Cedar Rapids Gazette, March 22, 1974, Page 6

Cedar Rapids Gazette

March 22, 1974

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Issue date: Friday, March 22, 1974

Pages available: 28

Previous edition: Thursday, March 21, 1974

Next edition: Saturday, March 23, 1974

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 22, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 't&ht Cf ti ut ftnpitta Warning: more dangers grow Editorial Page friday. March 22. 1974 Needless warehouse study AHOUSE-SENATE appropriations subcommittee recently approved a bill to spend up to $30,000 for a consultant to conduct a study on how to improve operation of the state’s liquor warehouse at Camp Dodge. The consultant is to be “skilled in warehouse management.” His assignment would be to make recommendations to the next legislature on how to improve the operation’s efficiency. The consultant also would recommend whether additional warehouse space is needed and, if so, what form it should take: as an addition to the Camp Dodge warehouse, or as a second warehouse “in a large population center of the state" — presumably elsewhere than Des Moines. If the full appropriation committees and the legislature go along with the subcommittee’s recommendation. Governor Hay’s request for $1.5 to build a new warehouse would be sidetracked this year, even though it was based on his study showing that space is needed now. Also pushed into the background would be a report by Director Gallagher of the Iowa liquor and beer control commission indicating the new warehouse should be built in the Cedar Rapids area. Gallagher's report shows that 40 percent of the state's liquor sales are made in the eastern third of the state, of which Cedar Rapids is the hub. It indicates that nearly $200,000 a year would be saved in mileage driven by liquor trucks that now mustWay with words No little switch By Theodore M. Bernstein LITTLE BV LITTLE. The difference between little and a little prompts a letter from Morris J. Sells of Philadelphia, with every indication that he has the correct answer in mind. By itself, little has a negative connotation, meaning not very much, as in, “The boys in the back of the room gave the teacher little difficulty." When a is inserted ahead of it. however, the word takes on a positive connotation, meaning some or a small quantity, as in, “The boys in the hack of the room gave the teacher a little difficulty." And if a negative element is introduced. little becomes much: "The boys give the teacher not a little difficulty • Curdled cliches. In a recent issue of the Saturday Review/World, Leo Rust en had an article about what are sometimes called, not quite accurately, malapropisms. A well-worn one that he quoted is attributed to Samuel (ioldwyn and goes as follows. “An oral contract isn t worth the paper it s written on.” A malapropism is a ridiculous misuse of a word or words; e g . “The magician’s tricks were absolutely incredulous," instead of incredible But the type of ludicrous error cited by Mr Boston does not so much involve misuse of a word as it does a mishearing and therefore a wrong rendition of a cliche In a book called “The Careful Writer” your host labeled errors of this kind curdled cliches and listed more than iii) of them, all of which he had actually heard people utter There is room here for only a handful of samples: The senator's got ’em over a wheelbarrow. lie s a stiff shirt He needs some money to tidy him over I was so tired I couldn't keep my head open. She blew the rug out from under my sails He’d better watch out. he’s skating on thin ground They're cutting my throat behind my back • Wo rd oddities The word malapropism is built on the word malapropos, which was minted in the 17th century by Dryden Malapropos is a combination of mal-, poor or unsuitable, and apropos, to the purpose or object, and the combination means not suited to the purpose or inappropriate. A century later Sheridan wrote a play called “The Rivals”. in which there was a character calli d Mrs Malaprop. The inappropriate things she said were dubl>ed malapropisms. Ne* York I imev Syndicate ? Theodore M Bernstein come out of Des Moines, if a second warehouse were constructed or leased in Cedar Rapids. Judging by the governor’s study and Gallagher’s report, plus what already is apparent about the inefficiencies of the present warehouse operation (it needs to be conveyorized, stoc k more efficiently stored, etc.), the subcommittee's proposed study appears to be unnecessary. The full appropriation committees should take a second look and come to a twofold realization: that the need for a second warehouse exists now, and that the place to put it is in the eastern section of the state. Cedar Rapids has the five acres needed for such a warehouse, adjacent to rail trackage and to 1-380, and would welcome location of the facility here. But whether it goes here or elsewhere, the warehouse definitely belongs in Iowa’s eastern part to better serve the area supplying 40 percent of the state's liquor revenue. Should newspapers be allowed to own local television stations? The ArgumentsYES THE FCC encouraged newspapers to take out broadcast licenses in the early 1940s when television was first beginning, and it is totally unfair to punish those companies which developed their cities’ broadcasting facilities just because they own newspapers While media concentration may he a fair consideration when the license is first issued, broadcasters and publishers say that re-evaluating the* situation at renewal time threatens the stability of the industry and discourages broadcasters from making large-sc ale investments in fac ilities they may later lose Moreover, some newspapers rely on revenue earned by their broadcasting stations to stay in business Divesting newspapers of their broadcasting stations will force more newspapers to close down, argues the American Newspaper Publishers Assn. New newspaper monopolies will be created in cities which cannot support more than one or two daily papers “What the FCL and congress should be properly interested in is the service that the licensee provides,” Rep Torbcrt ll Macdonald (D-Mass.) told Congressional Quarterly. Macdonald is chairman of the house interstate arid foreign commerce communications and power subcommittee. The full committee has reported legislation prohibiting the Ft < from c onsidering cross-ownership as an issue* at renewal time unless the commission adopts rules on the subject. Finally, FCC Commissioner Robert F Lee told Congressional Quarterly he opuses adopting the proposed rule* because “in incest cases, newspapers make better station owners because they live iii the* community, pay more attention to local problems, and devote more broadcast time to community news.” Conyressionol Quorterlv By James Reston W\SI 11 NCiTDN — One' of Hie charges made against officials and press alike during the oil crisis was that Ibex did riot alert their peoples in time lo the* magnitude of the problem They saw the trend but not the* stupendous dangers ahead, so now thew are looking forward to even more serious world economic crises Here. for example, is Robert McNamara, president of the World Bank, asserting with almost missionary /cai that the ric h nations have not vet calculated the economic and human consequences of quadrupled oil prices or even begun to grapple tea 11st lea 1iy with the food and fertilize*!* shortage's he sees ahead A few years ago lie protested publicly when C P Snow, the British scientist, predicted at Fulton. Mo., that before long the world would be watching “millions” of human beings on telev lsion eh mg of starv at iou Now. he sax s. he is not so sure Lord Snow was overly pessimistic. One ctr two more seasons of bael weather, lie* obserxc's, and the human family will be enduring unimaginable disasters. world, wlib most nations leaking to their own selfish interests and avoiding the cooperative* planning necessary to meet thc'ir common problems. Again the nations are misjudging the magnitude of the coming problems and Hic' fragility of the* present system of distributing world goods and paying for them. W hat remain. Schmidt asserts, “are resourceful bic kerings over the results of loint efforts, a game* full of ruses and lit!Ic* tricks, with strategies of threats, attrition and fatigue, of overnight conferences and dissolved meetings, a game' of coalitions and cartelsHigh stakesMisgivings Helmut Schmidt, minister of finance' of the Federal Republic of Germany, is almost as gloomy about the divisions among the advanced nations at a time when the world economy, despite recent boom conditions, is entering a phase of ext morel marx instability W riling iii Foreign Affairs for April, lie secs a struggle' for the distribution of essential raw materials developing iii the “ll is a struggle for the distribution and use of the national product, a struggle for Hic world product . Schmidt says “The struggle oxer oil prices max be followed tomorrow by a similar struggle over the prices of other import raw materials And since what is at stake* is not inst pawns on a chessboard, but the* peaceful evolution of the' world economy and the prosperity of the' nations of the world, we* need a politically sound philosphy if we are lo win this dangerous light.” McNamara’s experts at the World Bank estimate that India alone will have to find an additional $1 billion a year just lo pax the increased cost of oil at present prices. In addition, Hic' hundred poorest countries of the* world, where two billion people exist, 411 percent of them in semi-starvation, the1 rise in fertilizer prices xviii cost them an additional ISI billion, which of course they do not have. Guess who?' Wk rn The Gazette's opinion Blanket breakup undeserved IN TELEVISION S curly days when many stations had a struggle to get off the ground, it was newspaper financing that gave the industry a forward thrust it badly needed. If it hadn't been for these investments then, in fact, probably there would not be three commercial networks in the field now — just two — with competition correspondingly reduced. Once the TY industry got going, the Federal Communications Commission encouraged this newspaper role. It took the view that such involvement could not legally be denied. It granted TV station licenses and sanctioned station transfers to newspaper interests On occasion it upheld them, too, in challenges to license renewal, most of which came from wild-idea opportunists with no ability to deliver something better. Now. through complex evolutionary pressures and reorderings, the climate has changed. In the name of antitrust policy, diversity promotion, economic policy and competition values, the justice department seems to have concluded that broadcast-print cross-ownership is a bad thing. But does that make it so? The tests should look for solid substance: Has either end of a cross-ownership package failed to serve the public interest? (The broadcast “fairness doctrine’’ almost guarantees performance on the airwave end, under threat of license-nonrenewal.) Is there meaningful competition between and among the media, whatever owner-ties there are? How, specifically, has cross-ownership disserved the public? What bad has conic of it, if any? How are public interests damaged, if at all? What, in short, is tile bill of particulars, ease by ease and place by place? Ear more often than not when the issue is raised, cross-ownership proves to be doing appreciably mon good than harm. If the justice department insists on untying all knots for the flimsiest reasons, congress ought to take a hand in seeing to it that the good relationships endure and that the only ones to break an really bad Were no nllii'i* changes to allect iii ternatioiwil h ade,” McNamara sax s. “IIH* 1973 current account surplus of Hie developed nations would turn into a deficit of $41 billion aud the 1973 current account deficit of the developing lint ions would double to $33 billion. Such deficits threaten Hie stability of the eeonoimes ol the oil-consuming nations throughout the worldOver-all harm “Individual nations max seek to finance the deficits by unilateral, beg gamily-neighbor policies of drastic exchange rate adjustments, and severe trade restrictions But such efforts lo expand exports and restrict imports, ii pursued bv manx nations, eau only lead to a worldwide deflationary spiral McNamara notes the fact that the most fighting has taken place iii the poorest regions of Hie world Ile equates political stability xx itll economic stability Helmut Schmidt comes closer to the hone “Iii the short run,” he says, “there is at least a point beyond which economic stability would be in jeopardy. And that point is reached whenever the industrialized countries are confronted with intolerable adaption and reorganization problems incapable of being solved at short notice and are thus driven into employment crises or toward un even higher rate o*f inflation. I do not wish even to contemplate a point—-at least theoretically conceivable—beyond xx Inch the irrational use of force might ensue . ." Ne** York Times Service By Congressional Quarterly WASHINGTON - After more than 311 years of debate, the Federal ( oui-munications Commission is preparing to rule on the question of whether newspapers will be allowed to own television and radio stations in their main circulation areas. Adoption of a rule proposed bv the justice department would bar newspaper (»w ners from buying broadcast stations in their home cities. The proposed rule also requires newspaper owners already holding local broadcast licenses to sell or trade their stations within five years. The rule was first proposed by the justice department in 196K. Two years later, in 1970, the FCC agreed to consider adopting the proposal. But after a year and a half of hearings and heated debate, the issue was dropped. But the justice department has pushed the issue, by petitioning the FCC to deny television and radio license renewals to major publishers for stations in St Duns, Des Moines, and Minneapolis-St Paul In response to the justice department’s move, the commission has begun to restudy the proposed rule. At issue is whether newspapers should be allowed to own broadcast stations in their circulation areas. Participants in the debate have raised the following arguments Tho ArgumentsNO CONCENTRATION of media ownership gives one company too much control over the views which will be communicated in a community. And in some cases, that company can exclude the v iews of various minority groups. Groups opposed to broadcasting policies in their own communities have been among the most influential in pressuring for adoption of a rule to break up new spaller-broadcast combinations Maintaining concentration of control over the media at renewal time also eau “exclude new fat es anti new ideas from most of the major markets,” argued the Rev Everett C Parker, director of the t inted Church of i brist s communications office iii testimony lieforc a senate committee in 19H9 Parker pointed to the fact that “Negro broadcasters af present own almost no stations The National Council of Churches also favors adopting the rule The basic principle against media concentration, according to Albert ll Kramer of the National Citizens Committee for Broadcasting, is “the presumption that the more diversity of voices in the media, the more likely von are to get robust debate and critical scrutiny of the media itself ’ The justice department also is pushing for adoption of the rule to eliminate what it considers to be excess concentration of media power “It doesn’t make any difference to us if it s a good TV station or a crummy one, if it s liberal or conservative, explained Bruce It Wilson of Hie antitrust division “V\e look at the economies ” Focusing on competition as the key far tor, I tie justice department oh|et Is to new spa per-broadcast com bi fiat ions which violate antitrust policy by allowing one company to dominate a city's advertising and circulation market C Odyl fusional QuarterlyPeople's forum On religion in the realm of letters To the Editor A month ago I wrote a letter to the Forum, of winch more than hall was omitted These omissions were made under the intention of “editing without changing the meaning ” I ^fortunately I feel they did change the entire point of nix letter to the extent ol not just editing but censoring I inter the Lord s guidance. I asked my pastor if he could help me to possibly have my letter reprinted iii its entirety. Ile agreed with my grievance and on several occasions contacted The Gazette but to no ax ail nu* purpose of my letter, which I felt was written through the power of the Holy Spirit, was to emphasize that our only power against Satan is by tile receiving of ttit* Holy Spirit through accepting Jesus Christ as our personal saviour Also I wanted to point out the reality of the Satanic world of the devil and the spiritual world of God Valuable scripture was omitted which I felt supported the purpose of my letter To exc lude mentioning the Holy Spirit, whom Christ sent as our power on earth after his death and resurrection, is not only censoring but coming very close to committing the unforgivable sin of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit If the People’s forum has truly been established for the purpose of the public to express v lews on issues, then the public should be allowed the freedom of the press without censorship. I pray that others will also feel led to express their views on this subject by writing to the People’s forum Pana Baker Hiawatha Editor s note: lf any pastor tried to intercede on Ms Baker s behalf, he did not call the editorial department. But if others write to the Forum quoting scripture and airing religious beliefs at length, the same thing will happen to those letters that happened to Ms. Baker s and to many others in the past: They will be shortened to include a minimum of that, or not printed at all. Any newspaper s letters column is intended mainly as a forum for opinions and ideas on secular events and issues of the day, not as a pulpit. When current issues touch upon some aspect of religion, opinions reflecting that touch are acceptable here But sermons are not. We think our readers neither want religious tracts in this space nor would pay much attention if they got them, There are many other avenues for free religious expression in our society. To the extent that a newspaper is for news, letters in it, too, should be related to news. That s the way the People $ forum will continue to function, as always. lf this is blasphemy, so be itHaving it big lo the Editor; Cedar Rapids has it big — lug production. big X-rated movies, big violence. big murders, etc. And our poor, poor children have to grow up iii it all When are we going to get really wise? When are we going to give in to God and let . . Him guide our television. movies, businesses, schools, recreations, organizations, etc ? How can we continue to pretend that questionable influences don’t sometimes produce horrible, tragic results, if not always What greater tragedies must our people, young and old. endure? W hat w ill 'it take before we all look to God for guidance in everything we do? t odor Rapids should become an example to this nation Please, please, let s get big on < bol • i alg F Seeley, jr •ilh .I avenue \WNot free I o Hic' Editor Enclosed i> a copy of u furm |(.n<>r , received from the trilled States Govern-""•n* '‘Nilling Office, after I sent my iequest for metric charts that were writ-^/n up in the Jan 27 issue of Parade The ",m in Far ade indicated that these • hurts were supposed to b*- free I Mf thai you might want to advise the editors of Parade that these charts are r‘of in M I free and that they may want to 1 beek on their source of information tii.it prompted them to print this article Mrs Herbert Rrunkhorst 'GI Twenty firth street SE • Fed up Diets are lot people who are Him k and tired of it Chilla*-, ;

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