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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 30, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weafher- Falr tonight, lows In 30s. Fair and warmer Sunday, highs 55 to 60. VOLUME 92 NUMBER 80 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR nAPIDS, IOWA, SATURDAY, MARCH ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES NIXON SEEN OWIN 'Relief and Sorrow' as 8 Indicted CLEVELAND The fa thor of a Kent Slate university student slain in a campus dem onstration says the indictmen of eight Ohio national guards men is to him a "mixture o sorrow and relief." "There is no happiness in this Arthur Krause o Pittsburgh said. His daughter Allison, was among the foui shot to death in the May 4, 1970 confrontation of guardsmen ant demonstrating students. Nine students were wounded. Sarah Scheuer of Youngstown. Ohio, mother of Sandy Lee Scheuer, 20, also shot to death, said it was heartening "thai there is some chance that the system works. I'm pleasei that-at long last there will be an accounting before the law." Others .killed when'guardsmen broke up the protest againsi U.S. involvement in Cambodia were Jeffrey Miller, 20, of Plainview, N.J., and William Schroeder, 19, of Lorain, Ohio. "Rights Too" Major John Martin of Wooster, commander of A com- pany, 145th infantry, cautioned that "these young men (those indicted) have civil rights too. I'm wondering if anybody is looking after them." His unit was one of those from which the fatal shots were fired. The.indictment was returned in U.S. district court by a feder- al grand jury Friday. It charged the eight, one of whom is still in the guard, with willfully assault- ing and intimidating the stu- dents Jjy firing in direc- tion and depriving them of their constitutional rights. Indicted were Sgt. Mathew McManus, 28, of West Salem, still of the guard, and former guardsmen Lawrence Shafer, 28, of Ravenna; James McGee, 27, of Ravenna; William Per- kins, 28, of Canton; James .Pierce, 29, of Amelia Island, Fla.; Ralph Zoller, 27, of Man- tua; Barry Morris, 29, of Kent, and Leon Smith, 27, of Beach City. A justice department spokes- man defendants would be summoned for arraignment, scheduled for April 10, but would not be arrested. Up to Life Conviction could bring penal- ties ranging from a j'ear's im- prisonment and a fine up to life in prison in instances in which death resulted. The indictment capped 3! daj's of jury work that.include! three days of secret delibera lions. The 22 jurors considered some pages of transcript, testi mony of 173 witnesses, and 250 documents that included scores of photographs, a 100-page Ohio national guard report and an FBI report of probes into the shootings. During the 1970 incident guardsmen firing volleys of tear gas and shouting demonstrators hurling rocks had ebbed anc flowed on the campus. The guardsmen once found them- selves fenced into a dead end. At one point, members ol some guard units advancing up a hill toward a crowd fired and the 13 students fell. "Aiding, Abclling" All the defendants members of those units at the lime. More Women, Demos Seeking State Offices DBS MOINES (AP) For th first time in years, the numbe of Democrats filing nominatio papers for the June primarie exceeded the number of Repub licans filing, a state official sail Saturday. Secretary of State Melvin Syn horst said 306 persons file papers by the Friday midnigh deadline considerably fewe than the 445 papers filed tw years ago. Democrats comprised 167 o the total filings to 139 for the Republicans. Unconlested Synhorst said Republican: tailed to file papers for 27 open ings in the Iowa legislature the largest number unfilled in modern times. They did not fill 'or 23 house seats and fou senate seals, 'while Democrats didn't file for five house seats. By midday. Friday 248 poll Spurn'Arrogant Elite'Campaign Dictation-Ford CHICAGO (UPI) Vice president Ford said Saturday hat Republicans must neve! again allow "an arrogant elite guard of political adolescents" to un their political campaigns. Speaking at a meeting of Mid vest Republicans which Ford ermed a "Republican he said the regular-GlO.'P. appa must handle political cam laigns, not as the discredited Committee (T( Re-elect the President (CREEP) "The political lesson of Water gate is Ford said. "Nevei again must America allow an rrogant elite guard of politica adolescents like CREEP to lypass the regular party or- ;anization and dictate the erms of a national election." The crowd of more than n the meeting room of the O'Hare Regency Halt hotel iheered and applauded. The indictment charged that Shafer, McGce, Perkins, Pierce and Zoller, "aiding and abetting (ContinueclTpage 2, Col. 5.) Chuckle A politician asked for his position on women's liberation responded: "1 support it, of course. Why, I've even started rcfcrrlngsjo my mailman ns 'my person-person.'" -Convrlohl A woman jumped up and houled, "You tell Fatal Defect "The fatal defect of CREEP vas that it made its own rules nd thereby made its own Ford said. "It violated the historic con- ept of the two-party system in America and it ran literally oughshod over the seasoned po- tical judgment and seasoned olitical experience of the regu- ar Republican party organiza- ion in all our 50 states. "So I say we as Republicans have learned one great lesson from Watergate, and that is our regular Republican party or- ganization must be the vehicle for future elections. "If (here are. .any more cliques of ambitious amateurs who want to run political cam- paigns, I say, let the Democrats have them next time." Ford said he "respectfully1' suggested that all potential pre- sidential candidates "must rec- ognize and work within the regular parly structure." "Dotted Line" He also recommended "that each and every one should sign in advance on the dotted line lhat they will not set up outside tical hopefuls had filed am Synhorst had expected as many as 125 would visit his office a the slatehouse in the afternooi and evening. But with about two hours remaining before the dead- line, only 50 candidates made the visit. "No. one is coming in to said Synhorst. But hi: comment was a little prematun as they flocked into his offici about p.m. Rule on Validity He said a couple' of people filed questionable papers lati Friday night and the papers would be submitted to Ally Gen. Richard Turner, who wil rule on their validity. "There were an unusually large number of women filing this said Synhorst. "It's probably the highest per- centage of women ever to file." Thirty-two women .turned in nomination papers by the dead- ine. In 1972, Republicans had a clear cut lead and they were substantially a h e a d in the number of candidates filed, salt Synhorst. Reasons Cited "The .immediate observation is that Democrats are more op- timistic this year, for obvious because of Washing- :on scandals in the Republican administration, he said. Another factor, is. that two years ago, all 50 senate..seats were up of This .year only 25 are open. The remaining 25 are holdover senators. Senators serve four years. Before the midnight deadline, Synhorst said the number of political hopefuls filing may be a record low for Iowa. Ear- (Continued: Page 2, Col. 7.) committees without the specific approval of the party itself." Ford mentioned as possible candidates Illinois Sen. Charles Percy, former New York Gflv. Velson Rockefeller, California Ronald Reagan, former Texas Gov. John Connally, "two or three other excellent members of the U.S. senate, and we may have a few gover- nors emerge in the months ahead." Ford said his Democratic 'riends in Washington are say- ng their party can gain 50 to 00 house seals this full. "I don't he snld. "1 lappen to believe' the Republi- can pnrty, despite some of its recent losses, can move ahead The Republican party Is on he march." Demo Reply: Lag by Nixon In Education WASHINGTON (AP) Dem- icratic congressional leaders aid Saturday that President has failed to supply the eadership needed in education. Responding to Nixon's na- ional broadcast on education ast week in which he was criti- al of congress, Rep. Bradcmas D-Ind.) and Sen. Pell (D-R.I.) aid it was congress that had rovided the programs and the money to improve education. "With only a few exceptions, 'resident Nixon has shown no 'illingness to work together rith congress to strengthen our chools and colleges and univer- ities and improve our system of said Brademas, chief deputy Democratic whip. Pell, in a separate radio address, said his five years as chairman of the senate educa- -UPI Telecholo DISCUSS MID-EAST Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan and Secretary of State Kissingei meet at the state department in the first stage of an involved effort to reach agreement on disengag- ing Israeli and Syrian forces in the Golan Heights. Wilson Leaves Collins, Seal I to Top Post Robert C. Wilson :edar Rapids The .executive credited with pearheading the reversal in Coi- ns Radio Co. operations over he last two-and-a-half years has 'esigned. Robert C. Wilson, who be- ame president of a foundering Collins organization in No- ember, 1971, has resigned to ecome chairman of the board, resident and chief executive fficer of Memorex Corp., Santa Dlara, Calif. Succeeding Wilson as pres- dent of Collins, a part of Rock- well International Corp., will be )onald R. Beall, executive vice- resident of Collins since De- ember, 1971. Just last November, after Coi- ns officially became a sub- idiary of Rockwell, Wilson had lion subcommittee "have intention to remain five years of constant struggle with the administration as the congress has sought to give greater priority to education." Nixon urged congress to con- (Continued: Page 2, Col, 6.) with Collins. Financial Problems When he joined the Cedar Rapids corporation, it was ex- periencing serious financial problems, and had borrowed Donald R. Beall heavily from Rockwell. Wilson, 54, .was. a Rockwell ;executive and was delegated the responsi- bility of .returning Collins to profit-making status. Beall, previously executive vice-president of Rockwell, joined Collins in September, 1971, as senior vice-president, fi nance and administration. He was Rockwell's executive director, financial planning, in El in 1968-69, and served as vice-president of finance in 1969-70. Managerial Roles Previously, he held .various managerial posts with the Phil- co-Ford Corp., Palo Alto, Calif.; Philadelphia, and Newport Beach, Calif., from 1961-68. After completing high school in Crescent City, Calif., Beail attended the University of Pitts- burgh, where he received an V1BA degree in finance and marketing in 1961. He earned a BS degree in (Continued: Page 2. Col. 8.) Raw Farm Price Decline Is First In Four Months WASHINGTON (AP) Pric- es of raw farm products dropped four percent from Feb. 15 'to March the first decline to four months, the agriculture de- partment said Friday. The department's index for prices, farmers receive, how- ever, averaged 22 percent above a year earlier. It had gained each month since dropping 1.5 percent from Oct. 15 to Nov. 15 last fall. Crop Reporting Board offi- cials said lower prices for cat- tle, hogs, wheat, eggs, calves, tomatoes and corn were most- ly responsible for the decline in raw farm prices. Higher prices were reported for po- tatoes and dry beans. Agriculture Secretary E a r 1 Bute, in predicting the drop re- cently, told reporters the depart- ment was sticking to its predic- tion that retail food prices "most likely" would increase 12 .per- cent this year, compared with a 16 percent gain in 1973: Chairman Herbert Stein of the President's Council of Econo- mic Advisers said earlier Fri- day it will take some time be- fore declines in wholesale food prices mean anything at the consumer level. Prices of raw farm pro- ducts generally have been er- ratic for many months. Last August, for example, they jumped a record 20 percent from July after the administ- ration eased price curbs at retail and wholesale levels. Then, for three months, the index declined before begin- ling an upturn last December. The overall index last Aug. 15 was a record 207 percent of its 1967 base. It was 194 percent in March, compared with 203 in February. Boy's Body Is Recovered From Cedar .emir. The body of 12-year-old" Terry Helms who fell into the Cedar river March 18 'was recoverei Saturday morning. A search was organized b; the fire department after sever a] days of dragging by firemen and Linn deputies proved unsuc cessful. The body was found about 100 yards downstream from the Third avenue bridge, according :o Fire Chief Edsel McMickie. The spot 'is west of, the north edge of the county jail. Searchers found the body about 20 minutes after they >egan operations; he said. Line of Boats The searchers' boats lined up across from each other at he Third avenue bridge, and drifted downstream with the current, McMickie said. A rope was found tangled around the body. The fire department issued a plea earlier in the week for vol- unteers to furnish boats and heir time in an effort to find .he body. The youth, son of Mr. and Russell G. Helms, 143 Twenty-ninth avenue --SW, fell 'rom a rope tied to the railing of he First avenue bridge. Seeking Pigeons Police said Helms and riend were searching for young )igeons to capture. The companion said .he saw lelms float downstream past he Third avenue bridge before osing sight of him. Chief McMickie complimented he volunteers for the response o the request for help. The fire department had (Continued: Page 2, Col. 8.) Moonlike Mercury Revealed by Mariner PASADENA, Calif. (AP) Mariner 10 sped away from Mercury Saturday after re- vealing the tiny planet to be a desolate, moonlike world of craters surrounded by a thin atmosphere of poisonous gases. Man's first close-up views of the mysterious planet were relayed 92 million miles, to earth Friday in a scries of television pictures. One scien- tist said they were "spec- tacular beyond my wildest ex- pectations." Hundreds of pictures streamed across television monitors at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, leaving scientists as puzzled as they were excit- ed. The flow was halted only briefly as Mariner skimmed past the planet's dark side just 450 miles above the sur- face Friday. Television team leader Dr. Bruce Murray said Mercury seems to be like the moon pitted by thousands of craters, ancient marks of meteorites exploding against the surface. Like the moon, Mercury is dry and rugged, so inhospita- ble lhat chances of it support- ing life seem virtually nil. It is the solar system's closest planet to (he sun and is scorched mercilessly. But Mercury's crnlers some as large ns 70 miles across, others mere tiny pock- marks were unrelieved by any visible mountains, valleys or plains similar to the vast dry oceans of the moon. Geologists were at a loss lo give immediate explanations for several features. There was a long depression that looked like a narrow ditch etched into the land, oc- casional surface cracks, and a 100-mile-long raised ridge slic- ing across one crater. They were also wondering about a magnetic field detect- ed near Mercury. It is stronger than that observed near the moon, which is about 1 percent of the earth's field. Mariner's sensitive measur- ing instruments detected an atmosphere greater (ban that of the moon, but one which contradicted a recent Soviet theory. Russian scientists had re- ported observing from earth a faint hydrogen atmosphere. But Dr. M. B. McEIroy said Mariner found the atmosphere to be made up largely of the rare gases neon, argon and helium. "This is the first planet we've seen not surrounded by a hydrogen-helium atmo- said McEIroy. Exact- ly where the gases arc coming from was not immediately de- termined. But McEIroy said surface rocks undergoing radioactive decay were pouring some of the gas into the atmosphere. The helium, he added, ap- pears to extend out about 500 miles into space. Temperatures varied tre- mendously on Mercury from about 950 degrees Fahr- enheit to 300 below zero. The spacecraft will continue to photograph Mercury as it slreaks away at miles per hour. The photo sessions will last until April u. Then Mariner will sail into orbit around the sun. "Evidence Of Paper Says LOS ANGELES (UPI) The congressional committee inves- igating President Nixon's taxes expected to announce Vednesday that he owes more han and there is "evi- dence of civil fraud" in his re- urns, the Los Angeles Times said Saturday. The newspaper, in. a. report rom its Washington bureau, said the Internal Revenue Ser- vice is expected to assess, Nixon or' the back.taxes as.soon as :he report is released, and his awyers are already] preparing .0 defend him against the IRS in the U.S. tax court. "The joint committee ernal revenue taxation is ex- lected to issue a1 report next Wednesday finding that Pres- ident Nixon: 'owes; between .in back the Times said. The report quoted "sources close to the committee." No Recommendation, The report "is expected to include evidence of, civil, fraud in connection with the prepara- tion of the President's the newspaper said. Nixon did not prepare the re- turns himself but entrusted -the preparation to his southern Call- fornia.tax'attorneyssw rft The committee will make'no recommendation as to whether the President should be prosecu- ted for civil fraud, on grounds that such a decision is outside its jurisdiction, the Times said. A decision to bring civil fraud action Is .up to the IRS. The penalty would be a 50 percent surcharge on the taxes owed. In addition, the Times said :'sources close to the investiga- ion said the' IRS has had a criminal fraud investigation under way for several weeks. Chis does not necessarily mean, lowever, that the agency will prosecutions." "Brief Prepared" When Nixon announced last December that he was submit- ting his 4969-72 tax returns, to he scrutiny of the house-senate committee to clear up reports of regularities, he said he would pay any additional tax the 'com- mittee decided he owes. However, the Times said las been learned that the Pres- dent's tax attorneys have pre- >ared a brief -defending his tax for possible submission o the U.S. tax which las jurisdiction over civil lax cases. The Times said that the law- who prepared one of the most controversial of Nixon's Frank DeMarco, had confirmed that he and longtime Wxon attorney Herbert Kalm- >ach planned to fly from Los Angeles to Washington Saturday o discuss the President's con- roversial "Nixon papers" de- luction and backdating of the ieed to support it with the committee. Delaware Revival Of Death Penalty DOVER, Del. (AP) A new :apilal punishment law mandat- ii death for all first-degree murder convictions was signed 'riday by Gov. Sherman Trib- iitt. Today's Index Church.................. 3 Comics 8 Crossword 8 Dally Record...... Deaths Editorial Features Financial.......... Marlon Movies Sports Television a 7 8 Wnn!
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