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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 31, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa business of detente Top priority: Avert flashpoint The Cedar BapUs Gtzttte: Sn., Mmt 31. 1174 By Norman Cousins 'TWERE IS a basic fallacy In much of the thinking about detente. Many People tend to see it as a sort of amity compact or a mutual pledge of friendship. This is not really what detente is all about. Basically detente Is an agreement between the United Stales and the Soviet Union to avoid violent confrontation on the great Issues that divide them. It is an a tempt to set specific limits to their differences. In the most fundamental sense, detente seeks to reduce the dangers of a thermonuclear war that could result in a shattering blow to civilization. The recent crisis in the Middle East was a good working demonstration of. what detente is all about. The United States does not wish a change in the Norman Cousins balance of power in the Middle East, with the Soviet Union dominating the area. The Soviet Union feels exactly the same way about the United Stales. Yet both sides.recognize an even greater need to avoid having the Middle East become the nuclear fuse of a world war. Consequently, Mr. Nixon and Com- munist party Chairman Leonid Brezhnev had no difficulty in agreeing that they had an overriding mutual interest in keeping the Middle East crisis from reaching a point where they would find themselves at war with one another. This is what detente is all about. De- lente was never intended to be dependent on changes In the political or Ideological structures of the two countries. The repressive measures Inside the Soviet Union against Alexander Solzhenllsyn and Andrei Sakharov and others have produced an outcry inside America against detente. Similarly, the fact that the United States congress has not acted swiftly to give the Soviet Union most-favorcd-na- tion trade status has been interpreted by some Soviet Ideologists as evidence thai the United Slates is undermining the spirit of detente. Obviously, from our point of view, it would be a good thing if the Soviet Union were to abandon its totalitarian st'rucluro of government and provide full freedom of expression and freedom of emigration to its cilizens. Bui this is not likely to happen all at once. Nor is the United Slates apt to change its habits or tradi- tions in order to please Hie Soviet Union. Both societies are going to go their own way. What is necessary and possible is that they avoid a collision course in so doing. Supporting detente does not mean that we support the repressive policy of the Soviet Union toward its artists, or toward Us Jewish cilizens, or toward any of its minority groups. Support of detenle means only that we recognize the facts of life in a nuclear age. On the official level, the United Stales and the Soviet Union have identified the arms race as the best place to take hold in reducing the dangers o! war. The SALT talks are the most specific expres- sion of this mutual concern. No one in his right mind can disagree with this proposition. At the same time, we can recognize that the SALT negotia- tors thus far have not addressed them- selves to the elimination or reduction of Opinion Page 2 Ideas Judgments Views Insights Comments their nuclear stockpiles. It has been es- timated that both countries, between them, possess mcealons of nuclear explosive force. This is Hiroshima multiplied hundreds of thousands of limes. If only one-fourth of (he nuclear explosives in the arsenals of the United States and the Soviet Union were to be used, a large part of the human race outside both countries would be con- demned to death. The SALT discussions so far have been promising but they haven't yet hit pay dirt. This, then, is dctente's true test: whether both sides are going to get at the core danger of the arms race. Public opinion, in the United States and el- sewhere, should fix its allenlion on these essentials. It is equally true that any disarmament must be tied to the existence of a world organization strong enough to keep the peace. Something has to take the place of the armaments if security is to be as- sured. Ultimately, therefore, the cause of detente and the cause of a strengthened United Nations are identical. Los Angeles Times Syndlcote 'New Left' kisses the flag By Jenkin Lloyd Jones A MAJOR effort to turn imenca's approaching bicentennial into a handhold for a leftist revolution is now underway, and it represents a subtle and intelligent reversal of traditional revolu- ..tionary strategy. instead of damning the American' tradition, the claim will now be made that it has been betrayed, and that only the New Left can restore the principles of the founding fathers. The vehicle for this new tactic is an outfit called The People's Bicentennial Commission, located at 1346 Connecticut avenue, Washington, D.C., 20036. For it will send you a full packet of literature including one publication bearing the great seal of the United States. What has apparently happened is a realization that shouting for Lenin, peddling the thoughts of Mao arid burn- ing American flags didn't sell. But let's let a People's Bicentennial writer tell it in his own words: "We need a plan of attack, a program for taking power... It has to come out of our own life experience and not out of the! experiences of Russia or China or Cuba'. New realities, arise and old theories become irrelevant. New methods become necessary. If we expect to be listened to, we have to take a fresh look and build our own plan, abandoning all the old sacred texts on what is to be done." The "fresh look" Is appealing indeed. One pamphlet is called "The Tree of another "The Light in the and others go under tlie name of Tom Paine's "Common They are replete with Revolutionary war-era woodcuts and copious quotes from the leaders of that time. There's a "committee of .correspon- dence" and a recognition ircad on me." And Ihe lisling of America's great heroes slides easily from Sam Adams, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin to Bobby Scale, Huey Newton and the Black Panlhcrs. There arc, of course, some carryovers from the old New Left program. The Iradilional value syslcm remains under altack, as witness: "A great many middle-class children and young adults have begun lo reject the structure and authority of the family unit, as well as Ihe role and values of their parents in the economic process. "A significant portion of the youth community has come to attack and ridicule the entire set of assumptions upon which the average American adult has rationalized and Justified his own existence within the family and society, Including the concept of material ac- .cumulation, the of postponed gra- intention, tho work ethic, competition, filial gratitude for parental sacrifice and premarital chastity." Included packet is a "teacher's 'explain Hint tho that is, fr'oo cnlerprlserH, Imvu seined and subverted tho.'puro Ideals of Iho American Revolution. Touchers tiro buttered up by describing Hiom as vic- tims of Iho But there is also a high school sludenls' guide, instructing them how to ride herd on teachers: "If students feel that one teacher is particularly poor, misinterpreting emphasizing the wrong points or using a racist or sexist textbook, by using the of Student Rights, that one par- ticular case can be linked up to the right calling for democracy in the classroom." Guess what "democracy in the classroom" means. -Another pamphlet aimed at .high 'schoolers says: "Start a petition drive among people your own age called 'I never gave my asking for relief from laws that were made without your say-so." Since no high school students, have made any laws, this provides the moral rationale to defy any that displease them. On the college level, it is pointed out how leftist professors could be nurtured on university research grants, and how Jenkin Lloyd Jones foundation funds could be used to pay "distinguished visiting lecturers and authorities" to per ap- pearance. Students are urged to protest any par- Ucipalion by their school in programs sponsored by the official American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, and'to insist on the substitulion of People's Bicenlennial observances. It is announced that taped speeches by "new such as The Rev. William Sloan Coffin, Dick Gregory, Reps. Ronald Dellums (D-Calif.) arid Bella Abzug and ex-Sen. Fred Harris, are not only available but are currently being aired under Ihe title "In the Public Interest" on a daily basis over 550 commercial, educational and college radio stations. "The Second American proclaims the People's Bicentennial Commission, "is a big task, but not as big as taking on George III." So there you have program for. observing America's 200th birthday. The "Internationale" will not be sung. The old hammer-and-sickle banners have been quietly put in the closet. Young America will be marched toward collec- tivism to the tune of Yankee Doodle and behind frantically waved Old Glory. General Features Corporation Way with words From court to clink By Theodore M. Bernstein TAIL ESPARO. With the threat of in- J carccration hanging over so many notable heads, the word hoosegow'-drops from many lips these days. Most of the brainsibehind those lips probably haven't any idea where the word hoosegow comes from, so here is a quick explana- tion. Like so many words in our language, it' is a borrowing from and perversion ot tho Spanish. In Spanish the word juz- gado means a court of juslice. When it is recalled that (he Spanish is pronounced like the English (i the corruption of gado into hoosegow with Ihe alteration of meaning from court to jail docs not seem too far-fetched. Sequence of lenses. Two simple sen- tences will illustrate how the tense of Ihe main verb of n sentence normally governs the tense of the verb In a subor- dinate clause. Sentence 1: "lie promises ho will take tho dog out before midnight." Sentence U: "Ilo promised lie will" lo "Ho promised ho would" Is a conversion to what Is called Iho normal sequence, and Iho nor- mal sequence Is what careful writers employ. But not Infrequently n nol-so-carcful writer will compose n sentence Ilko this: "Tho prosecutor Md last night Hint If Iho sonnlo cominltlou Irioi to subpoena mnlcrlnl from Ills office, ho would fight tho move In Obviously there is an inconsistency in those tenses: said and would are past tense verbs, but fries is a present tense verb. It should be tried. Some of those same writers sometimes follow the said with two present tense verbs, fries and will, and though the in- consistency is not as glaring as that in (he quoted sentence, it is nol considered good form. One exception to the minimi sequence is whal is called the vivid or exceptional sequence, which is used when the subject matter of the subordinate clause involves a timeless truth or something that is habitual. Examples: "The minister fold the children that dishonesty does nol "Tho child discovered that dogs love a bone." Inconsistency of lenses may on oc- casion bo Inconspicuous, but still be erroneous. II. D. Wilson ot Mena, Ark., sends this specimen from a sports column: "They must have thought Dallas had been good litllc boys all year and drank their milk and made their beds and brought home good report cards." The had fits with boon, mode and brouglif, but docs not fit with drank. It's n case In which n drunk hould be in- troduced. Word oddih'osi The essence of lense is lime, I" grammar that is what the word Is nil iibont. II derives from tho Old lens, whlehju turn comes from Iho Latin lompus, and thai means lime. New Yfltk llmci Sviullcolo Shop Today 12 to 5pm Last Day 20% off All Men's Suits Reg. Sale All Women's foundations Sale 1.60 Sale ends Sunday April 7 Boys'Sport Goafs and Slacks for Easter JusI like dad's. .polyester knit sport coals with two button style. lined and tailored with side flap pockets, deep center vent comes in solids and patterns. Sizes 8-20. Polyester knit slacks to coordinate for Easter.Penn Prest for easy care. Select from solids and patterns. Flare leg style. Cuffed or uncuffed. Assorted colors. Sizes 8-20 19" 698 98 All boys' Woven Shirts Reg. 1.99 2.50 2.98 3.98 4.98 Sale 1.59 2.38 3.18 3.98 Save 404 504 604 804 Flowers and frills. Just what a little girl would pick for Easter. to l Now It pays to dress her up early for Easter. Choose from our large selection of spring dresses and pants dresses in pretty Easter-egg pastels. Long, short, one and two-piece styles In dotted swiss, checks, flowers and more. All in easy-to-care-for fabrics. Sizes 1 to 4T, 3 to 6X and 7 to 14. JCPenney We know what you're looking for. it at JC Penney, 109-Second St. Cedar Rapids, Open 5 Nights A Week Monday thru Friday Saturday 9-5, Sunday 12-5
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