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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 27, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Editorial Page Wednesday, March 27. 1974 Darfc day for Iowa? THE HIGHLY controversial bill giving public employes collective bargaining rights en- joyed by privately-employed in- dividuals for 40 years has been reprinted as adopted 'by the Iowa house and returned to the senate, where it originated last year. There's a chance the senate will accept all the house amendments and forward it to Governor Ray, has repeatedly requested this right for public employes. If the senate refuses, however, to accept house amendments and the house won't back down, the bill could be lost in conference committee dur- ing the waning days of this ses- sion. As passed by the house the bill is better than the senate version. Two flaws in the original proposal were pointed out here before the house started its debate Feb. 20. The house remedied one of those completely and clarified the other ;to a point where it is acceptable. One flaw in the bill called for compulsory "final offer" arbitra- tion without spelling out that in no case would'a final offer be accep- table if it required the public employer to-go beyond legal spending limits. The house clarified this point. Another flaw in the original tied the salary of the chairman of the Public Employment Relations Board created by the act, to that of a district court judge, while setting salaries of the other two PERB members at 90 percent of the chairman's. The house divorced the chairman's salary from that of a judge, but left that of the other two members at 90 percent of whatever the legislature sets the chairman's. In the closing arguments on the bill, opponents said its adoption by the house marked "the darkest day" in the history of Iowa. Proponents hailed the action as an extension to public employes of the same rights enjoyed by private employes. The proponents' outlook made the more sense. "Darkest day" arguments have rumbled earlier in connection with such reforms as reapportionment, the govern- mental reorganization and, even longer ago, to the fight for legalizing colored oleo. In none of those instances did the day work out to be the darkest. In fact, the state is better off with fair apportionment of legislative seats, with governmental reor- ganization and with colored oleo. The opponents would have done better to discover through a little checking what the problem's real essence is: That if Iowa had been paying its employes what it should have been paying them in years past; if it had been providing fringe benefits similar to those enjoyed by private employes for many-years; if it had been paying the mileage it should have paid to employes using their own cars on state business instead of forcing them to subsidize the state through low mileage then probably there never would have been demands for a collective bargaining bill in the first place. As it stands now, this is'a workable bill. If employer and alike cooperate to make it work as intended, Iowa will wind up better off than it would be if the legislature continued to deny bargaining rights to its employes. Revisiting- obscenity control IN ATTEMPTING to. devise a .valid law that will-prevent un- i due exposure of pornography to 'minors, the Iowa house tioning on safe legitimate ground. Protection of the immature against smut-niarket exploitation and possible harm is a function of law not easily open .to challenge. Attempting to extend the scope of such a law to all adults as well :as minors through "local.stan- dard" option ;to communities that might want something Stronger j than the basic law, however, 'enters on the same shaky footings that brought about collapse ef Iowa's original obscenity controls. :It risks the same unconstitu- tionality that killed those. The main objection of the courts to statutes as they stood was that such terms as "obscene" ;and "immoral" had been too ill- defined and vague to stand up as enforceable under pressure. Dif- ficulty over what's "obscene" and what is not has been the downfall ;of enforcement efforts nationally as well as here in Iowa. The newly passed house bill at- Way with words tacks the vagueness flaw by clas- sifying this as obscene: 1 'Any material depicting or describing the genitals, sex acts, masturbation, excretory functions or sado-masochistic abuse which the average person, taking the material as a whole and applying contemporary community standards with respect to what is" suitable material for minors, would find appeals to the prurient interest and is patently offen- sive; and the material, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, scientific, political or artistic value." That cranks in a lot of what the courts have said should be there, but it also introduces still another monumental vagueness that could lead to trouble: the son." What's who's "average" and how do you tell could tie new knots in any further court consideration of the problem. Clouded, too, by vagaries of local-standard diversity all over the place, the net result could well turn out to 'be another stack of nothing. Simple uniformity for minors alone would be a safer, smarter path to follow on the state's next journey through this thicket. Durable pejorative By Theodore M. Bernstein pURRENT CANT. Not new, but vy prevalent is the use of split in the sens 2 of leaving or walking out. Thus, someone who is with it today would be likely to say, "It was a lousy party, so I split." Incidentally, it is remarkable how the word lousy has persisted. It came into the language centuries ago as a general pejorative term and then became widely used during World war I. With all the bugs that are around, why, one wonders, did they pick on the lousy little louse? Whom again. The newspaper sentence began, "Anatoly Karpov, the 22-year-old Soviet grandmaster who the Russians expect to be the next world cham- pion. It of course should be whom. Morgan of New York points out that "the reason is one of the less well known rules of grammar: The subject of an Infinitive must te in the objective case." That is true, but It docs wit cover enough ground. For Instance, If (he in- flnltlvu fo be were eliminated and In- stead of "expect to be" the sentence to read "acclaim the pronoun would still have to be whom. The best guide is to recast any clause of this kind into a little sentence by itself using a simple third-person pronoun (he or she, him or her) in place of the relative pronoun (who or whom) and see which seems correct. instance the recasting would produce, "The Russians expect him (not he therefore not who) to be the next world champion." On the other hand, if the scnlcnce had read, who, Ihe Russians expect, will be the next world that would have been correct. Recasting that one, we would have, "The Russians ex- pect he (not him, therefore not will be the next world odditiet, The word felicitate, which is equivalent to congratulate, literally means to cause to be happy. It is of Latin origin and sterns from meaning happy. As In obvious, the mas- culine iiarne Felix and the feminine naiwi Kellda come from the same place. 'J, happy jjal. lltn yoffc Tlmev tyndlcotB People's forum Something wrong To the Editor: On March 20, I attended Michael Ser- vey's funeral. Because he was a close friend and this my first funeral, it was very hard on me. But why does such a senseless thing have to happen? Nothing is gained from 'it, nothing at all. Both of these young adults would never have hurt anybody. Why.would someone want to hurt them? Why? Something is wrong here, something is very wrong. Within the last four years, there have been half a dozen cases like this. It's senseless. How can we be sure that it won't happen again? There is no way we can be sure, unless something is done. This is why I think in cases like this, capital punishment should be brought back into use. What more evidence does Governor Ray need that something is very wrong with the penal system here in Iowa? GayleMead 256 Johnson avenue NW Congress down To the Editor: Recent polls confirm what informed people already knew. Respect for congress has reached a new lowi The following is a direct quotation from the highly respected Democratic chairman of the house armed services committee. "This is the most unstable congress in the history of the country. There are too many bad_ congressmen in this congress. Irresponsibility is so widespread in the senate that, if the Ten Commandments were before it, they would be amended." There are two principal reasons for the widespread contempt for congress. First, too many of its members are the captives of a powerful pressure group that sup- ports them with funds of doubtful legality and paid political workers. Informed ci- tizens know just how these paid parrots will vote on any measure in congress. Second, there has been a steady decline ,ln the character of congress since TV newscasts began. Four-flushers ham it up and substitute gimmicks for the general welfare. The TV newscasts have not escaped the massive infiltration of the news media by the phony liberals, some of whom actually contribute to political slush funds. The unfairness of networks' newscast- ing has been documented In several books and many magazine articles. An article in the February Readers Digest is an example of the exposures made by the more reputable magazines, now so im- portant because of the rapid decline in the character of Time and Newsweek. The people will not get the whole truth from the haters and soap-boxers who dominate much of network newscasting. Those who have controlled congress for the last 20 years are responsible for the cruel, inflation and the energy crisis. Crowing a bit They failed to heed the warnings of wiser and better men. The nation needs to replace over half of the present members of congress. Don't let them fool you again. Ross Young 1052 Daniels street NE Burden of proof To the Editor: As we in this community are still under the influence of the.shock of the sadistic recent double murders, I hope and pray that those in a position to do anything about rape laws and trials will give some serious thought to how hard the young woman victim would have had to fight to prove her innocence to the courts and the public had she survived the terrible at- tack. Mrs. Paul E. Stratton Route 1, Fairfax To the Editor: Execution of Eddie one wonders why they waited almost 40 years to bring this up. However, it's quite simple: Eisenhower was the President and a Republican. I have said that in this Watergate mess they are out to get the Republicans even if they have to invade the grave to do it All this brainwashing the people have been getting isn't coming from our men in the senate. They are fed what to say just as if they weje computers, and they have become puppets of the reds. It's my opinion these communists own the news media, or at least have controlling power, and when they say "frog" these puppets jump. There was a time when we had control of these beasts. But one of the wise old supreme court judges with one swipe of the pen put them in power. Unions, poli- tics, schools just name it and they are there----- ominous roar What the people are getting is the big- gest brainwash in history. One would think they would have learned something from the past demonstrations and riots. All this mass hysteria, getting the people all roused up that's a communist trick, and many people believe them... Time was when, desertion and treason were a hanging crime. Men knew that before they entered the service. As for Slovik being the only one executed, we only have their word for it. If the communists take ,over, our money, wealth and everything else will be taken from us, and most of all our freedom. Better think about that. Joann Briggman Manchester Unconvinced 1 To the Editor: I thought at first we had a gasoline shortage. But when they found gallons of gas in a gas station which had signs up saying it was out of gas, that right there made me a disbeliever in the gas shortage. Steven Klimcs Middle Amana Another View "I heard some more bad news Sunday. 'The meefc shall inherit the-earth.' Arab aid for IRA By Jack Anderson WASHINGTON The terrorist wing )f the Irisli Republican Array, (IRA) has been equipped, presumably by Arab guerillas, with Russian shoulder-fired missiles for shooting down British helicopters. In addition, the Arabs arc believed (u have helped the IRA pepper London with bombs. These two unhappy disclosures are made in a secret U. S. intelligence report obtained by Rep. John Murphy (D-N.V.) and turned over to chairman Ilarley Staggers (D-W.Va.) of the house inter- state and foreign commerce committee. The British helicopters in Northern Ireland, besides their advantages over ground vehicles for surveillance, have been used to transport troops rapidly from one trouble spot to the next. IRA gunfire, so far, has not been effective against them. The Strella SA-7 missiles, however, have a range of almost three miles and can be aimed and fired in seconds. They "home" on the heat from jet motors or can be fired like ordinary weapons at prop-driven planes, helicopters or ob- jects. "Arab terrorists (are) loose in Europe and England" and are armed with the 30-pound rockets, said the intelligence report, developed by the CIA, and sum- marized and circulated to the FBI, Secret Service, Federal Aviation Ad- ministration and pther sensitive agen- cies. The missiles, said the report, were "originally smuggled into Belgium in Libyan diplomatic "Libya has publicly stated its support of the IRA as a revolutionary the report went on. "British intelligence stated there is 'firm evidence' that Arab terrorists are working with the Irish Republican Army and are part of the bombing campaign which has plagued London in recent months. "British officials have also received intelligence reports that the Russian- built SA-7 missiles are in the hands of the IRA in Northern the document warned. "Sources indicate they are for use against British.helicopters along the border between Ireland and those coun- ties under UK (British) control." The secret advisory said the British army is "on alert especially during the day when "the danger Is greatest as the terrorists'would probably have to rely on visual sighting.1' At night, jet aircraft would also be'vulnerable because the missiles seek out thereat from their jet blasts, said the report. There is danger even if thamissiles dp not hit their target. They then zoom to seek out other jet planes, school chim- neys or, any heat source. At Heathrow airport in London, as we reported on Feb. British army was put on alert for Secretary of State Henry Kissinger's visit because in- telligence reports had indicated Arab fanatics planned to shoot a Strella up his plane's jetpipe. United Feature Syndicate Traditional politics shunned Misery loves company, hut company does not rociprocale. Addlson Mizner By Roscoe Drummond TTtTASffiNGTON Politicians beware! VV Candidates who will be running for congress, delegates to the 1976 Democratic and Republican national conventions all need to beware. There is a probing, searching restless- ness among the nation's voters. The evident mood is: "Let's see some changes around here." This is not just a subjective opinion on my part. It is the conclusion supported by a survey of the readers of every newspaper which publishes this column. The responses show: 1. That there is a widespread concern over the state of politics and the quality of national leadership presidential and congressional. 2. That a majority of those who replied do not favor the presidential nomination of any of the present leaders in the opinion polls. 3. That there are diverse and wide- ranging suggestions for presidential candidate material, regardless of parly. The size of the response reveals something of the acute political Interest in this post-Watergate period. I had In- vited readers to mall their proposals for presidential nominees with special at-' lentlon to new faces. To date, there have been (187 replies. This is not a scientifically balanced sample of political opinion, but It Is revealing. It reveals that the lop three choices for a presidential nomination lire Son, Charles Percy of Illinois with 373 votes; John Gardner, head of Common Cause, with 271 votes, and Elliot Richardson, who resigned as attorney general, with 184 votes. Below these-three were Gov. Ronald Reagan of California, 127; Vice-president Gerald Ford, 97; Sen. Henry Jackson of Washington, 96; Nelson Rockefeller, 95; and Sen. Howard Baker of Tennessee. Former Texas Democrat-turned- Republican John Connally received 71 votes; Gov. George Wallace of Alabama received 46 votes; and Sen. Edward Ken- nedy of Massachusetts, 44. There is one thing this poll ac- complishes beyond dispute. It answers the question: Would these 987 readers, representing every region of the country about evenly, like to see both parties consider other candidates than those whom politicians and political writers most often mention? They would. From Spiro Agncw and Columnist Jack Anderson to HEW Secretary Caspar Weinberger and UAW President Leonard Woodcock with Lady Bird Johnson mentioned several times a grand total of 113 names were brought forward. This clearly Indicates that voters would like to see the parlies break away from the same old political figures and canvass the nation for other- lhan-obvlous candidates. Possible presidential nominees with political background occasionally men- tioned In the press cited In the survey are Gov. Tom McCall and Son. Mark Hatficld of Oregon; Son. Edward Brooke of Mas- sachusetts; Gov. Rcubln Askew of Florida; Sen. Adlnl Stevenson III of Illinois; Secretary of Stale Henry Kis- singer; Gov. Dale Dumpers of Arkansas; former Ally. Gen. Ramsey Clark; Mayor Tom Bradley of Los Angeles; and Sen. James Buckley of New York. But readers did not limit themselves to people in political life. Here is a fair sample across the spectrum: Ralph Columnist William Buckley; Princeton President Kingman Brewster; Chief Justice Warren Berger; former Justice Arlhur Goldberg; broadcasters David Brinkley, John Chancellor and Walter Cronkite; Henry Ford II; Prof. Roscoe Drummond J John Kcnnclh Galbrailh; former college official S. I. Hayakawa; David Rockefeller; Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger; former Secrclary of Defense Robert McNamara; former Secretary of Stale William Rogers; former deputy Ally. Gen. William Ruckelshaus; U.S. District Judge John Sirica. Obviously these arc sponlaneous, perhaps in part off-the-cuff choices. But they show beyond any doubt that many voters want the parlies lo open tholr ranks and their ininds to a wider choice of presidential nominations. What would help most would be an objective nonpar- tlsuii appraisal of qualified presidential material so that both valors and party leaders can consider them seriously, 1.01 Angaloi Tlmoi Syndlcolt
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