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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Chance o? rain through Saturday. tonight near 50. Highs Saturday tills. CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR KAPIDS, IOWA, FRIDAY, MAHCII 8, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRKSS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Boy Kidnap By The Associated Press An 8-year-old Long Island boy kidnaped as he walked horn from school Wednesday was re leased unharmed early Friday after a ransom was paid, auth orities said. Officials refused to reveal tin amount, but there were report it was John Calzadilla of Dix Hills N.Y., walked into a Holiday House restaurant on the Jersey Turnpike near Secaucu about a.m. after being re leased from a black sedan authorities said. "The boy is fine. I thank tin FBI for a fine said the fa ther, Michael Calzadilla, a tire salesman. Tries To Call The father Thursday nigh had thrown the ransom money from his car on a New Jersey highway near the Lincoln Tun nel leading from New York. Percy Cox, manager of the restaurant, said the boy walkec in, asked for a soft drink am tried to make a telephone cal home without telling anyone who he was. "You wouldn't even have known anything happened to Cox said. "I'd be proud to have a kid as calm-as this one was after being away from home two days." A waitress, Margaret Janecki .34, said the boy told restauranl workers he was disappointec that he was not allowed to watch reports of his kidnaping on television. "Every Time" "Every time I came on TV they changed the she quoted him. John thought he had been held (Continued: Page 3, Col. 2.) Cedar Rapids Special Prosecutor Garry Woodward said Friday Cedar Rapids police officers will be allowed to take lie detector tests to clear themselves of crimes they have been accused of. The assistant attorney gener- al, who has been appointed to help the grand jury investigat- ing the department, said one 01 more officers have requested such a lie detector lest. He said a news conference to reveal the situation concerning such tests was called for Friday afternoon after a reporter in- quired whether he had directed an indidvidual to take such a test. A policy of the police depart- ment opposes such tests, he said, but arrangements have been made with Public Safety Commissioner James Steinbeck to allow it under the present cir- cumstances. He said the police chief had approached him concerning the general policy, but "I think all agree now." As a general nile, Woodward said, such a policy is good, but it cannot apply to n grand jury Today's Index Comics .....................21 Crossword ..................21 i Dally Record Dcnihs ......................-1 Editorial Fnrm Financial .................22 Marlon Movies ..................12." Society ..................10.11 Kporls Stnle.......................M TclovlHlon Want Adi................21-27 Nixon Seeks Curbs on Political Funds, Tricks WASHINGTON (AP) _ Pres ident Nixon Friday proposed new restrictions on campaign financing and prohibitions on so- called "dirty saying that "campaign abuses recently pub licizcd proclaim that the electoral process needs reform. "I am doubtful that any legis lalion can provide the panacea that some seek to guarantee absolute integrity in the elector al the President de dared in a message to congress. But he proposed a series of reforms and stated his op- position to some other sugges- tions which if enacted would change the face of American elections. Nixon said campaign f inane ing is "the most important area for reform and the area in which reform' is most required." 'I conclude that the single most important action to reform campaign financing should be broader public he said. Nixon's eight-page message listed these specific financing proposals: No individual could contribute more than to any senate or house candidate or more than lies Charged in Seed lion Cedar Rapids Four companies and number of individuals have jcen charged in federal indict- ments in connection with an alleged seed oats fraud scheme operated in a ten-state Midwest area Authorities s a i d estimated losses of more than re- sulted from the scheme. the indictments, returned by a Cedar Rapids federal grand 'ury Thursday and a Sioux City grand jury Feb. 22, culminate a rear-long investigation, accord- ing to the U.S. attorney's office. Companies named in the in- dictments are Interstate Seed Brokers, Inc., of Waterloo; Northern Seed Brokers and American Seed Brokers, both of Raymond; and Krop-King Seed Co: of Grand Forks, N.D. Individuals Indicted Among individuals indicted were Duane Sarby, Waterloo; Merritt Wolf, also known as Mert Wolf, of Cedar Falls, and Robert D. White of Waterloo. All are in custody. Several other individuals named in the indictments have not yet been arrested. Authorities said the alleged scheme generally involved the sale of seed oats at higher than market prices through dealer- ships, with promises that the crop would be bought back at ligher than market prices. The indictments say newspa- pers and farmers and others in lorlheast and western Iowa, II- inois, Minnesota, North and Soutli Dakota, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wisconsin and Col- orado suffered money losses as the result of the operation. Conspiracy Count The indictments, which in- elude a conspiracy count (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.) to any presidential can- didate. These limils would apply separately in primaries, runoffs and general elections. No cash eontribulion above no donations from foreign- ers, no loans and no donation of such non-money assets as stocks would be allowed. Organizations other lhan polit- ical parties, such as the AFL- CIO's Committee on Political Education or various industry political action committees, could not donate directly to a candidate. They could continue conlribuling lo political parties. All contributions to a can- didate would flow through only one commillee and would have to be deposited in a single bank. An independent federal elec- tions commission would super- vise federal election law, taking over functions now scattered amongst the house, senate and comptroller general. However, Nixon said he op posed, public financing of politi cal campaigns and proposed no over-all limit on the amount a candidate could spend. Nixon said that repeal of thi "equal time" provisions wouli reduce campaign expenditure; by allowing the flexibility tc provide free campaign coveragi to major candidates. In the dirty tricks area, Nixor said existing laws "are unclear and have been unevenly am sometimes unfairly enforcec through selective prosecution." Most recently a Nixon cam- -paign" 'Donald :Se- greltij was convicted and sen- tenced to jail for dissemi- nating a fake letter during the Florida campaign primary in 1972. A number of former Nixon aides have been indicted for other campaign activities or the cover-up of those activities in the Watergate affair. Nixon recommended that fed- eral law prohibit three areas of campaign practice: Disruptive and willfully mis- leading activities, such as dis- leminating false information or rigging public opinion polls. Coercive activities, such organized use of demonstrators :o impede entry to a campaign rally. Fraudulent election day prac- such as stuffing ballot or rigging voting ma- chines. Varying state laws deal with some of these activities. Nixon proposed that presiden- ,ial campaigns be shortened by lolding no state presidential pri- mary or state nominating con- vention before May 1 of an elec- ion year. And he said presidential na- ional nominating conventions should not be held until Sep- :cmber. Presently primaries begin in ate winter and run through Plan To Skin U.S. Banana Eaters? PANAMA CITY, Panama Ministers from seven .fllln American countries nrc meeting here in closed sessions o discuss ways of applying Aral) oil tactics to bananas.' Rut nn cxdculivo of the hnn- ma Industry warned; "People: in the United Slates are not going to slnml In lino to >uy bananas like they line up for gasoline." One proposal under discussion s a export tax on each rganizations the FBI consid- ered violence-prone and to top- lie their leaders from whatever lower and influence they hac imassed in the black and white lommunities, according to se- :ret FBI memos made public Thursday. The sheaf of documents, re- uctantly released.by the FBI on rders from Ally. Gen. Saxbe, Iso disclosed details of similar, ournterintelligence operations igainst the Socialist -Workers larty and the Ku Khix Klan. Socialist Challenge The Socialists have chal- enged the constitutionality of le tactics in a lawsuit pending n New York. The he documents indicate counterintelligence that pro- rams differed considerably rom the agency's more tradi- onal investigative functions. According to the mcmos, the a m p a i g n against "militant lack nationalist-hate groups" was launched Aug. 25, 1967, and expanded a year later to involve 41 FBI field offices across nation. The campaign against the So cialists began with a memo dated Oct. 12, 1961, and agains a memo datet the Klan Sept. 2, 1964. All three -opera- tions were officially terminatec by a previously-released memo dated April 28, 1971. The new memos, released under pressure from newsmen citing the Freedom of Informa- tion Act, were heavily censorec :o delete the names of. target or- ganizations' and individuals. Saxbe said he considered that information a part of investiga- :ive files and' thus exempt from the disclosure law. Startling Details Nevertheless, the memos pro-' startling details of the operation. In a March 4, 1968, memo ex- panding the black nationalist iperation the FBI noted two cases of successful projects. "For example, (censored) urnished information about a new (censored) grade school to appropriate authorities in (cen- ored) who investigated to de- ermine if the school conformed o (censored) for private the background information on parents of each memo said. It further noted that a particu Gazette Leased Wires sored) in the summer of 1967 until local police were alertec and the group leaders "were ar rested on every possible charge until they could no longer make bail. As a result, (Continued: Page 20, Col. 3.) Cedar Rapids The security guard who dis- covered a fire Monday at Prai- rie high school has been charged with arson. John H. Westphall, 26, Albur- nett, was being held in the Linn county jail in lieu of iond after a police investigation nto the cause of the fire. The.fire closed Prairie high chool for the week. Police identified Westphall as security guard whose duties chools. (Censored) obtained! (Continued: Page 20, Col. 3.) Surprise as Jobless Rate Is Unchanged WASHINGTON (AP) The a t i o n' s unemployment rate eld steady at 5.2 percent of the ork force in February despite ic energy crunch, the govern- ment said Friday. The Bureau of Labor Statis- cs, reporting the surprise sta- stic, said employment remain- J unchanged at 85.8 million 'hile the number of people out f work held at 4.7 million. Specialists in the bureau could Ter no reason for the sudden alt in unemployment, which as risen from 4.6 percent of the ork force since October, pri- a r i 1 y because of layoffs aused by the energy crisis. The bureau estimated that rom November through Febru- ry between and obs were lost directly because f fuel shortages. Net Increase One reason for the. apparen1 trength of employment in Feb uary was shown in, a separate urvey of industry, employment howihg that non-farm, payrol obs posted a net. increase o last month. showed that, eve :hough people were lai off -February .in manufai mainly because of th energy another 218.0C found jobs in service-producin industries and in co struction. The unemployment rate ha been expected to go up again the economy continued an a parent slowdown and the Ar oil embargo cut into indua production M One bureau official said on possible explanation is the mar >in of error built into the month y statistics. He said that per laps the January rise was over stated or the February repor understated. Average Week The official also said it is pos- ble that employers, anticipat- ng difficult fuel shortages, took 'xtremely stringent layoff mea- ures in January. The average work week of iroduction workers, which had eclined a month earlier, rose 36.9 hours in February, up .2 an hour. In manufacturing, le average work week increas- d 0.2 hour to 40.5. The average weekly paycheck ras up 77 cents from lattle for Golan Area anuary and from a year arlier. Simon Optimistic on Rationing Avoidance WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- ent Nixon held a lengthy eeting Friday with Republican tngressional leaders and it was ported afterward that his en- gy chief, William Simon, eels we are winning the battle avoid rationing at the present me." Rep. John Anderson lairman of the Republican nference committee, gave at assessment of Simon's ews. Senate Now Holds Bargaining Bill Fate DES MOINES Iowa sen- ate Republican leaders Friday apparently were divided on whether or not the senate will accept I he house version of the public employes collective bargaining bill. The house passed the mea- sure, 56-43, Thursday night after 12 days of emotion- charged debate during which 198 amendments were filed and some 65 adopted. The bill returns (o the scn- nie for action on the amcml- menls. The senate had passed the hill earlier. Views Vnry Ll.GoV. Arllnir Ncu said he wants to road the house amendments to the original senate bill before making n definite commitment, but that his gut feeling Is the senate probably will accept them rather than risking send- ing the hill hack lo the house. Sen, Republican Lender Clif- ton Liiuiliorn who is not one of (he bill's ad- vocates, said he wants to read house amendments "and it may take me until April 15 lo do it." Earlier this week, Lamborn said he was shooting for an April 1 adjournment dale, which would mean the legisla- ture would not be in session on April 15. Praised, Assnllcil The measure was praised by its sponsors as an exten- sion to public employes of the same collective bargaining privileges that employes in (he private sector have en- joyed since the mltl-1930s. They said it provides a framework which will pro- mole smoother relations be- Iweon public employes and the agencies for which they work. Hul the measure wns as- sailed by numerous opponents us n system they said will breed strikes in the public sector despite a no-strike clause, cause deterioration in the quality of education and other public services and sharply increase govern- mental costs. They charged repeatedly Hint the hill lakes away the traditional power of public agencies and turns it over to. outsiders who nrc not account- able to the voters, because it calls for compulsory binding arbitration to resolve dis- putes. "When your local communi- ties gel Ihe full Import of (his bill, you're going to have tax revolts and voters revolts the like of which you've never warned Rep. Floyd Mlllon But Rep. Hrice Oakley (H- floor manager of the bill, said it creates a frame- work by which public em- ployes can resolve disputes with their employers without resorting lo strikes. "Have Faith" He urged lawmakers to "have faith that they will de- velop systems to take care of the legitimate needs of every employe, every employer and the public." Oakley's chief lieutenant, Rep. Jerome Fitzgerald (D- Forl Dodge) said the measure provides a "complete, consis- tent and workable" system which will improve communi- cRlion between employes and employers. The house rejected n move by Rep. C. Raymond Fisher, (il-Grnnd Junction) to exclude from collective bargaining some slate, employes un- der the merit system. Hul it adopted n series of amendments by Fisher which he said would make it com- patible with the slate merit employment program. They would require con- tracts with state employes to be for two years to match the stale's biennial budget sys- tem, and delay any state level bargaining until June 1, 1976. The bill would require pub- lic agencies at all levels to bargain collectively with their employes on wages, hours, va- cations, grievance procedures- and a wide range of other issues. It would create a three- member public employment relations board to administer the act and determine appro- priate employe bargaining units. It contains n ban on public employe strikes and provides for fines of up to n day for individuals and up to a day for employe or- ganizations which violate anti- strike Injunctions. The provision which gen- erated (he most heal during (Continued: Page 2, Col. I.) izette Lease Wires Israelis and Syrians clashed In tanks, cannons and missiles on the tense Golan :ights front amid Israeli re- irts that Damascus is gearing i for a new round of fighting. Syrian military communi- e said the, clash started al :15 a.m. a.m. CDT) and ntinued for seven hours. Then p.m. a.m. CDT) rael artillery opened up on rrian positions and a concen- ated exchange of artillery fire mtinued for 25: minutes, Syria iported. Syrian Claims The Syrians said. the .Syrian re silencedi-throe. Israeli ar- llery' batteries, two ther "artillery batteries, hit a oncentration of Israeli Vehicles and destroyed an engineering unit. Israfel said Syrian gunners ''riday fired several anti-tank rockets and artillery shells at Israeli forces on the Golan front line Israel's warplanes scram- bled into the skies over Israel and the front line areas, mili- tary correspondents reported over the national radio Jsraeh nor the Syrian, army has demobilized from 'the October war and both were in a high state of readi- iess. Israeli troops and .border e 111 e m e n t s were alerted Wednesday of the possibility of Syrian attack to try to regain erritory lost in October. The Syrians opened initially ith anti-tank fire and 45 min- utes later. pounded three other sectors of the Israeli front line with artillery shells within the space of an hour, an Israeli mil- itary spokesman said; The No Casualties military command said the anti-tank fire caused no cas- ualties. The spokesman said She Israelis returned the ar- jllery fire. He said there were no.further details of the spo- radic shelling that following the initial outburst directed at the Tel Mare sector. Syrian President Hafez Assad said in a speech Friday night, 'the war with Israel is not 'fin- ished" and called on Syrians 'to continue the struggle in every form until we achieve all our aims." He spoke one day after conferring in Damascus with Soviet Foreign Minister romyko. Observers in London said the strain in relations with Egypt and the g r e a t-lhan-expecled successes of Secretary of State Kissinger appear to have aroused Moscow's suspicion and envy. They said the Russians are seeking a more active part and indications were that Mos- cow may try to slow the pacifi- cation process set in motion in the Middle East by the U.S. The newspaper Ycdioth A h r o n o t h quoting Western sources, said the U. S. has been n urgent contact for the past .wo days with the Soviet Union, Egypt and Syria in efforts to lead off a clash on the Syrian 'ront, saying Ihe situation must be taken seriously. Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko visit- Hi Syria and Egypt last week, ipparently trying to get Syria to attend the Middle East peace conference in Geneva. However sracli sources said a joint Syrian-Soviet statement Issued T f t e r Gromyko's departure Thursday appeared to retlect a lardcning of the Syrian line and said Gromyko might he trying o torpedo U. S. pence efforts. Chuckle Wife to hostess: "We would have been here sooner, but my husband didn't want to come to the cwwighi
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