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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 14, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- tonight, lows In 30s. Chance of rain Friday, hlghj in VOLUME 92-NUMBER 63 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAU RAPIDS, IOWA, THURSDAY, MARCH 14, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES TV CREW DIES IN AIR CRASH Senators VoteDeath Penalty Bil .WASHINGTON (AP) Th senate lias passed a bill di signed to overcome the 197 supreme court decision agains the death penalty. bill, passed Wednesda by a 54-33 would restot under certain circumstances th death penalty for treason, espic nage or murder. Iowa Sens Hughes and Clark voted agains the bill. No early action on the bill i expected, in the house, parti because its judiciary cohimitie is occupied-Tvith an inquiry'ml the possible impeachment'" President Nixon. Conflicting yiews The vote, senate revealed sharp] conflicting views over the vain of the death penalty as a detei rent to crime. Some also ques tioned tie constitutionality the bill and others denounced as morally repugnant. Others among those, wh voted, against it were.' 'Sens Percy and Kennedy (D Mass.) both of whom have ha immediate members of thei family murdered. to. congress b Nixon a'year- ago, designed to overcome the su preme court ruling that th death penalty, as applied unde existing laws, was. unconstitu tional. A score of states passed measures -to restore th death penalty, many of them similar to the bill approved by the senate. Discretion An attempt to give judges am juries discretion in imposing the death even when ag I grayating factors exist, was de ffeated 4740. with Hughes and Clark voting witfr the minority. senate also killed two at tempts to add riders outlawing the so-called Saturday nigh specials the small, cheap handguns used in many crimes. ..An amendment which would have banned the manufacture o the guns was beaten, 58-31 and a b'roader amendment, which would, have provided also for registration and licensing of the guns, was beaten, 68-21. _The senate also adopted an amendment prohibiting the ex- ecution of a pregnant woman until after she gives birth, 87-0 but defeated an 'amendment that would have opened'execu- tions to live television; 81-10.-. Resulting In Death: The bill would -restore the death penalty for espionage, (Continued: PageS, Col. 4.) Saving by DST Rated Negligible WASHINGTON (AP) Two months of winter Daylight Sav- ing time hasn't saved, any measurable amount of elec- tricity, according to utility com- pany officials contacted in an Associated Press survey. Offi- cials said electricity consump- tion in most areas is consider- ably lower than had .been ex- pected, but credited conserva- tion efforts and a generally mild winter. Today's Index Comics .....................28 Dally Record Deaths.....................'-3 Editorial Farm ......................18 Financial ..................29 Marion Movies Society ..................H-17 Spot-Is ...................Zl-2 osed Miller primarily on tw jrounds. Those reasons, he said, Ver Miller's opposition in- 1963 t Spiro Agnew as Nixon's runmini mate (the senator: preferrin[ then New York mayor and Re tublic'an John and hi rate .against Earl Butz as secre ary of agriculture. "Knew Nothing" Judge Miller, -named by. thi 'resident in late. June of 1973 t he U.S. court am latent appeals, said in a tele- hone conversation ;Wednesda; e knew nothing of such "b'ldck- ;ge" attempts. "I wouldn't attribute to Hal- eman or. anyone else over here being that Judge vliller told The Gazette. Both Washington skepVnot to be named. associated with le senate, said, "Numerous peo- le. in and out of the White 'ouse, people working on the Till and some connected 'with Judge Miller H. R. Haldeman he senate judiciary committee, aid there was a blockage at- empt." Flat Identification He said that some 'identified le person .opposed to Miller as ligh hinting it was Hal- man, while one flatly iden- fied Haldeman as the one locking Miller's consideration. "Friends of Sen. Miller went i'work on it, and in the final nalysis Haldcman saw he ould. be faced with strong op- if anyone but Miller as under consideration for the ost. the source said Haldeman as also unhappy with Miller's pposition to.the SST and his ote" against Clement Hayns- orlh, jr., to the U.S. supreme ourl. Report Confirmed The other source, still ns- iciatcd with the senate, con- rmed the blockage report, say- g only that it was someone ligh up" in the administra- 6n, Miller, defeated by Dick Clark a bid for n third term to the mate, said he approached the h.ife House In December; of 72 and again in early January 197.1, "indicating interest In n judgeship if one was available." Miller said the vacancy on the court did not" come up until around March 1, 1973, at which time "I am sure the-President was aware of my desire for the job. "The President personally okays these Judge Miller "and it was shortly after that I was contacted to fill out a ques tionnaire." Prerequisite Miller explained that the questionnaire was a prerequisiti to investigations of his back ground by the American Bar Exxon Pays 14 Million Ransom for Executive BUENOS AIRES (AP) Exx- on's-Argentine subsidiary await- ed the release Thursday of kid- naped American oil refinery manager Victor after paying Marxist terrorists a recofd million ransom in !100 bills, company sources said. The informants said the com- )any had offered million, and when this was turned down it threatened to disclose its negoti- ations with the guerillas. But they said guerilla leaders old the company Samuelson's >ody would be found wrapped in an American flag, and-that he was being led to his execution Monday night when the com- >any made last-minute contact and agreed to the guerillas' de- mands. "The guerillas were reportcd- y extremely impressed by the :omposure of Samuelson, who irayed as he went to what was totiave been his the Buenos Aires Herald reported. Delivered by Car Sources close to" the case saM the money was brought to Ar- gentina in wooden boxes weigh- ing close to "300 pounds and stuffed into the trunk of a car. The driver, followed complicated guerilla instructions, from point to point, to make the payment, they said. E s s o Argentina announced Wednesday .that the money had :een delivered to the People's Revolutionary Army, the ERP. It said the final ransom demand be fulfilled Thursday with >ublication in Argentine news- >apers of an advertisement stat- ng that the ransom was "part of the super-earnings obtained n Argentina through exploita- tion of its workers." (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.) Assn. committee on the judici ary and the FBI. The'.attempt to block Mille came in the period befor March 1, one of The 'Gazette sources .said. "It was known that this vacancy was coming the source said. The" source said he was talk ing just recently :with. a forme White -.House staffer "who i not connected with Watergate' who also told him of tin White House opposition to Mill er. "He said he was one on. the staff .who pushed Miller for th judgeship. "Nixon No Knowledge" "I am sure the President hac no knowledge the senator was interested in sources told The Gazette. Judge Miller said he did no convey his interest in the posi tion directly to the President a any time, nor. did he ever talk with Haldeman. Following the investigation, the President on June 28 signet the Miller nomination papers a; San Clemente, and they were flown back for senate action. Quick Approval In near record time, the sen- ate approved Miller's appoint- ment to the lifetime and on July. 6 President Wxon formally approved the appointment. Judge Miller, in commenting on the reasons for the reported laldeman opposition, said "no one in the senate had a perfect roll call vote as far as the Pres- dent was concerned. "I should note that in the first our years of the Nixon ad- ministration, I was among the op ten percent in those support- ng the President's programs. "Nothing like this (votes igainst Butz, Haynsworth, etc.) vas ever thrown up to me in my xmversations House." with the White Ford: Oil Cutoff Over; White House Is Unsure WASHINGTON (UPI) Vice- resident Ford said Thursday ic had been told that the Arab oil producing countries had agreed to lift their embargo against the U.S. The White House adopted a wait-and-see attitude. And, Secretary of State Kis- singer said he has received no word yet. "Your speculation will be as Rood as Kissinger said in a state department brief- ing. Ford said it was his under- standing that announcemen would be made in a day or two nit his press secretary saic later that Ford was relying on news reports.for his remarks. told there is no question about Ford said on televi sion. In recounting ministration accomplishments the vice-president cited "endini he oil 'embargo, by President Nixon and Secretary Kissinger I think that's a-great diplomat! step to the American people." "Wait and See" Asked about Ford's remarks a White House .'official said "We're taking a wait and se attitude" pending Sunday's re sumption of the oil ministers meeting in Vienna. Ford's press secretary, Pau said later, that Ford1 statements were not based o any .information he had re. ceived from Kissinger or othe U.S. officials. He was "basing that com- ment-merely on news reports he had heard." "It's my understanding tha Ihe oil embargo has been lift Ford said. The vice-president said he hai talked earlier Thursday wit! Secretary of .State .Kissinge who. has been leading efforts :tc lave .the Arab oil, embargo, in voked since the Mid-East wai regan last October, lifted. In Tripoli, Libya, a high- ranking Libyan official said earlier that the Arabs have agreed to end their oil embar- go against the U. S. and the' decision may be announced Sunday in Vienna. Agreement to end the oil war against the U. but nol against the Netherlands, was reported after a meeting Vednesday of nine Arab oil ministers in a Tripoli hotel. It was not announced officially be- :ause Libya remained firmly to any easing of the mbargo and refused to permit lie announcement on its territo- ry, sources said.' A brief communique said the ministers adjourned "to consult ieir governments." A Libyan ource said they would meet gain Sunday in Vienna during price-fixing session of the Or- anization of Petroleum Export- ng Countries. Trial Period Other Arab sources in Tripoli aid the embargo was being lift- d for a two-month trial period nly. Plane Hit Mountain; 36 Aboard BISHOP, Calif. (AP) A twin-engine chartered airplane carrying a television film crew smashed into a mountainside in Ihe rugged eastern Sierra, kill- ing all 36 persons aboard, of- ficials said Thursday. A helicopter pilot who spotted the burning wreckage in moun- tainous terrain flix miles east of here and landed at the scene said the Sierra Pacific Airlines Convair 440 had disintegrated. "They were all said Mike Antoniou. "All that we saw was a lot of burning. There or two months on the no apparent respW to thil tlia omViit-rrn Algeria, along with Syria and Jbya, had been expected lo ake a hard line against any :asing of the five-month-old em- largo, according to most press eports. But a Libyan news agency report indicated Algeria came up with a compromise solu- tion between the position of the hard-liners and the major- ity faction led by Egypt and Saudi Arabia which favored a complete lifting of the embar- go. Quoting "sources close to the the Libyan agency aid: "The sources said Algeria called for a lifting of the oil em- >argo against the United States standing that the embargo would be re-imposed if America did not fulfill its promises dur- ng this period.'" In Washington, a spokesman 'or the Nixon Administration in- dicated it would release reserve oil supplies to give the Ameri- can economy a boost as soon as Arab oil starts heading for the J. S. again. But one high of- ficial of the Federal Energy Of- fice key question was whether the Arabs, would re- sume production at the pre-Oe- tober level or maintain the cuts of 25 percent or more they or- dered to put pressure1 on coun- tries not affected by the embar- go- Shultz Will Leave Post WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- dent Nixon Thursday accepted with "a sense of personal re- gret" the resignation of Trea- sury Secretary George Shultz, effective in early May, the White House said. The impending departure of he last member of Nixon's orig- nal cabinet to still hold federal office was announced by Deputy 'ress.Secretary Gerald Warren. Noting that Shultz has talked several times of a desire to re- urn to private life, Warren said he 53-year-old economist would :ontinue to "assume special as- ignments" after leaving the reasury post he 'has held since 1972. Asked if Deputy Treasury ecretary William Simon, who Iso serves as federal energy hief, would be in line to suc- eed Shultz, Warren said, "I von't go down a cheek list of Shultz will also leave his dual Mst of assistant to the Pres- dent for economic affairs. He was at the University of hicago as dean of the business chool when named to serve as yells. "It was a very black night. The plane was disintegrated. The biggest part I saw was the tail section. The bodies were burned very badly." "Primal Man" The propeller-driven plane was chartered by Los Angeles- based Wolper Productions for filming the television series, '.'Primal Man." The flight was bound for Bur- bank, about 200 miles south of the crash scene, when it smashed into a ridge in dark- ness shortly after taking 'off from the -Bishop airport Wednesday night, officials said. About 10 Inyo county deputies and reserve officers hiked two miles over rugged terrain to reach the crash site early Thursday, a spokesman said. Going Home vice-president Productions, said the firm 'had chartered the plane to transport 31 persons from the cast and crew Man" back home Wednesday night. Mike Gray, 'a Wolper spokes- man, said the passengers in- cluded writer-director Dennis Azzarella, actors, stuntmen and technicians. One of the dead actors was identified as Janps Prohaska, 51, who'has played animals in a variety of "roles on television and in movies. His roles includ- ed the cookiejmooching bear on the Andy Williams TV show. His son also died in the crash. An Crew of Five airlines spokesman ecretary of labor in Nixon's rst cabinet in 1969. He became the first director the new Office of Manage- lent and Budget in July, 1970, ind served there until Nixon amed him secretary of the easury to succeed John B. onnally. Embargo's End Won't Bring Business-as-Usua WASHINGTON (AP) The anticipated end of the fivc- month-old Arab oil embargo should relieve U. S. fuel short- ages, but it probably won't bring back business-as-usual. Arab spokesmen, have al- ready issued reminders that the embargo can be used again if things don't go well in Ihe Middle East, and U. S. energy officials don't want the U. S. to be caught with an even greater dependence on Arab oil it that should happen. Those two factors alone add tip to 'the need, already ex- pressed by U. S. energy of- ficials, to keep saving fuel after the embm'Ro ends. Just how much Ihe nation may have to save depends on factors not yet revealed by the Arabs after their meeting Wednesday in Tripoli. A high Libyan a newsman Ihe Arab nations de- cided to lift the embargo. But he did not say when; or whether Arab production would return to prc-embargo levels; or whether it would be Increased to meet rising U. S. demand; or whether Arab oil prices, tripled since .Sep- tember, may be Counting tanker travel time, processing time and distribu- tion time, it may take six to eight weeks for Arab oil lo begin reaching the U. S. mar- ketplace once the embargo ends. U. S. officials estimate it could take up to three months for oil imports to return to pre-embargo levels. But U.S. petroleum de- mand has been rising steadily each year; domestic produc- lion has stagnated, and of- ficials say new demands can only be met by increased im- ports for the next few years, mainly from the Middle East. If Ihe Arabs decide not to increase production, the U. S. may have lo conserve oil with Increasing stringency until new energy resources can be developed. On the other hand, if the Arabs make available unlimit- ed oil imports, U. S. officials may still press fuel conserva- tion to keep those imports down. When the embargo struck last October, the U. S. depend- ed on the Arabs for about 12 percent of its petroleum, and the pinch hurt. It would hurt a lot more if a new embargo came after U. S. imports of Arab oil were allowed to reach 20 or 30 percent. That is why energy chief William E. Simon says his toughest job will.be to carry Ihrough on present policies for fuel conservation and energy development nfler Ihe em- bargo and, with it, the imme- diate emergency ends. An end to the embargo would bring no relief at all to Ihe problem of paying for foreign oil at the new, high prices. In fact, unless the prices were reduced, the in- crease of imports would only make the balance of pay- ments problem worse. Secretary of Stale Kis- singer, at a U. S.-summoncd meeting of large oil-importing nations last month, set a foreign price rollback as one of his major goals, hopefully to be achieved through an all- embracing conference of oil producing and consuming nalions this spring. Bishop said two pilots, an.ob- server pilot, a hostess and a passenger service represent- ative were aboard. Gray said the crew had trav- eled to the Mammoth mountain resort area near Bishop because a snow setting was film a Siberian tiger hunt by actors made up to portray Ne- anderthal men. The sequence was to be-in- cluded in the third segment of the four-part series on.: early man's struggle for survival, Gray said. The sequence was to have been shown May 2. A tiger had been rented for the filming, but Margulies said the animal 'was to be returned to Los Angeles by truck. Cause Unknown The plane hit at the level of the White mountains, which range up to feet ligh, according to reports from Inyo national forest offlcialE, the Inyo county the Fed- eral Aviation Administration and the Civil Air Patrol. The weather was clear at the time of the crash. The FAA said the cause of the crash was not known. Officials said no known distress call was made. Newspaperman Drowns ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) Bernard Kosinski, 54, general manager of the Anchorage Daily Times, was drowned Tuesday in a swimming ac- cident in Hawaii. Chuckle Work may not be as hard a.i It used to he, but it's certainly a lot more taxing, -copyright
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