerhard Gesell told a panel of CO that the trial is ex- pected to "not take more than a week or 10 days." "Not Long" "I can assure you this is a firm estimate; it will not be long the judge said. The jury of 12 and four alter- nates will be sequestered during the trial. In the courtroom were Chap- in's wife, Susan, with his par- ents, Mr. and Mrs. Spencer Chapin. From a panel of 58 persons, Gesell dismissed three persons who indicated they had formed an opinion from what they had read in newspapers, seen or. television, or heard on radjp about Chapin and the Watergate scandal. He dismissed 22 others be- cause they objected to being se- questered. Chapin, former presidential ti's activities. Chapin told the grand jury he never discussed the distribution of campaign literature of any kind with Segretti and was un- aware that Segretti ever distrib- uted such literature. "False" Answers? The indictment alleged that ernmcnt pin. appointments secretary, was in- dicted Nov. 29, 1973, on four counts of lying to a grand jury. Special Watergate Prosecutor Leon Javvorski has said that ousted White House counsel John Dean would be a key gov- witness against Cha- Pleading Guilty Another will be Segretti, who served five months in a federal correctional facility after plead- ng guilty to misdemeanor viola- ions of federal election laws. Segretti was released last Mon- day. Like Dean, Segretti agreed to cooperate with the special pros- ecutor's office. Chapin's lawyers have licated they plan to mount a major attack on Dean's overall iredibility in the Watergate af- air, and will question him clo- ely about "having committed rimes relating to credibility, icluding false declarations, alse testimony and perjury." The Chapin indictment said he cstified April 11, 1973, before a Chapin's answers "as he then and there well knew, were false." The indictment also charged that Chapin lied when he said: That he had advised Segretti to talk to the FBI. That he did not recall giving Segretti any directions or in- structions with respect to any particular candidate. That he knew nothing abo how Segretti was paid oth than what he read in the Was ingtor. Post. Each count carries a ma imum penalty of five years prison and a fine. A graduate of the Universi of Southern California, Chap hired Segretti, a college chun allegedly to be a Republica prankster in the 1972 campaign But Segretti's pranks includi the distribution of literatu: that appeared to come fro. various candidates for the Den ocratic presidential nominatio and accused others of miscoi duct. Distributing political lite ature which does not idcnti] the source is a federal crime Michigan Candidate Asks Aid from Nixon Today's Chuckle If you must make mistakes, it will be more to your credit if you make a new one each lime. Copyrlnht SAGINAW, Mich. James Sparling, Republican candidate in Michigan's Eightl congressional district, said Mon day he has asked President Nix on to make a personal campaign appearance in his behalf 'before the April 16 special election. Some top Michigan Republi- cans were reported 'against any visit by Nixon, fearing it might mrt their candidate. "I call to the President to get out of the White House where ie is now isolated and face the Sparling said in a pre >ared statement. Not Yet Accepted Sparling said he extended the nvitation 10 days ago, but still las not received any assurance the President would campaign in his behalf. Sparling said he would make no judgment on the innocence or guilt of the Presi- dent, but emphatically said if he is elected "any proof of wrongdoing on his behalf will draw my firm vole for impeach- ment." Sparling issued his statement at a news conference. "I may be criticized for my he said. "But, during this -Lime when the nation's well- being is at slake, political rhe- toric must make way for reason and the people must bo served." "Inaccurate" Michigan's lop Republican, slale G.O.P. Chairman William VIcLaughlin, labeled as "inac- curate" Sunday reports the state party was resisting a pro posed campaign visit by tin President. "We are not being pressurec by Ihc White House and we lare not resisting a visit by the Pres Mclaughlin said. "The President is alway welcome. I] this candidate wants the Pres ident to come, we will fully sup port him." Asked if a Nixon campaign visit to Michigan would be an advantage for Sparling, Mc- Laughlin said, "It is very diffi- cult to weigh it up, so I can't give an honest answer. You can look at it from a number of things and draw a conclusion )ro and con." Opposed Saginaw County G.O.P. Chair- man Robert Grand, in whose irea the Eighth district is lo- cated, said flatly, "I don't know what type of appearance Nixon vould come in for. I don't want any part of it. I don't think we need it. "I'd rather sec them (the can- lidalcs) fighl il out on (he lo- cal level and rather not have n'm (Nixon) said Grand. A report in the Sunday cdi- ions of (he Detroit Free Press aid Detroil pollster Robert Tec- er (old Dean Burch, presiden- ial counselor, and George Bush, Republican national chairman, hat a visit to Michigan by Nix- n would be disastrous for both Iparling and Ihc national parly. no WASHINGTON (AP) Th supreme court Monday uphe a controversial federal law quiring broad scale reportir by banks of citizens' financi transactions. Critics call the law a massiv invasion of constitutional right but the government claims it necessary to fight increasingl sophisticated crime. Secrecy Act By a vote of 6 to 3 the coui upheld the Bank Secrecy Ac overturning in part a lowe court decision that had voide the law's most sweeping do mestic reporting provision. Under the act and regulator of the treasury department, fin ancial institutions must file re wrts with the Internal Revenui Service on transactions exceed ng A three-judge court in Call- ornia had approved the exten- ive record-keeping require- ments of the act, and the re- tirement that money move- nent out of the country be re- wrted. Invade Privacy But the judges of the lower ourt had said that the "vir- ually unlimited reporting from anks" of domestic financial required by the ct "so far transcends the con- titutional limits as to nreasonably invade the right f privacy...." Not so, said the supreme ourt majority led by Justice ehnquist. In oilier action Monday the ourt: Upheld, by a 7 lo 2 vote, le constitutionality of a New ork village's ordinance ban- ng communal living in one- amily dwellings. The court said ic Belle Terre, N.Y., ordinance more than two un- elated persons from living in ne-family dwellings was a rea- mable method of governing nd use. Refused without comment to car a plea by the state of alifornia for greater latitude the use of statements made police by criminal suspects, Declined to review a lower jurl decision requiring the lited Mine Workers union to iy damages in a law- it stemming from a 19-month rike against Solar Fuel Co. of ooversvillc, Pa. Vietnamese people's right to self-determination." Fulbright View However, Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark.) responded that the Paris "agreements aren't com- mitments, they are only a dec- laration of intent. They are not a moral or legal obligation until congress passes- them." "The commitment is only an expression of policy of this ad- Fulbright added. Kennedy also noted that the Paris agreement was never sub- mitted to the senate as a treaty "or ratification and Kissinger, in lis letter, acknowledged that the U. S. "has no bilateral writ- :en commitment to the govern- ment of the Republic of Viet- "Rather than chart a new beginning, the administration's interpretation of the Paris agreement is perpetuating old relationships and continuing old policies, as if nothing had changed." Kennedy wrote. "Self-Defense" Kissinger told Kennedy that with its commitments in mind the administration continues "to provide the Republic of Vietnam the means necessary for its self- defense and for its economic viability." He also said that the U. S. is obligated because of its long involvement in Vietnam and its national .self-interests in achieving a stable government :here. Kissinger urgent priorities overseas, tli administration's course in Ind China borders on fiscal irr sponsibility and is contrary the new directions set congress last Kcnnec said in a statement. Fulbright also commente that he felt that "we are over committed in these foreign a programs..." Kissinger also wrote that fi the moment Laos is the brigl spot in Indo-China but the serious military problems r main in Cambodia where "coi tinued hard fighting during- th next few months is expected." said, "The fun- damental problem is that the North Vietnamese are still de- er m i n e d to seize political power in the South, using mili- ary means if necessary. In par- icularly flagrant violation of he agreement, North Vietnam bas persisted in its infiltration I men and materiel into Ihe louth, bringing in more than troops and large quanti- es of heavy equipment since ie ceasefire began." Prosecutor Details Case Against Boyle MEDIA, Pa. (AP) The prosecutor in the murder tria of former United Mine Workers President W. A. "Tony" Boyle Boyle personally ordered thi 1969 assassination of a union rival and paid for it out of th union treasury. In his opening statement, RicI and Sprague said, "This was n accidental shooting, it was cold-blooded brutal assassin; lion." In a 70-minute address Sprague charged the 72-year-ol Boyle "plotted and paid for th murders" .of UMW insurgen Joseph "Jock" Yablonski, hi wife and daughter. Boyle ha steadfastly denied any involve ment in the deaths. Before court began Monday defense counsel said Boyle own de would testify in his fense. Sprague alleged the murder plot was conceived in Boyle's office on June "We will show how a family, named Yablonski, was mur- Sprague said. "And you are going to hear from people who actually partici- pated in this assassination, from the actual gunman who aid it. "And we will go step by step up the ladder until we get to 'the top, lo this defendant, sit- The Soviet Union has imli- i rcctly supported the Vietnamese charge that the U. S. is violating the Paris agree- ment by sending new military supplies to South Vietnam. The Soviet position was out- ned Sunday in a statement by ic official Tass news agency it aid was in response to a North ietnamese note to all partici- ants in the Vietnam peace con- irence. ''The (North Vietnamese) ote contains the request to un- ertake appropriate measures r ending the violations on the art of the U.S.A. of article: even of the Paris agreement! hich prohibits the imports of :w armaments, munitions and j (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) North i-------------------------------------- charging for gasoline and other petroleum products by some major oil companies. The com- panies were not identified but were referred to as "household by one official. The investigators are assem- bling what they believe is evi- dence that some companies have "paid" excessive prices to foreign corporate affiliates for crude oil, then raised prices lo customers to cover the higher "costs." In some instances, the inves- t i g a t o r s are tracing costs through a series of transactions involving corporate affiliates which the investigators regard as unnecessary middlemen be- tween the producing company and its sister refining company. Another possibility is that a jrpker was a middleman be- tween two affiliated companies, officials said. Paying Itself -v In effect, officials indicated, vhether the transaction between iroducer and affiliated refiner vas direct or. circuitous, the company may have been paying (self more than a fair market j, Driee-foE.eEud85QiIi.4i! Meanwhile: Sen. Henry Jack- son (D-Wash.) said Monday ;hat major oil companies will register "obscene" profits in the current fiscal quarter due to a violation of federal law by the Nixon administration. "Instead of a policy of price restraint, we have a policy of limiting energy demand by pric- ing it -so high the average family must go without essen- tials to pay fuel bills that have doubled in the past s i x he said. Jackson, chairman of the sen- ate interior committee that will begin final action later Monday m a standby emergency energy iill, charged the administration violating the existing Petro- eum Allocation Act by "refus- ng to impose controls on all 1 prices as required by law." As a result, he said, first uarter 1974 oil profits "will ise to obscene levels." But, if the Federal Energy ffice wins what is expected to e a hotly contested battle with companies, substantial price eductions for some brands of asoline could result. The offi- believe that the alleged vi- ations have been occurring for (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Judge: Can't Enforce Cop Quiz Ordinance By Roland Krekelcr District Judge Harold Vietor Monday ordered a temporary injunction against enforcement of a city ordinance making po- lice subject to discharge if they refuse to answer grand jury q u e s I i o n s concerning their duties. The injunction followed a hearing in the morning in which the city attorney argued such an T___11 injunction would only bar the a witness refuses to answer a question, and that this has not been done ports have although news re- indicated some of- ficers have refused to testify. Special Prosecutor Garry Woodward told The Gazette the. judge does not know that any witnesses have refused to tes- tify. It has been suggested that the polygraph operator has been informed about the accounts of policemen from BCI agents who Today's Index Comics .....................19 Crossword ..................19 Daily Record ................3 )ealhs ......................3 Idilorial Features.......... Ii 'arm ......................11 'inancial ..................20 larion ......................9 lovies .....................18 ocicly ......................8 ports ...................13-17 talc 'elcvision ..................10 Vant Ads................22-25 j nance 'and would have no effect on the jury. At the hearing Victor also questioned whether the grand jury itself was following the law in several respects. Secrecy Oath He questioned whether lie de- tector tests could have been given without violating the jury's oath of secrecy, since Ihc polygraph operator must be fa- miliar with whal the witness had said and possibly what oilier witnesses said. He said Iowa statute requires the jury 16 go into open court if from the jury. "Probably Invalid" Although Vietor did not rule whether the ordinance was con- stitutional, he said he is "con- vinced that it is highly probable that the ordinance will be held invalid upon final adjudication, and such probability weighs heavily in favor of granting the temporary injunction." He said Ihe injunction "shall be 'construed as requiring the city to refrain .from requesting directly or indirectly that any grand jury or prosecuting attor- ney assisting any grand jury (Continued: Pages, Col. 7.)
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