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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 25, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa I'arlly cloudy tonight. Lows In the 20s. Highs In the 40s. :VOLUME 92-NUMBER 75 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, MARCH 25, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES NIXON GETS SUBPOENA DELAY Brezhnev Hopeful on Arms Pact MOSCOW (AP) Secretary of State Kissinger Monday opened talks with Leonid Brezh- 'nev, and the Communist party chief said he was optimistic about prospects for another So- viet-American agreement t o limit nuclear arms. Kissinger cautioned Soyiel leaders that there can be no world peace' "if we attempt to blackmail each other." At the same time, Kissinger pledged that President Nixon and his administration remain committed to detente.- "Our greatest goal is that over the next three years we can maki the relationship that has grown .up between our two .peoples am our leaders Kis singer said. Kissinger hoped during hi three days of talks in the Krem lin to set the stage of a nuclear weapon's treaty Pres ident Nixon could sign on a visi to Moscow next summer. Optimistic View Asked by newsmen if he ex peeled to reach another arm agreement with Nixon then Brezhnev replied: "I take a optimistic view of that. We hav made a very good beginning o that process." He'said relations between th two superpowers "are good but "there.is much work to d at this Asked to characterize the situ ation with regard to East-Wes detente, he said the Europea security conference in Genev is "dragging its .feet a little because "the opponents of de tente are introducing petty ma ter's that have no bearing on de tente." Although he. was speaking the Geneva conference, it wa assumed that he was referrir to the Soviet government's prol lems with the U. S. congres over trade and Jewish emigra lion as well as to the Wester demand at the security confe ence for freer flow of people and ideas. Missile Limit The principal question th American secretary of state.an the Soviet Communist par" chief faced was how to work o a deal limiting development missiles carrying multiple wa heads The groundwork was laid early February when Foreig Minister Andrei Gromyko vis: ed .Washington, and in tall with the Soviet ambassador the U. S., Anatoly Dobryni who accompanied Kissingi from Washington and worke with him aboard the secretary air force jet. Dobrynin at one point in th flight beamingly assured fepor ers he had high hopes for breakthrough. Senior Americ; officials were more guarde but they encouraged speculatii that Kissinger's trip would be success. Both sides were going to t; to make "a conceptui said one of 11 officials. Quote Faisal on Embargo Reviva BEIRUT (AP) King Fais of Saudi Arabia has assur Syria that he will re-impose 1 oil embargo against the U. S. it docs not get Israel lo wit draw its forces from the Gol Heights, the Beirut newspap Al Bnyrnk reported today. fotluy's Chuckle If you think you're too ol for growing pnins, try spmlln a gnrden. Additional Gasoline Pledged for Farmers Telephoto Who Says It's Cold? It may be cold outside but these pelicans don't know it as they bask in the sun's rays coming through the skylight in the Brookfield Zoo fcirdhouse in Chicago. Slim Turnout Expected for Tuesday Vote File Suif To Void Ordinance on Testifying A relatively "light turnout is xpected Tuesday on a referen- lum on whether to grant a :able television franchise in Cedar Rapids. Polls in the city's 36 precincts vill be open from 7 a.m. until 8 ,m. Only about 35 absentee ballots lave been cast and few people lave checked to make sure they are properly registered, ac- cording to the county elections office. The number of absentee bal- lots is similar to the number cast in the municipal primary election last October; only about people, about ten percent of those eligible, voted in the primary. Approval by 50 percent of ;hose voting is necessary for the ssue to pass. In 1972, voters rejected a proposal by General Electric Cablevision Corp. by a vote of about to iut that referendum was held in conjunction with the presiden- :ial election, accounting for the large turnout. The issue on the ballot Tues- day is whether to grant a 15- year, non-exclusive franchise to Community Cable Co. of (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) By Roland Krekeler Three Cedar Rapids police of- ficers have-iiled' a court chal- lenge to last week's city ordi- nance providing for discharge of officers for failure to answer grand jury questions directed to their official duties. Plaintiffs in the suit filed in Linn district court Monday are Detective Darwin Ammeter, Pa- trolman Robert Mark. Jaeger and Sgt. James Thomas Gillen Ammeter is president of the Cedar .Rapids. Policemen's Pro tective Assn., -but the suit was filed by the men as individuals. The petition asks the court to declare that the ordinance is unconstitutional, that it is an illegal and abusive use of legis- lative powers and that it is vole and of no force and effect. Can Be Fired The ordinance declares thai an officer "who refuses to an swer questions (of a grand jury narrowly .relating to the performance of the police of fleer's official duties, or to sub mit to "a polygraph test in refer ence thereto, without being re quired' -to '.waive' the privilegi against 01 exposure to public" ignominy shall be- subject to dis crimination as constitutionally uaranteed the state immunity ;atutes and states that there is no immunity granted by the :ate of Iowa for the use of com- elled testimony of the fruits lereof in connection with a riminal prosecution against an fficer so testifying." "No Jurisdiction" The city.has no rant immunity, which is within lie sole jurisdiction of the state charge The petition filed in cour Monday alleges the ordinance "coerces arid compels of ficers to testify contrary t the privilege against self Planes Aren't 'Operationally Ready' Morej than air and marine planes are "not -opera- tionally ready" because of shortages in spare parts and overdue maintenance, the 'Pen- tagon says. This amounts to 35 percent of all planes in tactical squadrons. Involved are fighters, bombers, airlift, reconnaissance and tanker aircraft. Defense officials also' report about 40 navy ships overdue for overhaul, with the number ris- ing. Deputy Secretary of Defense William Clements called this a "dangerous and downward trend' unacceptable cutting into the readiness of U. S, forces. The Pentagon has told congress it Intends to reverse this trend, which officials snid began during the Vietnam war. Clements testified recently be- (ore n congressional pnncl that much maintenance has been postponed year after year "be cause of the tempo of military operations, first in Vietnam anc [hen in connection with the Mic die-East." He also blamed "over-al budget limitation as we re ordered our national priorities away from defense and towan domestic programs." The Pentagon is asking million this year to pay fo speeding aircraft maintenanc and modifications and to bull up stocks of spare parts an equipment. It wants million more (o expand ship ovcrhai programs quickly to take nd vantage of idle space nvailabl in shipyards. While acknowledging tha out of squadro planes arc classed as not rend to operate, the armed service contend many of these could b flown in limited fashion, if no cssary. Tuesday Is 'Dollar-Day1 On Fine Rate egislature, uit. according to the The ordinance, according to tie petition, purports-to "man ate and compel Ihe submission f coerced polygraph tests with eferences to answers made b; testifying officer before the grand jury without any grant o mmunity for the'use of sucl compelled tests." The suit states that the ordi nance is "void, illegal and .in excess of the jurisdiction of the municipality and is in complete violation of the constitutiona guarantee of the U.S. Constitu ion against the use of'cpercei statements obtained under 'tin hreat of removal from District Judge Harold Vieto las indicated the case will b heard promptly if the city take action necessary to allow suci iromptness. Part of Probe In a letter to City Ally. Davic WcGuire he said he understand he cily council enacted the or dinance to be applicable to. an nvestigation of the .police de lartment currently being con ducted. He said the jury is scheduled :o resume its work April 1 and! :hat officers' attorney has 'expressed an understandable desire to have this matter ad- judicated prior thereto, and I assume the city also desires an adjudication prior to the re- sumption of the grand jury in- vestigation. WASHINGTON (UPI) The assistant administrator of the Energy Office pledged Monday that farmers will get an additional 220 million gallons of gasoline this year to plant an additional 10 million acres of and in grain and other crops. The official, Duke Ligon, told a senate agriculture subcommit- :ee studying farm fuel problems :hat "the increased acreage will :e very important to consumers in this country and to the ad- ministration's efforts to curb in- flationary trends." He said that, while agricul- ture already is entitled under FEO rules to 100 percent of cur- rent fuel needs, the end of the Arab oil embargo will help farmers by easing potential fuel dislocations and assuring ade- quate supplies for food proces- sors and haulers. Ligon said his agency is "par- ticularly concerned" with the problem of getting gasoline for migrant farm workers who trav- el across the country harvesting crops. Some migrants have sale they will stay home this season unless assured of gasoline. Hot Line Idea Ligon said: "Any shortage of available gasoline supplies would cause considerable hard- cents per gallon in the North- east. Interviewed on ABC's "Issues and Simon said mo- torists must carry on with con- servation measures such as slower driving, less use of car air conditioners, and .not mak- ing unnecessary trips. April Boost He said that, although the U. S. still doesn't have enough gas- oline to meet the demand, April allocations will be "significantly larger" than the March allot- ments. He said specific allotments would be announced later this week. He added that the states would probably get about 90 percent of the amount they re- (Continued: Pages, Col.7.) ing meter. ..violators! in Cedar Rapids, and the "D" in D-Day stands for "dollar The basic overtime ticket that now costs 25 cents will cost a dollar, unless it is taken, in person, to the park- ing metei office within one hour after it is issued. In that case, it still costs only 25 cents. The office is. located on the ground floor of the city par- kade, at the corner of Fourth street and Third avenue SE. New Ordinance The city council adopted an ordinance last week providing for several parking rate changes, including the change in the overtime fine. All other violations, such as illegal parking, blocking an alley and improper parking, will carry a fine. If not paid within five days, the fine for all offenses goes to Other rate changes involve the parkades. Monthly rates in the two parkades and the underground lot on May's is- land will be boosted to The rate is now at the parkades and in the un- derground lot. Hourly parkade rates will be changed to 15 cents for the first half-hour and 15 cents for ship for' migrant labor and could result'in a reduction of es- sential crops for the market." He" said the .FEO is consider- ing setting Up "telephone hotline systems11 to tell migrant woikers where they can get gas- oline. Tfie agency also is''ar- offices to respond quickly to workers' emergency needs, he said. Nicholas Smith, head of the Testimony by Dean About Mitchell Role NEW YORK (A) Ousted White House Counsel John Dean told a jury Monday that former Attorney General John Mitchell repeatedly asked him to check on a securities fraud investiga- tion against Financier Robert Vesco. Dean also said former Com- merce Secretary Maurice Stans told him he was concerned about the circumstances ,of Vesco's secret --eaih contribution _to, President Nixr oh's re-election campaign. Dean appeared as a govern- ment witness at the trial of Mitchell and Stans.' (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Jaworski Grants 4 More Days WASHINGTON At the request of the White House, spe- cial Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski Monday gave Pres- dent Nixon four more days to respond to a subpoena de- manding additional Watergate evidence. The subpoena, issued March 15, called for a response Mon- But, over the weekend James St. Clalr, President Nixon's chief Watergate lawyer, asked Jaworski for more time and the prosecutor extended the return date to Friday. Emphasized Need In a brief statement, Ja- worski's office said, "In agree- ing to the White House request, Mr. Jaworski emphasized the grand jury's need for the mate- rial covered under this subpoe- na." The prosecutor's office re- fused to give Details about the material subpoenaed. At the White House, Press Secretary Ronald Ziegler said the delay in responding to the subpoena was requested so St. Clair "can evaluate and make a judgment in terms of a re- agricullure'department's energy office, :said farm gasoline was ;ight to very tight in 30 states last week, compared with 26 the week before. Diesel fuel was short in 16 states, comparec with 13 the previous week. Smith predicted some spot shortages but said the general outlook for farm fuel supplies "appears good.-We are quite op- timistic that supplies of diesel fuel will be adequate to meet our farmers', needs. Gasoline supplies may be a little tighter." Simon: Drivers Musf Carry On tn Saving Gas WASHINGTON (UPI) Americans should have more gasoline for summer vacation driving but they will have The two former cabinet offi- cials are charged with trying to impede an investigation of Vesco in return-for.his contribu- tion, and lying to a grand jury aboutit. "Check'With Casey" One perjury count against Mitchell is based on denial that he talked to Dean about Vesco. Dean is named' as a co-con- spirator but not a defendant. Dean said -that Mitchell- oh numerous occasions asked him to check with''William Casey; then chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, about the status 'Of the Vesco investigation. He said that on one occasion Mitchell told him some of Vesco's aides had been sub- poenaed .by the SEC. He said Mitchell called that "harass- ment" and unneces- conserve fuel. In presenting this prospect Sunday, Energy Chief William E. Simon also predicted in- creased gasoline supplies would bring higher prices because of the resumption of imports'of ex- pensive Arabian oil. He said they would go as high as 75 Dean said Mitchell told him the investigation "appeared to be politically motivated." .Mitchell asked Dean: to call Casey- get the subpoenas postponed until after the elec- tion, Dean testified. The sub- poenas, Dean said Mitchell told (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Panel Demos Ask Tax Cut Prompt Hearing "Accordingly, if the city will forego its Iqgal right to delay appearance in this matter tor 20 days and will promptly appear and flic answer to the petition, this court will arrange for a prompt hearing and adjudica lion prior to the time the grand jury resumes its investigation." McGuirc could not be contact- ed Monday morning. Mayor Donald Canney said he had not heard about the suit or the let- ter and thus had not had a chance lo consult with McGuire. A previous ordinance' adoptee earlier last week, making the provisions applicable in other (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) WASHINGTON (AP) Thej Democratic majority of the con-; gressional joint economic com- mittee has recommended a billion tax cut lo stimulate the economy and ease the impact of inflation. The committee said in its an- nual report, released Sunday, hat a tax cut would "brighten .he current gloomy outlook for consumer demand in 1974." "The nation must anticipate a year in which real output growth will be essentially zero, unemployment will rise sharply and prices will continue to rise at the 1973 rate or even more the report said. "Debacle" The committee described Nixon administration efforts tc control prices as a "debacle" and said administration at- tempts to offset rising unem- ployment are "pitifully weak." In a sharp split with mos committee Republicans, t h c inflation rate this year of 8 per- cent or more and said unem- ployment will rise to 6 percent or higher. It urged the establishment of a permanent public service em- iloyment program to counter joblessness whenever unemploy- ment exceeds 4.5 percent, along with steps to relieve the pres- sures of inflation on low and middle-income families. The panel also recommended a long range effort to plug tax loopholes, contending this could offset the tax cut by raising some billion in additional revenues. "Ill-Advised" The committee's Republican members, however, said in sep- arate statement: "We believe fiscal stimulus in the form of a lax cut would be ill-advised and inflationary at this time." year and a rise in unemploy- ment to an average rate of about 5.5 percent for this year. Senator William Proxmire (D- the committee's vice- chairman, said in a separate statement he thinks that what the economy needs is austerity rather than stimulation. He called for severe trimming of President Nixon's billion budget request. The committee report recom- mended phasing out wage and price controls and replacing them with a largely voluntary system of restraints. But the panel said the President should be provided with limited standby authority to reimposc wage-price controls on some sectors of the economy. The report endorsed proposals for a national food policy to help assure adequate supplies and "exorbitant" consumer sponse. Asked whether Nixon had seen the subpoena, Ziegler re- ferred to and said, they've had a chance to discuss it yet." _ objections" and our as forcefully, as we can and the government has decided to take the said 'John Bray who represents Gor- don Strachan. In a related matter, lawyers for three Watergate defendants said they would let pass Mon- day's deadline for an appeal to to the supreme court to stop material dealing with President Nixon from going to a house committee looking into grounds for impeachment. Hours before the 4 p.m. CDT deadline, an attorney for Gor- don Strachan said he accepted last Thursday's ruling byline U.S. Circuit court of appeals' upholding Judge John Sirica's order to release grand jury ma- terial to the house judiciary committee. "We're John J. Wilson, attorney for H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlich- man, said Sunday. He and as- sociate Frank H. Strickler had given similar statements after Friday's ruling by the appeals court. Not on Cover-Up A spokesman for Jaworski said the.subpoena did 'not in- volve the Watergate cover-up or White House plumbers cases, in which indictments recently were returned. That would mean the material sought probably relates to in- vestigations of the ITT anti-trust settlement, dairy industry: politi- cal contributions or the minute erasure found on one subpoenaed tape. In other Watergale-relaled developments: A report obtained from court records indicated the nation's largest dairy cooperative gave financial support to Rep. Wilbur Mills (D-Ark.) in his 1972 presi- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.) The GOP minority generally! reduce supported the Nixon administra- prices. This would involve ere- lion's economic projections, ation of'a national food reserve an inflation rale of no panel's Democrats predicted an more than 7 percent for the system to counter disruptive supply-and-demand changes. Today's Index Comics .....................17 Crossword..................17 Daily Record................3 Deaths......................3 Editorial Farm ......................II Financial Marlon....................-.7 Movies.....................10 Society Sports IMG Stntc Television fl Wnnt Ails 20-23
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