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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 22, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Warning: more dangers grow Editorial Page Fiiday, Match 22, 1974 Needless warehouse study A HOUSE-SENATE appropria- tions subcommittee recently approved a bill to spend up to for a consultant to conduct a study on how to improve opera- tion of the state's liquor warehouse at Camp Dodge. The consultant is to be "skilled in warehouse management." His assignment would be to make recommendations to the next legislature on how to improve the Operation's efficiency. The con- sultant also would recommend whether additional warehouse space is needed and, if so, what form it should take: as an addition to the Camp Dodge warehouse, or as a second warehouse "in a large population center of the slate" presumably elsewhere than Des Moines. If the full appropriation com- mittees and the legislature go along with the subcommittee's recommendation, Governor Ray's request for to build a new warehouse Would be sidetracked this year, even though it was based on his study showing that space is needed now. Also pushed into the back-- ground would be a report by Gallagher of the Iowa liquor and beer control commis- sion indicating the new warehouse should be built in the Cedar Rapids area. Gallagher's report shows that 40 percent of the state's liquor sales are made in the eas- tern third of the state, of which Cedar Rapids is the hub. It in- dicates that nearly a year would be saved in -mileage driven by liquor trucks that now must Way with words No little switch By Theodore M. Bernstein T ITTLE BY LITTLE. The .difference i-J between little and a little prompts a letter from Morris J. Selis of Philadelphia, with every indication that he has the correct answer in mind. By itself, little has a negative connotation, meaning not very much, as in, "The boys in the back of the room gave the teacher little difficulty." When a is inserted ahead of it, however, the word takes on a positive connotation, meaning some or a small quantity, as in, "The boys in the back of the room gave the teacher o little dif- ficulty." And if a negative element is in- troduced, little becomes much: "The boys give the teacher not'a little difficulty." Curdled cliches. In a recent issue of the Saturday Leo Roslen had an article about what are sometimes called, not quite accurately, mala- propisms. A well-worn one that he quoted is attributed to Samuel Goldwyn and goes as follows: "An oral contract isn't worth the paper it's written on." A malapropism is a ridiculous misuse of a word or words; e.g., "The magician's (ricks were absolutely instead of incredible. But the type of ludicrous error, cited by Mr. Rosten does not so much involve misuse of a word as it does a mishearing and therefore a wrong rendition of a cliche. In a book called "The Careful Writer" your host labeled errors of this kind curdled cliches and listed more than 30 of them, all of which he had actually heard people utter. There is room here for only a handful of samples: The senator's 'got 'em over a wheel- barrow. He's a stiff shirt. He needs some money to tidy him over. I was so lired I couldn't keep my head open. She blew the rug out from under my sails. He'd better watch nut; he's skating on thin ground. They're cutting my throat behind my back. Word oddities. The word malapropism is built on the word malapropos, which was minted in the 17th century by Dryden. is a combination of mat-, poor or unsuitable, and apropos, to the purpose or object, and the combina- tion means not suited to the purpose or inappropriate. A century later Sheridan wrole a play called "The in which there was a character called Mrs. Malaprop. The inappropriate things she said were dubbed New York limes Syndicate Should newspapers be allowed to own local television stations? The Arguments YES Theodore M. Bernstein rTMIE FCC encouraged .newspapers lo -I- .take out broadcast licenses in the early 1940s when television was first beginning, and it is totally unfair lo punish those companies which developed their cities' broadcasting facilities just because they own newspapers. While media concentration may be a fair consideration when the license is first issued, broadcasters and publishers say that re-evaluating the situation at renewal lime threatens the stability of the industry and discourages broad- casters-from making large-scale invest- ments in facilities they may later lose. Moreover, some newspapers rely on revenue earned by their broaticasling stations lo stay in business. Divesting newspapers of their broadcasting sta- tions will force more newspapers to close down, argues the American Newspaper Publishers Assn. New newspaper monopolies will be created in cities which cannot support more than one or two daily papers. "What the FCC and congress should be properly interested in is the service that the licensee Rep. Torbert H. Macdonald (D-Mass.) told Congressional Quarterly. Macdonald is chairman of the house interstate and foreign commerce communications and power subcommit- tee. The full committee has reported legislation prohibiting the ,FCC from considering cross-ownership as an issue at renewal time unless (he commission adopts rules on the subject. Finally, FCC Commissioner Robert E. Lee told Congressional Quarterly he op- poses adopting lhe proposed rule because "in most cases, newspapers make better station owners because they live in the community, pay more attention to local problems, and devote more broadcast lime lo community news." Congressional Quarlerlv come out of Des Moines, if a second warehouse were con- structed or leased in Cedar Rapids. Judging by the governor's study and Gallagher's report, plus what already is apparent about the inefficiencies of the present warehouse operation (it needs to be slock more ef- ficiently stored, the sub- committee's proposed study ap- pears to be unnecessary. The full appropriation commit- tees should take a second look and come to a twofold realization: that the need for a second warehouse exists now, and that the place to put it is in the eastern section of the state. Cedar Rapids has the five acres needed for such a warehouse, ad- jacent to rail trackage and to 1-380, and would welcome location of the facility here. But whether it goes here or elsewhere, the warehouse definitely belongs in Iowa's eastern part to better serve the area supplying 40 percent of the state's liquor revenue. By James Reston WASlll.Nli'iUN-Otie of the charges made against officials and press alike during lhe oil crisis was that they did nut alert their; peoples injinie to Ihe miignilnile (lie problem. They .saw Hie trend but not the stupendous dangers ahead, so now they are looking forward to even more si-nuns world ecviiomir crises. Here, for example, is Robert MvNamara. president of the World Bank, asserting with almost missionary zeal that the rich nations have nut yet cal- culated the economic and human con- uf quadrupled oil prices or even begun tu grapple realistically with the fund and fertilizer shortages he sees ahead. A lew years ago he protested publicly when C.I1. Snow, the British scientist, predicted at Fulton, Mo., that before long the world would be watching "millions" of human beings on television dying of starvation. Now, he says, he is not so sure Lord Snow was overly pessimistic. One or two more seasons of bad weather, lie observes, and the human family will be enduring unimaginable disasters. Misgivings Helmut Schmidt, minister of finance of the Federal Republic of Germany, is al- most as gloomy about the divisions among the advanced nations at a time when the world economy, despite- recent boom conditions, is entering a phase of extraordinary instability. Writing in Foreign Affairs fur April, he sees ii struggle for the distribution of es- sential raw materials developing in the world, with most nations looking to their own selfish interests and avoiding the cooperative planning necessary to meet their common problems. Again the nations are misjudging the magnitude of Hie coming problems and the fragility of the present system of distributing world goods anil paying for till-in. What remain. Sehmiili asserts, "are resourceful bickerings over the results of joint efforts, a game full of ruses anil little tricks, with strategies of threats, attrition and fatigue, of overnight cimfi-reuces .iiitl dissolved nut-tings, a game of coalitions and cartels High stakes "It is a struggle for the distribution and use of the national product, a strug- gle for the world product Schmidt says. "The struggle over oil prices may be followed tomorrow by a similar struggle over (he prices of oilier import raw materials. And since what is at stake is not just pawns on a chessboard, but the peaceful evolution of the world economy and the prosperity of the nations of. the world, we need a politically sound philosphy if we are lo win this dangerous fight." McNamanfs experts at the World Bank estimate that India alone will have- to find an additional SI billion a year just to pay the increased cost of pil at present prices. In addition, the hundred poorest countries of the world, where two billion people exist, percent of them in semi- starvation, the rise in fertilizer prices will cost them an additional SI billion, which of course they do not have. 'Guess The Gazette's opinion Blanket breakup undeserved IN TELEVISION'S early days when many stations had a struggle to get off the ground, it was news- paper financing that gave the industry a forward thrust it badly needed. If it hadn't been for these investments then, in fact, probably there would not be three com- mercial networks in the field now just two with competition correspondingly reduced. Once the TV industry got going, the Federal Com- munications Commission encouraged this newspaper role. It took the view that such involvement could not legally be denied. It granted TV station licenses and sanctioned station transfers to newspaper interests. On occasion it upheld them, too, in challenges to license renewal, most of which came from wild-idea opportunists with no ability to deliver something bet- ter. Now, through complex evolutionary pressures and reorderings, the climate has changed. In the name of antitrust policy, diversity promotion, economic policy and competition values, the justice department seems to have concluded that broadcast-print cross-own- ership is a bad thing. But does that make it so? The tests should look for solid substance: Has either end of a cross-ownership package failed to serve the public interest? (The broadcast "fairness doctrine" almost guarantees performance on the air- wave end, under threat of license-nonrencwal.) Is there meaningful competition between and among the media, whatever owner-ties there arc? How, specifically, has cross-ownership disserved the public? What bad has come of it, if any? How are public interests damaged, if at all? What, in short, is the bill of particulars, case by case and place by place? Far more often than not when the issue is raised, cross-ownership proves to be doing appreciably more good than harm. If the justice department insists on untying all knots for the flimsiest reasons, congress ought to take a hand in seeing to it that the good rela- tionships endure and that the only ones to break arc really bad. "Were no oilier changes to affect In- tcniutioiutl trade." McNaimiru says, "lhe 1973 current account surplus of the developed nations would turn Into a deficit of billion ami the Idil) current account deficit of the developing nut inns would double to billion. Such ucilclls threaten the stability of the economics of the nations throughout the wnilil. Over-all harm "Individual nations may seek to finance the deficits by unilateral, hog- gar-my-neighhor policies of drastic exchange rate adjustments, and seven- trade restrictions. But such efforts to expand exports anil ri-sirict imports, if pursued by .many nations, can only lead lo a worldwide deflationary spiral. McNamara notes the fact that the most fighting has taken place in the poorest regions of the world. He equates political stability with economic stability. Helmut Schmidt comes closer lo the hone. "In lhe short he says, "there is at leasl a point beyond which economic stability would be in jeopardy. And that point is reached whenever the indus- trialized countries are confronted with intolerable adaption and reorganization problems incapable of being solved at shorl notice and are thus driven into employment crises or toward an even higher rate o'f inflation. I do not wish even lo contemplate a least theoretically which the irrational use of force might ensue People's forum On religion in the realm of letters By Congressional Quarterly WASHINGTON After more than 30 years of debate, the Federal Com- munications Commission is preparing to rule on the question of whether news- papers will be allowed to own television and radio stations in their main circula- tion areas. Adoption of a rule proposed by the justice department would bar newspaper owners from buying broadcast stations in their home cities. The proposed rule also requires newspaper owners already holding local broadcast licenses to sell or trade their stations within five years. The rule was first proposed by the justice department in 1968. Two years later, in 1970, the FCC agreed to consider adopting the proposal. But after a year and a half of hearings and heated debate, the Issue was dropped. But the justice department has pushed the issue, by petitioning the FCC lo deny television .and radio license renewals to major publishers for stations in St. Louis, Des Moines, and Minneapolis-St. Paul. In response to the justice'department's move, the commission has begun ,to re- sludy the proposed rule. At issue is whether newspapers should be allowed to own broadcast stations in (heir circula- tion areas. Participants in the debate have raised the following arguments: The Arguments NO pONCENTRATION of media own- Vy ership gives one company loo much control over the views which will be communicated in a community. And in some eases, that company can exclude lhe views of various minority groups. Groups opposed to broadcasting policies in their own communities have been among the most influential in pres- suring for adoption of a rule to break up newspaper-broadcast combinations. Maintaining concentration of control over the media at renewal time also can "exclude new faces and new ideas from most of the major argued lhe Rev. Everett C. Parker, director of lhe United Church of Christ's com- munications office in testimony before a senate committee in Parker pointed 10 lhe fad lhal "Negro broadcasters al present own almost no stations." The National Council of Churches also favors adopting the rule. The basic principle against media concentration, according to Albert II. Kramer of the National Citizens Com- mittee for Broadcasting, is "the presumption that (he more diversity of voices in the media, (he more likely you are to get robust debate and critical scrutiny of (he media itself." The justice department also is pushing for adoption of the rule lo eliminate what 11 considers lo be excess concentration of media power. "II doesn't make any difference to us if it's a good TV station or a crummy one, if it's libnral or con- explained Bruce B. Wilson of lhe antitrust division. "We look ill the economics." Focusing on compeliliiin as the key factor, (he justice department oblccls In newspaper-broadcast combinations which violate antitrust policy by allowing one company lo dumlnnlo a city's adver- tising and circulation market. ConcjrpSKlonal Quoiltirlv A month ago I wrote a letter to the Forum, of which more than half was omitted. These omissions were made under the intention of "editing without changing lhe meaning." Unfortunately I feel they did change the entire point of my letter to the extent of not just editing but censoring. Under the Lord's guidance, I asked my pastor if he could help me to possibly have my letter reprinted iii its entirely. He agreed with my grievance and on several occasions contacted The Gazelle but to no avail. The purpose of my letter, which I fell was written through the power of the Holy Spirit, was to emphasize that our only power against Satan is by the receiving of the Holy Spirit through ac- cepting Jesus Christ as our personal saviour. Also I wanted to point mil. the reality of the Satanic world of the devil and lhe spiritual world of Cod. Valuable scripture was omitted which I 'felt supported the purpose of my let- ter. To exclude mentioning the Holy Spirit, whom Christ sent as our power on earth after his death and resurrection, is not only censoring but coming very close to committing the unforgivable sin of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. If the People's forum has truly been established for the purpose of the public to express views on issues, then the public should be allowed the freedom of Hie press without censorship. I pray lhal others will also feel led to express their views on this subject by writing lo 'the People's forum. Lana Baker Hiawatha note-. If any pastor tried to intercede on Ms. Baker's behalf, he did not call the editorial department. But if others Write to the Forum quoting scripture and airing religious beliefs at length, the same thing will happen to those letters that happened to Ms. Baker's and to many others in the past: They will be shortened to include a minimum of that, or not printed at all. Any newspaper's letters column is intended mainly as a forum for opinions and ideas on.secular events and issues of the day, not as a pulpit. When current issues touch upon some aspect of religion, opinions reflecting that touch are acceptable here. But sermons are not. We think our readers neither want religious tracts in this space nor would pay much attention if they got them. There are many other avenues for free religious expression in our society. To the extent that a newspaper is for news, letters in it, too, should be related to news. That's the way the People's forum will continue to function, as al- ways. If this is blasphemy, so be it. Having it big To the Editor: Cedar Rapids has it big produc- tion, big X-ratcd movies, big violence, big murders, etc. And our poor, poor children have to grow up in it all. When arc we going lo gel really wise? When are We going to give in to God and let Him guide our television, movies, businesses, schools, recreations, organizations, etc.? IIuw can we continue lo pretend that questionable influences don't sometimes produce horrible, tragic results, if not always? What greater tragedies must our people, young and old, endure? What will-it take before we all look to God for guidance in everything we do? Cedar Rapids should become an example to this nation. Please, please, lei's Kl-l big on God. Craig K. Seeley, jr. lillU avenue NW Not free TII the Kditnr; Knclosed is a copy of a form c-ived fmn, lhe s I'rlnlmg Office, after I sent mv request for melric charts thai we" v "Din the Jan. 27 issue of par "idli-Mcd .1 h charts were supposed to bo IMHIialyouinlgliiwanllondvisMlu- torso Parade that those charts a that wan. ll ,f, tlmi lirompled ihom to Mm, Herbert HriinklinrM M-nVuiily.riflh slri'ul NK Fod up Diets lire for piiiipli. who nn> thick anil llred nf It, 1 I'lillmtwt
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