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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 2, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Cloudy.ibrough sun- day, chance of show- m. Lows, near 40, blgos near 60. CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR BAPIDS, IOWA, SATURDAY, MARCH 2, 1974 HEATH BIDS TO RETAIN ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Finding on Nixon Kept In Secret WASHINGTON (AP) T Watergate grand jury kept o tantalizing secret as it indict seven associates of Preside Nixon: Its finding about t President himself. Those conclusions were in large envelope handed to t; judge as the grand jury indict H. R. Haldeman, John D. Eh lichman, John N. Mitchell an four others for conspiring derail the Watergate Westig (ions. U.S. District Judge John Sirica glanced at the report an ordered it sealed and kept in th court's custody "until furthi determination." Aides said he had not decide whether to turn the report ov to the house judiciary commi tee which is studying possjK impeachment of the President. Bulging Briefcase A briefcase bulging wit grand jury evidence also wi given to Sirica and there wer reports the jurors had asked th'a it go to the committee. Sirica banned any statement by prosecutors, defendants an their lawyers and gi'and jurors The jury, which had been hear ing evidence for 20 months, wa not was told il presence might be needed court in two weeks. The Washington, Post, in story attributed ito informe sources, said Saturday that th grand jury's- secret .report de scribed "its belief that Pres ident Nixon was involved in th conspiracy to obstruct justice ii the case." The story, by Carl Bernsteir and i Bob Woodward, said th report "contains 50 paragraphs outlining evi dence against the President." "Specific Acts" "According to the the Post said, "the documen cites specific acts by the Pres ident as well as a theory of the case that holds that Mr. Nixon participated in the conspiracy to obstruct justice." Friday's indictments indirect ly challenges Nixon's version o, his role. The grand jury said Hal deman lied when he swore Nixon rejected the idea of rais- ing hush money for the Water- gate burglars. Nixon had salt Haldeman's testimony was ac- curate, and had given.a virtual- ly identical version himself. The grand jury also said thai the cover-up continued even after March 21, 1973. That is the day the President said he re- ceived new information about the burglary and ordered hi aides to "get the story out." Chief Accuser The" President's chief accuser, former While House Counsel John W. Dean, was not among the seven indicted, despite pub- lic' accusations by Senate Re- publican Leader Hugh Scott that Dean lied under oath. Dean previously pled guilty to a single conspiracy count and is, awaiting sentencing. He is ex-' peeled to be a key witness in ihe cover-up trial. Bernadette Loses In Ulster Voting LONDON (AP) Bernadellc Devlin, in ISG9 the youngest member of parliament at age 21, was trounced in a re-election bid but says she'll soon be cam- George with His Wife After His Telepholo Kidnap Victim Freed After Paid SANFORD, Fla. (AP) usiness man kidnaped Taur ay was released unharme arly. Saturday after his abdu ors were ransom olice.said. George Jackson, free hours after, being abducte rom his bakery ingredient sho this small central Florid own. "I don't know, why the icked he said. "I was only able to give ver mited help to police in descril anything about the whol he added. "Nut Well'Known" "My concern was just tha icy might abandon me afte icy got the money and no on ould find me. I didn't thin! icy'd kill me because they hai "indfolded me. "The whole time my hands ere taped behind my back and my feet were tied together." Jackson said he is not wel nown in Sanford, calling him .If "a family man not much in rested in politics or making ny kind of a public name for lyself." Police said Jackson walkec paigning again. Now Mrs. Michael McAlis- key, the Roman Catholic leader rnn third in her mid-Ulsler dis- Iricl, Mililanl Proteslanls won II of the 12 parliament rnccs in Ul- ster. Totluii's Chtu'klc If you can't pay at a side- walk wife, do they Ilirow you IllSldC? ConvrloM People Have hanged Minds; Dislike DST WASHINGTON (AP) A ivernment-cammissioned pub- opinion poll shows that peo- e have changed their minds d no longer like year-round aylight Saving time. Asked last month how they ,e it, 51 percent of the 324 rsons questioned said they dis- te it somewhat or very much. he remainder liked il to some gree or didn't care. As recently as mid-December, e pollsters asked people nether DST should be insti- led all year. Given a yes or no oice, 76 percent chose yes. Similar results favoring all- ar DST had been shown in Us going hack to Aug. 31. The Hing organization, the Nation- al Opinion Research Center of the University of Chicago, did not offer tin explanation for the change of heart. The poll is conducted weekly at Ihe expense of Ihe depart- ment of transportation to sample public opinion on the energy shortage and policies. Results are provided I.D the Federal Energy Office. Tragedy NAI1A, Okinawa (AP) Two construction workers and a child were killed and at least 20 lersons were injured Saturday when n burled World war II bomb exploded. into, a fire station near Sanford to ask for help shortly after his release. His car, taken by the kidnapers, was found aban doned and free of fingerprints. Sheriff John Polk said at leas two men were involved in thi kidnaping. Polk said the ransom-was lef in a bag on a rural dirt road b; Jackson's, son. Attempts ti track the kidnapers from the drop point failed. The abductors had told the son in a telephone call that they would kill his beard or read counts of the father any news kidnaping. they At Folk's request, the news media carried no stories' until Jack- son's release. Jackson and his wife, Laura, were working. late Thursday when two masked men armed vith shotguns broke in. They wund and gagged Mrs. Jackson vhile taking her husband. She managed to free herself and no- ify polite. During the. following hours, he kidnapers called the family everal limes to issue their de- mands. By 20 Percent DES MOINES The Iowa department of public safety re- ported Saturday that traffic deaths during the first two months of 1974 are nearly 20 percent lower than the total for the same period last.year. Commissioner Charles Larson said 43 persons died in Iowa crashes during February, com- pared to 48 during the same month last year. For the year, 80 persons have been fatally in- jured in Iowa crashes, com. ?ared with 98 killed during Jan- uary and February, 1973. "We are anxious, to see what effect the new 55 mph speed imit will have on our crash Larson said, "since a combinalion of reduced travel irought about by the energy iroblem, and a voluntary re- duction in speed seems to have ilayed a significant part in our educed fatality totals this Protocol Chief WASHINGTON (AP) Marion Smoak of Aiken, S.C., las officially been promoted to chief of protocol by President Vixon. Israel and Syrians to U.S. Talks RIYADH, Saudi Arabia (AP) Israel and Syria have agreed to send military and diplomatic representatives to Washington within about two weeks to nego- liale a first phase of disen- gagement in the Golan Heights, U.S. officials traveling with Sec- rotary of State Kissinger said Saturday. The two sides will send their representatives separately and work Kissinger in what was described as an in- verted shuttle. The Israelis are to arrive first, about March 16. This will probably cause Kis- singer to put off a trip to the So- viet Union, where he intended to speed negotiations on a new nuclear arms-limitation treaty. He may also delay a fifth tour of the Middle East. 50-50 Chance Kissinger went to Saudi Ara- )ia Saturday to see King Faisal about lifting the oil embargo. The secretary sealed" the Syrian-Israeli negotiation irocess. during a four-hour neeting with Syrian President Hafez Assad in Damascus Fri- day night. At one point in their talk, se- nior officials said, the chance was about 50-50 that Kissinger's efforts would fail and he would lave to go home with nothing to show for the trip except deli- very of .a list of.lsraeji-war.pfis- oners that" he-had: iff his "pocket anyway when he set out to the Middle East Monday. Far Apart A senior official said Israel and Syria are still far apart in negotiating position. Other sources said, however, that srael is willing to give up al- most all the territory it gained after being attacked Oct. 6, pro- ided a U.N. buffer zone is es- ablished and the Syrians thin ut their armor and troops be.Golan Heights. During his meeting with issad, officials said, Kissinger irought with him Israel's first iroposal on a disengagement of orces "after talks with Israeli 'remier Golda Meir. Syrian spokesman said "the noughts" Kissinger brought vith him were not accepted by who presented his own Mitchell-Stans Judge Weighs Mistrial Call NEW YORK (UPI) to order (he trial to con- Hart Rips Nixon on Privacy WASHINGTON (AP) Sena- or Hart speaking for ongressional Democrats, said alurday that th.e administra- ion has made an unprecedented ffort to undermine the consli- ulional right of privacy. Hart called on President Vixon to issue immediate orders lat no wiretapping, bugging, reaking or entering be carried ut by any government agency rilhoul prior court approval. "He should state without quivocation that the label of national security' will not be sed again to hide or excuse ich illegal Hart said in a nationally-broadcast radio address. The speech contained Ihe re- sponse of house and senate Democrats, to the President's promise in his State of the Union message to "make a his- toric beginning on the task of defending and protecting (he right of personal privacy for every American." Hart said he believes that message .contained little of sub- stance. "Despite all the revelations of Watergate, the President made no promise to instruct his ad- ministration to live up to guar- antees of personal privacy con- tained in the Hart said. "Actions by government" and While House personnel during President Nixon's administra-l (ion threatened the privacy of every American." Hart said army agents were used to spy on political meet- ings and he cited the Watergate breakin and bugging and the burglary at the office of Daniel Ell'sberg's psychiatrist. Hart use confidential trial of two former Nixon cabi- net members began Friday, but it ran into trouble after just Iwo hours when Ihe defense called for a mistrial. Former Atlorney General John N. Mitchell and former Com- merce Secretary Maurice are charged with obstructing justice, conspiracy and lying I a grand jury. Prosecutor James W. Rayhil executive assistant U.S. atlor ney, near the end of a two-hou opening statement urged Ih jurors as they listened to nesses to "put yourselves in th place of Ihe grand jurors wh investigated (his case, citizen like yourselves The defense forthwith.shoutei for a mistrial. The judge sen the jury to lunch. The defense argued its molion. "Outrageous Thing'1 "Mr. Rayhill's stalement in dicated, contrary to Your hon or's instructions to this jury, said Defense' Atlorney Walle Bonner, "that because peopl just like this.petit (trial) jur; bad indicted these two men that they should draw a natura inference from that fact tha these men were guilty. "This is an outrageous thin] to do and this case should b dismissed." Federal Judge Lee Gagliard aid he would consider i seriously. Meanwhile Ihe juror ,vere in trouble on their own. I was after 1 p.m., the restauran ot: .their- 'am somebody had neglected to re serve seats. They waited. The judge went-to the Iran script and reread Rayhillis words. He had informed th jurors earlier that an indicl ment is not a fact but merely an accusation which the prosecu .ion must prove beyond a' rea sonable doubt or lose its case. "Gravely Concerned" At 3 p.m. the jury had not re turned. Gagliardi look the bench, announced he was "gra- vely concerned over the appar- ent excesses of the prosecution in its references to the granc jury and its per- sonal conclusions as though he were a witness in the and I will give it appropriate consideration and mature re- flection over the weekend." When the jurv returned, the judge told it: "The government in opening statement made reference to the grand jury in- dictment, which I have told you is not evidence. You are re- minded that an indictment is only an accusation. These de- fendants start trial with a clean slate with no evidence against them. A grand jury does not ex- amine the qucslion of guilt." The judge then sent the jury back to its sequestered hotel ac- commodations for the weekend. He directed Rayhill to docu- ment in writing any legal ex- cuse he can find in case law for his remarks. tinue. In event a mistrial is de- clared, the jury would be ex- cused and a dale for a new trial might be set. The defense then would be expected to request a change of venue. There was little likelihood the The Douht Mistrial defense, in turn, was o vciumi lot. also noted attempts (o bolster fidential Internal Revc- molion for a mis- charges, the sources said. Demos Set Delegation Guidelines WASHINGTON (AP) _ The Democratic national committee has approved new delegate se- lection rules that could lead to a wide-open presidential nominat- ing convention in 1976. The rules, the result of a year's work by a party commis- sion that compromised on most major issues, were approved Friday by an overwhelming voice vote in the form recom- mended by the party's execu- tive committee a day earlier. They retain large portions o the 1972 rules that reformed party procedures, but make sev eral important changes, thi main one being a proportiona representation system through out the delegate selection process. This means 1976 delegates wil be awarded according to the relative strength of the differen candidates, a change over the system under which a candidate often got virtually all a state's 'finishing a few votes ahead of his nearest rival. Wallace Benefit Every candidate with at leas 15 percent of the vote could re- ceive delegates in 1976. Most observers think the new ;ystem would benefit Alabama Gov. George Wallace, who dem- onstrated in 1972 that he could jet some support in all parts of ,he country. However, it would force most candidates to expand their ef- "orts into more states since they could no longer count on. win- Huddle Set With Chief Liberals LONDON (AP) _ Prime Min- ister Edward Heath arranged to see the Liberal party leader, Jeremy Thorpe, Saturday in the first round of backroom bar- aining'aimed at keeping Heath's Conservatives in office after Britain's indecisive elec- tion. An announcement from No. 10 Downing St. said Thorpe had accepted an invitation to discuss the political situation late Satur- day afternoon. Bargaining centered on form- ing either a minority or a coali- tion government because party emerged with the no 313 (Continued: Page 2, Col. 5.) the new 635-seat house of com- mons. Harold Wilson's Labor party held the most seats, 301. Heath's ConservativeS'had 296, Thorpe's moderate Liberals 14 and others 24. Help Needed The figures meant that nei- ther the Conservatives nor the Laborites could form a majority coalition with the 'help of the Liberals would need help from the smaller in- dependent parties, including Scottish and Welsh nationalists and Northern Ireland loyalists. Help could come1 either in the form of a coalition, meaning smaller party representation in or "through infor- mal understandings with the smaller parties. Heath advised Queen Eliza- beth Friday evening that he would stay on as prime minister for the time being and attempt to form a working majority in parliament. v Conservative sources said lart of the justification was that ;he Tories got more popular votes than Labor 11.9 million o 11.6 million. The Liberals got more than six million. Pleads Flu The staunchly Conservative GREENSBORO, N.C. (AP) lenator Sam Ervin says he agrees with the White House lontention that President Nixon lould be impeached only for a riminal offense. "I just don't think you can im- icach a President for something hat doesn't amount to at least a the senate Wa- ergate committee chairman aid in an interview published riday in the Greensboro Record. The North Carolina Democrat, egarded as an expert on the Constitution, said he believes its ramers considered only specific riminal charges when they re- 3aily Mail reported that Heath lad reluctantly decided against esignation only at the insis- ence of his cabinet. But some observers saw signs that the decision had less than total Con- servative support. Employment Secretary Wil- liam Whitelaw, who urged Heath to settle with the striking coal miners and avoid the crisis election, pled flu and stayed away from Heath's cabinet meeting Friday evening. So did Whitlaw's political associate, Agriculture Minister Joseph Godber. Political commentators stressed Friday that, amid the confusion over who i.s to rule Britain, it continues to be faced with its massive international jalance of payments deficit and ndustrial disruptions because of the strike. Both problems re- quire urgent action on the part of the government, they said. nue Service files "to harass per- sons on a White House enemies (Continued: Page 2, Col. 7.) trial. Court sources said it was doubtful that Gagliardi would declare a mistrial. They expect erred to "high crimes and mis- emeanors." I r 1 He cited Article 3, Section 2, UttlCials rreed which states: "The trial of all! crimes except in cases of pcachmcnt shall be by jury." Ervin said that "recognizes that there must be a crime." Gl in Wild Berlin Ride in Stolen Tank BERLIN (UPI) An Amcr- his commanding officer, Capt. can soldier stole a 50-ton Pat- Thomas Grace of Kimball, tank from his armored -Neb., on East German tcrrito- mit Saturday and went on a vild 30-mile drive through Vest Berlin to two East Gcr- nan border checkpoints. While Enst German and iussian soldiers looked on, he wting his lank turret with ils around threateningly cvcral times, West German customs police said. Hill there was no shooting nnd Hie soldier, Identified by n J.S. army spokesman ns Villliim Thompson, 22, of Co- .imbiis, surrendered In ry. Grace was given permission by Russian and East German authorities to drive up, talk to the soldier nnd lend him away in handcuffs. "We do not know his mo- the spokesman said. "We lire investigating." The soldier gnve himself up 70 minutes after he broke through a locked gale at Turner Barracks, home of Company KFF of Ihe ar- mored regiment near Ameri- can headquarters. "There was no evidence that he was under the influ- ence of drugs or the spokesman said. American-Russian coopera- tion averted an incident at Ihe Drcwitz highway checkpoint manned by bolh Russians nnd East Germans at Ihe Berlin end of Ihe superhighway lo the west. The Russians allowed Grace, accompanied by Amer- ican provost Inarshals, an- other officer and n lank driver, lo enter Easl Germany lo tnlk to the soldier and re- lurn the tank lo West Berlin. The soldier raced Ihe lank- through West Berlin at 46 miles per hour to Checkpoint Charlie at Ihe Wall. He crossed the East-West Rorlin border, drove through a border barrier and came to a halt with screeching brakes at a Communist wntchtower at the Friedrichstrasse crossing point for foreigner.. West Berlin customs police said that, before Eastern border guards could take any action, he lurncd around nnd raced lo the outskirts of Ber- lin lo the Drewilz highway, where Russian and East Ger- man soldiers cleared Iraffic to and from West Berlin. In pre-dawn darkness, 15 West Berlin police and Ameri- can military [wlicc radio pa- trol cars pursued Ihe tank but could not stop it. Another tank was sent out lo block ils pas- sage lo Drcwilz but got there too late. An American spokesman said there was liltlc damage. He said the lank broke through the barrier at Check- point Charlie, damaged a sidewalk crowd control railing there and brushed against railings at (ho Drowilz high- way. n n L I By KeDel CORDOBA, Argentina AP) Gunfire erupted Friday night between civilians and rebellious police shortly after the police released two provincial officials they had held for Iwo days. Officials said at least one per- son was killed and several wounded in shooting near police headquarters. Today's Index Church Comics .Crossword Dally Record...... Deaths Editorial Features Financial Marlon Movies Sports Television 3 9 9 2 2 4 10 10 5 I) Wnnt Ads ...............10-13
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