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Cedar Rapids Gazette: Saturday, March 16, 1974 - Page 7

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   Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 16, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa                                    tut    iWmb          Editorial Page          Saturday, March 16, 1974     Political Mount Sinai  Is winning worth it?  FOR A ('LASSIC square-off between character building and the victory ethic in sports one need look no further than Linn-Mar Community schools, where coaches and school board members sensibly are airing out the problem.  Happily, junior high youngsters are turning out in unprecedented numbers for basketball. Never mind that some cannot dribble a gym’s length without kicking the ball. Seventh and eighth graders are participating with enthusiasm, and that’s what counts. In keeping with the commendable school policy, coaches try to give near-equal playing time to all  The trouble is, though, the crowding of the basketball court by fumbling 12-, 13- and 14-year-olds makes it difficult for coaches to focus attention on budding athletes who someday may carrs the Lion banner against other schools.  Moreover, a number of parents sen' the “everybody plays” system as so much folly. The sight of mediocre players blowing a lead built up by first-stringers miffs some folks—principally the parents of the more gifted athletes. Naturally, it is the coaches who must stand the gaff.  The question (still unresolved) put to the Linn-Mar school board is this: Should the “everybody plays” program be scrapped in favor of a setup giving more attention to better players?  Obviously, the junior high sports dilemma at Linn-Mar is not the weightiest of problems. As was noted at a recent board meeting, a properly supervised  program encompassing intramural and interscholastic sports probably would satisfy all needs.  What makes the question attention-worthy, however, is its reminder that policymakers in every school district inevitably must face tough questions: At what age should children begin vying for spots on the Big Team? If a win-or-else philosophy is adopted, does sufficient physical-education instruction remain for nonathletes? What is a winning tradition really worth?  It may surprise some that Linn-Mar (no athletic mill) is thinking of singling out tall, swift seventh graders for more attention. But the sports pressure cooker begins to simmer at even lower grade levels in other locales — notably certain towns in Texas and Ohio (football) and Indiana, Kentucky and Illinois (basketball).  The pattern seldom varies: A high school coach may minor in character building as long as he majors in winning. How better to guarantee top caliber teams than to give promising youngsters five or six years of pre-high school competition? Since athletic “free rides” outnumber full academic scholarships, parents of physically-robust children naturally are tempted to hone youngsters’ sports skills early.  The psychological effects of grade school and junior high sports mania are for specialists to determine. But it doesn’t take a trained eye to spot the penalties absorbed by most children in a school system where parental pressure forces special attention for a minority.  Modern rarity: lower bill  AS FURTHER proof that you can get results at city hall, the Cedar Rapids city council is reducing sewer rental portions of residential water bills this summer. The move acknowledges that sewer use, ordinarily charged at 55 percent of the water bill, really doesn’t increase apace with water use during the summer. Extra volumes used for car washing and lawn soaking are washed away through storm sewers, not sanitary lines.  So, instead of tacking a 55-percent sewer-rental fee onto the water-use bill, the water department will take the average of a user’s wintertime sewer-use billings and apply it to summer bills. To frame an example, a total $15.50 bill ($10 water, $5.50 sewer-use) for a two-month winter period would not be doubled should the user require $20 worth of water over a like period this summer. He would pay about  double for water but no more for sewer use. The total bill thus Would be about $25.50.  The seasonal reduction in sewer-rental rates is no big deal, of course: no one will save more than several dollars at most. But in a year when the price of just about everything else is blasting into orbit, a modest break in utility billing is pleasant news. The water department and city council acted commendably in answering petitioners for the change.  The noted difference between sanitary and storm sewers mandates another hat-tip. this one to policymakers of long ago who decided to separate tin* city’s sanitary and storm sewer systems. Their foresight not only permitted today’s modest adjustments in summertime sewer use rates, it saved the city from monumental sewage treatment headaches.  Favorite season  Spring rites revised  By Richard I. Worsnop  Those wonderful folks who  brought you the Fnicorn Hunting Si* a son last autumn haw thought up a novel way to welcome spring On March 20. the Unicorn Hunters of I^ike Superior State college, Sault Ste Marie, Mich., plan a ritual Snowman Burning Poetry will be read, followed bv the “ceremonial burning in effigy and su< rifle tai eating of the snowman  inother \ inc  “A million dollars isn t all they inherited. Look at this  Well, that’s one way to observe the arrival of the vernal equinox — the exae I tune at which the sun s center crosses the equator and days and nights are everywhere of equal length Other people equate the arrival of spring with the return ol the swallows to the old mission of San Juan Capistrano, Calif This event has traditionally occurred every March 19 since 1778 Tradition also holds that the buzzards will return to Ibm kiev. Ohio, on March 15 from their winter quarters in the Great Smoky Mountains to rear their voung  Spring is silly season on the nation •> college campuses To the current fad of “streaking nude in public places, a couple of male students at Georgetown university added a new dimension bv streaking through the reading room of the university library on a motor* v< Ie  Spring is a smjson of hojx* and renewal, tolerant of such escapades It is the time of year when it is permissible to entertain the thought that Watergate arid the energy crisis are. if nor! over, at least drawing to a close* But, as has also been said (Henry Van Dyke in his book, “Fisherman s Luck”): “The first dav of spring is one thing; the first spring day is another ”  Iditor.ol Research Reports  Freedom knocked down?  Print-shackles clank  By James J. Kilpatrick  TIT ASMI XGTON - This is shop talk. VV but it is shop talk of concern beyond the editorial offices of a newspaper I mean to voice an apprehension that freedom of the press is in considerable danger these days and to suggest that those of us who live by the printed word had better try harder to explain our position to the people.  This is not a novel theme. When the startling case of Tornillo v the Miami Herald began working its way through the Florida courts a couple of years ago. the signs of an approaching storm were as visible as Elijah’s cloud in the distant sky Recent events indicate that the cloud grows larger, and the storm gets nearer  In January, Arkansas’ respected Sen John McClellan directed national attention to the Florida ease, which had just been accepted for supreme court review. lit* recommended that the senate give “careful study and consideration to the possibility of enacting a national law similar to the Florida statute.”  That is to say, McClellan recommend-cd a national “right to reply’’ law. which would compel publications to print replies from persons who felt aggrieved by published criticism of them.  On March 7, President Nixon sent a message to congress that appeared to echo some of McClellan’s thinking. The President hoisted a trial balloon on the matter of a federal libel law . Washington reinters began to speculate that Nixon also is toying with the notion of a congressional a* t requiring newspapers to extend a “right to reply " in the case of federal officeholders or candidates for federal office.  Some notice ought also to tie directed to the supreme court’s holding in the famous Pentagon Papers ( ase of 1971, in which six of the justices indicated that under certain circumstances a newspaper could be prevented from publishing certain material.  rhis ominous attitude was confirmed bv implication a few months ago, when the court refused to review a Louisiana case in which two reporters were fined for publishing an account of a court proceed! dec rec*.  a “national commitment to the principle that debate on public issues should be uninhibited, robust, arid wide open. and that it may include vehement, caustic*, and sometimes unpleasantly sharp attacks on government and public officials.”  The court held that a public official could not recover damages for defamatory falsehood relating to his offic ial conduct “unless he proves that the statement was made with actual malice, that is, with knowledge that it was false or with reckless disregard of whether it was false or not.”  The “Times rule,’’ as it became known, subsequently was broadened in a series of related decisions extending the rule to public figures generally. This is the* rule that Nixon pronounced last week as “virtually a license to lie where a political candidate, a member of Ins family, or one of his supporters or friends is involved.”  Insights  Evil is never and so well with a good  done so thoroughly as when it is done conscience.  Blaise Pascal  in v ml a Don of a judge’;  VV hat the President is urging is a reversal, or at least a major modification, of the* doctrines laid down by the supreme court ll) years ago this month in the (ase of Times \ Sullivan That was the (ase in which Justice* Brennan, speaking for a unanimous court, defined  I have myself expressed the v iew that the court has overextended the Times rule. The doctrine gives the* press rather more freedom than we truly ought to have. But the thought of a “federal libel law” or a “federal right to reply law” raises towering questions of First Amendment freedoms It is inconceivable that such enactments could survive constitutional challenge  But is it inconceivable? We of the press are riot widely loved Politicians would like nothing better than to see public c riticism suppressed. If a free* press is to survive as a Jeffersonian “bulwark of liberty,” strenuous efforts will have* to lie made lo explain the enduring value of our First Amendment freedoms  What Im‘gun two years ago as a cloud no larger than a man’s hand is turning into ,i thunderhead of sudden, perilous concern.  Was! mgfon Star 'yndirotr  People’s forum  Interference  To the Editor I want to correct some misconceptions la the “Dear Abby’’ column of Jan 2, whic h her Statement of Feb 27 failed to correct  'Flic* idea is false that anytime a nearby radio signal is picked up by a nearby piece of home-entertainment equipment fins is Hie fault of "unshielded amateur radio equipment ” The truth is that it is a result of preventable oversights in Hic* design of such nearby home entertain merit equipment.  There is absolutely no advantage in construc ting “unshielded” short-wave radio transmitting equipment. The law stales that signals transmitted shall be as free from the emission of spurious radiation and harmonics as the state* of the art permits ( (instruction information in amateur radio publications thoroughly lovers techniques and designs-to meet this eonimon-sense requirement. Then tests are outlined to cover adjustment and checking to assure to operators that this condition is met.  The reason radio signals sometimes do hitc hhike through nearby home entertainment equipment is that too often this equipment is totally unshielded Much equipment on the market today is made of plastic, which means all the circuitry is exposed to any nearby radio signals This is not the fault of the nearby transmitting equipment. It is poor engineering design on the part of the home-entertainment equipment manufacturer.  Even so, such design is easily correc ted (’arrective measures in the equipment reproducing unwanted signals can be applied by any competent technician in a shop where such equipment is normally serviced. You can pretty well “cookbook” the* necessary procedures by analyzing the electronic circuitry so bothered.  However, because the 2h5,O0O radio amateurs in this country feel outraged by the attac k made on them in Abigail V an Buren’s column, more effec tive corrective action is being undertaken legislatively. A bill to amend the communications act of 1924 makes it mandatory for manufacturers of home-entertainment equipment to design it so such problems are prevented in advance. This merely mandates what the Federal Communications Commission has asked be done voluntarily in years gone by. . . .  I fervently ask that concerned citizens, inc luding all amateurs, citizens’ band operators, radio and television service personnel and those in broadcasting, join in asking that this highly desirable legislation tx* enacted to provide the* only answer to the problem. . . . The place to write concerning HR3518 is Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, Subcommittee on Communications. Tor-bert ll. MacDonald, chairman. 2125 Rayburn Office Building, Washington. I). 20515.  Lee F. Blodgett 505 Tenth avenue Marion  Flag-wave  To the Editor:  Concerning amnesty for those who fled to Canada to stay out of the draft during the V ietnam war: I do not know if we should have been there, but our country felt we should and called upon our young men to defend what our country felt was right.  I sent a son and son-in-law over, and another son had stateside duty. They didn’t question if it was right or wrong but went bec ails** their country called Proud of being Americans, they didn’t run but served our country.  Anyone who is proud to he an American should do wha! is asked. If not, he should leave but then not come back after it is over and ask for amnesty. . . If this sounds a> if I am waving our flag. I am I thank heaven I'm an American.  Patric ia R Williams 2051 Shorewood drive NE  Atonement  To the Editor;  Recent election results from heavy Republican districts in Michigan arid Ohio clearly indicate the Grand Old Party has devised a face-saving procedure for all disenchanted Republicans to follow Having spent months underground meditating, they appeared grateful for the c hance to  emerge and absolve their politic al sins iii the voting booth  Limbo apparently gave them ample lime lo re-examine fruits of their labor, in particular their role iii contributing to the delinquency of voters in HH and 72 Asa result of thai binge, they are hung over with a protege who is still fiddling while I hey burn  Perhaps it s a bit premature to tell what effec t the coming-out party will have on others who were exposed to the same bug. However, one (lung is pettedly clear thoughtful people from Ford and Taft country, in their charity, have provided an escape hatch for all who would care lo have the light ol reason shine* upon them.  ll now becomes a matter of great concern whether Republicans and their buddy Democrats will sponsor streaking, thereby leaving their former idol to slow Iv tw ist and turn  J J Earley I KIK Thirteenth street NAV  Girl Scouts  To the Editor:  What a low blow to open the* Sunday (March IO) Gazette and see a full page* picture spread on Camp Fire activities I am not a Camp Fire Girl hater, and it was a marvelous presentation, but that day was National Girl Scout Sunday.  I searched the rest of the pages for a Girl Seoul mention hut found only four pictures of Horizon Girls, plus four of Eagle Boy Scouts. It must have seemed a slap in the face to the hundreds of Girl Scouts in Cardinal (’ouncil.  Please tell me it was an oversight or poor timing on your part, and FII forgive I’m sure you can make it up to them. “Equal representation” is what I’m c rying for.  Happy birthday . Girl Scouts.  Dorothy Klinkhanimer 4041 Soutter avenue SE  (Editor s note: Due to the volume of club and organizational news published in The Gazette, it is virtually impossible for the women s section staff to solicit each group's "news events. The staff relies on organizations publicity chairmen or public relations departments for word of special or newsworthy events. To date no notices have come from Cardinal Council concerning Girl Scout activities in celebration of Girl Scout week.)  Pueblo’ special  To the Editor  I have just finished watching the television special, “Pueblo” It is one of the most moving and informative programs I have ever seen  Many people remember the news coverage when the F S S. Pueblo was captured, but unfortunately, most of them have forgotten the incident or merely pushed it aside in their memory. I commend the efforts of all who took part in the* presentation of this television spec ial Congratulations also to AHC for produc ing an outstanding television special.  I feel sorry for any person who switches! to another channel and missed this outstanding documentary of what took place (luring the capture of the Pueblo and the* imprisonment of its crew.  Debra Foley 940 Sixteenth avenue* SW  Heart help  To the Editor  The Cedar Rapids alumnae group of Alpha Phi sorority wishes to express its thanks to the merchants who allowed us to sell lollipops iii their places of business during this year’s lollipop drive* S|M*eial thanks go to those who took an active interest in the project  As a result of these merchants’ cooperation and help. Alpha Phi will purchase three mannequins for use in cardiae pulmonary resuscitation training. a technique of mouth to mouth respiration and external heart massage  < arni A Browne 2181 Fairy drive NE Chairman. Alpha Phi Heart drive  New sound undermines musicianship  Some music charms, some makes you sick  By Don Oakley  MODERN classical music drives you up the wall you say Give a thought to the |M*ople who have to play it  ( ucophonous contemporary classical music can produce protrac ted nervous and other ailments among musicians, a recent study In West Germany found Mozart and the like, however, tend to soothe the frayed nerves af orchestra and audience alike  Two Frankfurt psychiatrists made a study of 2UH professional music urns in three orc hestras The lirst played con-temporary music exc lusively, the second  occasionally and the third practically  never.  The study report-, that after rehearsing ' ( r ta in mode rn w or ks, I he • ut ire on hestra felt ill On the other hand, the musicians fell increasing!*' better the more they played the older classical wor ks.  Of those musicians who often or mainly played modern music. 82 percent were nervous, HI percent irritable and 82 per cent quarrelsome Some 39 percent suffered from sleeplessness and 22 percent from he adaches. ( ura< lies and depressions. A good number complained of  diarrhea, pains in the heart or impotent v  One explanation the psv hiatrists of-I* red for the psychical distress < aused by modern music is that “Musicians are disappointed because they are unable to apply e verything they have learned ar 11st it ally  “’rills is coupled with the feeling of sinking into an anonymous mass in which individual abilities are neither applicable, or audible, nor required This casts doubt on the entire meaning of their long arid strenuous training ”  So mu* h for modern c lassie al music  What we need now is a similar study of the effects of roc k music on players and listeners  Doc tors have already warned thai the shrill dec Kiel level of roc k music c an cause hearing impairment What the relent It ss, incessant, pounding beat of rock does to the human psyche is a question that is long overdue for investigation  N*w%p<iimh tnto.prtt* A tux moon •  Zapped  Thanks to jogging, more people are now collapsing iii perfect health than ever before  CO Ona * Mi nu* *\%   

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