Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 20, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Snow likely Lows 7 to 15. Thursday in 30s. VOLUME 92- NUMBER 09 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Nixon Spurns Resignation II BHB I ma, a I Call, To Stand and Fight Gazette Leased Wires HOUSTON Declaring that he will "stand and fight" to preserve the office, President Nixon Tuesday night brushed aside a plea that he resign from a previously stauncli Republi- can ally, Sen. James Buckley of New York. Nixon also refused again to relinquish 42 tapes the house ju- diciary committee deems vital to its impeachment inquiry. But he urged the committee to speed up investigation of intori mation it now has in hand on Watergate and resolve the issue. "Dragging on Watergate drags down Nixon declared. In a nationally televised, hour-long question-and-answer session before a" generally friendly audience of broadcast executives, Nixon said many Americans might share the sen- timents Buckley voiced that he resign and get the country out of the "Watergate swamp." Without judging guilt or in- nocence, Buckley said, the Pres- ident; should resign as "an ex- tr aqrdin of states- manship and courage." Nixon replied that it "would take courage :to stand and fight and dp 'the job elected to do. you've been And he said he was going to do just that. At his news conference, Nixon also: Told. Americans, that there would-be no gasoline rationing and that gasoline sales would be "allowed seven days a week. But he said that, as a rc.sult of the end of the Arab oil embargo, prices for petroleum products will go up. Directed liarshcr-than-iisuul jibes at congress for its futile efforts since last November to pass energy legislation that meets his requirements. Seemed somewhat more mod- erate in his approach to West- ern Europe than in his appear- ance Friday in Chicago. Nixon said he will continue to oppose a cutback in American troop levels there a threat he seemed to use as a club in Chicago. Said the U. S. will remain Israel's friend but that he feels "it is much better to have the U. S. a friend of Israel's neigh- bors and thereby able lo influ- ence and perhaps restrain their policies." Said. American, farmers "never had 'it so good, and we want; to; keep it this way be- cause the farmers aren't going to produce unless they get a good price." Sparred with.questioners about press, his relations saying the with the President should treat the media just as fairly as the press treats him and "the President has the right of self-defense." Throughout the session the crowd was .generally on the President's side. They applaud- ed some of the. tough questions on Watergate but they also clap- ped for many of Nixon's re- plies. Resignation In pledging he would dig in to fight for his office, Nixon said a resignation "would mean that every future preside over ment. The U. S. and the Free World need a strong president, not a president Who will resign whenever the polls are down." .President would a weak govern- President Rescinds Sunday Ban on Gas By United Press International Motorists will be able to buy more gasoline but probably at higher prices and on Sun- days from now on. And Pres- ident Nixon said he hopes those lines at the gas pump will get shorter and eventually go away. "It will not be necessary for us to have compulsory rationing in the'-United Nixon said to. the National Assn. of Broadcasters Tuesday in Hous- ton. "And effective this Sunday, I have rescinded the order which closes all service sta- tions.1' That .order was made last December. "Not Over But, he warned, "the shortage is not over yet. It will be neces- sary to continue our voluntary program of car-pooling and slower driving." Pressure will stay on oil prices, Nixon said, because "Arab oil costs about twice as much as the oil we produce in the United States." He said energy chief William Sirhon is "increasing allocations to industry and agriculture so they can have the necessary energy to operate at full capaci- ty." Earlier, Simon told news- men in Washington, "Gasoline is going to cost more and so is heating oil." A shortage such as (hat men- tioned by Nixon means Ameri- cans would have about (lie same gasoline supply as during the first week of March, when long lines at gasoline stations seemed to vanisli suddenly. A 5 lo 8 percent shortage would be a great improvement over Ihe 14 to 20 percent shortages of Feb- ruary, when tnolorisls waited in line for hours. Neither Simon nor Nixon es- Clnicfclc What to do until Ihe doctor arrives: money. Go out and borrow timatcd the extent of the price impact but Simon's .deputy, John Sawhill, has guessed the price of gasoline could hit 70 to 80 cents per gallon at the pump this summer. Energy officials hope these high prices will at least take the sting out of the remaining short- age by causing motorists to vol- untarily reduce their gasoline se. Energy .officials have said the allocation system must continue to assure fair dis- tribution and to cope with any shortages that remain. Since administration officials estimate it will take 60 to days for Arab oil imports to regain their pre-embargo levels, Nixon's remarks about gasoline appeared to mean that the fuel would be drawn from existing inventories to meet shortages in the meantime. Nixon apparently rejected the idea 'of rolling back fuel prices by government control and said the way to bring prices down is to increase production process that, admittedly, would take years. "Lack of Energy" As before, Nixon said would not budge on the prinii- ple of presidential confiden- tiality. He said he was trying to meet congressional demands for presidential files, "but I must think not of myself but of fulure Presidents." "I'm not going to do anything and I'm'not going to give in to any demands that I believe will weaken the presidency. I will not participate in the destruc- tion of the presidency of the U. S. while I am in office." Defy Subpoena? fo a question about impeach- ment, Nixon hinted if the house judiciary committee subpoenas the 42 tapes, he might ignore it. He was asked how he thought the committee could meet its responsibilities of impeachment when denied documents and evi- dence it feels necessary for a thorough investigation. He reaf- firmed'his stand on piesidential confidentiality and said "The house, of represent- atives, just like the President, is bound by the Constitution. The Constitution says a President shall be impeached for treason, bribery or high.crimes or mis- demeanors." "I am suggesting that the house follow the: he said. "If they do, I will" Nixon conceded there was a conflict between his state- ments March 6 before report- ers in Washington and last Friday in Chicago befoie busi- ness executives, about how he learned of payments being made to the seven .original Watergate conspirators. "My statement on March 6 was incorrect insofar as I (said I) learned payments had beeri made for blackmail, that pay- ments had been made for the purpose of keeping defendants still. I should have said I learned that payments were al- leged to have been made." Europe Nixon said he believes the U. S. and its European allies will 'work out the differences that (Continued: Page 6B, Col. 4.) 39 Senators Back Nixon On Resigning WASHINGTON (AP) A poll taken after conservative Sen. James Buckley called for Pres- ident Nixon's resignation shows .that 39 senators support Nixon's stand against quitting while 17 now favor his resignation In the Associated Press poll, taken hours before the Pres- ident vowed again that he will not resign, 33 senators declined to take a position and 11 others could not be contacted. Of the 17 senators urging res- ignation, all but two, Buckley and Sen. Edward Brooke (R- Mass.) are Democrats. Most of the 17, including Dan- iel Inouyc of Hawaii, John Tun- ncy of California, Frank Moss of -UPI Telepholo RE8OZO ARRIVES Charles "Gebe" Rebozo, left, close friend of President Nixon, arrives to testify before the senate Watergate committee in secret session about a campaign contribution from Industrialist Howard Hughes. By Mike Deupree Police officers who refuse to answer questions or .take lie de- tector tests in the grand jury in- vestigation of the police depart- ment will lose their jobs, under an ordinance adopted" by the city council Wednesday; The council voted 4-1, with Safety Commissioner James w (Photo on Page 2B) Steinbeck opposed, to pass the ordinance. It then suspended the rules requiring, three separate readings of the ordinance and formally adopted it, again by a 4-1 vote. The ordinance provides that any police officer shall forfeit lis position and shall be subject to immediate discharge from city employment if he refuses to answer questions specifi- cally, directly and narrowly re- lating to the performance of official duties, or to submit to a polygraph test, without being required lo waive the privilege against incrimination or who shall refuse or fail to appear when duly summoned connection with an official departmental investigation, civil service proceedings, grand jury proceedings, inquiry or inves- tigation by any individual or body authorized by law to" con- duct same." Ordinance Requested The ordinance was adopted in response to a request by Asst. Attorney General Garry Wood- ward. Woodward is serving as spe- cial prosecutor in the grand Utah and Birch Bayh of In-jjury investigation. diana, had previously ui'ged Nixon lo step down, but at least three members.declined to bo1 He asked for the ordinance Ex-Newsman Chet Huntley is Dead at 62 BOZEMAN, Mont; (AP) Former .television newscaster Chet Huntley, who teamed with David Brinkley for 14 years on NBC-TV's nightly Huntley- Brinkley Report, died Wednes- day. Huntley, 62, had been suffer- ng from lung cancer. He had jeen undergoing periodic treat- ment and underwent surgery in January. Huntley resigned from NBC in 1970 to develop Big Sky, Inc., of Chet Huntley Montana, a massive resort and ski complex in the Gallatin ?ayone southwest of Bozeman. Huntley and Brinkley were accidentally teamed by NBC at the 1956 national political conventions. They went so well together their show be- came part of American folk- lore. Besides top ratings. Hurilley- Brinkiey won every major tele- vision news award, including seven Emmies and two George Tester Peabody awards. Hunl- ey was the serious one, Brink- ey the wit. Hunlley was born in Cardwell, Uont., son' of a telegrapher. He won a scholarship to Mon- tana State college in 1929. Three Jones Co. Bond Each for Accused Slayer By Roland Krckeler ANAMOSA Bond was se at each for two men charged in Jones county .with ;he murder and rape of 17-year- old Maureen Connolly, Cedar Rapids. Atwell Junior Conner, 29, vhose residence is near Ber- ram, and George Junior Now- in, 31, rural Keystone, ap- >eared for arraignment before Magistrate Larry Conmey in Tones county district court at a.-m. Wednesday. Charges iad been filed in Jones county 'uesday. They are accused of the torch 10 rape and slaying of Miss Connolly, daughter of Mr. nd Mrs. Robert Connolly, 2301 tadowbrook drive SE. The two men were given until 1 a.m. March 27 to waive or emand preliminary hearings. County Attorney David Rem- ey recommended a bond n the rape charge, .but Magis- rate Conmey set bond at on each charge. Remley ad made no recommendation or bond on the murder charge. Conner and Nowlin were re- turned to the" custody. of Li Counfy Sheriff be returned to the-Liaa jail Neither defendant made an comment other than to reque hat attorneys appointed fo hem in Linn county be appoin ed for the Jones county charges Details have been filed i Linn-and Benton counties re a r d i n g searches conducte )rior to the arrest of the tw men. Among items sought in the nvestigation were a sawed off 0-gauge shotgun and a pocket cnife with a three- or four-inch >lade. These weapons were men- ioned as items sought in a earch warrant issued by Dis- rict Judge Harold Vietor early 'uesday in the investigation bat led to the arrest of two. They are charged with mur- ering and robbing Michael Ser- ey, 18, in Linn county early March 10. i Soviet 'Copter Down in China MOSCOW (AP) The'Soviet Union announced Wednesday hat ons of its helicopters made an emergency landing in China ast week and the craft and its hree-man crew have not been 'eturned. Tass news agency said the years of nowhere. .pavc no( SQ far produccd any Hn criticized congress for by name. ing to act on his legislative pro- posals to stimulate increased energy production from coal, oil shale, the Naval Petroleum Re- serve nt Elk Hills, Calif.4 and other sources, and to remove federal regulation from natural gas production. "The greatest shortage of en- ergy is the lack of energy on the part of the congress he said. "We have 63 percent of the coal in the world, and we should be using it." Meanwhile, in the Middle East, American oilmen said Arab oil production could ,be restored within a few days. "This is a matter of one or two said n spokesman for the Riant oil conglomerate, Aramco, the Arnbinn-Aincrlemi company thnl operates in Saudi Arabia. Oil industry spokesmen said Col. n.) The 39 senators opposing res- ignation were almost evenly] split between Republicans Democrats. However, several members, including Democrats George McGovern of South Da- kota, Edward Kennedy of Mas- sachusetts and Lloyd Bcntsen of Texas, opposed resignation be- cause Ihcy felt the proper way to setilc the que'stions surround- ing (he President is through im Chinese had been asked to "see o it that the crew and the heli- copter be found and returned to he Soviet side. "But the Chinese authorities WASHINGTON (UPI) The 31 announced Wednesday that had recovered about the ransom paid the dnapers of Mrs. Gunnar Kron- 1m, 46, wife of a banker. 'BI Director Clarence Kelley id the money was found under snowmobile trailer in a arage of a vacant home in urnsville, Minn., where they elieve the kidnapers held Mrs. ronholm captive. Mrs. Kronholm said she re- nained cairn during most of her iree-day ordeal, several hours f which in the runk of a car. But toward the nd, she said, she" became :quite shook." She said that Monday, after he ransom ;had been'delivered and she learned through radio >roadcasts that a suspect had )een captured, she persuaded the man with her 'lo let her go. As'far as she two men were involved. She., said they wore ski masks when they seized her Friday start- ed to drive away from her home. Her 'husband paid the ransom from.fuhds from his. bank. Kelley said that FBI agents are processing and conducting a detailed accounting of the money, and the exact amount recovered will riot be known for some time. The FBI. said Tuesday that one of its agents, wearing Kroi> lolm's clothing, delivered the after'a drive of more han seven hours with stops at spots to receive further nstructions. James William Johnson, 27, arrested Monday, was held in bail on a charge of ex- tortion. A preliminary hearing was set for next Tuesday. Pocket Knife ply lo the Tass said, i The search warrant for a 'brown-handled pocket knife vith a three- or four-inch blade" lonfirms reports that Servey uffered numerous stab wounds o the body in addition to the atal gunshot wound to the head. The shotgun sought by of- icials has not specifically; been escribed as the murder weap- n, concerning which authorities lave refused to comment. The sought-after shotgun was lescribed in the warrant as a 'single-shot, 20-gauge hammer ype shotgun, barrel cut off ahead of forearm, and stock cut ff at pistol grip, being wrapped with black electrical tape, the barrel being rusty, the side ilate blued and the wood grip (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) peachmcnt by the house and in' the state welfare depart trial by Ihe senate. Of Ihe 33 sennlors. who de- clined to respond lo the survey, most did iiol want to prejudice their slnlus as potential jurors should the house send an im; pcaclnncnt bill to Hie senate. Senators Mike Mansfield, Mont.) nnd Hugh Scott (R-Pa.) Ihe Democratic and Republican lenders of the senate, boll) de- clined comment. INDIANAPOLIS (AP) A 17-! year-old justice of the peace cited as too young to hold office legally is worried his only, of- ficial act may be invalid. It was a marriage. "Gosh, she (the bride) works gasped His Honor, Marc L. Griffin of Greenwood, Ind. "I hope she hasn't heard about Ihis or she's really going to be upset." Griffin, a Republican eligible to vote for the first time this spring, was appointed White River township's first justice of the pence on Feb. 10 by Johnson county commissioners. Governor Oils Bowcn commis- sioned him the same day, mak- ing him Indiana's youngest pub- lic official. The small communi- ty is about 10 miles south of here. He says he will seek to keep the office despite Ally. Gen. Theodore Sendak's opinion Tuesday that a justice of the peace must by law be at least 21 years old. Griffin, wllo turns 18 on May 25, contends there is no specific limit, allowing any regis- tered voter lo serve. "The township has invested a lot of money and I've invesled a lot of lime and my own money to get an nfficicnl court he said. "The township allocated office space, supplies were purchased stale laws setting minimum and some were even contributed by people who said, 'Yeah, I read about you in the paper. Thai's great.' "Now this (the opinion) is a big stop sign. I couldn't fine somebody ?1 for speeding down Indiana 37 when I don't even know if I'm legal." Other than Ihe marriage two weeks ago, Griffin has per- formed no official acts, but he said he was prepared to open his office soon. The .IP position pays per case up to a year, which Griffin said he in- tended to give the township. Scndak said the 20th Amend- ment, which gave 18 year olds Ihe right to vote, left intact Feb. 28 Gets First Place in Draft Draw WASHINGTON (AP) Men jorn Feb. 28 drew number.one in today's draft lottery for the leariy two million young men Jorn in 1955. The lottery was being held as usual in case it becomes neces- sary to resume inducting Amer- icans into the armed forces. Earlier in the lottery, young students had picked Jan. 5 as number two', Feb. 16 as number three, Sept. 24 as number four, The complete list num- bers in Wednesday's stand- by draft lotteiy will appear in Thursday's Gazette. June 27 as number five, March 13 as number six, March 6 as number March 24 as number eight, and Oct. 22 as number nine. In remarks prepared for the second annual standby lotlcry lo assign the numbers, John D. Dewhurst, deputy director of se- lective service, said the purpose s "insurance plain and sim- ple." He said "there is nn In'.cn- tion" by President Nixon or by congressional leaders who ages for holding office. Sendak said any registered voter may run for office, but "the right lo declare candidacy and the right to hold office are not necessari- ly the same." Griffin, a business service representative for Indiana Bell Telephone Co. since graduating from high school in January, the only candidate running for While River township justice of the peace in the May 7 primary. they're talking about ago reslrictions, why don't they turn it around and put one on Hie other he said. "Say, when you're 50 you can't be governor or a stale representative." (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Today's Index Comics ....................7D Crossword .................7D Daily Record ..............3A Deaths .....................3A Editorial Features.........OA Farm ......................8U Financial 81) Marion ....................BH Movies 4C Society ...............10IM3B Sports ..................1D-OD Stutc ...................1C-3C Television ................IOC Want Arts ............101M3I)
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 145+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.